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How To Prepare for UPSC IAS 2022
- Candidates preparing for UPSC IAS 2022 or UPSC Civil Services Exam (CSE) must carefully read the given IAS preparation tips. About 11 lakh candidates apply for the
UPSC IAS exam
every year. Out of this, less than 1% of candidates are selected and inducted into the prestigious All India Services. The question that many candidates have is how to prepare for UPSC IAS exam.
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How to crack UPSC IAS exam?
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UPSC IAS Result 2021 to be out this week. Check release date here
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Clearing the IAS exam requires smart and and work.
IAS Syllabus 2022
is very vast and a good IAS preparation strategy is helpful in covering it in a limited period of time. Preparation for UPSC IAS 2022 takes at least one year to cover a diverse range of subjects and topics asked in the exam. Aspirants often also look for - what to study, where to study and how to prepare for the
UPSC IAS 2022
IAS study plan
to follow? What study material to refer to? UPSC IAS is conducted in three stages - Prelims, Mains and Interview. Let us know How To Prepare for the IAS exam 2022 for prelims, main and interview.
Myths on How to prepare for UPSC?
IAS Coaching is important for exam preparation.
Every year, thousands of small-town candidates qualify for the IAS without coaching
It is important to stay in Delhi during the IAS preparation.
Nowadays, online study material and coaching classes are easily accessible
You need to be a bookworm to clear the IAS exam.
Clearing the IAS exam takes a lot more than mere intelligence. It requires a strong character - patience, determination, continuous efforts, self-motivation and discipline.
On how to start UPSC preparation from level zero candidates must be determined to qualify UPSC Civil Services 2022 exam. Applicants must be completely focused, energetic, disciplined, proactive and aggressive. There is no short cut while preparing for UPSC IAS exam. Check the IAS exam preparation tips -
Make a study time-table for UPSC preparation 2022
The syllabus is vast, so one must take care that that they give adequate time to all subjects and topics and not ignore any important topic for UPSC 2022 preparation.
Set deadlines, while preparing for UPSC IAS 2022 and stick to it.
A planned IAS preparation time-table will give you more clarity on how you will complete your UPSC IAS preparation 2022 - how fast you need to be, how much time you have for a particular topic/subject, etc.
UPSC Exam Dates
Name of Examination
Date of Notification
Last date to submit applications
Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam 2022
February 2, 2022
February 22, 2022
June 5, 2022 (IAS prelims exam)
September 19, 2022 onwards (Civil Services Mains exam)
UPSC IAS exam pattern
has three stages:
You need to clear all three stages of the UPSC to emerge as the winner. All three stages require different strategies.
The prelims stage
of UPSC IAS preparation 2022 is more about gaining knowledge on a vast number of topics. You don't really need to go very deep while studying a topic. While preparing for prelims applicants should also have an idea about
UPSC IAS cut off
The mains stage
of UPSC IAS 2022 preparation requires you to delve deep into a topic within the defined syllabus of Mains. You may find yourself reading B.A. and M.A. level books, practically becoming a graduate in your optional subject.
is a personality test. It will test various aspects of your personality and qualities such as diplomatic skills, communication skills, presence of mind, reaction to stress and pressure.
The syllabus is the foundation on which you will plan and build your UPSC IAS preparation. The candidate must know the UPSC IAS syllabus 2022 thoroughly. The UPSC notification contains the detailed syllabus for the Civil Services Preliminary and Main examination.
The knowledge of the complete syllabus will help you know which books you need to read. It will also help you to avoid missing any important topic.
For UPSC IAS preparation it is very important to know what to study, from where to study and what to skip.
Remember, UPSC 2022 preparation is not made up of one particular topic alone. It is a mixture of a lot of things. So don’t overdo anything.
How to Prepare for UPSC IAS Exam Online?
IAS 2022 Study Plan - How & What to do
Study from the
Best Books for UPSC IAS
recommended by experts. It is not necessary to read every book available on earth to clear the IAS exam. Just refer the right books during your IAS 2022 preparation-
Recommended Books on how to prepare for UPSC
NCERT XI (Ancient & Medieval)
NCERT XII (Modern Indian History)
Modern Indian – Spectrum
From Plassey to Partition - A History of Modern India
India’s Struggle for Independence – Bipan Chandra
For Prelims, the first 4 books should be sufficient. For Mains, you can also read India’s Struggle for Independence – Bipin Chandra.
