UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2020 (Prelims & Mains) - Subject Wise Civil Service Paper Pattern
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2020 (Prelims & Mains) - Union Public Service Commission released the UPSC IAS 2020 exam pattern in the official notification. The exam pattern of UPSC IAS 2020 consists stages of the exam, number of questions, test duration, total marks of UPSC exam and more. UPSC IAS exam pattern 2020 for prelims comprises two papers from General Studies of 200 marks each. On the basis of performance in the prelims stage of UPSC IAS, candidates will be shortlisted for the Mains exam. IAS exam pattern for mains consists of nine papers of which Paper A and B are qualifying in nature. Marks obtained in the remaining seven papers and interview will be considered for the final selection. UPSC IAS 2020 preliminary exam will be held on October 4, 2020, whereas the main exam date is January 8, 2021. Go through the complete article to get detailed information on the UPSC IAS 2020 exam pattern.
Latest: UPSC released the UPSC IAS Prelims Admit Card 2020 on September 01, 2020. Start preparing the UPSC IAS Syllabus 2020. As per the UPSC Exam 2020 Dates the prelims will be held on October 04, 2020.
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2020 (Prelims & Mains)- Overview
Name of the exam
Civil Services Exam- IAS
Union Public Service Commission
Mode of Exam
Number of Stages
Number of papers
Prelims marking scheme
Paper 1: +2 marks
Paper 2: +2.5 marks
Negative marking: One-third of marks allotted to each question
Prelims: 2 hours (Each paper)
Mains: 3 hours (Each paper)
Type of questions
Prelims: Objective type
Mains: Subjective type
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2020 for Prelims
- IAS Prelims 2020 comprises two papers - general studies 1 and general studies 2.
- Both papers will have multiple-choice questions.
- Each question will carry two marks in the prelims exam while each question in paper 2 will carry 2.5 marks.
- The prelims stage is qualifying in nature.
- The marks scored by candidates in the prelims exam will not be considered for the final selection. Below is the UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2020
IAS Prelims Exam Pattern 2020
Number of papers
Language of paper
Duration of exam
4 hours (2 hours each)
Number of questions
General studies paper 1: 100
400 (200 each)
IAS Prelims 2020 Marking Scheme
- Each question in prelims exam paper 1 carries 2 marks while in paper 2 each paper carries 2.5 marks.
- For each wrong answer there one-third marks will be deducted as penalty.
- In case a candidate gives more than one answer then the penalty will be the same as mentioned for the wrong answer.
- There will be no penalty for questions left unattempted i.e no answer is given by the candidate.
- Candidates will have to score a minimum of 33 % to qualify paper 2.
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2020 for Mains
- The exam pattern for UPSC IAS 2020 mains comprises 9 papers.
- Candidates who will score at least cut off marks in general studies paper 1 and 33% in general studies paper 2 in prelims exam will be called for mains exam.
- As per the exam pattern of UPSC IAS 2020, all the questions will be descriptive in nature. Candidates have to score at least 25% in all remaining papers.
- All the languages covered in the 8th Schedule of the constitution will be considered for language paper. Candidates can check the UPSC IAS main exam pattern 2020 from the table given below.
IAS Main Exam Pattern 2020
Number of papers
Language of paper
Descriptive paper: Candidates can appear for language paper in 22 languages mentioned in schedule 8 of the Indian constitution
Duration of exam
3 hours each
Compulsory Indian language
Number of questions
Part A and B: 300 each
General studies and optional paper: 250 each
IAS Main 2020 Marking Scheme
- Mains exam will carry a total of 1750 marks.
- Each question will carry 2.5 marks in objective type paper.
- Each subjective paper in mains exam carries 300 marks.
- Candidates can choose two optional papers on which they will be questioned.
List of UPSC IAS optional subjects
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Commerce & Accountancy
Political Science & International Relations
UPSC IAS 2020 Interview Stage
The final stage of UPSC IAS Exam pattern 2020 is the interview round which is also called personality test. The interview will be of around one hour and total marks allotted to the interview stage is 275, and the total marks considered for the final merit list will be 2025 marks. While preparing for the interview candidates have to work on their optional subjects and read a newspaper regularly.
It is very important to select the right book and study material for UPSC IAS preparations. There are a variety of books available in the market for preparation. Candidates can find the best books for IAS preparations from the table given below.
Best book for UPSC IAS prelims
Best book for UPSC IAS mains
History, Indian Heritage & Culture
Polity & International Relations
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2020 (Prelims & Mains) - Subject Wise Civil Service Paper Pattern
Question: How many stages are there in UPSC civil services selection process?
