About Maha SET 2020

Savitribai Phule Pune University, formerly - University of Pune conducts Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (Maha SET) every year in offline mode to award eligibility certificates using which candidates can apply as Assistant Professors in universities and colleges of Maharashtra and Goa. This year the exam will be conducted on June 28. The exam is held for 32 subjects. Candidates have to take 2 papers – Paper-I and II. Paper-I is general in nature while Paper-II is focused on the subjects selected by the candidates. All the papers are held in offline mode. Top 6% of the candidates with 40% aggregate marks (General category) and 35% marks (reserved categories) are considered qualified in Maharashtra SET. For both the states – Maharashtra and Goa, the reservation policy of the respective state will be followed for declaring the result of Maha SET. The reservation policy set by the Government is followed for the declaration of MH-SET result. 

Frequency: Vacancy Based
Languages English, Hindi +3 More
Conducting Body: Savitribai Phule Pune University
Duration 5 Hours

Download all details about Maha SET 2020

Download Brochure

Maha SET 2020 Important Dates

Upcoming Dates and Events

01 Jan, 2020 - 29 Jan, 2020

Application | Mode: Online Ongoing

23 Jan, 2020 - 06 Feb, 2020

Application Correction | Mode: Online Ongoing

18 Jun, 2020

Admit Card | Mode: Online

28 Jun, 2020

Exam - Paper-II | Mode: Offline

28 Jun, 2020

Exam - Paper-I | Mode: Offline

Maha SET 2020 Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates must have a Master's degree recognized by U.G.C., in a subject of SET.
  • General category candidates with at least 55% marks (without gracing or rounding off) in Master's or equivalent exam are eligible for the exam.
  • OBC/ SBC/ DT(VJ)/ NT/ SEBC (belonging to non-creamy layer) and SC/ ST/ PH/ VH/ Trans-genders/ PwD (PH - Physically Handicapped, VH - Visually Handicapped i.e. Blind) candidates must have at least 50% marks in Master's or equivalent exam.
  • Candidates with Post Graduate diploma/ certificate by an Indian University/ Institute or Foreign degree/ diploma/ certificate by a Foreign University/ Institute must ensure the equivalence of the diploma/ degree/ certificate with Master's degree recognized by Indian Universities from the Association of Indian Universities (AIU), New Delhi. Such candidates will have to produce the equivalence certificate from AIU right after the declaration of Maha SET result. 
  • Candidates studying in the first year of a two-year Master's program or in the first two semesters of a four-semester course of Masters are not eligible.
  • Candidates appeared OR appearing in the final examination of Master's program and whose result is awaited OR candidates whose exams have been delayed can also apply. However, such candidates will be issued the Maha SET certificate only after they qualify the Masters degree with 55% marks (for general) and 50% marks (for reserved categories).
  • Candidates have to take MH SET in the subject of their Post Graduation only. 
  • Candidates who have already qualified Maharashtra SET in a particular subject, cannot appear in the same subject again. 
  • There is no upper age limit to take Maha SET.
  • Candidates who have passed M.Sc. (by Research) are not eligible to appear for the exam.
  • The SET eligibility certificate will be issued to only the qualified candidates on verification of the eligibility documents immediately after the result.
  • Reserved category candidates from states other than Maharashtra and Goa will be treated as unreserved category candidates.  

Mode of Application : Online

Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card

Candidates can fill the application form of MH-SET 2020 from January 1 to January 29. The application fee, which is Rs. 800 for unreserved category and Rs. 650 for reserved category candidates, is payable online via net banking/ credit card/ debit card.

The application process of Maha SET has the following stages: 


Candidates, first of all, need to register using their email ID, date of birth and mobile number. After the registration, the user ID and password are sent to the candidates' email ID and mobile number. Using the user ID and password, candidates have to log in and start filling the application form.  

Log in and filling the Application Form 

Candidates must log in using the user ID and password sent to them and fill in the application details. Enter all details carefully to ensure easy submission of the application form. Click on the submit button in case all information is correct. Once the candidates click on the submit button, they can not change or modify any information.

Upload Photograph & Signature

Candidates have to select the image files of the passport size photograph (Max size: 50kb JPG or JPEG file) and signature (Max size: 30kb, JPG or JPEG file) for uploading. Candidates have to keep these images ready before filling the application form. 

Application Fee Payment

The last step in the application process of Maha SET is paying the application fee. Fee payment can be made online only through Credit Card, Debit Card and Internet Banking. 

Print Application Form 

After the successful fee payment, candidates can take the print out of the application form. The print out has two parts – the application form and Online Payment Transaction Details. The printout is for future reference and need not be sent anywhere.

Application Fees

Category Quota Mode Gender Amount
General Online Transgender, Female, Male ₹ 550
SC, OBC, ST PWD Online Transgender, Female, Male ₹ 450
SC, OBC, ST Online Transgender, Female, Male ₹ 450

