UPSC Geology Syllabus 2022 for IAS Mains Exam
UPSC Geology Syllabus 2022 - Union Public Service Commission has released the syllabus for all UPSC IAS exam 2022. The UPSC geology syllabus 2022 has been released by the Commission along with the official UPSC CSE notification 2022. The UPSC 2022 notification contains the UPSC CSE syllabus details of UPSC geology subject for both mains paper 1 and paper 2 exams.
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The UPSC IAS exam notification also contains the UPSC CSE eligibility criteria 2022 for the exam. The prescribed syllabus for UPSC geology 2022 exam helps the applicants in better understanding the type and difficulty level of questions asked in the UPSC CSE exam and the UPSC CSE 2022 exam pattern. To know more about the UPSC geology syllabus 2022 go through the article below.
UPSC Geology Syllabus 2022 - For Paper 1 Mains Exam
The UPSC CSE 2022 mains exam has nine papers out of which two are optional subjects. For candidates who have opted for geology as an optional subject the syllabus for UPSC geology paper 1 has units like general geology, structural geology, remote sensing, paleontology, geomorphology and more which cover a wide range of topics within. To know more about the UPSC geology syllabus for paper 1 check the table below.
UPSC geology syllabus for paper 1
Island arcs, Volcanoes, Solar System, Volcanic belts, Meteorites, Seafloor spreading, Continental drift; Isostasy, origin and interior of the earth, Earthquakes, Seismic zone of India; trenches & mid-ocean ridges; plate tectonics
Geomorphology & Remote Sensing
Geomorphology of Indian sub continent, The Electromagnetic spectrum, Geomorphic cycles, Orbiting Satellites, Landforms, slopes & drainage, Lithology; Geomorphology, Weathering, Soil formations; Morphology, Coastal geomorphology; Applications of geomorphology, Indian Remote Sensing Satellites, Sensor Systems, Applications of remote sensing in geology
Stress and strain, Folds & faults, Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions, Time relationship between crystallization & deformation, Structural analysis of folds,Principles of geologic mapping & reading, projection diagrams,
Gondwana flora & fauna, Siwalik fauna, Different kinds of microfossils; Evolutionary trend in Hominidae, Index fossils & significance, Megafossils & Microfossils, Species definition & nomenclature; Equidae & Proboscidae
Evolution of the Himalayas, Study of climatic conditions, Classification of stratigraphic sequences, Major boundary problems Cambrian/ Precambrian, Permian/Triassic, Cretaceous/Tertiary and Pliocene/Pleistocene; Distribution & classification of Precambrian rocks of India; Tectonic framework of India
Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology
Classification of aquifers; Drainage basin morphometry; Rainwater harvesting; Water bearing characteristics of rocks; Springs; Movement of subsurface water; Salt water intrusion, Hydrologic cycle & genetic classification of water; Groundwater chemistry, Types of wells, Groundwater recharge; Exploration for groundwater; Engineering properties of rocks and more
Also read: Information about category-wise career exams
UPSC Geology Syllabus 2022 - For Paper 2 Mains
UPSC IAS geology mains paper 2 exam has chapters like mineralogy, economic geology, sedimentary petrology, igneous & metamorphic petrology and more. To know more about the syllabus of UPSC geology paper 2 mains exam check the table below.
UPSC geology syllabus for paper 2
Physical & chemical characters of rock forming, Optical properties of common rock forming minerals; Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, International system of crystallographic notation; Classification of crystals into systems & symmetry; Elements of X-ray crystallography, Clay minerals
Igneous & Metamorphic Petrology
Crystallisation, Generation & crystallisation of magmas, Bowen's Reaction Principle; Petrogenetic significance of the textures, Petrography & petrogenesis, Deccan volcanic province, Types & agents of metamorphism, Metamorphic grades & zones; ACF & AKF diagrams; Granulite terrains of India.
Sedimentary basins of India, Heavy minerals, Clastic and non clastic rocks, petrography and depositional environment, Sedimentary structures, Sediments & Sedimentary rocks: Processes of formation; diagenesis and lithification, Sedimentary facies and provenance
Geology of the important Indian deposits of minerals, National Mineral Policy, Processes of formation of mineral deposits; Metallogenic epochs & provinces, Conservation and utilization of mineral resources, Marine mineral resources & Law of Sea, tenor of ore, Classification of ore deposits; Controls of ore localisation; Ore textures & structures; Deposits of coal & petroleum in India
Mineral beneficiation and ore dressing, Estimation of reserves of ore; Techniques of sampling, Methods of prospecting - geological, geophysical, geochemical and geobotanical; Methods of exploration and mining - metallic ores, industrial minerals, marine mineral resources and building stones.
