CDS Syllabus 2018 – Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases the syllabus of CDS exam. CDS syllabus provides details regarding the topics and subtopics under different sections of English, General Knowledge and Maths. CDS 2018 syllabus for English Comprehension include jumbled sentence, fill in the blanks, to check the command over their English grammar. Elementary Mathematics includes topics like arithmetic, mensuration and basic mathematics. The CDS syllabus 2018 for General Awareness includes topics from history, geography and current affairs.
CDS exam is conducted into 2 stages written and SSB for Personality cum Psychometric tests and Intelligence Interview. Candidates qualifying SSB are called for training programmes as per their merit and preference for Army, Navy and Air Force. The training programmes of selected candidates are conducted at the respective academies at at Indian Military Academy (IMA Dehradun), Indian Naval Academy (INA Ezhimala), and Officers’ Training Academy (OTA Chennai). The detailed syllabus of CDS 2018 is given below. Candidates can check CDS syllabus 2018 to prepare for the exam in an organised way.
Highlights of CDS Syllabus 2018
The questions asked in CDS 2018 are from three subjects  English, GK, and Elementary Math.
CDS Syllabus 2018 for English
English Comprehension
Finding errors & omissions
Fill in the blanks
Jumbled Sentence
Sentence Correction, etc.
CDS Syllabus 2018 for General Knowledge  Current affairs or events like politics, sports, Indian economy, daily news, etc.
History of India and Geography
Books and their Authors
CDS Syllabus 2018 for Elementary Mathematics
Arithmetic: Number System
Natural numbers, Integers, Rational & Real numbers
Fundamental Operations addition, multiplication, division, subtraction, Square roots, fractions, Decimal
Unitary method, percentages, applications to simple & compound interest, profit and loss, ratio & proportion, variation, time & distance, time & work
Elementary Number Theory
Division algorithm
Prime and composite numbers
Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
Multiples and factors
Factorization Theorem
H.C.F. and L.C.M.
Euclidean algorithm, Laws of logarithms, Logarithms to base 10, Use of logarithmic tables
Geometry: Lines & angles
Plane & plane figures
Theorems on Properties of angles at a point, parallel lines, sides & angles of a triangle, (iv) congruency of triangles, concurrence of medians & altitudes, similar triangles, properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle & square, loci, circles and its properties including tangents & normal
Algebra: Basic operation, Simple factors, Remainder theorem, HCF & LCM
Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots & coefficients (only real roots be considered)
Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns’ analytical & graphical solutions
Simultaneous linear in equations in two variables & their solutions
Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or in equations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions
Set language & set notation, rational expressions & conditional identities, laws of indices
Trigonometry: Sine x, Cosine x, Tangent x when 0 < x < 90 Values of sin x, cos x & tan x, for x = 0, 30, 45, 60 & 90
Simple trigonometric identities and Use of trigonometric tables
Simple cases of heights & distances
Mensuration: Areas of squares, rectangles, triangle, circle and parallelograms
Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), lateral surface and volume of right circular cones & cylinders, surface area & Volume of spheres, surface area & volume of cuboids
Statistics: Collection & tabulation of statistical data
Graphical representation
Frequency polygons
Histograms, pie charts, bar charts, etc.
Measures of central tendency
**NOTE –The syllabus of CDS 2 for admission to Officers’ Training Academy has to appear for English and General Knowledge test.
CDS Exam Pattern 2018
Candidates who wish to appear for CDS 2 exam must know the CDS exam pattern 2018. CDS exam is pen and paper based exam where candidates have to appear in written exam. Candidates qualifying written exam are called by Service Selection Boards for SSB Interview of two stages. Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception* Description Test (PP& DT) whereas stage 2 includes Interview, Group Testing Officers Tasks, Psychology Tests and the conference.
CDS Important Topics of last three years
Topics wise question distribution  General Knowledge
Topic  Number of Questions  Level of Difficulty 

History  19  Difficult 
Science  27  Easy (Concept based questions) 
Geography  22  Moderate (Analytical based questions) 
Ecology  06  Moderate (Fact based questions) 
Polity  20  Easy to Moderate 
Economy/Trade  11  Moderate (Fact based questions) 
Miscellaneous /Armed Forces  15  Moderate (Fact based questions) 
Topics wise question distribution English
Topic  Number of Questions  Level of Difficulty 

Sentence Improvement  20  Easy 
Reading Comprehension  23 (5 passages)  Easy to Moderate 
Synonyms  8  Moderate 
Antonyms  7  Easy 
One Word Substitution  5  Moderate 
ParaJumble  10  Easy to Moderate 
SentenceJumble  7  Moderate 
Spot the Error  20  Easy 
Cloze Test  20  Easy 
Topics wise question distribution  Elementary Mathematics
Topic  Number of Questions  Level of Difficulty 

Mensuration  14  Easy 
Algebra  7  Easy to Moderate 
MeanMedianMode (Frequency Distribution Table)  4  Easy 
Time speed and Distance  6  Easy 
Number System  20  Easy to Moderate 
Simple interest/Compound interest  5  Easy 
Percentage  2  Easy 
Profit/Loss  1  Easy 
Mixture  1  Easy 
Time and Work  3  Easy 
Trigonometry  14  Moderate to Difficult 
Set Theory  1  Easy 
Clock  2  Easy 
Geometry  20  Easy to Moderate 
Structure of CDS 2018 Exam Pattern
For Admission to Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy
Subject  Duration  Maximum Marks 
English  2 Hours  100 
General Knowledge  2 Hours  100 
Elementary Mathematics  2 Hours  100 
Total 
 300 
For Admission to Officers’ Training Academy:
Subject  Duration  Maximum Marks 
English  2 Hours  100 
General Knowledge  2 Hours  100 
Important books to refer for CDS exam
Candidates can refer the books given below to prepare for CDS exam.
Best books for CDS Preparation
Subject  Books  Author 
English  Objective General Word Power Made Easy Grammar basics  S. P . Bakshi Normen Lewis
Wren and Martin’s 
Elementary Mathematics
 Quantitative Aptitude
 Dr. R. S. Aggarwal’s

General Knowledge
 Geography & History:NCERT (Std 6th12^{th}) Polity Economy International relations/events/diplomacy General Awareness Newspaper  NCERT (Std 6th12^{th})
M laxmikant NCERT (11th12^{th})
Pratiyogita Darpan
Manohar Pandey (Any leading newspaper) 