Maha SET 2020 Syllabus

General Paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude (Paper-I)
Teaching aptitude Teaching: concept, objectives, levels of teaching (memory, understanding and reflective), characteristics and basic requirements
Learner’s characteristics: characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (academic, social, emotional and cognitive), individual differences.
Factors affecting teaching related to: teacher, learner, support material, instructional facilities, learning environment and institution.
Methods of teaching in institutions of higher learning: teacher centred vs. learner centred methods; off-line vs. on-line methods (swayam, swayamprabha, moocs etc.).
Teaching support system: traditional, modern and ict based. Evaluation systems: elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in choice based credit system in higher education, computer based testing, innovations in evaluation systems.
Research aptitude Research: meaning, types, and characteristics, positivism and post-positivistic approach to research. Methods of research: experimental, descriptive, historical, qualitative and quantitative methods.
Steps of research, thesis and article writing: format and styles of referencing, application of ict in research, research ethics.
Comprehension A passage of text be given. Questions be asked from the passage to be answered
Communication Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication, effective communication: verbal and non-verbal, inter-cultural and group communications, classroom communication, barriers to effective communication, mass-media and society
Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Types of reasoning, number series, letter series, codes and relationships, mathematical aptitude (fraction, time & distance, ratio, proportion and percentage, profit and loss, interest and discounting, averages etc.)
Logical reasoning Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, mood and figure, formal and informal fallacies, uses of language, connotations and denotations of terms
Classical square of opposition, evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning, analogies, venn diagram: simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments
Indian logic: means of knowledge, pramanas: pratyaksha (perception), anumana (inference), upamana (comparison), shabda (verbal testimony), arthapatti (implication) and anupalabddhi (non-apprehension)
Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference)
Data interpretation Sources, acquisition and classification of data, quantitative and qualitative data, graphical representation (bar-chart, histograms, pie-chart, table-chart and line-chart) and mapping of data, data interpretation, data and governance.
Information and communication technology (ICT) ICT: general abbreviations and terminology, basics of internet, intranet, e-mail, audio and video-conferencing, digital initiatives in higher education, ict and governance
People, Development and Environment Development and environment: millennium development and sustainable development goals. Human and environment interaction: anthropogenic activities and their impacts on environment.
Environmental issues: local, regional and global; air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), climate change and its socio-economic and political dimensions.
Impacts of pollutants on human health. Natural and energy resources: solar, wind, soil, hydro, geothermal, biomass, nuclear and forests. Natural hazards and disasters: mitigation strategies.
Environmental protection act (1986), national action plan on climate change, international agreements/efforts - Montreal protocol, Rio summit, convention on biodiversity, Kyoto protocol, Paris agreement, international solar alliance
Higher education system Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India. Evolution of higher learning and research in post independence India. Oriental, conventional and non-conventional learning programmes in India
Professional, technical and skill based education. Value education and environmental education. Policies, governance, and administration.
Fiction, short story
Non-fictional prose
Language: Basic concepts, theories and pedagogy. English in Use
English in India: History, Evolution and Futures
Cultural Studies
Literary criticism
Literary theory post World War II
Research methods and materials in English
General Introduction of Vedic Literature Main theories regarding the Vedās : Maxmüller; A.Weber; Jacobi ; Balgangadhar Tilak; M.Winternitz ; Indian traditional views. Saṁhitā Literature, Dialogue Hymns: Pururavā-Urvaśī; Yama-yamī; Saramā-Paṇi
Viśvāmitra-Nadī , Brāhamaṇa-Literature, Āraṇyaka Literature, Vedāṅgas: Śikșā; Kalpa; Vyākaraṇa; Nirukta; Chandas; Jyotișa
Specific study of Vedic literature Study of the following hymns, Brāhmaṇa Literature, Upaniṣad Literature, Vedic Grammar; Nirukta and Vedic interpretation, Ṛkprātiśākhya : Definitions of Samānākṣara ; Sandhyakṣara; Aghoṣa; Soṣman; Svarabhakti ; Yama ; Rakta; Saṁyoga; Pragṛhya ;
Riphita Nirukta (Chapters-I & 2) Four-fold division of Padas-Concept of Nāma; Concept of Ākhyāta ; Meaning of Upasargas; Categories of Nipātas. Purposes of the study of Nirukta
Principles of Etymology, Etymology of the following words:Āchārya;Vīra;Hrada; Go; Samudra; Vṛtra; Āditya; Uṣas; Megha; Vāk; Udak; Nadī; Aśva; Agni; Jātavedas; Vaiśvānara; Nighaṇtu Nirukta (Chapter-7;Daivatakāṇḍa)Vedic Accent- Udātta, Anudātta and Svarita
Darsana General Introduction of major schools of Darśana with special reference to the following : Pramāṇamīmānsā ; Tattvamīmānsā ; Ācāramīmānsā (Cārvāka , Jaina, Bauddha) Nyāya, Sāṁkhya, Yoga, Nyāya, Vaiśeṣika, mīmānsā
Darśana Literature: Special Study Īśvarakṛṣna : Sāṁkhyakārikā - Satkāryavāda, Puruṣasvarūpa, Prakṛtisvarūpa, Sṛștikrama, Pratyaysarga, Kaivalya. Sadānanda : Vedāntasāra - Anubandha-catuṣṭaya, Ajñāna
Adhyāropa-Apavāda, Lingaśarīrotpatti, Pañcīkaraṇa, Vivarta, Jīvanmukti Annambhaṭṭa, Tarkasaṁgraha / Keśavamiśra; Tarkabhāṣā : Padārtha; Kāraṇa; Pramāṇa; (Pratyakṣa; Anumāna; Upamāna; Śabda), Prāmāṇyavāda, Prameya
Laugākṣibhāskara ; Arthasaṁgraha. Patañjali ; Yogasūtra - (Vyāsabhāṣya) : Cittabhūmi, Cittavṛttis ; Concept of Īśvara; Yogāṅgas; Samādhi ; Kaivalya Bādarāyaṇa ; Brahmasūtra 1.1 (Śānkarabhāṣya) Viśvanāthapañcānana
Nyāyasidhāntamuktāvalī (Anumāna Khaṇḍa) Sarvadarśana-Saṁgraha ; Jainism ; Buddhism
Grammar and linguistics General Introduction of the following grammarians: Pāṇini , Kātyāyana , Patañjali , Bhartṛhari , Vāmanajayāditya , Bhaṭṭojidīkṣita , Nāgeśabhaṭṭa , Kaiyyaṭa , Jainendra , Śākaṭāyana , Hemacandrasūri , Sārasvatavyākaraṇakāra. Pāṇinīya Śikṣā
Linguistics: Definition of Language, Geneological and Morphological classification of Languages, Speech Mechanism and classification of sounds: Stops, Fricatives, Semi-Vowels and vowels (with special reference to Sanskrit sounds)
Phonetic Laws (Grimm, Grassman, Verner). Directions of semantic change and reasons of change. Definition of Vākya and its types
General introduction of Indo-European family of Languages Difference between Vedic Sanskrit and Classical Sanskrit Difference between Bhāșā and Vāk Difference between language and dialect
Specific study of grammar Definition: Saṁhitā, Saṁyoga Guṇa, Vṛddhi, Prātipadika, Nadī , Ghi, Upadhā, Apṛkta, Gati, Pada, Vibhāṣā , Savarṇa, Ṭi, Pragṛhya, Sarvanāmasthāna, Bha , Sarvanāma, Niṣthā . Sandhi - Ac sandhi, Hal sandhi, Visarga sandhi (according to laghusiddhāntakaumudī)
Subanta – Ajanta - Rāma , Sarva (in all genders) , Viśvapā, Hari , Tri (in all genders) , Sakhi , Sudhī , Guru , Pitṛ , Gau , Ramā , Mati , Nadī , Dhenu , Mātṛ , Jñāna , Vāri , Madhu
Halanta - Lih , Viśvavāh , Catur (in all genders) , Idam, Kim, Tad (in all genders), Rājan , Maghavan , Pathin , Vidvas , Asmad , Yuṣmad . Samāsa - Avyayībhāva , Tatpuruṣa , Bahuvrīhi , Dvandva (according to laghusiddhāntakaumudī)
Taddhita - Apatyārthaka and Matvarthīya (According to Siddāntakaumudī ), Tiṅanta - Bhū , Edh , Ad , Us, Hu , Div , Ṣuñ , Tud , Tan, Kṛ , Rudh , Krīñ, Cur . Prayayānta - Nijant, Sannanta , Yańanta , Yańluganta , Nāmdhātu
Kṛdanta - Tavya / Tavyat , Anīyar , Yat , Ṇyat , Kyap , Śatṛ , Śānac , Ktvā , Kta , Ktavatu , Tumun , Ṇamul . Strīpratyaya - According to Laghusiddhāntakaumudī. Kāraka Prakarana - According to Siddāntakaumudī
Parasmaipada and Ātmanepada Vidhāna - According to Siddāntakaumudī . Mahābhāșya (Paspaśāhnika)- Definition of Śabda, Relation between Śabda and Artha
Purposes of the study of grammar, Definition of Vyākaraṇa, Result of the proper use of word , Method of grammar
Vākyapadīyam (Brahmakāṇḍa) - Nature of Sphoṭa, Nature of Śabda-Brahma, Powers of Śabda-Brahma, Relation between Sphoṭa and Dhvani , Relation between Śabda and Artha, Types of Dhvani, Levels of Language.
Sanskrit literature, poetics and prosody General Introduction of following: Bhāsa, Aśvaghośa , kālidāsa, Śūdraka, Viśākhadatta, Bhāravi, Māgha, Harṣa, Bāṇabhaṭṭa, Daṇḍin, Bhavabhūti, Bhaṭṭanārāyaṇa, Bhilhaṇa, Shrῑharṣa, Ambikādatta vyāsa, Panditā Kṣamārao, V. Raghavan, Shri Dhar Bhaskar Varnekar
Schools of Sanskrit Poetics – Rasa, Alaṅkāra, Rīti, Dhwani, Vakrokti, Aucitya, Western Poetics – Aristotle, Longinus, Croche
Specific study of the following Poetry: Buddhacaritam (First Canto), Raghuvaṁśam (First Canto), Kirātārjunīyam (First Canto), Śiśupālavadham (First Canto), Naiṣadhīyacaritam (First Canto)
Drama:Svapnavāsavadattām,Abhijñānaśākuntalam,Mṛcchakaṭikam,Uttararāmacaritam,Mudrārākṣasam,Uttararāmacaritam,Ratnāvalī. Prose: Daśakumāracaritam (viii Ucchvāsa), Harṣacaritam (V Ucchvāsa), Kādambarī (Śukanāsopadeśa) Campū Kāvya - Nala Campū (I Ucchvāsa)
Sāhityadarpaṇaḥ: Definition of Kāvya, Refutation of other definitions of Kāvya, Śabdaśakti - Saṅketagraha; Abhidhā; Lakṣanā; Vyanjanā, Kāvyabheda (Chapter Fourth), Śravyakāvya (prose poetry and mix)
Kāvyaprakaśa – Kāvyalakṣhṇa, Kāvyaprayojana, Kāvyahetu, Kāvyabheda, Śabdaśakti, Abhihitānvayavāda, Anvitābhidhānvayavāda, concept of Rasa, discussion of Rasasūtra, Rasadoṣa, Kāvyaguṇa, Vyanjanāvriti (Fifth Chapter)
Alaṁkāras – Vakrokti; Anuprāsa, Yamaka, Śleṣa, Upamā, Rūpaka, Utprekṣā, Samāsokti, Apahnuti, Nidarśanā, Arthāntaranyāsa, Dṛṣṭānta, Vibhāvanā, Viśeṣokti, Svabhāvokti, Virodhābhāsa, Saṅkara, Sansṛṣṭi Dhvanyāloka (I Udyota) Vakroktijīvitam (I Unmeṣa)
Bharata–Nāṭyaśāstram (First and Sixth Chapter) Daśarūpakam (First and Third Prakāśa) Chanda–Āryā,Anuṣṭup,Indravajrā,Upendravajrā,Vasantatilakā,Upajāti,Vaṁśastha, Drutavilambita, Śālinī, Mālinī, Śikharṇī, Mandākrāntā, Hariṇī, Śārdūlavikrῑḍita, Sragdharā
Kauṭilīya arthaśātra (First – Vinayadikarika), Manusmṛti (I, II and VII Adhyāyas), Yājñavalkyasmṛti (Vyavahārādhyaya only), Paleography and Inscriptions – Brahmi Script of Mauryan and Gupta periods
Inscription of Ashoka – Major Rock Edicts, Major Pillar Edicts, Post – Mauryan inscriptions – Sāranātha Buddhist Image Inscription of Kaniṣka’s regal – year, 3, Girnār Rock Inscription of Rudradāman
Hāthīgumphā inscription of Khāravela, Gupta and Post-Gupta inscriptions – Allahabad Pillar Inscriptions of Samudragupta, Mandasor Pillar Inscription of Yasodharman, Banāskherā Copper Plate Inscription of Harṣa, Aihole Stone Inscription of Pulakeśīn II
Purāṇetihāsa, dharmaśāstra and epigraphy Rāmāyaṇa – Subject matter, age, society in the Rāmāyaṇa, Rāmāyaṇa as a source of later Sanskrit works and literal value of the Rāmāyaṇa, legends in the Rāmāyaṇa.
Mahābhārata – Subject matter, age, society in the Mahābhārata, Mahābhārata as a source of later Sanskrit works and literal value of the Mahābhārata, legends in the Mahābhārata.
Purāṇa – Definition of Purāṇa, maha Purāṇa and Upa Purāṇas, Purāṇic cosmology and Purāṇic legends. General introduction of main Smṛitis. General introduction Kauṭilīya Arthaśāstra
Paleography – History of the decipherment of Brāhmī script, Theories of the origin of Brāhmī Script. Inscriptions - General introduction
Negotiating the sources Archaeological sources: Exploration, Excavation, Epigraphy and Numismatics. Dating of Archaeological Sites. Literary Sources: Indigenous Literature: Primary and Secondary: problem of dating Religious and Secular Literature, Myths, Legends, etc.
Foreign Accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arabic. Pastoralism and Food production: Neolithic and Chalcolithic Phase: Settlement, distribution, tools and patterns of exchange.
Indus/Harappa Civilization: Origin, extent, major sites, settlement pattern, craft specialization, religion, society and polity, Decline of Indus Civilization, Internal and external trade, First urbanization in India
Vedic and later Vedic periods; Aryan debates, Political and Social Institutions, State Structure and Theories of State; Emergence of Varnas and Social Stratification, Religious and Philosophical Ideas
Introduction of Iron Technology, Megaliths of South India. Expansion of State system: Mahajanapadas, Monarchical and Republican States, Economic and Social Developments and Emergence of Second Urbanization in 6 th century BCE
Emergence of heterodox sects-Jainism, Buddhism and Ajivikas
From State to Empire From State to Empire: Rise of Magadha, Greek invasion under Alexander and its effects, Mauryan expansion, Mauryan polity, society, economy, Asoka’s Dhamma and its Nature, Decline and Disintegration of the Mauryan Empire, Mauyan art and architecture
Asokan edicts: language and script. Dissolution of Empire and Emergence of Regional Powers: Indo-Greeks, Sungas,Satavahanas, Kushanas and Saka-Ksatrapas, Sangam literature, polity and society in South India as reflected in Sangam literature
Trade and commerce from 2nd century BCE to 3rd century CE, Trade with the Roman World, Emergence of Mahayana Buddhism, Kharavela and Jainism, Post-Mauryan art and Architecture. Gandhara, Mathura and Amaravati schools.
Gupta Vakataka age: Polity and Society, Agrarian Economy, Land Grants, Land Revenue and Land Rights, Gupta Coins, Beginning of Temple Architecture, Emergence of Puranic Hinduism, Development of Sanskrit Language and Literature
Developments in Science Technology, Astronomy, Mathematics and Medicine. Harsha and his Times: Administration and Religion. Salankayanas and Visnukundins in Andhradesa
Emergence of Regional Kingdoms Kingdoms in Deccan: Gangas, Kadmabas, Western and Eastern Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Kalyani Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Hoysalas and Yadavas. Kingdoms in South India: Pallavas, Ceras, Colas and Pandyas
Kingdoms in Eastern India: Palas and Senas of Bengal, Varmans of Kamarupa, Bhaumakaras and Somavamsis of Odisha. Kingdoms in Western India: Maitrakas of Vallabhi and Chalukyas of Gujarat
Kingdoms in North India: Gurjara-Pratiharas, Kalacuri-Chedis, Gahadavalas and Paramaras. Characteristics of Early Medieval India: Administration and Political Structure Legitimation of Kingship.
Agrarian economy; land grants, changing production relations; graded land rights and peasantry, water resources, taxation system, coins and currency system
Trade and urbanization: patterns of trade, and urban settlements, ports and trade routes, merchandise and exchange, trade guilds; trade and colonization in southeast Asia. Growth of Brahminical religions: Vaisnavism and Saivism;
Temples; Patronage and Regional Ramification; Temple Architecture and Regional Styles. Dana, Tirtha and Bhakti, Tamil Bhakti movement - Shankara, Madhava and Ramanujacharya.
Society: Varna, Jati and Proliferation of Castes, Position of women; Gender, marriage and property relations; Women in public life. Tribes as peasants and their place in Varna order. Untouchability
Education and Educational Institutions: Agraharas, Mathas and Mahaviharas as Centres of Education. Growth of Regional Languages.
Debates of state formation in early medieval India: A) Feudal model; B) Segmentary model; C) Integrative model Arab contracts: Suleiman Ghaznavid conquests. Alberuni’s Accounts
Source of Medieval Indian History Archaeological, Epigraphic and Numismatic sources, Material evidences and Monuments; Chronicles; Literary sources – Persian, Sanskrit and Regional languages; Daftar Khannas: Firmans, Bahis / Pothis / Akhbarat
; Foreign Travellers’ Accounts – Persian and Arabic. Political Developments – The Delhi Sultanate – the Ghorids, the Turks, the Khaljis, the Tughlaqs, theSayyids and the Lodis. Decline of Delhi Sultanate
Foundation of the Mughal Empire – Babur, Humayun and the Suris ; Expansion and Consolidation from Akbar to Aurangzeb. Decline of the Mughal Empire. Later Mughals and Disintegration of the Mughal Empire
The Vijayanagara and the Bahmanis - Deccan Sultanate; Bijapur, Golkonda, Bidar, Berar and Ahmadnagar – Rise, Expansion and Disintegration; Eastern Gangas and Suryavamshi Gajapatis
Rise of the Marathas & the foundation of Swaraj by Shivaji ; its expansion under the Peshwas ; Mughal – Maratha relations, Maratha Confederacy, Causes of Decline