Geochemistry and Environmental Geology
Environment protection, Trace elements, Composition of the planets and meteorites, Elementary thermodynamics, Natural hazards, Cosmic abundance of elements, distribution of elements, Sea level changes, Elements of crystal chemistry, Isomorphism and polymorphism, environmental impact of urbanization
UPSC Subject-wise Questions for various Subjects
UPSC CSE Exam Pattern 2022 - For Prelims & Mains Exam
Union Public Service Commission also prescribes the UPSC CSE exam pattern 2022. As per the official UPSC CSE notification, the UPSC Civil Services prelims exam is objective type in nature whereas the UPSC CSE mains exam is descriptive in nature. The CSE prelims exam is of 400 marks in total whereas mains is of 2350 marks. For more details on the prelims and mains UPSC IAS exam pattern 2022 check the tables below.
UPSC IAS prelims exam pattern
General studies 1
General studies 2
Also read: UPSC Mock Tests Series for UPSC
UPSC CSE mains exam pattern
Language (regional language)
General Studies 1
General Studies 2
Optional subject 1
Optional subject 1
Optional subject 2
Optional subject 2
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - UPSC Geology Syllabus 2022 for IAS Mains Exam
Question: How many optional subjects are there in the UPSC CSE examination?
UPSC IAS exam has 26 optional subjects.
Question: When is the UPSC CSE 2022 application form going to be released?
UPSC IAS application form 2022 has been released on February 2, 2022.
Question: Who many times in a year is the UPSC IAS exam conducted?
UPSC IAS exam is conducted once every year.
Question: What is the minimum age required to appear for the UPSC CSE exam?
Minimum age required to be eligible for the UPSC IAS exam is 21 years.
Question: How many optional subjects are there in the UPSC CSE 2022 exam?
UPSC IAS 2022 exam has 26 optional subjects from which the candidates have to choose one.
Question: What is the the UPSC IAS 2022 selection process?
UPSC CSE 2022 selection process consists of three stages - prelims, mains and interview.
Question: When will the admit card for UPSC IAS 2022 prelims exam be issued?
The prelims UPSC IAS 2022 admit card will be released online on the official website tentatively in May 2022.
Question: Is it mandatory to appear in the UPSC IAS 2022 mock test?
Yes, UPSC CSE 2022 mock test series will help the candidates to prepare for a better exam.
UPSC IAS Cut off 2022 - Check the various details of UPSC IAS ...
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Questions related to UPSC CSE
Im a student Moving from 10th grade to 11th grade, can u please suggest me regarding stream selection in 11th. Actually, My aim of life is IAS. but Im Canfused in selecting stream. please tell me PCM / PCB , which most sutable for UPSC.
Hope you're doing great and it's good to see that you're clear about what you want in your life at such an early age but you should know that UPSC is one of the toughest exams in India and minimum eligibility criteria for it is graduation so for now I'd advise you to opt for whichever stream you find interesting. Side by side you can keep on looking the UPSC syllabus and read as much as you can. As UPSC paper consists of an optional paper so you can complete your graduation and then decide which subject you'll opt for it. Currently I'd advise you to go for subjects and stream you have interest in.
Please find attached the syllabus of UPSC examination.
which subject I choose for ias after 10th
Dear Student ,
As you are in class 10, you need not to much pressure for preparing in IAS. Focus on your current curriculum for now . UPSC CSE is one of the most toughest competitive exams in India . So, only a proper subject only can't give you success .
For your help :
UPSC CSE eligibility in Academic qualification : Graduation in any subjects from any recognized University .
You can follow the below points till your Graduation is complete :
- Start Studying English Newspaper like The Hindu and make a practice/habit to read the Newspaper on a daily time basis
- Read the UPSC syllabus properly in your free time, and based on that you choose your subjects in 11th . As in UPSC , there is Optional paper which you need to select .
- Try to complete your mock test (based on your academic syllabus) within schedule time
- Be punctual and be consistent in your studies .
For your reference , you can go through this UPSC prep strategy article :
Hope this helps !
Iam in class 7 and i want to prepare for ias exam what should i study
Dear aspirant !!
Hope you are doing great ! Dear , it's too early to prepare for ias ,don't ruin your childhood and memories in this rat race. ,try to explore more yourself. May be you are good in something other. At this stage it is hard to know the abilities of ourselves , don't be in burden of your parents ,ias is not an cup of tea for all. Stay calm and think about it . You have a lot of time .
However I can give you some tips to start your preparation ;-
- Take the early advantage. ...
- Realise that you have time constraints, so prioritize your time! ...
- Buy the most recommended books for IAS preparation. ...
