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UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 - Download PDFs here

UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 - Download PDFs here

Edited By Vishnukumar | Updated on Aug 09, 2023 02:54 PM IST | #UPSC ESE

UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 - The UPSC will release the ESE Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024 in the official notification. Candidates preparing for UPSC ESE exam are advised to check the exam pattern and syllabus of ESE 2024. With the help of the IES Mechanical Engineering 2024 syllabus, candidates can understand the important topics for the ESE question paper. To know more about the IES Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024, read the full article below.

UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 - Overview



Name of the exam


Conducting Authority

Union Public Service Commission

Exam Mode


Number of UPSC ESE 2024 papers


Branch specification


UPSC IES Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 - Paper I

Candidates must appear for both papers, according to the official ESE notification. General studies and engineering aptitude are included in the IES Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024 for Paper I. Candidates with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering can apply for the UPSC ESE 2024 exam.

ESE Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 for Paper I



Fluid Mechanics

  • Basic Concepts and Properties of Fluids

  • Fluid Statics

  • Buoyancy

  • Manometry

  • Equations of Motion

  • Bernoulli’s equation and applications

  • Viscous flow of incompressible fluids

  • Laminar and Turbulent flows

  • Flow through pipes & head losses in pipes.

Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer

  • Thermodynamic systems and processes

  • Properties of pure substance

  • Zeroth

  • First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics

  • Entropy

  • Irreversibility and availability

  • Analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion

  • Rankine

  • Otto

  • Diesel and Dual Cycles

  • Ideal and real gases

  • Compressibility factor

  • Gas mixtures.

  • Modes of heat transfer

  • Steady and unsteady heat conduction

  • Thermal resistance

  • Fins

  • Free and forced convection

  • Correlations for convective heat transfer

  • Radiative heat transfer – Radiation heat transfer coefficient

  • Boiling and condensation

  • Heat exchanger performance analysis.

IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

  • SI and CI Engines

  • Engine Systems and Components

  • Performance characteristics and testing of IC Engines

  • Fuels

  • Emissions and Emission Control.

  • Vapour compression refrigeration

  • Refrigerants and Working cycles

  • Compressors

  • Condensers

  • Evaporators and Expansion devices

  • Other types of refrigeration systems like Vapour Absorption, Vapour jet, thermo electric and Vortex tube refrigeration.

  • Psychometric properties and processes

  • Comfort chart

  • Comfort and industrial air conditioning

  • Load calculations and Heat pumps.

Turbo Machinery

  • Reciprocating and Rotary pumps

  • Pelton wheel

  • Kaplan and Francis Turbines

  • Velocity diagrams

  • Impulse and Reaction principles

  • Steam and Gas Turbines

  • Theory of Jet Propulsion – Pulse jet and RamJet Engines

  • Reciprocating and Rotary Compressors – Theory and Applications

Power Plant Engineering

  • Rankine and Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat

  • Fuels and their properties

  • Steam turbines and other power plant components like condensers, air ejectors, electrostatic precipitators and cooling towers – their theory and design, types and applications

  • Flue gas analysis

  • Boilers

Renewable Sources of Energy

  • Solar Radiation

  • Solar Thermal Energy collection - Flat Plate and focusing collectors, their materials and performance.

  • Solar Thermal Energy Storage

  • Applications – heating, cooling and Power Generation

  • Solar Photovoltaic Conversion

  • Harnessing of Wind Energy, Biomass and Tidal Energy – Methods and Applications

  • Working principles of Fuel Cells.

UPSC IES Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 - Paper II

The ESE Mechanical Engineering paper II is based on the subject chosen by the applicant while filling the ESE application form 2024. Aspirants must go through the entire syllabus of UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering 2024 to attempt paper 2 in the best way. Check the details about the IES Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2024 in the table given below.

ESE Mechanical Engineering 2024 Syllabus for Paper 2



Design of Machine Elements

  • Design for static and dynamic loading

  • Failure theories

  • Fatigue strength and the S-N diagram

  • Principles of the design of machine elements such as riveted

  • Welded and bolted joints.

  • Shafts

  • Spur gears

  • Rolling and sliding contact bearings

  • Brakes and clutches

  • Flywheels.