Administration & economy Administration under the Sultanate, Nature of State – Theocratic and Theocentric, Central, Provincial and Local Administration, Law of succession. Sher Shah’s Administrative Reforms
Mughal Administration – Central, Provincial and Local : Mansabdari and Jagirdari Systems. Administrative System in the Deccan – The Vijayanagara State & Polity, Bahamani Administrative System
; Maratha Administration – Asta Pradhan. Frontier Policies under Delhi Sultanate and Mughals. Inter-State Relations during the Sultanate and the Mughals
Agricultural Production and Irrigation System, Village Economy, Peasantry, Grants and Agricultural Loans, Urbanization and Demographic Structure. Industries – Cotton Textiles, Handicrafts, Agro-Based industries, Organisation, Factories & Technology
Trade and Commerce – State Policies, Internal and External Trade:European Trade, Trade Centres and Ports, Transport and Communication. Hundi (Bills of Exchange) and Insurance, State Income and Expenditure, Currency, Mint System;Famines and Peasant Revolts
Society and Culture: Social Organisation and Social Structure The Sufis – Their Orders, Beliefs and Practices, the leading Sufi Saints, Social Synchronization. Bhakti Movement – Shaivism; Vaishnavism, Shaktism
. The Saints of the Medieval Period – North and South – their impact on Socio-political and religious Life – Women Saints of Medieval India. The Sikh Movement – Guru Nanak Dev: his teachings and practices, Adi Granth; the Khalsa
Social Classification: Ruling Class, Major Religious Groups, the Ulemas, the Mercantile and Professional Classes – Rajput Society. Rural society – Petty Chieftains, Village Officials, Cultivators and Non-Cultivating Classes, Artisans
Position of Women – Zanana System – Devadasi System. Development of Education, Centres of Education and Curriculum, Madarasa Education. Fine Arts – Major Schools of Painting – Mughal, Rajasthani, Pahari, Garhwali
Development of Music. Art and Architecture, Indo-Islamic Architecture, Mughal Architecture, Regional Styles. Indo-Arabic Architecture, Mughal Gardens, Maratha Forts, Shrines and Temples
Sources of Modern Indian History Archieval Materials, Biographies and Memoirs, Newspapers, Oral Evidence, Creative Literature and Painting, Monuments, Coins. Rise of British Power: European Traders in India in the 16 th to 18th Centuries – Portuguese, Dutch, French and the British
Establishment and Expansion of British Dominion in India. British Relations with Principal Indian States – Bengal, Oudh, Hyderabad, Mysore, Carnatic and Punjab. Revolt of 1857, Causes, Nature and Impact
Administration of the Company and the Crown; Evolution of Central and Provincial Structure under East India Company. Paramountcy, Civil Service, Judiciary, Police and the Army under the Company
British Policy and Paramountcy in the Princely States under the Crown. Local Self-Government. Constitutional Changes, 1909 – 1935
Colonial Economy: Changing Composition, Volume and Direction of Trade Expansion and Commercialization of Agriculture, Land Rights, Land Settlements, Rural Indebtedness, Landless Labour, Irrigation and Canal System
Decline of Industries – Changing Socio-Economic Conditions of Artisans; De-urbanisation; Economic Drain; World Wars and Economy. British Industrial Policy; Major Modern Industries; Nature of Factory Legislation; Labour and Trade Union Movements
Monetary Policy, Banking, Currency and Exchange, Railways and Road Transport, Communications – Post & Telegraph. Growth of New Urban Centres
New Features of Town Planning and Architecture, Urban Society and Urban Problems. Famines, Epidemics and the Government Policy. Tribal and Peasant Movements. Indian Society in Transition: Contact with Christianity – the Missions and Missionaries
Critique of Indian Social and Economic Practices and Religious Beliefs; Educational and Other Activities. The New Education – Government Policy; Levels and Contents; English Language
Development of Science, Technology, Public Health & Medicine – Towads Modernism. Indian Renaissance – Socio-Religious Reforms; Emergence of Middle Class; Caste Associations and Caste Mobility
Women’s Question – Nationalist Discourse; Women’s Organisations; British Legislation concerning Women, Gender Identity & Constitutional Position. The Printing Press – Journalistic Activity and the Public opinion.
Modernisation of Indian Languages and Literary Forms – Reorientation in Painting, Music and Performing Arts
Rise of Indian Nationalism: Social and Economic basis of Nationalism Birth of Indian National Congress; Ideologies and Programmes of the Indian National Congress, 1885-1920: Early Nationalists, Assertive Nationalists and Revolutionaries. Swadeshi and Swaraj. Gandhian Mass Movements
Subas Chandra Bose and INA; Role of Middle Class in National Movement; Women Participation in National Movement. Left Wing Politics. Depressed Class Movement. Communal Politics; Muslim League and Genesis of Pakistan
Towards Independence and Partition. India after Independence: Challenges of Partition; Integration of the Indian Princely States; Kashmir, Hyderabad & Junagarh. B.R. Ambedkar – The making of the Indian Constitution, its Features
The Structure of Bureaucracy. New Education Policy. Economic Policies and the Planning process; Development, Displacement and Tribal Issues. Linguistic Reorganisation of States; Centre-State Relations
Foreign Policy Initiatives – Panchsheel; Dynamics of Indian Politics-Emergency; Liberalisation, Privatisation & Globalisation of Indian Economy
Historical method, Research, Methodology and Historiography Scope and Importance of History, Objectivity and Bias in History, Heuristics Operation, Criticism in History, Synthesis and Presentation, History and its Auxiliary Sciences,
History a Science, Arts or a Social Science, Causation and Imagination in History, Significance of Regional History, Recent Trends of Indian History, Research Methodology, Hypothesis in History
Area of Proposed Research Sources – Data Collection, Primary / Secondary, Original and Transit Sources, Trends in Historical Research, Recent Indian Historiography, Selection of Topic in History, Notes Taking, References, Footnotes and Bibliography
Thesis and Assignment Writing, Plagiarism, Intellectual Dishonesty and History Writing, Beginnings of Historical Writings – Greek, Roman and Church Historiography, Renaissance and its Impact on History
Writing Negative and Positive Schools of Historical Writing, Berlin Revolution in History Writing – Von Ranke, Marxist Philosophy of History – Scientific Materialism Cyclical
Theory of History – Oswald Spengler, Challenge and Response Theory – Arnold Joseph Toynbee, Post – Modernism in History
Micro economics Theory of Consumer Behaviour, Theory of Production and Costs, Decision making under uncertainty Attitude towards Risk, Game Theory – Non Cooperative games, Market Structures, competitive and non-competitive equilibria and their efficiency properties
Factor Pricing, General Equilibrium Analysis, Efficiency Criteria: Pareto-Optimality, Kaldor – Hicks and Wealth Maximization, Welfare Economics: Fundamental Theorems , Social Welfare Function, Asymmetric Information: Adverse Selection and Moral Hazard
Macro economics National Income: Concepts and Measurement, Determination of output and employment: Classical & Keynesian Approach, Consumption Function, Investment Function, Multiplier and Accelerator
Demand for Money, Supply of Money, IS – LM Model Approach, Inflation and Phillips Curve Analysis, Business Cycles, Monetary and Fiscal Policy, Rational Expectation Hypothesis and its critique
Statistics and econometrics Probability Theory: Concepts of probability, Distributions, Moments, Central Limit theorem, Descriptive Statistics – Measures of Central tendency & dispersions, Correlation, Index Numbers, Sampling methods & Sampling Distribution
Statistical Inferences, Hypothesis testing, Linear Regression Models and their properties – BLUE, Identification Problem, Simultaneous Equation Models – recursive and non-recursive, Discrete choice models, Time Series Analysis
Mathematical Economics Sets, functions and continuity, sequence, series, Differential Calculus and its Applications, Linear Algebra – Matrices, Vector Spaces, Static Optimization Problems and their applications
Input-Output Model, Linear Programming, Difference and Differential equations with applications
International economics International Trade: Basic concepts and analytical tools, Theories of International Trade, International Trade under imperfect competition, Balance of Payments: Composition, Equilibrium and Disequilibrium and Adjustment Mechanisms
Exchange Rate: Concepts and Theories, Foreign Exchange Market and Arbitrage, Gains from Trade, Terms of Trade, Trade Multiplier, Tariff and Non-Tariff barriers to trade; Dumping, GATT, WTO and Regional Trade Blocks; Trade Policy Issues, IMF & World Bank
Public Economics Market Failure and Remedial Measures: Asymmetric Information, Public Goods, Externality, Regulation of Market – Collusion and Consumers’ Welfare, Public Revenue: Tax & Non-Tax Revenue
Direct & Indirect Taxes, Progressive and non-Progressive Taxation, Incidence and Effects of Taxation, Public expenditure, Public Debt and its management, Public Budget and Budget Multiplier, Fiscal Policy and its implications
Money and banking Components of Money Supply, Central Bank, Commercial Banking, Instruments and Working of Monetary Policy, Non-banking Financial Institutions, Capital Market and its Regulation
Growth and Development Economics Economic Growth and Economic Development, Theories of Economic Development: Adam Smith, Ricardo, Marx, Schumpeter, Rostow, Balanced & Unbalanced growth, Big Push approach
Models of Economic Growth: Harrod-Domar, Solow, Robinson, Kaldor, Technical progress – Disembodied & embodied; endogenous growth, Indicators of Economic Development: PQLI, HDI, SDGs
Poverty and Inequalities – Concepts and Measurement, Social Sector Development: Health, Education, Gender
Environmental Economics and Demography Environment as a Public Good, Market Failure, Coase Theorem, Cost-Benefit Analysis and Compensation Criteria, Valuation of Environmental Goods, Theories of Population
Concepts and Measures: Fertility, Morbidity, Mortality, Age Structure, Demographic Dividend, Life Table, Migration
Indian economy Economic Growth in India: Pattern and Structure, Agriculture: Pattern & Structure of Growth, Major Challenges, Policy Responses, Industry: Pattern & Structure of Growth, Major Challenges, Policy Responses
Services: Pattern & Structure of Growth, Major Challenges, Policy Responses, Rural Development – Issues, Challenges & Policy Responses, Urban Development – Issues, Challenges and Policy Responses
Foreign Trade: Structure and Direction, BOP, Flow of Foreign Capital, Trade Policies, Infrastructure Development: Physical and Social
Public-Private Partnerships, Reforms in Land, Labour and Capital Markets, Centre-State Financial Relations and Finance Commissions of India; FRBM, Poverty, Inequality & Unemployment
Classical Indian: Epistemology and Metaphysics Vedic and Upaniṣadic,Cārvāka,Jainism,Buddhism,Nyāya,Vaiśeṣika,Sāṃkhya,Yoga,Purva – Mimāṃsā,Vedānta,Advaita,Viśiṣtādvaita,Dvaita,Dvaitavaita,Sudhadvaita
Classical Western: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern : Epistemology and Metaphysics Pre-Socratic Philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, Medieval Philosophy, Modern Western Philosophy
Indian ethics Concept of Purusārtha, Śreyas and Preyas, Varṇāshrama, Dharma, Sādhāraṇa Dharma, Ṛna and yajῆa, Concept of duty, Karma-yoga, Sthitprajῆa, Svadharma, Lokasaṃgraha, Apurva and Adṛṣta, Sādhya-Sādhana, Itikartavyata
Law of Karma: ethical implications, Ṛta and Satya, Yoga-kśema, Astānga Yoga, Jainism: Samvara-nirjarā, Tri-ratṇa, Panch-vrata. Buddhism: Upāya-Kaushal, Brahma-vihāra: matri, karuṇā, muditā, upeksha, bodhisattva, Carvaka’s Hedonism
Western ethics Concepts of Good, right, justice, duty, obligation, cardinal virtues, Eudaemonism, Intuition as explained in Teleological and Deontological Theories. Egoism, Altruism, Universalism, Subjectivism, Cultural Relativism, Super-naturalism
Ethical realism and Intuitionism, Kant’s moral theory: Postulates of morality, Good-will, Categorical Imperative, Duty, Mean and ends, Maxims
Utilitarianism:principle of utility,problem of sanction & justification of morality,kinds of utilitarianism,Moral theories of Bentham,J. S. Mill,Sidgwick Theories of Punishment,Ethical cognitivism and non-cognitivism:Emotivism,Prescriptivism,Descriptivism
Contemporary Indian Philosophy Vivekananda,Sri Aurobindo,Iqbal,Tagore,K. C. Bhattacharyya,Radhakrishnan,J. Krishnamurti,Gandhi,D.D. Upadhyaya,Narayana Guru,Tiruvallur,Jyotiba Phule,M.N.Roy,Maulana Azad
Recent Western Philosophy Analytic and Continental Philosophy:Frege, Logical Positivism, Moore, Russell, Wittgenstein, Gilbert Ryle, A. J. Ayer, W.V.O. Quine, H.P. Grice and P.F. Strawson
Phenomenology and Existentialism:Husserl, Heidegger, Kierkegaard, Sartre, Morleau-Ponty, Pragmatism:William James, John Dewey, Post-Modernism:Nietzsche, Richard Rorty, Immanuel Levinas
Social and Political Philosophy: Indian Mahabharata, Kautilya, Kamandaki, Social Institutions
Social and Political Philosophy: Western Plato, Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, Isaiah Berlin, Bernard Williams, Liberalism, Marxism, Communitarianism, Multiculturalism, Feminism
Logic Truth and Validity, Denotation and Connotation, Nature of Propositions, Categorical Syllogism, Laws of thought, Classification of Propositions, Square of Opposition, Truth-Functions and Propositional Logic, Quantification and Rules of Quantification
Symbolic Logic: Use of symbols, Decision Procedures: Truth Table, Using Truth- Tables for testing the validity of arguments Venn Diagram, informal and formal Fallacies, Proving Validity
Argument and Argument-form, Axiomatic System, Consistency, Completeness Differences between Deductive and Inductive Logic
Applied philosophy What is applied Philosophy?, Philosophy of Technology; technology, dominance, power and social inequalities, Democratization of Technology, Public evaluation of science and technology
Ethical Implication of information technology, bio-technology, non-technology, Environmental Ethics: Nature as means or end, Aldo-Leopold; land-ethics, Arne Naess: Deep Ecology, Peter Singer
Animal Rights Medical-Ethics: Surrogacy, Doctor-patient relationship, abortion, euthanasia, female-infanticide Professional Ethics: Corporate Governance and ethical responsibility
Media Ethics: ethical issues in Privacy, cyber space, pornography, representation and differences-marginalization, Legal Ethics: law and morality, Legal Obligation, Authority and Validity of Law Philosophical Counseling: Managing everyday problems
Emergence of Psychology Psychological thought in some major Eastern Systems: Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism, Sufism and Integral Yoga. Academic psychology in India: Preindependence era; post-independence era; 1970s: The move to addressing social issues
1980s: Indigenization; 1990s: Paradigmatic concerns, disciplinary identity crisis; 2000s: Emergence of Indian psychology in academia. Issues: The colonial encounter; Post colonialism and psychology; Lack of distinct disciplinary identity
Western: Greek heritage, medieval period and modern period. Structuralism, Functionalism, Psychoanalytical, Gestalt, Behaviorism, HumanisticExistential, Transpersonal, Cognitive revolution, Multiculturalism
Four founding paths of academic psychology - Wundt, Freud, James, Dilthey. Issues: Crisis in psychology due to strict adherence to experimentalanalytical paradigm (logical empiricism). Indic influences on modern psychology
Essential aspects of knowledge paradigms: Ontology, epistemology, and methodology. Paradigms of Western Psychology: Positivism, Post-Positivism, Critical perspective, Social Constructionism, Existential Phenomenology, and Co-operative Enquiry
Paradigmatic Controversies. Significant Indian paradigms on psychological knowledge: Yoga, Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism, Sufism, and Integral Yoga. Science and spirituality (avidya and vidya). The primacy of self-knowledge in Indian psychology
Research methodology and statistics Research: Meaning, Purpose, and Dimensions. Research problems, Variables and Operational Definitions, Hypothesis, Sampling. Ethics in conducting and reporting research
Paradigms of research: Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed methods approach Methods of research: Observation, Survey [Interview, Questionnaires],Experimental, Quasi-experimental, Field studies
, Cross-Cultural Studies,Phenomenology, Grounded theory, Focus groups, Narratives, Case studies, Ethnography Statistics in Psychology: Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion. Normal Probability Curve