Indian Art & Culture
Indian Art & Culture - Nitin Singhania
This book can be used for both Prelims and Mains
Indian Polity – M Laxmikanth
For prelims, you don’t need to read any other book on Polity except Indian Polity – M Laxmi Kant. Many questions asked in the Prelims paper seem to have come directly from this book. However, for Mains, you should read D D Basu.
NCERT VI – X (Old Syllabus)
NCERT XI, XII (New Syllabus)
Certificate Physical Geography – G C Leong
Read and revise NCERTs thoroughly. A lot of questions in Prelims are asked from content given in NCERT.
Sriram IAS Economics notes
Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
Economic Development & Policies in India – Jain & Ohri
The Indian Economy –Sanjiv Verma is very good for beginners and for those who find economics distasteful and difficult. It explains concepts in very simple language. The book by Ramesh Singh can be read after the book by Sanjiv Verma.
Class XII Biology
(last 5 chapters)
Environment & Ecology: Biodiversity, Climate Change and Disaster Management - General Studies for Civil Services (Main) Examination - Paper II and IV - Majid Hussain
The last 5 chapters of the Class XII NCERT Biology book are based on Environment.
Nowadays, in UPSC Prelims, questions on the environment are not only related to concepts but also from the current issues related to the environment. Read the newspaper carefully
NCERT XII (Contemporary World Politics)
International relations keep changing and you must read the newspaper to keep yourself updated on the latest developments in the world.
Government websites like the PIB, PRS
The candidate can make use of many government sources for their UPSC IAS 2022 preparation. All the content (study material) available on government websites and books are highly authentic and reliable.
Current Affairs magazine
If you can, try to get a gist/summary of these magazines. The gist is provided online by many coaching centres. You may subscribe to it. It will save a lot of time. You will not have to read unnecessary information.
You may refer to some Current Affairs magazine to fill up the gap in your notes.
During the self-preparation for IAS, candidates must read the newspaper every day.
Newspapers and current affairs form an important aspect of the UPSC IAS preparation. The newspapers provide the candidate with an abundant source of knowledge about current affairs in the country and outside. The candidate must read the newspaper every day to keep track of new developments around the world to remain informed.
Reading newspapers is especially relevant for the Mains stage of UPSC IAS preparation as the questions are often opinion based and reading the newspaper every day will help the candidate aware of how things are changing and developing around the world.
The exam questions are known to be unpredictable in nature. For example, one year it may focus on current affairs and a particular subject and another year it may focus on other subjects. But solving previous question papers can help you judge the trends in the UPSC exam paper.
You can analyse the type and difficulty level of the question asked. This will help you in strategizing how to do your UPSC 2022 preparation.
IAS previous question papers are reliable sources of UPSC CSE pattern, difficulty level and question type.
It is also a good source of self-assessment in your UPSC IAS preparation 2022 and helps you build a strategy on how to crack IAS 2022.
It helps the candidate become familiar with the UPSC IAS exam pattern and managing time in answering all the questions.
It can help candidates in realizing and learning from mistakes, plan a better strategy that they need to follow in the future.
You must prepare yourself mentally and physically for the long and hard journey of UPSC IAS preparation.
During the self-preparation for IAS exam, it is important to keep yourself physically healthy. You don't want to get sick and lose days recovering. Time is precious given the vast IAS syllabus 2022.
Keep yourself mentally healthy. Focus cannot be attained if your mind is occupied with worrying. UPSC IAS preparation 2022 should be your topmost priority.
There are certain periods of time during the day when you are most productive. Some candidates feel fully-focused during early morning hours, some are most productive during the afternoon while others may be able to concentrate most during the night.
Stay disciplined in following your daily study routine.
Be prepared to cut down on your social life because UPSC IAS preparation 2022 demands long hours of studies. Success comes at a price. Go underground during your UPSC 2022 preparation.
If you are a working professional, you must divide your time between your job and your UPSC IAS preparation 2022 and make a proper IAS study plan.
The first step in UPSC IAS preparation 2022 is to get the basic concepts and theories right before you move on to more advanced content. NCERT books are easy to understand and provide the content incoherent and precise form.
In previous years, UPSC has asked questions directly from NCERT textbooks especially in subjects like Geography, History and Ecology.
The candidate should read the NCERT textbooks from classes 6th to 12th.
