UPSC IAS Agriculture Optional Syllabus 2021 - Detailed Syllabus for Paper 1 & 2
UPSC Agriculture Syllabus 2021 - UPSC Agriculture Syllabus will be prescribed by the Commission for the UPSC CSE 2021 exam. The UPSC agriculture syllabus 2021 is released by the Commission along with the official UPSC CSE 2021 notification. The syllabus for UPSC CSE agriculture subject is for the mains UPSC Civil Services mains optional paper 1 and 2. The UPSC IAS notification also contains the UPSC CSE 2021 application form filling directions, UPSC IAS eligibility criteria and more. The prescribed syllabus for UPSC agriculture 2021 exam helps the candidates understand the type of questions asked in the UPSC Civil Services exam and UPSC CSE exam pattern 2021. To learn more about the UPSC agriculture syllabus 2021 read the article below.
Latest Updates: UPSC CSE application form 2021 will be released on February 10. Check prelims UPSC CSE syllabus here.
UPSC Agriculture Syllabus 2021 - For UPSC IAS Mains Paper 1
The UPSC CSE 2021 mains exam for agriculture subject has 2 papers. Applicants who have selected agriculture as an optional subject the syllabus for UPSC IAS agriculture paper 1 has topics like soil, ecology, cropping, farming, fertilizer, minerals and more which cover a wide range of topics within. To know more about the UPSC agriculture syllabus for mains paper 1 check the table below.
UPSC agriculture syllabus for paper 1
Principles of soil fertility, Problem soils and their reclamation, Mineral & organic constituents of soils, Losses of nitrogen in soil, Processes & factors of soil formation, Essential plant nutrients & other beneficial elements in soils and plants, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils, Soil - physical, chemical & biological properties, Soils of India,. Efficient phosphorus and potassium use, Soil factors affecting greenhouse gas emission, integrated nutrient management Biofertilizers
Agro ecology, Cropping pattern related to environment, Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution & production, International conventions and global initiatives, Animals and humans, natural resources, sustainable management & conservation, Environmental pollution & associated hazards to crops,Climate change, Ecology
Impact of high yielding & short duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns, Cropping patterns in different climatic zones,Concepts of various cropping, and farming systems. Organic & Precision farming, Package of practices for production
Important features, scope of various types of forestry plantations such as social forestry, agroforestry, natural forests, Propagation of forest plants. Forest products. Agro-forestry and value addition. Conservation of forest flora and fauna
Weeds and their characteristics, dissemination and its association with various other crops; their Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. multiplications, cultural, biological, and chemical control of weeds
Status of big, small & marginal farmers & landless agricultural labourers, Agricultural extension, its role and importance, methods of evaluation of extension programmes, Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s (KVK) in dissemination of Agricultural technologies, Training programmes for extension workers, Non-Government Organisation (NGO) and Self-Help Group (SHG) approach for rural development. Socio economic survey
Soil conservation, integrated watershed management (iwm). Soil erosion & its management. Dry land agriculture and its problems. Technology for stabilising agriculture production in rainfed areas
Water use efficiency in relation to crop production, Drainage of waterlogged soils, Rainwater harvesting. Drip and sprinkler irrigation, Quality of irrigation water, effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution. Irrigation projects in India, Criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means (W & M) of reducing runoff losses of irrigation water
Marketing management strategies for development, Price fluctuations; Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning, Crop Insurance, Types & systems of farming, Optimum resource use and budgeting, Factors affecting farming, Role of cooperatives in agricultural economy; Economics of different types of farming systems. market intelligence, Agricultural price policy
UPSC Agriculture Syllabus 2021 - For UPSC IAS Mains Paper 2
UPSC IAS agriculture mains paper 2 exam has topics like cells, diseases and pest, plantation, molecules, history of plantation and more. To know more about the syllabus of UPSC agriculture paper 2 mains exam check the table below.