Engineering Materials

  • Basic Crystallography

  • Alloys and Phase diagrams

  • Heat Treatment

  • Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals

  • Non metallic materials

  • Basics of Nano-materials

  • Mechanical Properties and Testing

  • Corrosion prevention and control

Mechanisms and Machines

  • Types of Kinematics Pair

  • Mobility

  • Inversions

  • Kinematic Analysis

  • Velocity and Acceleration Analysis of Planar Mechanisms

  • CAMs with uniform acceleration and retardation

  • Cycloidal motion

  • Compound and Epicyclic

  • Dynamic Analysis – Slider – crank mechanisms

  • Turning moment computations

  • Ships and aircrafts

  • Governors.

  • Oscillating followers

  • Vibrations –Free and forced vibration of undamped and damped SDOF systems

  • Transmissibility Ratio

  • Vibration Isolation

  • Critical Speed of Shafts

  • Gears – Geometry of tooth profiles

  • Law of gearing

  • Involute profile

  • Interference

  • Helical

  • Balancing of Revolving & Reciprocating masses

  • Gyroscopes – Effect of Gyroscopic couple on automobiles

  • Spiral and Worm Gears

  • Gear Trains- Simple

Engineering Mechanics

  • Analysis of System of Forces

  • Friction

  • Centroid and Centre of Gravity

  • Dynamics

  • Stresses and Strains-Compound Stresses and Strains

  • Bending Moment and Shear Force Diagrams

  • Theory of Bending Stresses- Slope and deflection-Torsion

  • Thin and thick Cylinders

  • Spheres

Mechatronics and Robotics

  • Microprocessors and Microcontrollers

  • Hall effect sensor

  • Optical Encoder

  • Resolver

  • Architecture

  • Programming

  • I/O

  • Computer interfacing

  • Programmable logic controller. Sensors and actuators

  • Pneumatic and Hydraulic actuators

  • Stepper motor

  • Control Systems- Mathematical modeling of Physical systems

  • Control signals

  • Controllability and observability.

  • Robotics

  • Robot Classification

  • Piezoelectric accelerometer

  • Inductosyn

  • Robot Specification

  • Notation

  • Direct and Inverse Kinematics

  • Homogeneous Coordinates and Arm Equation of four Axis SCARA Robots.

Manufacturing, Industrial and Maintenance Engineering

  • Metal casting-Metal forming

  • Metal Joining

  • FMS

  • Production planning and Control

  • Inventory control and operations research - CPMPERT.

  • Failure concepts and characteristics-Reliability,

  • Failure analysis,

  • Machine Vibration

  • Field Balancing of Rotors

  • Noise Monitoring

  • Wear and Debris Analysis

  • Signature Analysis,

  • Data acquisition

  • Fault Detection

  • Vibration Monitoring

  • Machining and machine tool operations

  • Limits

  • Fits and tolerances

  • Metrology and inspection

  • Computer Integrated manufacturing,

  • NDT Techniques in Condition Monitoring.

UPSC ESE Exam Pattern 2024

UPSC provides the UPSC ESE exam pattern in the notification of ESE. The exam pattern of ESE exam 2024 has been divided into preliminary and main examinations. The ESE preliminary test has two parts: general and technical skills, as well as a subject chosen by the students. The ESE main examination also includes two papers. Candidates should also check the ESE Mechanical Engineering curriculum for 2024. Check the exam pattern in the table given below.

ESE Prelims Exam Pattern 2024


Number of Questions

Maximum marks


General Studies and Engineering Aptitude



2 hours

Civil/Mechanical/Mechanical /Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering



3 hours

ESE Mains Exam Pattern 2024



Maximum Marks

Type of paper

Paper-I (Mechanical Engineering)

3 hrs.



Paper-II (Mechanical Engineering)

3 hrs.



6 hrs.

600 marks

UPSC ESE Mechanical Books 2024

Candidates who are preparing for UPSC ESE must refer to the UPSC ESE 2024 best books for Mechanical books in order to have a deep knowledge about the subject and qualify it. From the following table, candidates can check the best books for Mechanical for UPSC ESE.