Parametric [t-test] and Non-parametric tests [Sign Test, Wilcoxon Signed rank test, Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Friedman]. Power analysis. Effect size.
Correlational Analysis: Correlation [Product Moment, Rank Order], Partial correlation, multiple correlation.Special Correlation Methods: Biserial, Point biserial, tetrachoric, phi coefficient.Regression: Simple linear regression, Multiple regression
Factor analysis: Assumptions, Methods, Rotation and Interpretation. Experimental Designs: ANOVA [One-way, Factorial], Randomized Block Designs, Repeated Measures Design, Latin Square, Cohort studies, Time series, MANOVA, ANCOVA. Single-subject designs
Psychological testing Types of tests - Test construction: Item writing, item analysis Test standardization: Reliability, validity and Norms Areas of testing: Intelligence, creativity, neuropsychological tests, aptitude, Personality assessment, interest inventories
Attitude scales – Semantic differential, Staples, Likert scale. Computer-based psychological testing Applications of psychological testing in various settings: Clinical, Organizational and business, Education, Counseling, Military. Career guidance
Biological basis of behavior Sensory systems: General and specific sensations, receptors and processes Neurons: Structure, functions, types, neural impulse, synaptic transmission. Neurotransmitters. The Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems – Structure and functions
Neuroplasticity. Methods of Physiological Psychology: Invasive methods – Anatomical methods, degeneration techniques, lesion techniques, chemical methods, microelectrode studies. Non-invasive methods – EEG, Scanning methods
Muscular and Glandular system: Types and functions Biological basis of Motivation: Hunger, Thirst, Sleep and Sex. Biological basis of emotion: The Limbic system, Hormonal regulation of behavior
Genetics and behavior: Chromosomal anomalies; Nature-Nurture controversy [Twin studies and adoption studies]
Attention, perception, learning, memory and forgetting Attention:Forms of attention, Models of attention Perception: Approaches to the Study of Perception: Gestalt and physiological approaches Perceptual Organization: Gestalt, Figure and Ground, Law of Organization Perceptual Constancy: Size, Shape, and Color
Illusions Perception of Form, Depth and Movement Role of motivation and learning in perception
Signal detection theory: Assumptions and applications Subliminal perception and related factors, information processing approach to perception, culture and perception, perceptual styles, Pattern recognition, Ecological perspective on perception
Learning Process: Fundamental theories: Thorndike, Guthrie, Hull Classical Conditioning: Procedure, phenomena and related issues Instrumental learning: Phenomena, Paradigms and theoretical issues
Reinforcement: Basic variables and schedules; Behaviour modification and its applications Cognitive approaches in learning: Latent learning, observational learning
Verbal learning and Discrimination learning Recent trends in learning: Neurophysiology of learning Memory and Forgetting Memory processes: Encoding, Storage, Retrieval
Stages of memory: Sensory memory, Short-term memory (Working memory), Long-term Memory (Declarative – Episodic and Semantic; Procedural) Theories of Forgetting: Interference, Retrieval Failure, Decay, Motivated forgetting
Thinking, intelligence and creativity Theoretical perspectives on thought processes: Associationism, Gestalt, Information processing, Feature integration model Concept formation: Rules, Types, and Strategies; Role of concepts in thinking Types of Reasoning, Language and thought
Problem solving: Type, Strategies, and Obstacles Decision-making: Types and models, Metacognition: Metacognitive knowledge and Metacognitive regulation Intelligence: Spearman
Thurstone; Jensen; Cattell; Gardner; Stenberg; Goleman; Das, Kar & Parrila, Creativity: Torrance, Getzels & Jackson, Guilford, Wallach & Kogan Relationship between Intelligence and Creativity
Personality, motivation, emotion, stress and coping Determinants of personality: Biological and socio-cultural Approaches to the study of personality: Psychoanalytical, Neo-Freudian, Social learning, Trait and Type, Cognitive, Humanistic, Existential, Transpersonal psychology
Other theories: Rotter's Locus of Control, Seligman's Explanatory styles, Kohlberg’s theory of Moral development. Basic motivational concepts: Instincts, Needs, Drives, Arousal, Incentives, Motivational Cycle
Approaches to the study of motivation: Psychoanalytical, Ethological, S-R Cognitive, Humanistic, Exploratory behavior and curiosity, Zuckerman's Sensation seeking Achievement, Affiliation and Power, Motivational Competence
Self-regulation Flow Emotions: Physiological correlates Theories of emotions: James-Lange, Canon-Bard, Schachter and Singer, Lazarus, Lindsley. Emotion regulation Conflicts: Sources and types
Stress and coping: concept, models, type A, B, C, D behaviors, stress management strategies [biofeedback, music therapy, breathing exercises, progressive muscular relaxation, guided imagery, mindfulness, meditation, Yogasana, stress inoculation training]
Social psychology Nature, scope and history of social psychology-Traditional theoretical perspectives: Field theory, Cognitive Dissonance, Sociobiology, Psychodynamic Approaches, Social Cognition
Social perception [Communication, Attributions]; attitude and its change within cultural context; prosocial behavior Group and Social influence [Social Facilitation; Social loafing]
Social influence [Conformity, Peer Pressure, Persuasion, Compliance, Obedience, Social Power, Reactance]. Aggression. Group dynamics, leadership style and effectiveness,Theories of intergroup relations [Minimal Group Experiment and Social Identity Theory,
Relative Deprivation Theory, Realistic Conflict Theory, Balance Theories, Equity Theory, Social Exchange Theory] Applied social psychology: Health, Environment and Law; Personal space, crowding, and territoriality
Human development and interventions Developmental processes: Nature, Principles, Factors in development, Stages of Development. Successful aging. Theories of development: Psychoanalytical, Behavioristic, and Cognitive
Various aspects of development: Sensory-motor, cognitive, language, emotional, social and moral. Psychopathology: Concept, Mental Status Examination, Classification, Causes
Psychotherapies:Psychoanalysis,Person-centered,Gestalt,Existential,Acceptance Commitment Therapy,Behavior therapy,REBT,CBT,MBCT,Play therapy,Positive psychotherapy
Psychotherapies: Transactional Analysis,Dialectic behavior therapy,Art therapy,Performing Art Therapy,Family therapy,
Applications of theories of motivation and learning in School Factors in educational achievement, Teacher effectiveness Guidance in schools: Needs, organizational set up and techniques,Counselling: Process, skills, and techniques
Emerging areas Issues of Gender, Poverty, Disability, and Migration: Cultural bias and discrimination. Stigma, Marginalization, and Social Suffering; Child Abuse and Domestic violence
Peace psychology: Violence, non-violence, conflict resolution at macro level, role of media in conflict resolution. Wellbeing and self-growth: Types of wellbeing [Hedonic and Eudemonic], Character strengths, Resilience and Post-Traumatic Growth
Health: Health promoting and health compromising behaviors, Life style and Chronic diseases [Diabetes, Hypertension, Coronary Heart Disease], Psychoneuroimmunology [Cancer, HIV/AIDS]
Psychology and technology interface: Digital learning; Digital etiquette: Cyber bullying; Cyber pornography: Consumption, implications; Parental mediation of Digital Usage
Sociological theory Classical Sociological Traditions, Structure- Functionalism and Structuralism, Hermeneutic and Interpretative Traditions, Post Modernism, Post Structuralism and Post Colonialism, Indian Thinkers
Research methodology and methods Conceptualizing Social Reality, Formulating Research Design, Quantitative and Qualitative Methods, Techniques,
Basic concepts and institutions Sociological Concepts, Social Institutions, Social Stratification, Social Change and Processes
Rural and urban transformations Rural and Peasant Society, Urban Society
State, Politics and Development Political Processes in India, Social Movements and Protests
Economy and society Exchange, Gift , Capital, Labour and Market, Mode of Production Debates, Property and Property Relations, State and Market: Welfarism and Neoliberalism, Models of Economic Development, Poverty and Exclusion
Factory and Industry Systems, Changing Nature of Labour Relations, Gender and Labour Process, Business and Family, Digital Economy, E-Commerce, Global Business and Corporates, Tourism, Consumption
Environment and society Social and Cultural Ecology: Diverse Forms, Technological Change, Agriculture and Biodiversity, Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Ethno-Medicine, Gender and Environment, Forest Policies, Adivasis and Exclusion, Ecological Degradation and Migration
Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation, Water and Social Exclusion, Disasters and Community Responses, Environmental Pollution, Public Health and Disability, Climate Change and International Policies, Environmental Movements
Family, marriage and kinship Theoretical Approaches: Structure-Functionalist, Alliance and Cultural, Gender Relations and Power Dynamics, Inheritance, Succession and Authority, Gender, Sexuality and Reproduction, Children, Youth and Elderly, Emotions and Family
Emergent Forms of Family, Changing Marriage Practices, Changing Care and Support Systems, Family Laws, Domestic Violence and Crime against Women, Honour Killing
Science, Technology and Society History of Technological Development, Changing notions of Time and Space, Flows and Boundaries, Virtual Community, Media: Print and Electronic, Visual and Social Media, E-Governance and Surveillance Society, Technology and Emerging Political Processes
State Policy, Digital Divide and Inclusion, Technology and Changing Family Relations, Technology and Changing Health Systems, Food and Technology, Cyber Crime
Culture and symbolic transformations Signs and Symbols, Rituals, Beliefs and Practices, Changing Material Culture, Moral Economy, Education: Formal and Informal, Religious Organizations, Piety and Spirituality, Commodification of Rituals, Communalism and Secularism
Cultural Identity and Mobilization, Culture and Politics, Gender, Body and Culture, Art and Aesthetics, Ethics and Morality, Sports and Culture, Pilgrimage and Religious Tourism, Religion and Economy, Culture and Environment, New Religious Movements
Political science
Political theory Concepts Liberty, Equality, Justice, Rights, Democracy, Power, Citizenship, Political Traditions, Liberalism, Conservatism, Socialism, Marxism, Feminism, Ecologism Multiculturalism, Postmodernism
Political thought Confucius, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt, Frantz Fanon, Mao Zedong, John Rawls
Indian political thought Dharamshastra, Kautilya, Aggannasutta, Barani, Kabir, Pandita Ramabai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Swami Vivekanand, Rabindranath Tagore, M.K Gandhi, Sri Aurobindo, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Muhammad Iqbal
M.N.Roy, V D Savarkar, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, J L Nehru, Ram Manohar Lohia, Jaya Prakash Narayan, Deendayal Upadhyaya
Comparative political analysis Approaches: Institutional, Political Culture, Political Economy and New Institutionalism; Comparative Methods Colonialism and decolonization: forms of colonialism, anti-colonial struggles and decolonization Nationalism: European and non-European
State theory: debate over the nature of state in capitalist and socialist societies; post-colonial state; welfare state
Globalization and nations-states Political regimes: democratic (Electoral, Liberal, Majoritarian and Participatory) and non-democratic regimes (Patrimonialism, Bureaucratic authoritarianism, Military dictatorship, Totalitarianism, and fascist)
Constitutions and Constitutionalism: forms of constitutions, rule of law, judicial independence and liberal constitutionalism; emergency powers and crisis of constitutionalism
Democratisation: democratic transition and consolidation. Development: Underdevelopment, Dependency, Modernization, World Systems Theory, development and democracy
Structures of Power: ruling class, power elites, democratic elitism Actor and Processes: Electoral Systems, Political Parties and Party System, Interest groups, Social movements
New social movements, Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and civil society campaigns; Revolutions.
International relations Approaches to the study of international relations: idealism, realism, structural Marxism, neoliberalism, neorealism, social constructivism, critical international theory, feminism, postmodernism
Concepts: State, state system and non-state actors, Power, Sovereignty, Security: traditional and non- traditional. Conflict and Peace: Changing Nature of Warfare; Weapons of mass destruction; deterrence; conflict resolution, conflict transformation
United Nations: Aims, Objectives, Structure and Evaluation of the Working of UN; Peace and Development perspectives; Humanitarian intervention. International law; International Criminal Court Political Economy of IR
Globalisation; Global governance and Bretton Woods system, North-South Dialogue, WTO, G-20, BRICS. Regional Organisations: European Union, African Union, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, ASEAN
Contemporary Challenges: International terrorism, Climate change and Environmental Concerns, Human Rights, Migration and Refugees; Poverty and Development; Role of Religion, Culture and Identity Politics
India’s foreign policy Perspectives on India’s Foreign Policy: India’s Identity as postcolonial, development, rising power and as emerging political economy, Continuity and change in India’s Foreign Policy: Principles and determinants
Non-Alignment movement: historical background and relevance of Non Aligned Movement; India’s Nuclear Policy, India’s relations with major powers: USA, USSR/Russia, People’s Republic of China
India’s Engagement with multipolar world: India’s relations with European Union, BRICS, ASEAN, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, African Union, Southern African Development Community, Gulf Cooperation Council
India’s relations with neighbourhood:SAARC,Gujaral doctrine,Look East/Act East,Look West;India’s negotiation strategy in international regimes:The United Nation,World Trade Organisation,International Monetary Fund,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Contemporary challenges: maritime security, energy security, environmental security, migrants and refugees, water resources, international terrorism, cyber security
Political institutions in India Making of the Indian Constitution: Colonialism heritage and the contribution Indian National Movement to the making of the Indian Constitution Constituent Assembly: Composition, Ideological Moorings
Constitutional Debates Philosophy of the Constitution: Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles Constitutionalism in India: Democracy, Social Change, National Unity, Checks and Balances, Basic Structure Debate
Constitutional Amendments Union Executive: President,Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Union Parliament:Structure,Role and Functioning,Parliamentary Committees Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Court, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism, Judicial Reform
Executive and Legislature in the States:Governor,Chief Minister,State Legislature Federalism in India:Strong Centre Framework,Asymmetrical Federal Provisions and Adaption,Role of Intergovernmental Coordination Mechanism,Inter-State Council,Emerging Trends
Electoral Process and Election Commission of India: Conduct of Elections, Rules, Electoral Reforms. Local Government Institutions: Functioning and reforms
Constitutional and Statutory Bodies:Comptroller and Auditor General, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Human Rights, National Commission for Women,National Commission for Minorities
Political processes in India State, Economy and Development: Nature of Indian State, Development Planning model, New Economic Policy, Growth and Human Development. Process of globalisation: social and economic implications
Identity Politics: Religion, Tribe, Caste, Region, Language. Social Movements: Dalit, Tribal, Women, Farmers, labour Civil Society Groups: Non-Party Social Formations, Non-Governmental Organisations, Social Action Groups
Regionalisation of Indian Politics: Reorganisation of Indian States, States as Political and Economic Units, Sub-State Regions, Regional disparities, Demand for New States, Gender and Politics in India: Issues of Equality and Representation