- Enroll for ClearIAS mock test series. ...
- Utilise your spare time. ...
- Read newspapers and magazines. ...
- Keep writing..
For more information, regarding upsc ,visit the link ;-
Hope it helps you !!
I have hemophobia... am I eligible for IAS
Hemophobia is the fear of seeing blood, it's nothing to do with your eligibility of IAS, so yes you are eligible. Just make sure that during medical verification you gets your tests done, and don't skip blood tests etc just because of fear of seeing blood.
If you want to become an IAS officer then you need to clear UPSC civil services examination. UPSC eligibility criteria is provided below:-
-----------) You must have a bachelor's degree in any, discipline from a recognised university.
-----------) Minimum age limit :- you need to be at least 21 years old to be eligible as on 1st of August of the year of filling the form i. e as on 1st August 2021 for UPSC 2021.
-----------) Maximum age limit :- 32 years , also there's 3 year relaxation on upper age limit for obc and of 5 years for sc/st category.
-----------) Attempt limit:- The maximum of times one can appear in UPSC is given below category wise :-
General/ EWS - 6
OBC or General PwD - 9
SC/ ST - No limit , can appear till upper age limit .
For detailed information related to UPSC eligibility criteria , you can visit our page at
If you are eligible then you need to appear in UPSC civil services examination which consists of three stages listed below :-
-----------) prelims exam :- it is objective paper and is of qualifying nature , so you just need to at least qualify it to be eligible for mains examination, the score /marks obtained by you in your prelims examination is not added up or used in your final merit. Your prelims exam consist of 2 papers: -
-) general studies 1
-) general studies II ( csat )
You get 2 hours for each paper
-----------) Mains exam. :- it is descriptive /written examination . There are a total of 9 papers which are listed below:-
-) compulsory indian language.
-) general studies I
-) general studies II
-) general studies III
-) general studies IV
-) optional I
-) optional II
-----------) Interview :- After qualifying mains, you have to go through interview round, and it is more of test of your personality rather than knowledge.
If you managed to sail through all the three stages then you can become an IAS officer depending on your rank in UPSC, your category etc
For detailed information check out :-
For upsc preparation tips go through :-
which group best for IAS and college
Your profile suggests that your qualification is 10th.
You can choose any of science ,commerce or arts stream based on your interest after your 10th for your 10 +2 and then for graduation if you want to become an IAS officer.
This is because,
to become an IAS officer you need to clear UPSC civil services examination and to be eligible for UPSC examination there is no compulsion to have done 10+2 in a particular stream , also there's no compulsion to be a graduate in a particular subject. You can be a graduate in any discipline.
For your reference,
UPSC eligibility criteria is provided below:-
************* You must have a bachelor's degree in any, discipline from a recognised university .
************* Minimum age limit :- you need to be at least 21 years old to be eligible as on 1st of August of the year of filling the form
************* Maximum age limit :- 32 years , also there's 3 year relaxation on upper age limit for obc and of 5 years for sc/st category as on 1st August of the year of examination
************* Attempt limit:- The maximum of times one can appear in UPSC is given below category wise :-
General/ EWS - 6
OBC or General PwD - 9
SC/ ST - No limit , can appear till upper age limit .
You can check detailed eligibility at :- https://competition.careers360.com/articles/upsc-ias-eligibility-criteria
choosing Arts or the humanities in your 10+2 and graduation can be really helpful for your UPSC examination, this is because in Arts you will be learning subjects like history , polity etc which are a part of the UPSC syllabus so it will help you in your upsc examination.
So, take your time and decide .
Coming to college/school
You can choose any recognised school/college for 10+2 and then for graduation depending upon the course you opt for.
To help you further, here's a brief of your UPSC examination pattern
Your UPSC civil services examination consists of three stages
********prelims exam :- it is objective paper and is of qualifying nature , so you just need to at least qualify it to be eligible for mains examination, the score /marks obtained by you in your prelims examination is not added up or used in your final merit. Your prelims exam consist of 2 papers: -
-----) general studies 1
-----) general studies II ( csat )
You get 2 hours for each paper
********Mains exam. :- it is descriptive /written examination . There are a total of 9 papers which are listed below:-
-----) compulsory indian language.
-----) general studies I
-----) general studies II
-----) general studies III
-----) general studies IV
-----) optional I
-----) optional II
The compulsory indian language and english are qualifying in nature . You just need to qualify them. The marks obtained by you in these two papers will not be counted towards merit list.
*********Interview :- After qualifying mains, you have to go through interview round, and it is more of test of your personality rather than knowledge.
For detail examination pattern check out :- https://competition.careers360.com/articles/upsc-ias-exam-pattern