UPSC ESE Books Mechanical Papers 1




PK Nag

IC Engines

V Ganeshan

Fluid Machinery

Modi and Seth

Renewable Sources of Energy

BH Khan

UPSC ESE Books Mechanical Papers 2



Strength of Material

BC Punmia

Theory of Machine

SS Rattan

Material Science

Swadesh Singh

Production Engineering

Swadesh Singh

ESE Mechanical Engineering Question Paper 2024

UPSC provides the ESE question paper in online mode on the official website. The question paper of ESE Mechanical 2024 is available in PDF format. Candidates can download the ESE Mechanical Engineering question paper for both the papers. The ESE question paper 2024 will help the students to understand the exam pattern and important topics of ESE syllabus 2024.

Check Here List of Other Government Exams

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. How can I check the IES Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024?

Candidates can check the UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024 in the PDF format available on the official website.

2. Who will release the IES Mechanical Engineering 2024 syllabus?

The ESE Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024 will be released by the Union Public Service Commission.

3. What are important topics according to the IES Engineering Engineering syllabus 2024 for paper 1?

According to the IES Mechanical Engineering 2024 syllabus, the important topics of paper 1 are fluid mechanics thermodynamics and heat transfer, IC engines, refrigeration and air conditioning, turbo machinery, power plant engineering and renewable sources of energy.

4. Is it important to check the UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering 2024 syllabus?

Yes, the IES Mechanical Engineering syllabus will help the students to understand the important topics and sections.

5. How many papers are there in the prelims round?

As per the UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024, there will be two papers in the prelims round.

6. Are there any official question papers for ESE Mechanical Engineering 2024?

Yes, UPSC provides the UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering question paper on the official website.

7. Is it beneficial to solve the UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering question paper?

Yes, with the help of the IES Mechanical Engineering question paper, candidates can understand the ESE Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2024 in a better way.

8. What is the mode of the ESE 2024 exam?

The UPSC conducts the ESE exam in the offline exam for both the preliminary and mains.


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Questions related to UPSC ESE

Have a question related to UPSC ESE ?

Hello aspirant,

Hope you are doing absolutely great.

So with regard to your query, YES for the ESE (Engineering Service Examination) exam any student who is a graduate of engineering can apply for this exam. If you had graduated from Btech course, then you are eligible for the exam.

Hope this helps you!!

Hello Aspirant,

Eligibility criteria for IES or ESE are

Candidate must have received a degree in Engineering from a university integrated by an act of the central or state legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an act of Parliament or acknowledged as deemed to be universities under section-3 of the university grants commission act.

As NMIMS Mumbai is a private deemed university, you are eligible for this exam.

It came to be a deemed university organized under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956.

I hope it helps.


No there is no information regarding the extension of ESE 2022 application date so no officials will not extend the dates for registration. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) closed the ESE application form 2022 in online mode on the official website The UPSC ESE withdrawal window will be open from October 20, 2021 to October 26, 2021. The UPSC IES form 2022 has been released on September 22, 2021.The basic educational qualification required to be eligible for UPSC ESE exam is graduation in engineering.

Hello candidate,

Here are a few criteria for a candidate while he is appearing for the union public services examination-

1. Regarding the age criteria for a General candidate the minimum age limit for appearing in this examination is 21 years where as the upper age limit for an eligible Candidate is 35 years.

2. Secondly, the candidate must have a graduation degree from any recognised college irrespective of which stream in order to appear for the examinations.

3. A General candidate has a lifetime opportunity of of a total of 6 attempts to appear in these examinations.

Hope you found it helpful!!

For any further queries feel free to post it here!!


IES or ESE is engineering service exam, hence as per the norms  laid out by UPSC, candidates need to pass degree or diploma in engineering from a recognized university, other than this some of the other fulfilling eligibility criteria are as follows;

Passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (India)

Passed Associate Membership exam which is parts II and III/Sections A and B of the Aeronautical Society of India

Passed Graduate Membership test of the Institution of Electronics and Radio Engineers, London held after November 1959.

For applying in Indian Radio Regulatory Service or Indian Naval Armament Service  a postgraduate degree or equivalent in Wireless Communication Electronics/ Radio Physics/Radio Engineering as a special subject, Master’s Degree in Science with Physics and Radio Communication /Electronics /Telecommunication as a special subject is also applicable for India Radio Regulatory Service.

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