Ideology and Social basis of Political Parties: National Parties, State Parties. Electoral Politics: Participation, Contestation, Representation, Emerging trends
Public administration Public Administration: meaning and evolution; public and private administration Approaches: System Theory, Decision Making, Ecological Approach
Public administration theories and concepts: Scientific Management Theory, Rational Choice theory, New Public Administration, Development Administration, Comparative Public Administration, New Public Management
Changing nature of Public Administration in the era of liberalisation and Globalisation Theories and Principles of Organization: Scientific Management Theory, Bureaucratic Theory, Human Relations Theory
Managing the organization: Theories of leadership and motivation. Organisational Communication: Theories and Principles, Chester Bernard Principles of Communication, Information Management in the organization
Managing Conflict in the Organization: Mary Parker Follett, Management by Objectives- Peter Drucker
Governance and public policy in India Governance, good governance and democratic governance, role of state, civil society and individuals. Accountability and control: Institutional mechanism for checks and balances
Legislative control over executive, administrative and budgetary control, control through parliamentary committees, judicial control over legislature and executive, administrative culture, corruption and administrative reforms
Institutional mechanisms for good governance: Right to Information, Consumer Protection Act, Citizen Charter; Grievance redress system: Ombudsman, Lokpal, Lokayukta
Grassroots Governance: Panchayati Raj Institutions and their functioning Planning and Development: Decentralised planning, planning for development, sustainable development, participatory development, e-governance
NITI Aayog Public policy as an instrument of socio-economic development: public policies with special reference to housing, health, drinking water, food security, MNREGA, NHRM, RTE Monitoring and evaluation of public policy
Mechanisms of making governance process accountable: Jansunwai, social audit
Defence & Strategic Studies
Theories and concepts Defence and Strategic Studies : Assumptions and Approaches. The Concepts of Nation: State and Nation – State, Theories and Elements of State. National Power and its Components
Key Concepts of National Security: Defining National Security, National Defence and National Interest, National Character and Evolution-of the National Security concept in the 20th Century and Beyond
National Security Concerns of Major Powers, Middle Powers and Small Powers. National Security Structures: Armed Forces, Intelligence Agencies, Police Forces, Decision-Making Structures, etc.
National Security Environment:Internal and External. Defence,Foreign,Security and Domestic Policies; Concept formulation,objectives and linkages.Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue
Non – Alignment, Balance of Power, Collective Security and Balance of Terror – Concept, Development and Relevance. Deterrence and Détente: Concept and contemporary relevance
Strategic Thought Contribution of Sun Tzu, Kautilya, Machiavelli, Jomini, Carl von Clausewitz, General Giulio Douhet, W.Mitchell, J.F.C.Fuller, Capt.B.H.Liddell Hart, Marx, Lenin, Mao Zedong and Che Guevara
Nuclear Deterrence: Andre Beaufre, Henry Kissinger and K. Subrahmanyam. Thoughts of Gandhi and Nehru on Peace, Security and Development
War as an Instrument in International Relations Theories and causes of War, Principles of War, Contemporary Warfare : Conventional Warfare in Nuclear age, Limited War, Revolutionary Warfare, Low Intensity Operations, Guerilla Warfare, Insurgency and Counter – Insurgency
Armaments : Arms Race, Arms Aid, Arms Trade, Arms Proliferation, Proliferation of Small Arms. Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue
Terrorism : Concept and kinds (National, International and Cross border). Conflicting Ideologies : Militarism, Nationalism, Fundamentalism, Separatism, Irredentism. Concept and Elements of Deterrence: Nuclear & Conventional
Evolution of Global Nuclear Doctrines, Democratic Peace Theory
WMD, Nuclear Proliferation and National Security Basic Concepts and Theory, Historical Survey of Disarmament Efforts,Weapons of Mass Destruction: Nuclear, Chemical & Biological Weapons. Nuclear Arms Limitation Nuclear Arms Control Treaties
Chemical weapons Convention and Biological Weapons Convention. Concept of Non-proliferation, NPT, CTBT, PTBT MTCR FMCT, & other treaties, Nuclear Export Control Regimes
New Challenges and Responses - Missile Defense, Cooperative Threat, Reduction and G-7 Global Partnership, Disarmament & Arms Control and Economic Development, Terrorism and Nuclear Proliferation, Concept of Star Wars and NMD
Global Security Concerns End of cold war and emergence of new world order. Proliferation of Military, Nuclear and missile capabilities. Environmental Issues : climate change and Global Warming, Desertification, Acid Rains, Industrial Pollution, Deforestation
Organized Crimes : Money Laundering, Narco – trafficking , Human Trafficking and small arms proliferation
Migrants and Refugees: (a) Causes (b) Illegal migration and border management (c) Problem in South Asia (d) Role of International Committee of Red Cross and UN High Commission for Refugees
Global Security Concerns: Palestinian-Israeli conflict & Arab Spring, Developments in Central Asian Republics (CARs), Rise of Fundamentalism, Challenges in Korean Peninsula, Taiwan and Power Rivalry in South China Sea
Problem of System of Governance and Human Rights. Food Security, Energy Security and Water Security problems in modern era. Millennium Development Goals
India’s Security Concerns & Policies in Contemporary International Scenario Genesis of Sino-Indian Relations.The Boundary Dispute, Sino- Pakistan Nexus, OBOR and CPEC, China and India- Military Balance, Chinese Policy towards South Asia
Rise of India and China: Cooperation and Competition, Chinese Interests in Indian Ocean and South China Sea.
Strategic Dimension of India- Pakistan Relations: Genesis of India-Pakistan Conflict, Indo-Pak Military balance, The Kashmir Question, Pakistan Sponsored Terrorism, Pakistan's Nuclear Strategy, The Powers Structure of Pakistan, Contentious
Issues: Siachin, Sir Creek, River Waters, etc. India and South Asia: Issues and Challenges for Regional Cooperation.
Making of India’s Defence Policy since Independence: (a) Threat perception, assessment and preparedness (b) Political and military lessons of 1948, 1962, 1965, 1971, 1999 wars (c) Future trends
India’s Look East and Act East Policies, Indo- Pacific Cooperation,Strategic Partnerships.India’s maritime security and strategy in 21st century: (a)Indian Ocean (b)Asia-Pacific region(c)Security of Sea Lanes,India’s Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century
India’s Defence Doctrines and Strategies including Nuclear Doctrine. Higher Defence Organization of India
Issues in conflict resolution Origin, Type and Structure of Conflict. Ideologies and International conflicts. Role of United Nations in Conflict Management and Re – Structuring of UNO. Techniques of Conflict Prevention
Conflict Management : Pacific Solutions of International Disputes, Coercive methods. International Humanitarian Laws and Laws of Armed Conflicts. Confidence Building Measures : Concept, kinds and utility
IGOs & NGOs in Conflict Resolution: Peace Making, Peace Keeping and Peace Building. Gandhian Philosophy on Peace and Non-violence. Nehruvian approach to National Security and Cooperation
Disaster Management and National Security Basic Concept & meaning of Disaster, Introduction to terminologies associated with Disaster and National Security: Natural and Manmade, Vulnerability, Risk etc., Identifying various types of Disasters
Natural Disaster and Human Induced Disaster: Floods, Cyclone, Earthquake, Tsunami - WMD Disaster - Disaster associated with various industries
Study of Disaster in India / Around the World: Case Studies: Tsunami 2004, Bhopal Gas Tragedy, Chernobyl, Fukushima, Uttarakhand etc
Disaster Management : Meaning, Association and Distinction with related concepts like Disaster Mitigation, Response, and Recovery, Relief, and Reconstruction
Institutional Mechanism for Disaster Management in India: Role of Armed Forces, Central and State Governments, NGO, National Disaster Management Authority, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services
Defense Economics Economic Theories of Defence. Sustainable Development: Challenges & Responses. Basics of Defence Planning, Determinants of Defence Expenditure, Defence Budgeting, Economic Causes of War
Economic Warfare in modem times, Economic Problems of Post War reconstruction, National Security and International Trade regimes (WTO, TRIPS, TRIMS, FTA’s NAFTA, SAPTA, & NSG)
India’s role in Regional and Global Economic Forums and Organizations. Geo-economics and its Implications for global/regional economic stability
Science & Technology and National Security Broad Survey of Technological Changes from Industrial Revolution to Information Revolution. India’s Civil Nuclear and Space Programs, India’s Energy Scenario. Research and Development, Impact of Economic Liberalization and Globalization
Issues of Mobilization of Resources during War and Peace. Military Industrial Complexes.Transfer of Technology : Dual use and critical technologies and their impact on national security
Interdependence and Cooperation at Regional and Global levels
Cyber Security : Vulnerabilities of Information technology and internet, Need and importance of cyber security, Different kinds of cyber security vulnerabilities, Cyber wars including propaganda
Measures for cyber security- Technology, laws and regulations, global issues in cyber security
Social Media and its Impact on National Security- Global reach with rapid speed for propaganda and indoctrinate misinformation and rumour mongering cadre recruitment and use of social networking sites for mobilizing public opinion
Home science
Food Science and Food Service Management Food science and nutrition. Properties of food – physical and chemical properties. Quality evaluation of foods- objectives and subjective
Effects of cooking and processing techniques on nutritional components and other physical parameters, food preservation and application. Food pigments and additives. Food standards, microbiological safety of food, HACCP, food packaging
Perspectives of food service-menu planning, food cost analysis. New product development - nano technology. Food service management of institutional level-hospital, educational institutions, social and special institutions
Research methods-fundamental issues, concept, need relevance, scope and ethics in research
Nutrition and dietetics Food groups – balanced diet, food pyramid, macro and micro nutrition. Nutrients-role of nutrients in the body, nutrient deficiencies and requirements for Indians. Public health nutrition
Nutrition through life span-physiological changes, growth and development from conception to adolescence, nutritional needs and dietary guidelines for adequate nutrition through life cycle, nutrition concerns
Community nutrition, sports nutrition, nutrition in emergencies and disasters. Nutritional assessment-methods and techniques. Nutritional intervention-national nutrition policies and programmes, food and nutrition security
Clinical and therapeutic nutrition. Diet counseling and management. Research methods- research designs, principles and purpose of research
Textiles Textile terminologies- fibre, yarn, weave, fabric etc., classification of fibers, yarns and weaves, Identification of fibres and weaves. Manufacturing process of major natural and manmade fibres, properties and their end uses
Different methods of fabric construction-woven, knitted and non woven fabrics, their properties and end uses. Textiles finishes-classification, processing and purposes of finishes
Dyeing and printing-classification, method of block printing, tie and dye, batik, roller printing, screen printing, discharge, heat transfer printing and digitized printing.
Traditional textiles of India-embroidered textiles, printed textiles, woven textiles, dyed textiles of various regions in India. Identification on the basis of fibre content, technique, motif, colour and designed
Textile Testing and quality control-need of testing, sampling method, techniques of testing fibres, yarn, fabrics and garments. Testing of colour-fastness, shrinkage, pilling and GSM of fabrics
Textile and environment-banned dyes,eco-friendly textiles,contamination and effluent treatment,Eco-label and eco marks.Recent developments in textiles and apparels- nano textiles,technical textiles,occupational clothing,zero waste designing,up & recycling
Research methods-types of research, descriptive, survey, historical, qualitative, quantitative, analytical and action research
Apparel designing Body measurements-procedure, need, figure types and anthropometry. Equipments and tools used for manufacturing garments-advancements and attachments used for sewing machine. Types of machines used and their parts
Elements and principles of design and its application to apparel. Illustrations and parts of garments. Fashion-Terminologies, fashion cycle, fashion theories, fashion adoption, fashion forecasting and factors affecting fashion
Pattern making-drafting, draping and flat pattern making techniques, pattern alteration and dart manipulation techniques. Apparel manufacturing-terminology used, seams, techniques and machines used, process of fabric to apparel manufacture
Apparel Quality testing-Quality standards and specification, Quality parameters and defects of fabrics and garments. Care and maintenance of clothing-principles of washing, laundry agents, storage techniques case labels and symbols
Selection of clothing for different age groups. Selection of fabrics for different and uses. Research methods-hypothesis testing, types and scope
Resource Management and Consumer Issues Management-concept, approaches, management of time, energy, money, space, motivating factors, motivation theories, decision making
Functions of management-planning, supervision, controlling, organizing, evaluation, family life cycle-stages, availability and use of resources
Resources-classification, characteristics, factors affecting use, resource conservation, time management, work simplification techniques, classes of change, fatigue and its management
Management of natural resources-land, forest, water, air, water harvesting, municipal solid waste management, concept of sustainable development, SDGs
Money management-family income, types, supplementation, budgeting, household accounts, family savings and investment, tax implications
Human resource management- functions, need, human resource developmentchallenges, functions, manpower planning, training need assessment, training methodologies, training evaluation
Consumer-definition, role, rights and responsibilities, consumer behavior, consumer problems, education and empowerment
Consumer protection- consumer organization, cooperatives, alternative redressal, standardization, standard marks, quality control, buying aids, consumer legislation.
Entrepreneurship-concept,process,barriers,entrepreneurial motivation,challenges,enterprise setting,project planning & appraisal,enterprise management.Research methods-sampling techniques,sampling types & procedures,probability & non probability sampling
Housing and Interior Design Design fundamentals – elements of art, principles of design, principles of composition. Colour - dimensions of colour, psychological effects of colour, colour schemes, factors affecting use of colour
Space planning and design-housing need and important, principles of planning spaces, types of house plans, economy in construction, planning for different income groups.
Building regulations-norms and standards, zoning, housing for special groups and areas, housing finance.
Housing and environment- building materials- impact on environment, green rating systems, energy efficiency in buildings, energy auditing, indices of indoor comfort
Energy as a resource- conventional and non- conventional sources, renewable /nonrenewable energy, energy management, national efforts on energy conservation
Product design - design thinking process, diffusion and innovation, design communication, ergonomic considerations
Ergonomics - significance, scope, anthropometry, man, machine, environment relationship, factors affecting physiological cost of work, body mechanics, functional design of work place, time and motion study, energy studies
Furniture and furnishing - historical perspectives, architectural styles, contemporary tends, wall finishes, window and window treatments