The selection of UPSC IAS will be based on the performance of candidate in three stages - prelims exam, mains exam and interview round.
Question: What if I missed my one exam in the IAS Mains stage?
If any candidate misses one exam in mains stage then UPSC will not consider you for the final selection. It is compulsory to attempt all papers and make it to the cutoffs for the final selection.
Question: How many papers are there in UPSC IAS Exam Pattern?
The prelims of UPSC Civil Services comprise two papers which are qualifying in nature. In mains, examination candidates need to clear 9 papers followed by an interview round.
Question: What are the total marks for UPSC IAS 2020?
The total marks considered for the final selection in UPSC Civil Services is 2025.
Question: How many option subject do I need to opt for IAS Exam?
Candidates need to choose one optional subject from a list of 25 provided by UPSC.
Question: Can Candidates use Calculators in UPSC IAS exam?
UPSC doesn’t allow to use calculators in prelims exam. However, candidates can make use of scientific calculators in mains exam for calculation purpose.
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Questions related to UPSC Civil Services Exam
when can we start ias prepration
Usually a 1-2 years sincere study is required to clear the IAS exam.
One can start the preparation for the IAS exam at any time he want.
However you can give the IAS exam only when you met all the eligibility criteria for appearing the IAS exam. The educational eligibility to appear for IAS exam is graduation.
The age eligibility for general category candidate is maximum 32 years.
So you can also start preparing for civil services exam with your graduation studies.
Hope it helps.
I passed 12th this year how can I start IAS preparation?
UPSC Civil Service Exam consists of three stages-
Preliminary : First Stage is MCQs based exam, it has two papers and each one consists of 200 marks,its numbers ain't added to final list, you just need to score the required cut offs against your category.
First is GS Paper-I which consists of the following topic such as History of India and Indian national movement, Indian and World geography, Economic and social development- sustainable development, poverty,inclusion demographics, social sector initiatives etc,Indian polity and governance-constitution,political system,Current Events nationally and Internationally, General Science,General Issues on environmental ecology,biodiversity and climate change. you just need to score the required cut offs against your category.
Second Paper is CSAT which is qualifying by nature,you need to score merely 33% which is 66 marks out of 200, it includes following topics such as basic numeracy, comprehension, logical reasoning and analytical ability, general mental ability, decision making and problem solving, interpersonal skills including communication skills.
Mains : This is a second stage which it's more of a subjective type, you are required to write answers for Four General Studies Paper such as
- GS-I includes Indian Heritage and Culture,History and Geography of the World and Society,
- GS-II includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations,
- GS-III includes Technology, Economic Development, Bio-Diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management,
- GS-IV includes Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
- Two Optionals,
- One Essay,
- Two Language Paper
In total there are nine papers in Mains, and each paper is of 250 marks, total adds up to 1750 marks.
Interview : The two stages are further followed by personality test of 275 marks. This tests a broader aspect of your personality, it covers various topics related to your background, academics,home state, college, work experiences(if any) and various such relevant details, this is not a knowledge based judgement process as your knowledge are tested in the earlier two phases, but one thing you must continue doing is reading newspaper, many current events questions will be asked and remember to have a well-balanced opinion.
In order to initiate your preparation, the first and most important step is to be well acquainted with UPSC Syllabus , learn it by heart as this will enable you to know what to read and what to skip.
As per the recent trends UPSC is framing Prelims questions also based on Mains syllabus, so have an integrated approach, don't segrete the preparation part thinking once you qualify Prelims you'll prepare for Mains that doesn't work.
To cover such a humongous syllabus you will have to make a timetable,set targets on a daily,weekly and monthly basis,that's the only way to complete this extensive syllabus.
Newspaper reading is equally vital part of preparation, you can start with any newspaper like The Hindu, or Indian Express on a regular basis to be updated as well as gaining knowledge which shall be highly useful to you in future exam preparation part. Put a more emphasis on editorial part, it will not only broaden your perspective but help a lot in answer writing,and make sure whatever opinion you form it should be well balanced. You can also make notes of this,it'll be very useful in answer writing.