UPSC Agriculture Syllabus for Paper 2
Cell structure, function and cell cycle. Synthesis, structure and function of genetic material. Laws of heredity. Chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding
Genetically modified crop plantsHeterosis and its exploitation. Somatic hybridization. Breeding for disease and pest resistance. Role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization. Role of genetic engineering & biotechnology in crop
Major fruits, vegetables, plantation crops, Package practices of major horticultural crops, spices and flower crops, Protected cultivation and high tech horticulture, Landscaping and commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic plants, Post harvest technology & value addition of fruits and vegetables
IPR issues, Seed production and processing technologies. Seed certification, Seed testing and storage, WTO issues and its impact on Agriculture, DNA fingerprinting and seed registration
Origin, evolution & domestication of crop plants, History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques, center of origin, crop genetic resources conservation & utilization, law of homologous series
Pure line selection, mass and recurrent selections, Molecular markers and their application in plant improvement, pedigree, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding
Polyploidy, euploidy and aneuploidy. Mutation and their role in crop improvement. Heritability, sterility & incompatibility, classification and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters
Epidemiology & forecasting of major crop pests and diseases, Biological control of pests and diseases, Plant quarantine measures, Pesticides, their formulation & modes of action
Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger. Nutrient deficiency such as Micronutrient deficiency: Protein Energy Malnutrition or Protein Calorie Malnutrition (PEM or PCM), Micro nutrient deficiency and HRD in context of work capacity of women and children. Food grain productivity and food security
Food production and consumption trends in India. Food security and growing population—vision 2020. Reasons for grain surplus. National and International food policies. Production, procurement, distribution constraints. Availability of foodgrains, per capita expenditure on food. Trends in poverty
Relation of food production to National Dietary Guidelines, Public Distribution System and Below Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), Food consumption pattern, policy implementation in context to globalization. Processing constraints,
Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition, Diagnosis of pests & diseases of field crops, vegetables, Integrated pest and diseases management, orchard and plantation crops & their economic importance, Classification of pests and diseases and their management, Storage pests & their management
To download UPSC IAS and UPSC agriculture syllabus 2021 - Click Here
UPSC CSE Exam Pattern 2021 - For Prelims & Mains Exam
As per the official UPSC Civil Services Exam notification the UPSC IAS prelims exam has multiple choice questions whereas the UPSC IAS mains exam is descriptive type questions. The prelims CSE is of 400 marks in total whereas IAS mains is of 2350 marks. For more details on the prelims and mains UPSC IAS exam pattern 2021 check the tables below.
UPSC IAS prelims exam pattern
General studies 1
General studies 2
UPSC CSE mains exam pattern
Language (regional language)
General Studies 1
General Studies 2
Optional subject 1
Optional subject 1
Optional subject 2
Optional subject 2
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - UPSC IAS Agriculture Optional Syllabus 2021 - Detailed Syllabus for Paper 1 & 2
Question: How many stages are there in the UPSC CSE examination?
UPSC Civil Services exam has three stages - prelims, mains and interview.
Question: When is the UPSC CSE application form 2021 going to be released?
UPSC IAS 2021 application form is scheduled to be released on February 10, 2021
Question: Is there negative marking in the UPSC IAS exam?
Yes, there is negative marking in the UPSC CSE prelims exam.
Question: What is the academic qualification required to appear for the UPSC CSE exam?
Minimum academic qualification needed to appear for the UPSC Civil Services exam is graduation in any discipline.
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Questions related to UPSC Civil Services Exam
How can I start preparing for IAS exams from 10th?
After 10th,you have to complete your class 11th and 12th with any group but I think HEC (History Economics Civics) will be useful.
After completion of class 12th,you have to complete your graduation (Any degree).
After completion of bachelor degree,you have to take coaching for an IAS for 1 year.
After coaching,You have to appear for exams (I.e.prelims,mains).
If you have qualified in mains then you'll get a call for interview.
The marks of mains and interview will be added.
If you have got a good rank then you'll become an IAS.
Hope it helps!
All the best for your future!
Along with IAS coaching NCERT Books will also taught by the coaching centre
Yes definitely, coaching centres also teach NCERT books as the NCERT books of 9th to 12th class plays a vital role in the prelims round of UPSC exam. With NCERT books they also cover the standard books as these books have more question content and are written from the ground up. They form the foundation of your knowledge. Coaching centres also provide their coaching notes, they are helpful in revision before the exam.
Please tell about ias coaching
Following are top IAS coaching institutes in India:
1. Plutus IAS Coaching
2 . The Hinduzone Online IAS Coaching
3 . Vajiram and Ravi IAS Coaching India
4 . KSG IAS Coaching
5 . Raj Malhotra IAS Coaching
6 . Yojna IAS Coaching
7 . Vaid’s Ics IAS Coaching
8 . Vision India IAS Coaching
9 . EDEN IAS Coaching
10 . Chanakya IAS Academy
i want to become an ias after 10th standrd.........if i join foundations in 11th standard and then i will give exam without graduation is it possible????????
No you will not be eligible for upsc ias if you do not complete your graduation or are in your final year of graduation. The eligibility criteria for ias says that, Candidates must hold a graduation degree in any discipline from a reputed university or must be in their final year.
For more info you may visit the following link:
who is bigger ias sp iwant it because i given form of upsc
According to the democratic system of government, people's representatives are more powerful than these officers. IAS and IPS services is a part of the prestigious Indian Civil services. The job profile of both these are very broad and both are posted on powerful posts, but IAS is more powerful as a DM. An IPS has only the responsibility of its department, but an IAS (DM) has the responsibility of all the departments of the district. First of all work hard for the examination power comes with the post to change the society.