Research methods-selection and preparation of tools for data collectionquestionnaire, interview, observation, measuring scales, ranking and measurement, reliability and validity of tools
Child/Human Development Principles of growth and development, care during pregnancy and pre-natal and neonatal development. Theories of human development and behavior. Early childhood care and education – activities to promote holistic development
Influence of family, peers, school, community and culture on personality development. Children and persons with special needs, care and support, special education, prevention of disabilities, rehabilitation
Children at risk-child labour, street children, children of destitute, orphans, child abuse and trafficking. Adolescence and youth: changes, challenges and programs to promote optimal development
Adulthood, characteristics, changing roles and responsibilities in early and middle adulthood. Aging-physical and psychological changes and care needs. Research methods-types of variables and their selection
Family Studies Dynamics of marriage and family relationships. Family welfare-approaches, programmes and challenges, role in national development. Domestic violence, marital disharmony, conflict, resolution of conflict
Parent education, positive parenting, community education. Family disorganization, single parent families. Family studies-family in crisis, family therapy, initiatives for child development
Human rights, rights of children, rights of women, status of women, gender roles. Guidance and counseling- across life span and for care givers. Health and well being across life span development
Research methods- data collection and classification, coding, tabulation, inferential and descriptive statistics
Communication for Development Basics of communication- nature, characteristics, functions, process, models, elements, principles, barriers, perception, persuasion and empathy, types of communication, levels (settings) of communication transactions, process of listening
Communication systems and communication theories- human interaction theories, mass communication theories, message design theories, communication systems, culture and communication
Concept of development- theories, models, measurement and indicators of development. Concept of development- communication models and approaches, diffusion and innovation, mass media, social marketing
Role of communication in development- need and importance, development journalism, writing for development-print, radio, television and internet
Concerns of development communication- gender, health, environment, sustainability, human rights, population, literacy, rural and tribal development
Advocacy and behavior change communication- concept, theories, models, approaches, application and challenges
Traditional, modern and new media for development - folk forms of songs, art, dance, theatre, puppetry, advertisement, cinema, ICTs for development-community radio, participatory video, social media and mobile phones
Organisation/agencies/institutes working for development communicationinternational/national/state and local. Research methods-analysis of data through parametric and non parametric tests
Extension Management and Community Development Historical perspectives of extension–genesis of extension education and extension systems in India and other countries, objectives of extension education and extension service, philosophy and principles of extension programme development
Programme management- need assessment, situation analysis, planning, organization, implementation, monitoring and evaluation
Extension methods and materials- interpersonal, small and large group methods, audiovisual aids-need, importance, planning, classification, preparation and field testing, use and evaluation of audio-visual materials
Curriculum development and planning for extension education and development activities, Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives and learning
Non-Formal, adult and lifelong education-historical perspectives, concept, theories, approaches, scope, methods and materials used, challenges of implementation and evaluation, issues to be addressed
Training, skill development and capacity building for human resource developmentmethods of training, entrepreneurship development
Community development- perspectives, approaches, community organization, leadership, support structures for community development, Panchyati raj institutions, NGOs and community based organisations
People’s participation and stakeholders’ perspectives, Participatory Learning and Action-methods and techniques
Development programmes in India for urban, rural and tribal population groups programmes for nutrition, health, education, wage and self employment, women’s development, skill development, sanitation and infrastructure
Research methods-scientific report writing, presentation of data, interpretation and discussion
Library & Information Science
Unit- 1 Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom. Information Life Cycle - Generation, Collection, Storage and Dissemination. Role of Information in Planning, Management, Socio-economic, Cultural, Educational and Technological Development
Information Science - Relationship with other subjects, Information Society and Knowledge Society. Communication – Concept, Types, Theories, Models, Channels and Barriers; Trends in Scholarly Communication
Information Industry - Generators, Providers and Intermediaries. IPR and Legal Issues - Categories, Conventions, Treaties, Laws. Plagiarism: Concept and Types
Right to Information Act (RTI); Information Technology Act. National Knowledge Commission; National Mission on Libraries
Unit- 2 Historical Development of Libraries in India. Committees and Commissions on Libraries in India. Types of Libraries – Academic, Public, Special and National. Library Legislation and Library Acts in Indian States
The Press and Registration of Books Act; The Delivery of Books and Newspapers (Public Libraries) Act. Laws of Library Science. Library and Information Science Profession - Librarianship as a Profession, Professional Skills and Competences
Professional Ethics. Professional Associations - National – ILA, IASLIC, IATLIS; International – IFLA, ALA, CILIP, ASLIB, SLA; Role of UGC, RRRLF and UNESCO in Promotion and Development of Libraries
Library and Information Science Education in India. Library Public Relations and Extension Activities. Type of Users - User Studies, User Education. Information Literacy - Areas, Standards, Types and Models; Trends in Information Literacy
Unit- 3 Information Sources - Nature, Characteristics, Types and Formats. Sources of Information - Primary, Secondary and Tertiary; Documentary and Non-Documentary
Primary Information Sources (Print and Electronic) - Journals, Conference Proceedings, Patents, Standards, Theses & Dissertations, Trade Literature
Secondary Information Sources (Print and Electronic) - Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Bibliographies, Indexing & Abstracting, Statistical sources, Handbooks and Manuals. Tertiary Information Sources (Print and Electronic)- Directories, Year Books, Almanacs
Reference Sources - Bibliographical, Biographical, Educational, Language and Geographical. Electronic Information Resources - Subject Gateways, Web Portals, Bulletin Boards, Discussion Forums /Groups
Databases: Bibliographic, Numeric, Full text, Multimedia; Open Access Databases. Institutional and Human Resources. Evaluation of Reference Sources and Web Resources
Unit- 4 Community Information Services. Reference Service – Concept and Types; Referral Services. Alerting Services - CAS, SDI, Inter Library Loan and Document Delivery
Mobile based Library Services and Tools – Mobile OPAC, Mobile Databases, Mobile Library Website, Library Apps, Mobile Library Instructions, Augmented Reality, SMS Alerts, Geo-Location, Reference Enquiry
Web 2.0 and 3.0 - Library 2.0- Concept, Characteristics, Components; Instant Messaging, RSS Feeds, Podcasts, Vodcasts, Ask a Librarian. Collaborative Services- Social Networks, Academics Social Networks, Social Tagging, Social Bookmarking
Web – Scale Discovery Services. National Information Systems and Networks: NISCAIR, DESIDOC, SENDOC, ENVIS, INFLIBNET, DELNET, NICNET, ERNET, National Knowledge Network (NKN), Biotechnology Information System Network
International Information Systems and Networks: INIS, AGRIS, INSPEC, MEDLARS, BIOSIS, ERIC, Patent Information System (PIS), Biotechnology Information System (BIS). Library Resource Sharing and Library Consortia – National and International
Unit- 5 Universe of Knowledge - Nature and Attributes; Modes of Formation of Subjects. Knowledge Organisation - Classification – Theories, Cannons, and Principles; Simple Knowledge Organisation System (SKOS), Taxonomies, Folksonomy, Trends in Classification
Mapping of Subjects in Library Classification Schemes – DDC, UDC and CC. Knowledge Organisation: Cataloguing - Cannons and Principles; Centralized and Co-operative Catalogue; Library Cataloguing Codes: CCC and AACR - II
Standards of Bibliographic Record Formats and Description – ISBD, MARC 21, CCF, RDA, FRBR, Bibframe. Standards for Bibliographic Information Interchange & Communication – ISO 2709, Z39.50, Z39.71. Metadata Standards: Dublin Core; MARC21, METS, MODES, EAD
Indexing Systems and Techniques: Assigned - Pre-coordinate; Post-Coordinate; Derived- Title-based; Vocabulary Control. Abstracting – Types and Guidelines. Information Retrieval System – Features, Components, Models and Evaluation
Unit- 6 Management - Principles, Functions and Schools of thought. Library and Information Centers Management - Book Selection Tools and Principles; Library Acquisition, Technical Processing, Circulation, Serial Control, Maintenance and Stock Verification
Preservation and Conservation; Hazards and Control Measures of Library Materials. Human Resource Management – Planning, Job Analysis, Job Description, Job Evaluation, Selection, Recruitment, Motivation, Training and Development, Performance Appraisal
Staff Manual. Financial Management in Libraries - Sources of Finance, Resource Mobilisation, Budgeting Methods; Cost Effective and Cost Benefit Analysis, Annual Reports & Statistics; Library Authority and Committee
Project Management - SWOT, PEST, PERT / CPM. Total Quality Management (TQM) - Concepts, Principles and Techniques, Six Sigma; Evaluation of Services of Libraries and Information Centers. Library Building, Furniture and Equipments
Green Library Building; Information Commons; Makers Space; Security and Safety. Management Information System (MIS), MBO, Change Management, Disaster Management, Crisis Management
Knowledge Management – Principles, Tools, Components and Architecture. Marketing of Library Products and Services – Plan, Research, Strategies, Mix, Segmentation, Pricing and Advertising; Management Consultancy
Unit- 7 Computer Technology - Character Representation (ASCII, ISCII, Unicode); Computer Hardware, Software; Storage Devices; Input and Output Devices. Types of Software - System Software, Application Software
Programming Languages – Object Oriented, Procedural, High Level, Scripting; Web Languages. Telecommunication - Transmission Channels, Mode, and Media, ISDN, PSDN, Multiplexing, Modulation, Standards and Protocols
Wireless Communication – Media, Wi-fi, Li-fi, Satellite Communication, Mobile Communication. Computer Networks - Topologies, Types of Networks – LAN, MAN, WAN.
Internet - Web browsers, WWW, E-mail; Search Engines, Meta and Entity Search engines. Internet Protocols and Standards – HTTP, SHTTP, FTP, SMTP, TCP/IP, URI, URL.
Hypertext, Hypermedia, Multimedia, Video conferencing, Virtual Reality, Augmented Technologies. Data Security, Network Security, Firewalls, Cryptographic Techniques, Anti-virus software, Anti-spyware, Intrusion Detection System
Unit- 8 Library Automation – Areas, Planning, Selection of Hardware and Software, Implementation and Evaluation; Standards for Library Automation. Barcode, RFID, QR Code, Biometric, Smartcard: Features and Applications
Digitization – Planning, Selection of Materials, Hardware, Software, Process, Issues. Digital Library: Genesis, Characteristics, Types, Architecture; Standards, Formats and Protocols, DOI
Digital Preservation - Need, Purpose, Standards, Methods, Techniques, Projects (National and International). Digital Library Initiatives – National and International. Institutional Repositories - Need, Purpose, Types and Tools
Institutional Repositories in India; ROAR, DOAR, SHARPA-ROMIO. Content Management Systems – Architecture, Data Integration, CMS Software – Selection, Implementation and Evaluation
Application of Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems and Robotics in Libraries; Social Mobile Analytics Cloud (SMAC); Cloud Computing. Ontology – Tools (RDF, RDFS, Potege); Semantic Web, Linked Data, Big Data, Data Mining, Data Harvesting
Unit- 9 Research - Concept, Purpose, Functions, Scope and Ethics; Types of Research – Basic and Applied, Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary. Research Methods: Historical, Descriptive, Experimental and Delphi.
Research Design - Selection of Research Problem, Review of Literature; Formulation of Research Problem; Hypothesis – Formulation, Types and Testing; Sampling Techniques.
Methods of Data Collection: Questionnaire, Interview, Observation, Library Records, Scales and Checklist. Data Analysis and Interpretation - Presentation of Data; Statistical Methods/ Techniques
Statistical Packages – Spreadsheet, SPSS, Bibexcel, ‘R’ Statistics. Research Report Writing and Citation Tools – Structure, Style, Contents, Guidelines; Style Manuals; Online Citation Tools
Reference Style Management Tools; Antiplagiarism Tools; Evaluation of Research Report. Metric Studies in LIS - Bibliometrics, Scientometric, Webometrics, Altmetrics
Impact Factors – Journal, Institutional and Authors; h-Index, g-Index, i10 Index. Trends in Library and Information Science Research
Unit- 10 Academic Library and Information System. Public Library and Information System. Special Library and Information System. Health Science Library and Information System. Corporate Library and Information System
Agricultural Library and Information System. Engineering and Technological Library and Information System. Archive, Museums and Oriental Libraries. Community Information System.Information Services and System for Persons with Disability,Children and Women
Journalism & Mass Communication
Introduction to journalism and mass communication Concept of Journalism and mass communication, mass communication in India. History, growth and development of print and electronic media. Major landmarks in print and electronic media in Indian languages. Media’s role in formulation of states of India
Media criticism and media literacy, Press Council and Press Commissions of India, status of journalism and media education in India. Media policies of the Government of India since Independence
Models and theories of mass communication, normative theories, administrative and critical traditions in communication, media and journalism studies, communication and theories of socio-cultural, educational and agricultural change
Technological determinism, critique of Marshall McLuhan’s views on media and communication and Marxist approaches. Information and knowledge societies. Indian traditions and approaches to communication from the Vedic era to the 21st century
Western and eastern philosophical, ethical and aesthetic perceptions of communication - Aristotle and Plato, Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic traditions
Media and culture - framework for understanding culture in a globalised world. Globalisation with respect to politico-economic & socio-cultural developments in India
Communication for development and social change Concept and definition of development communication, role of media and journalism in society, characteristics of Indian society – demographic and sociological impact of communication, media and journalism
Media and specific audiences. Development and social change. Issues and post-colonial conceptions. Deconstruction of dominant paradigm of communication and development. Responses and critique of dominant models
Corporatisation of development - Corporate Social Responsibility, non-state actors in development, mass campaigns by NGOs, Government of India, international agencies and corporates. Paradigms and discourse of development communication
Emergence of global civil societies, public sphere, global communication system - nation state-universal, national communication policies
Leading influencers of social reform in India - Raja Rammohan Roy, Pandit Madanmohan Malviya, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Mahatma Gandhi, Acharya Vinoba Bhave, Dr B. R. Ambedkar, Deendayal Upadhyay, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia etc
