UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Union Public Service Commision (UPSC) has prescribed the syllabus of UPSC Civil Service 2019 exam. UPSC Civil Services syllabus 2019 contains all the topics from where the expected questions might be asked in the exam. UPSC Civil Services Syllabus contains the topics to be studied for both prelims and mains exam. Candidates must go through the syllabus of UPSC 2019 before they start preparing for the exam. By going through the UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019, candidates will get a direction  to start their preparation and know exactly which subject to start their preparation with. Also, candidates will not have to go here and there to look for the topics to study for UPSC Civil Services as they will get all topics at one place only.
UPSC Civil Services 2019 exam is scheduled to be held on June 2, 2019. The exam will be held in three phases - prelims, mains, and interview. The prelims exam will be held for two compulsory papers of 200 marks each while the mains exam will be held for paper A, B, I, II, II, IV, V, VI, and VII.

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Stages

The exam of UPSC Civil Services will be held in the following stages:

  1. Prelims

  2. Mains

  3. Interview

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Prelims

Prelims exam of UPSC is the first stage in the selection process. Candidates who pass the prelims phase will become eligible to appear for the mains exam. The prelims exam of UPSC Civil Services is conducted for two papers - paper I and II, both of which contain objective type multiple choice questions.

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019


UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Prelims (paper I)

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Prelims (paper II)

Current events of national and international importance.


General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change - that do not

Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data


Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level);


General mental ability;


Decision making and problem solving;

Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

Logical reasoning and analytical ability;

Economic and Social Development-Sustainable

Interpersonal skills including communication skills;

Rights Issues, etc.

Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy,

Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

History of India and Indian National Movement.

General Sciences

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Mains

The mains exam of UPSC Civil Services will be  conducted for seven papers - paper I, II, II, IV, V, VI, and VII. The table below contains the topics for each of the seven papers from the questions are expected to be asked.

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Mains paper I

In paper I of the mains exam of UPSC Civil Services exam 2019, candidates will be given multiple topics out of which candidates will have to write an essay.

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Mains Paper II

General Studies - I:  Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and


  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.

  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the Society.

  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.

  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian

  • sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector

  • Industries in various parts of the world (including India).

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Mains Paper III

General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International


  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers &

privileges and issues arising out of these.

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

  • Salient features of the Representation of the People's Act.

  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and the States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance-

applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

  • India and its neighborhood- relations.

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting

  • India’s interests.

  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

  • Indian diaspora.

  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Mains Paper IV

General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment,

Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  • Government Budgeting.

  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public

  • Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

  • Land reforms in India.

  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

  • Investment models.

  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

  • Disaster and disaster management.

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social

  • networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security, money-laundering and its prevention.

  • Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2019 - Mains Paper V

  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

  • Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and

  • probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery,

  • Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

  • Case Studies on above issues.

UPSC CIvil Services Syllabus 2019 - Mains paper VI and VII

Paper VI and VII will contain topics from the optional subject selected by the candidates. There are various subjects that the candidates can select for paper VI and VII, the list of which is mentioned below:





Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science






Civil Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Medical Science

Commerce and Accountancy







Political Science and International Relations



Public Administration



Literature of any one of the following languages:

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili,

Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu

and English

More like UPSC Civil Services Exam

Questions related to UPSC Civil Services Exam

Showing 982 out of 982 Questions
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Hi, My Date of Birth is 23.07.1988. Am I eligible to attend IAS Exam. And my education degree is BCA

Komal Dayanand Gardi 13th Nov, 2019
Hello Vidhya,  as per the eligibility criteria of UPSE exams candidate must not have age more than 32 years. And as per your mentioned date of birth,  Your age should be 31 years. So you are fit in age criteria.  And BCA Is also a undergraduate degree,  so you have completed graduation also. So you are eligible to apply for UPSE exam this year.
I hope it will help you more.

I am in 11th in science stream but I want to be an ias so before giving upsc on which subject should I do graduation in science or arts

Arya 9th Nov, 2019

Hi Aspirant,

The UPSC exam is held for securing jobs in the Indian Administrative Services and the eligibility criteria are are follows:

Must be a citizen of India, a subject of Nepal , Bhutan or a refugee from Tibet.

Must hold a PASS Bachelor's degree from a deemed University.

Must be older than 21 years of age but younger than 32 as of on the 1st of August of the year of the exam.

I hope I was helpful and good luck!


now I am studying 12th ,MPC .So which group is best to select for writing IAS EXAM

Sharon Rose Student Expert 8th Nov, 2019

Hello Anuradha,

There's no such thing as best degree for IAS.You need to be a graduate to be eligible to appear for UPSC IAS exam.So, it depends on your present interest, you can pursue after passing your 12th, you can also pursue any other 3 year degree.The syllabus for IAS is not entirely same as any other degree syllabus.So it doesn't matter which course you choose.

But make sure that you pursue what interests you.

I hope this is helpful to you.


my name sunita meri persent 91.8 h m sc category se belong krti hu mene ek college me admission le liya m ba kr rhi hu lekin yha meri study achhi nhi h na hi koi is plecment ka kuchh h m aage IAS ki tyari krna chhati hu agr mera du me admission hota h to kya m ye sal khrab krke admission lelu

Sonali Sahu Student Expert 7th Nov, 2019


It's fine  if you are learning in your MBA then finish the degree. It's not good to leave anything or anywork in middle way.

On the part of IAS, there is no barrier for it. any person can give it after graduation. So you can do a better practice and apply for it. give your best in the exam and you will be able to clear it for sure if your are highly dedicated and you know how to make concepts strong.

Hope it helps!


Hello . present iam studying 3 rd year ,my question is after b tech how can i become an IAS . and actually i dont know how to prepare UPSC exam and when the exam is conducted.?so please can you tell.

Arya 9th Nov, 2019

For eligibility to answer UPSC exam, you need to be an Indian citizen, be a degree-holder and be of age 21-32 years old.

There are three rounds of examinations which are held.

First is the preliminary round. This has two written exams of 200 marks each. For paper-1, you need to have a very in-depth knowledge of India and her culture, mythology, art, geography, political systems etc. for paper-2, one needs to have excellent reasoning and logical sense along with English Proficiency.

Second comes the Mains round. It consists of a nine-paper written examination on General Studies 1, 2, 3, 4, English, Essay, one Indian language from a list provided and two papers on a subject to be selected by the candidate.

The interview, also called the "Personality Test", very minutely measures the candidate's professional conduct and decorum.

Upon passing this rigorous ordeal, the candidate is granted a job in one of the Indian Administrative Services.

The question have been saved in answer later, you can access it from your profile anytime. Access now

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