The mains exam paper has a heavy curriculum especially because of the optional subject which requires post-graduation level studies. After UPSC IAS Prelims in June, you will have only 90 to 100 days to prepare for IAS mains. For Mains, you have to study for 9 papers having subjects like History, Geography, Economics, Science & Technology, Polity & Governance, Ethics, International relations, Social issues, Hindi/any language, English, Essay and optional subject.
It is not possible to prepare for the Mains exam in just 3 months. A candidate, therefore, should begin preparing for the Main Exam side by side with the IAS Prelim exam preparation. It takes at least one year for UPSC IAS 2022 preparation. A candidate should start his/her preparation in June of the previous year if he/she wishes to appear for the Prelim exam the next year.
Read the below tips on how to prepare for IAS Mains.
The IAS main exam papers are descriptive in nature and tests the candidates’ writing skills.
In the Mains paper, the candidate would be given an answer booklet with a fixed space for writing answers. Candidates have to answer the questions quickly and effectively in minimum words.
During UPSC IAS 2022 preparation, writing practice helps to learn to write answers within the space provided in the answer booklet within the given time limit.
The optional subject accounts for 500 marks in the final UPSC IAS result. Hence, it is important to choose the optional subject wisely.
Some of the factors to keep in mind before selecting an optional are:
Interest in the subject
Availability of study material
Number of applicants for that particular optional subject
The scoring potential of the optional subject
The success rate of the optional subject
Overlap with the GS papers
Availability of coaching
Standard IAS preparation Books
Websites (documents, reports and information available on websites of government ministries, national and international organizations, others for various topics)
Remember, UPSC keeps in mind that candidates from small towns and villages may not have 24/7 internet access for their UPSC IAS exam preparation. So, most questions are from the ‘static’ theory part available in IAS NCERT and standard reference books, to provide a level playing field. Thus, reading a random internet article may not be useful.
Check Here List of Other Government Exams
Let us know some important tips to prepare for UPSC IAS 2022 exam
Quantify your UPSC IAS preparation 2022 in terms of the amount of syllabus or topics you covered.
Don’t quantify your UPSC IAS preparation studies in terms of the hours you studied.
Do not study for 1 hour and take a 2-hour break after that.
Keep your mobile phone switched off or away from yourself when you are studying (unless and until you are expecting a very important call).
Don’t waste time in unnecessary chatting on WhatsApp or surfing on Facebook or any social media platform.
Take short breaks or off days when you don’t feel like studying at all. Keep your mind fresh and energized.
Don’t let your mood dictate your studies or ruin your study plan.
Stay mentally healthy. Resolve your fights and keep away from people who ruin your mental peace.
It is relevant to take short notes during UPSC IAS preparation 2022. The UPSC IAS syllabus is vast and short notes help to keep track of important points and also help in effective revision later on.
It is important to consolidate information in compact notes form because one night before the exam you will not have time to go through a pile of UPSC IAS books.
During UPSC IAS 2022 preparation, candidates can take notes in notebooks or loose papers and keep them in files for separate subjects. Writing in loose papers may make it easy for a candidate to add notes to a topic, especially when any current affairs-related news needs to be added to a particular topic.
Highlight important lines in a book. You can write important keywords/names/terms/phrases on the margins of the book page.
The quality of short notes is important. You don't need to write trivial things or things that you already remember by heart.
Revision is an integral part of UPSC IAS preparation 2022. If you study a topic from ABC book, newspaper or website today, but cannot recall it in the exam hall after four months, then the whole exercise is useless.
UPSC syllabus is vast and diverse. It is natural to forget things that you had studied earlier. Humans have a short-term memory. Whatever a candidate studies one day, he/she can forget the content in the next two days. Revision is important to retain the information for longer periods.
The most important aspect of the entire journey on how to prepare for UPSC AS exam is to stay positive and motivated.
The constant studies and pressure can be quite overwhelming for many and you may feel depressed and demotivated. So to clear UPSC CSE 2022. Believe in yourself. Remove negative thoughts from your head and focus on studying instead of worrying.
The final stage in the UPSC IAS recruitment process is the interview or personality Test. Candidates can check
preparation tips for UPSC IAS Interview
A personality test is an important stage in the IAS selection process where applicants are assessed on their personality.
Ask yourself how you can contribute to the country and its people, how you can prove your caliber, what changes can you bring to improve the society, etc. around you.
Questions about candidates interests, education and work experience if any, hobbies, why you want to serve in IAS, what would you do as an IAS officer etc.
Your answers must reflect knowledge, maturity and presence of mind.