Reporting and editing News-concepts, determinants (values), structure and perspectives. Reporting for print, radio, television and digital media. Types of reporting. National and international news agencies and feature syndicates, functions and role
Writing for print, electronic and digital news media. Translation and transcreation. Editing and presentation techniques for print, television and digital media. Journalism as profession, reportage of contemporary issues, ethics of reporting
Critique of western news values, effect of new technology on global communication flows. Niche Reporting
Advertising and Marketing Communication Definition, concept, functions, types, evolution of advertising, standards and ethics in advertising. Theories and models of communication in advertising. Brand management
Advertising management - agency-role, structure and function, client-agency relationship, media planning and budgeting. Advertising and creativity, language and translation. Advertising campaign and marketing. Advertising and marketing research
Public Relations and Corporate Communication Public Relations and Corporate Communication - definition, concept and scope. Structure of PR in State, Public, Private and non-government sectors. Tools and techniques of PR and Corporate Communication
Crisis communication and crisis communication management. Ethics of Public Relations. International Public Relations, communication audit
Media laws and ethics Concept of law and ethics in India and rest of the world. The Constitution of India, historical evolution, relevance. Concept of freedom of speech and expression in Indian Constitution
Defamation, Libel, Slander-IPC 499-502, Sedition IPC 124(A), Contempt of Courts Act 1971, Official Secrets Act 1923, Press and Registration of Books Act 1867
Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1955, Wage Boards, Law of Obscenity (Section 292-294 of IPC)
The Miller test, the Hicklin test, Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act 1986, Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, Parliamentary Privileges. Famous cases involving journalists and news media organisations
Right to Information Act 2005, Copyright Act 1957, Intellectual Property Rights, Cable Television Network (Regulation) Act 1995, Information Technology Act (relevant) 2000 and cyber laws
Cinematograph Act 1952, Film Censorship, Press Council Act as amended from time to time, IPR, ASCI, Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954, Various regulatory bodies for print, TV, Advertising, PR, and Internet
Rules, regulations and guidelines for the media as recommended by Press Council of India, Information and Broadcasting ministry and other professional organisations, adversarial role of the media, human rights and media
Media management and production Definition, concept of media management. Grammar of electronic media. Communication design theories and practice. Media production techniques – print and electronic. Digital media production techniques
Economics and commerce of mass media in India. Principles and management in media industry post liberalisation
ICT and Media ICT and media - definition, characteristics and role. Effect of computer mediated communication. Impact of ICT on mass media. Digitisation. Social networking. Economics and commerce of web enabled media
Mobile adaption and new generation telephony by media, ethics and new media. ICT in education and development in India, online media and e-governance. Animation - concepts and techniques
Film and visual communication Film and television theory. Film and identity in Indian film studies, leading film directors of India before and after Independence. Indian cinema in the 21st century. Approaches to analysis of Indian television
Visual Communication.Visual analysis. Basics of film language and aesthetics, the dominant film paradigm, evolution of Indian cinema-commercial and ‘non-commercial’ genres, the Hindi film song, Indian aesthetics and poetics (the theory of Rasa and Dhvani)
National cinema movements: Soviet Montage cinema, German Expressionistic cinema, Italian Neo-Realistic cinema, French New Wave cinema, British New Wave cinema, Indian New Wave cinema, Period cinema. Cinema in the new millennium
Communication Research Definition, concept, constructs and approaches to communication research process. Research Designs - types, structure, components, classical, experimental and quasi experimental, variables and hypotheses
Types and methods of research; basic, applied, descriptive, analytical, historical, case study, longitudinal studies
Research in journalism, Public Relations, advertising, cinema, animation and graphics, television, Internet, social media practices, magazines, children’s media. Communication, journalism and media research in India
Levels of measurement: sampling-probability and non-probability, tests of validity and reliability, scaling techniques
Methods and tools of data collection-interviews, surveys, case studies, obtrusive and non-obtrusive techniques, ethnography, schedule, questionnaire, dairy, and internet based tools
Media specific methods such as exit polls, opinion polls, telephone, SMS surveys and voting with regard to GEC (general entertainment content)
Data analysis, testing, interpretation, application of statistical tests-parametric and nonparametric, tests of variance-univariate, bivariate and multivariate, tests of significance, computer mediated research
Ethical considerations in communication, media and journalism research, writing research reports, plagiarism
Social work
Nature and Development of Social Work Social Work, Historical Development, Social Reform and Professional Social Work, Social Work as a Profession in India, Theories, Changing Context of Social Work Practice, Social Work Practice in various settings
Society, Human Behavior and Communities Sociological Concepts, Approaches to the study of Society, Social System and Stratification, Human Behavior, Theories of Personality, Social Psychology, Type of Communities
Social Work with Individuals and Groups Basic Social Case Work Concepts,Approaches to Social Case Work Practice,Process and Techniques of Social Case Work, Social Group Work, Social Group Work Process and Group Dynamics, Group Development,Practice Sites of Social Case Work and Social Group Work
Social Work with Communities and Social Action Community Organization, Process of Community Organization, Approaches in Community Organization Practice, Social Action and Social Movements, Models of Social Action, Social Movements, Social Movements, Social Action and Social Change
Section A : Quantitative Research Basics of Social Science Research, Steps in Social Science Research, Basic Statistical concepts
Section B : Qualitative Research Qualitative Research, Designing Qualitative Research, Managing Qualitative Data
Section C Mixed method research
Administration, Welfare and Development Services Social Welfare Administration, Types of Admisntration, Registration of Welfare Agencies, Structure of Social Welfare Administration, Components of Administration, Strategies and Mechanisms ofAdministration, Fund raising and Resource Mobilization
Social Policy, Planning and Social Development Social Policy, Historical Development, Process of Policy Formulation, Social Planning, Five Year Plans, Social Development, Sustainable Development
Indian Constitution, Social Justice, Human Rights and Social Work Practice Indian Constitution, Social Justice, Social Justice and Leadership, Instrument of Social Justice, History of Human Rights, Human Rights and Social Work, Violation of Human Rights and Social work practice
Areas of Social Work Practice I Medical Social Work and Psychiatric Social Work,Mental Health and Disease,Theories of Aging and Vulnerability,Persons with Disabilities,Gender and Development, Labour Welfare & Human Resource Management (HRM), Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
Areas of Social Work Practice II Social Defence, Legislations and Criminal Justice System, Social Work with Families, Child Development, Policies & Programmes for Children, Environment and Social Work, Social Work and Disaster Management
Public administration
Introduction to public administration Public Administration- Meaning, Nature, Scope & Significance; Evolution and Present Status of the Discipline; PoliticsAdministration Dichotomy; Globalization and Public Administration; Paradigm shift from Government to Governance
Principles of Organization: Division of work; Hierarchy; Coordination; Unity of Command; Span of Control; Authority, Power and Responsibility; Delegation, Centralization and Decentralization; Line, Staff and Auxiliary Agencies
Leadership and Supervision; Decision-making and Communication.
Meaning, Nature and Scope of Personnel Administration: Classification, Recruitment, Training, Promotion, Compensation and service conditions, Discipline, Civil Service Neutrality, Anonymity and Commitment, Professional Associations and Unionism
Administrative thought Approaches to the study of Public Administration: Oriental – Kautilya; Classical – F W Taylor, Henri Fayol, Max Weber, Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick ; Human Relations - Elton Mayo, Mary Parker Follett
Behaviouralism – Chester Barnard, Herbert Simon; Motivation – Abraham Maslow, Fredrick Herzberg, Douglas McGregor; Organizational Humanism – Chris Argyris, Rensis Likert
Writers on Administration: Dwight Waldo, Ferrel Heady, Robert Golembiewski and Peter Drucker; Minnobrook Perspective, New Public Service and Post Modernism
Indian administration Evolution-Ancient,Mughal and British Periods;Constitutional Framework:Parliamentary and Federal Features.Union Government:President;Prime Minister & Council of Ministers;Cabinet Committees;Central Secretariat;Cabinet Secretariat and Prime Minister Office
Election Commission and Electoral Reforms, Union State Relations.Accountability: Legislative; Executive; and Judicial. Citizen Grievance Redressal Mechanism: Lok Pal; Lok Ayukta; Central Vigilance Commission and Regulatory Authorities
Issue Areas: Politician and Civil Servant relations, Generalists and Specialists debate and Combating Corruption. Civil Services: Classification – All India Services, Central Services and State Services
Recruitment Agencies – Union Public Service Commission, State Public Service Commissions and other Commissions and Boards: Capacity Building of Civil Servants and Civil Service Reforms
Planning: Planning Commission, National Development Council, NITI Aayog, State Planning Commissions / Boards and Planning Departments
Judiciary: Indian Constitution and Independence of Judiciary: Supreme Court; High Courts; Judicial Review and Public Interest Litigation and Judicial Reforms. Police Administration and Reforms. E- Governance Initiatives in Indian administration
State & local administration Constitutional Framework of State Administration – State Legislature; Governor – Role and Functions; Chief Minister – Powers and Functions; Council of Ministers; Role and Functions of Chief Secretary; State Secretariat ; Directorates and Commissionerate
District Administration – Concept and Evolution, District Collector - Power, Functions and Changing role; Autonomous District Councils - Structure, Powers and Functions, District Rural Development Agency; Evolution of Local Governance in India
Local Governance: 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts: State Election Commission ; State Finance Commission; District Planning Committee
Rural Governance - Gram Sabha, Gram Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishads, Finance in PRIs, Personnel administration at local level; Policies and Programmes of Rural Development – MGNAREGA
Growth of Urbanization, Urban Governance - Structure, Composition, Functions of Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils, Nagar Panchayats and Metropolitan Governance - Sources of Finance; Personnel Administration
Reforms in urban governance -solid waste management, smart and AMRUT cities
Comparative and development administration Comparative Public Administration: Concept, Nature, Scope and Significance of Comparative Public Administration; Public Administration and its Environment
Approaches and Methods to the study of Comparative Administration: Institutional, Behavioural, Structural-Functional, Ecological and Systems Approaches.Fred Riggs’s Typology of Societies and Features
Problems of Comparative Research; Comparative Studies –Influence of Globalization; Salient Features of the administrative systems of UK, USA, France and Japan. Development Administration: Development and its Dimensions
Development and Modernization; Approaches to Development - Sustainable Development and AntiDevelopment; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Development Administration: Concept, Nature, Scope, Objectives, Features and Significance
Ecology of Development Administration, Contribution of Fred Riggs, Dwight Waldo and Edward Widener; Role of Bureaucracy in Development. Globalization and Development Administration
Emergence of Non-State actors in Development Administration; Public-Private Partnerships; Corporate Social Responsibility, Human Development Indicators and Social Audit
Economic and financial administration Economic Policies - Mixed Economy to Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG); New Economic Policy (NEP); Industrial Policy since Independence; Government in Business - Public EnterprisesConcept, Growth and Forms of Public Enterprises
Management, Problem of Accountability and Autonomy; Disinvestment Policies. Financial Administration: Public Finance – Revenue and Expenditure: Nature, Scope and Significance of Financial Administration
Budget – Meaning, Purpose and Significance; Budgetary Process – preparation, enactment and execution; Types of Budget – PPBS, Performance Budget, Zero-Based Budget and Gender Budget
Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBMA) and Sunset legislation. Fiscal Federalism – Union-State Financial Relations, Finance Commission. Financial ControlLegislature and Executive
Parliamentary Committees and Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Taxation policies – Principles of Taxation –Progressive and Proportional taxation – Reforms in Taxation policies
Social welfare administration Concept of Social Welfare, Social Justice and Social Change; Concept of Equity and Inclusiveness in Social Justice; Concept of Affirmative action-Reservations; Institutional arrangement for Social Welfare & Social Justice Administration
NGOs,Civil Societies and Voluntary Agencies;Policies,Programmes and Institutional Framework for the Protection & Welfare of SCs/ STs / OBCs/ Women/ Children,Aged,Differently-abled (Divyang) & Minorities Commissions–Women,SC/ST,Minority-Role and Functions
Disaster Management - Nature and Types of Disaster; Institutional Arrangements for Disaster Management; Role of State and Non-State actors
Public policy Nature, Scope and Importance of Public Policy; Evolution of Public Policy and Policy Sciences; Public Policy and Public Administration
Approaches to Public Policy – Process Approach, Logical Positivism, Phenomenological Approach,Participatory and Normative Approaches. Theories and Models of Policy Making – Harold Lasswell, Charles Lindblom,Yehezkel Dror
Institutions of Policy Making - Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. Types of Policy Analysis - Empirical, Normative, Retrospective and Prospective, Prescriptive and Descriptive
Policy Implementation, Outcomes and Evaluation.Constraints on Public Policy – Socio-economic, Political, Institutional and Cultural.Role of Media, Public Opinion, Civil Society and Pressure Groups on Policy Making
Governance and good governance Ancient Discourse – Kautilya, Plato and Aristotle on Good Governance; Elements and Forms of Good Governance
Theories and Concepts of Governance – World Bank and UNDP; State, Market and Civil Society, Public Choice Theory, New Public Management, Public Value Theory, Governance as Theory, Governance and Public Governance
Networking and Collaborative Governance, Business Process Re-engineering, ICT and Governance – e-Government and e-Governance, e-Readiness and Digital Divide. Accountability, Openness and Transparency; Gender and Governance
Citizen and governance: civil society – role and limitations, citizen participation, right to information – RTI act and administrative reforms, national information commission, citizen charter – concept, objectives and significance
Ethics and Public Accountability in Governance: Rule of Law and Administrative Law, Delegated Legislation and Administrative Adjudication. Ethical Foundations of Governance: Constitutional Values, Family, Society and Education