When it comes to reading books ,start with basics, for each subject, you can do with NCERTs for this. This will build your foundation strong,as you progress, move on to other relevant books as mentioned below;
For Prelims, you can refer the following books:
- NCERT Class XI and XII
- India's Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra
- For Indian Culture, refer art and culture by Nitin Singhania
- NCERT Class VI to XII
- GC Leong's Physical Geography
- World Atlas
- NCERT Class XI
- Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
International Relations & Polity ;
- NCERT XII Political Science with current affairs
- Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
- Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by RS Agarwal
- M Tyra's Quicker Maths
Coming to Mains Exam, you can refer the following books for four General Studies Paper;
- GS I - For History , Class XI NCERT book with India's struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra,India after Independence by Bipan Chandra,History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra. For Geography refer World Geography and Geography of India by Majid Hussain, GC Leong's Physical and Human Geography with NCERT Class XI book.
- For GS II - Polity and International Relations , refer Indian Polity by Lamikanth,India's Foreign Policy by Rajiv Sikri
- For GS III - For Economics refer Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh, read ARC report along with Economic Survey and Fiscal Budget.
- For GS IV - For Ethics refer a book named Lexicon by Niraj Kumar, also you can go through study material of IGNOU.
Remember to keep your resources minimal, read one book many a times instead of many a book one time, as you have to retain so much of information so rely on only limited yet trustworthy resources and revision is the only key for remembrance.
Writing mains is a huge task, for nine paper it requires immense practice along with knowledge. So, you have to start practicing answer writing in advance, even in a little way, There are many sites which provide questions on daily basis you can avail that. Try to give a holistic viewpoint while answer writing by providing political,economical and social aspect. You can get topper's answer sheet from various sites, try to analyze and study them minutely, you'll get an ideas about what to write, how to express and present viewpoint in organized manner.
Practice previous year question paper which you can get from the site of UPSC,in addition mock papers, and test series which you can get it from any of the sites exclusively dedicated to UPSC, it's highly important to evaluate your performance while doing so.
Sir , Can anyone tell the subjects involved in IAS ?
UPSC Civil Service Exam consists of three stages-
To give you a brief about the exam;
Preliminary consists of two papers, each is of 200 Marks and MCQs based, its numbers are not added in the final list,
First is GS Paper-I consists of the following topic such as
History of India and Indian national movement, Indian and World geography, Economic and social development- sustainable development, poverty,inclusion demographics, social sector initiatives etc,Indian polity and governance-constitution,political system,Current Events nationally and Internationally, General Science,General Issues on environmental ecology,biodiversity and climate change.
Candidates are only need to score the required cut offs against their respective category.
Second is CSAT which is qualifying by nature and candidates need to score 33% which means 66 Mark's out of 200,this includes following topics such as
basic numeracy, comprehension, logical reasoning and analytical ability, general mental ability, decision making and problem solving, interpersonal skills including communication skills.
Second Stage is Mains which is more of a subjective type, one needs to write answer for Four General Studies Paper such as
GS-I includes Indian Heritage and Culture,History and Geography of the World and Society,
GS-II includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations,
GS-III includes Technology, Economic Development, Bio-Diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management,
GS-IV includes Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
In addition to above there are two optionals, one essay, two language paper, there are total nine papers here, each paper consists of 250 marks, total is 1750 marks.
Last Stage is Personality Test of 275 marks .
whats the process to become an IAS
If you want to become an IAS officer then first of all you need to be a graduate in any discipline of your choice and then you need to appear in one of the toughest examination called UPSC, and it has 3 stages which are listed below :-
*The first stage of the exam is Preliminary examination (objective )
*The second stage, Mains (written).
*If you manage to clear both prelims and mains then you are to go through third stage i.e interview/personality test .
And if you managed to clear all the three rounds mentioned above, then congratulations you may become an ias officer
For detailed information go through
I hope you find this helpful
wahts the syllabus for IAS exam
You could be IAS through UPSC Examination,The UPSC (Union Public Service commission) Civil Services Exam Syllabus is divided into three categories, namely Preliminary, Mains and Interview.
The Preliminary syllabus is mainly designed to access a candidate's comprehension of current affairs and aptitude within the stipulated time and The preliminary paper is a compulsory paper to be qualified for further round.
The Mains syllabus is basically designed to judge a candidate's academic knowledge in yourr specialised subject. The syllabus also focuses on testing yours ability to present knowledge in a clear and coherent manner. The main examination has 9 papers and the syllabus is designed according to the subjects specified. The Preliminary and Mains syllabus is designed for the written test. Candidates, who emerge successful in the Preliminary and Main examination, can appear for the interview.
For detailed info about UPSC IAS syllabus kindly vist- https://competition.careers360.com/articles/upsc-ias-syllabus
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