When you go for the interview, you must dress up in formal wear and look presentable.
How to Crack UPSC CSE Exam?
Generally, it depends on individual knowledge and personal qualities such as concentration, memorizing capacity etc that may determine how much time he/she would need. But given the vast syllabus, it takes about 1 year to prepare for the UPSC IAS exam.
No, many toppers have cleared the UPSC Civil Services exam with self-study without any coaching.
The vast syllabus that requires to be studied as well as remembered, the long hours of studies, etc makes UPSC IAS preparation difficult.
The number of hours you need to study depends on your productivity, efficiency and memorizing capabilities. A lot of people recommend studying for about 15 hours per day during the UPSC IAS preparation, but some people have cleared UPSC civil services exam with just 6-7 hours of daily study time as well.
Go through the UPSC IAS syllabus, get a list of recommended books for Prelims and Mains, decide the optional and start reading, making notes and revising at regular intervals.
UPSC IAS 2022 prelims is scheduled to be held on June 5, 2022.
The notification for UPSC CSE 2022 will be released on February 2, 2022.
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Not at all, no. No institute's resources are adequate.
You must create your own study material from these institute's notes, Toppers' notes, your own regress analysis of the topic from Google, and notes from previous year's questions in order to pass this exam.
No Institute can say that you must only read their notes to pass the UPSC exam because of the way the exam is designed; this is not their fault.
If they are, they are lying, I can tell you.
Which college are you enquiring about?
See when it comes to appearing for UPSC, candidates need to pass graduation in any discipline from a recognized university, there is no specific aggregate required in this case, those in the final year too are eligible to apply provisionally, also you have to attain 21 years as on 1st August of the appearing year,
it's your preparation, strategy, and diligence which help in qualifying UPSC, your college really don't play any role, you may find many toppers from previous year who have merely passed their graduation but they have become IAS,
you have to keep few things in mind like do you want to have a back up plan or not, as this is highly competitive exam, and toppers come from various background that of engineering, medical, arts, commerce, science etc, if you're only focusing on qualifying UPSC then having graduation in history, geography, economics, political science, public administration etc helps in the sense there is considerable overlap with the gs and optional syllabus.
Taking up psychology would be an excellent choice with your given carrier option, psychology degree will immensely help you in your IAS. Becoming an IAS officer is Full of hard work , dedication and discipline and choosing psychology for your graduation really sets as a good base and will definitely help you in your future hope this helps all the Best!
Here's stepwise explanation how you can become an IAS officer:-
-------------------------) Complete your 10th
-------------------------) Take admission in 11 and then complete 11th and 12th.You can take admission in any stream i. e science,commerce, arts for 11 and 12th.
------------------------) Take admission in graduation in any discipline like BA, Bsc, Btech etc and complete it.
------------------------) To become an IAS officer you need to qualify UPSC civil services examination.
------------------------) After graduation you become eligible for UPSC civil services examination provided you are at least 21 years old.
For your reference,
UPSC eligibility criteria is provided below:-
************* You must have a bachelor's degree in any, discipline from a recognised university .
************* Minimum age limit :- you need to be at least 21 years old to be eligible as on 1st of August of the year of filling the form
************* Maximum age limit :- 32 years , also there's 3 year relaxation on upper age limit for obc and of 5 years for sc/st category as on 1st August of the year of examination
************* Attempt limit:- The maximum of times one can appear in UPSC is given below category wise :-
General/ EWS - 6
OBC or General PwD - 9
SC/ ST - No limit , can appear till upper age limit .
You can check detailed eligibility at :-
------------------------) Appear in UPSC civil services examination which consists of three stages listed below :-
************* prelims exam :- it is objective paper and is of qualifying nature , so you just need to at least qualify it to be eligible for mains examination, the score /marks obtained by you in your prelims examination is not added up or used in your final merit. Your prelims exam consist of 2 papers: -
-) general studies 1
-) general studies II ( csat )
You get 2 hours for each paper
************* Mains exam. :- it is descriptive /written examination . There are a total of 9 papers which are listed below:-
-) compulsory indian language.
-) general studies I
-) general studies II
-) general studies III
-) general studies IV
-) optional I
-) optional II
************* *Interview :- After qualifying mains, you have to go through interview round, and it is more of test of your personality rather than knowledge.
------------------------) If you managed to sail through all the three stages then you can become an IAS officer depending on your rank in UPSC, your category etc
For detailed information check out :-
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