Research methodology Social Science Research- Meaning and Significance; Distinction between Methodology and Method; Facts and Values in Research; Role of Research in Theory-Building; Scientific Method
Objectivity in Social Research; Types of Research; Identification of Research Problem; Hypotheses and NullHypotheses; Validation of Hypothesis; Research Design
Methods of Data Collection- Primary and Secondary sources- ( Observation; Questionnaire and Interview, Use of Library and Internet);Sampling and Sampling Techniques; Scales of Measurement
Analysis of Data and Use of Computers in Social Science ResearchSPSS; Citation patterns and Ethics of Research ; Bibliography; Report Writing
Mathematical Sciences-Paper 2
Basic concepts of real and complex analysis Sequences and series, Continuity, Uniform continuity, Differentiabilty, Mean Value Theorem, Sequences and series of functions, Uniform convergence, Riemann integral - definition and simple properties
Algebra of complex numbers, Analytic functions, Cauchy’s Theorem and integral formula, Power series, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, Residues, Contour integration
Basic concepts of linear algebra Space of n-vectors, Linear dependence, Basis, Linear transformation, Algebra of matrices, Rank of a matrix, Determinants, Linear equations, Quadratic forms, Characteristic roots and vectors
Basic concepts of probability Sample space, Discrete probability, Simple theorems on probability, Independence of events, Bayes Theorem, Discrete and continuous random variables, Binomial, Poisson and Normal distributions
Expectation and moments, Independence of random variables, Chebyshev’s inequality
Linear programming basic concepts Convex sets, Linear Programming Problem (LPP). Examples of LPP. Hyperplane, open and closed Half-spaces. Feasible, basic feasible and optimal solutions. Extreme point and graphical method
Real analysis Finite, countable and uncountable sets, Bounded and unbounded sets, Archimedean property, ordered field, completeness of R, Extended real number system, limsup and liminf of a sequence
The epsilon-delta definition of continuty and convergence, the algebra of continuous functions, monotonic functions, types of discontinuties, infinite limits and limits at infinity, functions of bounded variation. elements of metric spaces
Complex analysis Riemann Sphere and Stereographic projection. Lines, circles, crossratio. Mobius transformations, Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, line integrals, Cauchy’s theorem, Morera’s theorem
Liouville’s theorem, integral formula, zero-sets of analytic functions, exponential, sine and cosine functions, Power siries representation, Classification of singularities, Conformal mapping
Algebra Group, subgroups, Normal subgroups, Quotient Groups, Homomorphisms, Cyclic Groups, Permutation Groups, Cayley’s Theorm, Rings, Ideals, Integral Domains, Fields, Polynomial Rings
Linear algebra Vector spaces, subspaces, quotient spaces, Linear indepenence, Bases, Dimension. The algebra of linear Transformations, kernal, range, isomorphism, Matrix Representation of a linear transormation, change of bases
Linear functionals, dual space, projection, determinant function, eigenvalues and eigen vectorsCayley-Hamilton Theorem,Invariant Sub-spaces, Canonical Forms : diagonal form, Triangular form, Jordan Form. Inner product spaces
Differential equations First order ODE, singular solutions initial value Problems of First Order ODE, General theory of homogeneous and non-homogeneous Linear ODE
Variation of Paraneters. Lagrange’s and Charpit’s methods of solving First order Partial Differental Equations. PDE’s of higher order with constant coefficients
Data analysis basic concepts Graphical representation, measures of central tendency and dispersion. Bivariate data correlation and regression. Least squares-polynomial regression, Applications of normal distribution
Probability Axiomatic definition of probability. Random variables and distribution functions (univariate and multivariate); expectation and moments; independent events and independent random variables
Bayes theorem; marginal and conditional distribution in the multivariate case, covariance matrix and correlation coefficients (product moment, partial and multipal), regression
Moment generating functions, characteristic functions; probability inequalities (Tehebyshef, Markov, Jensen)
Convergence in probability and in distribution; weak law of large numbers and central limit theorem for independent indentically distributed random variables with finite variance
Probability Distribution Bemoulli, Binomial, Multinomial. Hypergeomatric, Poisson, Geometric and Negative binomial distributions, Uniform, exponential, Cauchy, Beta, Gamma, and normal (univariate and multivariate) distributions Transformations of random variables
Sampling distributions. t, F and chi-square distributions as sampling distributions, as sampling distributions, Standard errors and large sample distributions. Distribution of order statistics and range
Theory of Statistics Methods of estimation : maximum likelihood method, method of moments, minimum chi-square method, least- squares method. Unbiasedness, efficiencey, consistency. Cramer-Rao inequality. Sufficient, Statistics. Rao-Blackwell theorem
Uniformly minimum variance unbiased estimators. Estimation by confidence intervals. Tests of hypotheses:Simple and composite hypotheses, two types of errors, critical region, randomized test, power function, most powerful and uniformly most powerful tests
Likelihood-ratio tests. Wald’s sequential probability ratio test
Statistical Methods and Data Analysis Tests for mean and variance in the normal distribution : one-population and two-population cases; related confidence intervals. Tests for product moment, partial and multiple correlation coefficients; comparison of k linear regressions
Fitting polynomial regression; related test Analysis of discrete date: chi-square test of goodness of fit, contingency tables. Analysis of variance : one-way and two-way classification (equal number of observations per cell)
Large sample tests through normal approximation. Nonparametric tests : sign test, Median test, Mann-Whitney test, Wilcoxon test for one and two-samples, rank correlation and test of independence
Operational Research Modelling Definition and scope of Operational Research. Different types of models. Replacement models and sequencing theory, Inventory problems and their analytical structure. Simple deterministic and stochastic models of inventory control
Basic characteristics of queueing system, different performance measures, steady state solution of Markovian queueing models: M/M/1, M/M/1 with limited waiting space M/M/C, M/M/C with limited waiting space
Linear programming Linear Programming, Simplex method, Duality in linear programming. Transformation and assignment problems. Two person-zero sum games. Equivalence of rectangular game and linear programming
Finite population Sampling Techniques and Estimation: Simple random sampling with and without replacement. Stratified sampling; allocation problem; systematic sampling Two stage sampling. Related estimation problems in the above cases
Design of experiments Basic principles of experimental design. Randomisation structure and analysis of completely randomised, randomised blocks and Latin-square designs. Factorial experiments. Analysis of 2n factorial experiments in randomised blocks
Mathematical Sciences-Paper 3
Real analysis Riemann integrable functions; improper integrals, their convergence and uniform convergence. Eulidean space R”, Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem, compact Subsets of R”, Heine-Borel T\theorem, Fourier series
Continuity of functions on R”, Differentiability of F:R”-Rm. Properties of differential, partial and directional derivatives, continuously differentiable functions. Taylor’s series. Inverse function theorem, Implieit function theorem
Complex analysis Cauchy’s theorem for convex regions. Power series representation of Analtic functions. Liouville’s theorem, Fundamental theorem of algebra Riemann’s theorem on removable singularities, maximum modulus principle
Schwarz Iemma, Open Mapping theorem, Casorattl-Weierstrass-theorem, Weierstrass’s theorem on uniform convergence on compact sets, Bilinear transformations, Multivalued Analytic Functions, Riemann Surfaces
Algebra Symmetric groups, Alternating groups, Simple groups, Rings, Maximal Ideals, Prime Ideals, Integral domains Euclidean domains, principal Ideal domains, Unique Factorisation domains, quotient fileds, Finite fields
Algebra of Linear Transformations, Reduction of matrices to Canonical Forms, Inner Product Spaces, Orthogonality, Quadratic Forms, Reduction of quadratic forms
Advanced Analysis Elements of Metric Spaces, Convergence, continuity, compactness, Connectedness, Weierstrass’s approximation Theorem, Completeness, Bare category theorem, Labesgue measure, Labesgue Integral, Differentiation and Integration
Advanced algebra Conjugate elements and class equations of finite groups, Sylow theorems, solvable groups, Jordan Holder Theorem, Direct Products, Structure Theorem for finite abelian groups, Chain conditions on Rings
Characteristic of Field, Field extensions, Elements of Galois theory, solvability by Raducals, Ruler and compass construction
Functional analysis Banach Spaces Hahn-Banach Theorem, Open mapping and closed Graph Theorems. Principal of Uniform boundedness, Boundedness and continuity of Linear Transformations, Dual Space, Embedding in the second dual, Hilbert Spaces, Projections
Orthonormal Basis, Riesz-representation theorem, Bessel’s Inequality, parsaval’s identity, self adjoined operators, Normal Operators
Topology Elements of Topological Spaces, Continuity, convergence, Homeomorphism, Compactness, Connectedness, Separation Axioms, First and Second Countability, Separability, Subspaces, Product Spaces, quotient spaces
Tychonoft’s Theorem, Urysohn’s Metrization theorem, Homotopy and Fundamental Group
Discrete mathematics Partially ordered sets, Lattices, Cornplete Lattices, Distrbutive lattices, Complements, Boolean Algebra, Boolean Expressions, Application to switching circuits, Elements of Graph Theory
Eulerian and Hamiltonian graphs, planar Graphs, Directed Graphs, Trees, Permutations and Combinations, Pigeonhole principle, principle of Inclusion and Exclusion, Derangements
Ordinary and partial differential equations Existence and Uniqueness of solution dy/dx = f (x,y) Green’s function, sturm Liouville Boundary Value Problems, Cauchy Problems and Characteristics, Classification of Second Order PDE
Separation of Variables for heat equation, wave equation and Laplace equation, Special functions
Number theory Divisibility; Linear diophantine equations. Congruences. Quadratic residues; Sums of two squares, Arithmatic functions Mu, Tau, and Signa (and )
Machanics Generalise coordinates; Lagranges equation; Hamilton’s cononical equations; Variational Principles-Hamilton’s pronciples and plrinciples of least action; Two dimensional motion of rigid bodies
Euler’s dynamical equations for the motion of rigid body; Motion of a rigid body about an axis; Motion about revolving axes
Elasticity Analysis of strain and stress, strain and stress tensors; Geometrical representation; Compatibility conditions; Strain energy function; Constritutive relations; Elastic solids “Hookes law
Saint-Venant’s principle, Equations of equilibrium; Plane problem-Airy’s stress function vibrations of elastic, cylindrical and spherical media
Fluid mechanics Equation of continuity in fluid motion; Euler’s equations of motion for perfect fluids; Two dimensional motion complex potential; Motion of sphere in perfect liquid and montion of liquid past a sphere
Vorticity; Navier-Stokes’s equations for viscous flowssome exact solutions
Differetial Geometry Space curves-their curvature and torsion; Serret Frehat Formula; Fundamental theorem of space curves; Curves on sirfaces; First and second fundamental form; Gaussian curvatures
Principal directions and principal curvatures; Goedesics, Fundamental equations of surface theory
Calculus of variations Linear functionals, minimal functional theorem, general variation of a functional, Euler-Lagrange equation; Variational methods of boundary value problems in ordinary and partial differential equations
Linear integral equations Linear Integral Equations of the first and second kind of Fredholm and Volterra type; solution by successive substitutions and successive approximations; Solution of equations with separable kernels
The Fredholm Alternative; Holbert-Schmidt theory for symmetric kernels
Numerical analysis Finite differences, Interpolation;Numerical solution of algebric equation;Iteration; Newton-Raphason Method; Solution on Linear system; Direct method; Gauss elminaiton method; Matrix-Inversion eigenvalue problems; Numerical differentiation and integration
Integral Transform Laplace transform; Transform of elementary functions, Transform of Derivatives, Inverse Transform, Convolution Theorem, Applications, Ordinary and Partial differential equations
Fourier transform; sine and cosine transform, Inverse Fourier Transform, Application to ordinary and partial differential equations
Mathematical Programming Revised simplex method, Dual simplex method, Sensitivity analysis and parametric linear programming. Kuhn-Tucker conditions of optimality. Quadratic programming
Methods due to Beale, Wofle and Vandepanne, Duality in quadratic programmming, self duality, Integer programming
Measure theory Measurable and measure spaces : Extension of measures,signed measures, Jordan-Hahn decomposition theorems. Integratiuon, monotone convergence theorem, Fatou’s lemma, dominaated convergence theorem
Absolute continuity, Radon Nikodym theorem, Product measures, Fubini's theorem
Probability Sequences of events and random variables: Zero-one laws of Borel and Kolmogorov. Almost sure convergence, convergence in mean square, Khintchine’s weak law of large numbers; Kolmogorov’s inequality, strong law of large numbers
Convergence of series of random variables, three-series criterion. Central limit theorems of Liapounov and Lindeberg-Feller. Conditional expectation, martingales
Distribution theory Properties of distribution functions and characteristic functions; continuty theorem, inversion formula, Representation of distribution function as a mixture of discrete and continuous distribution functions
Convolutions, marginal and conditional distributions of bivariate discrete and continuous distributions. Relations between characteristic functions and moments; Moment inequalities of Holder and Minkowski
Statistical inference and decision theory Statistical decision problem : non-randomized, mixed and randomized decision rules; risk function admissibility, Bayes rules, minimax rules, least favourable distributions, complete class and minimal complete class
Decision problem for finite parameter space. Convex loss function. Role of sufficiency. Admissible, Bayes and minimax estimators; illustrations. Unbiasedness. UMVU estimators
Families of distributons with monotone likelihood property, exponential family of distributions. Test of a simple hypothesis against a simple alternative from decision-theoretic viewpoint. Tests with Neyman structure
Uniformly most powerful unbiased tests. Locally most powerful tests. Inference on location and scale parameters; estimation and tests. Equivariant estimators. Invariance in hypothesis testing
Large sample statistical methods Various modes of convergence. Op and op, CLT, Sheffe’s theorem, Polya’s theorem and Slutsky’s theorem. Transformation and variance stabilizing formula. Asymptotic disribution of function of sample moments. Sample quantiles
Order statistics and their functions. Tests on correlations, coefficient of variation, skewness and kurtosis. Pearson Chi-square, contingency Chi-square and likelihood ratio statistics. U-statistics consistency of Tests. Asymptotic relative efficiency
Multivariate statistical analysis Singular and non-singular multivariate distributions. Characteristics functions. Multivariate normal distributions, margrinal and conditional distributions; distribution of linear forms, and quadratic forms, Cochran’s theorem
Inference on parameters of multivariate normal distributions, one-population and two population cases. wishart distribution. Hotellings T2, Mahalanobis D2 Discrimination analysis, Principal components, Canonical correlations, Cluster analysis
Linear models and regression Standard Gauss-Markov models; Estimability of parameters; best linear unbiased extimates(BLUE); Method of least squares and Gauss-Markovtheorem; Variance-covariance matrix of BLUES. Tests of linear hypothesis; One-way and two-way classifications
Fixed, random and mixed effects models (two-way classifications only); variance components, Bivariate and multiple linear regression; Polynomial regression; use of ortheogonal polynomials. Analysis of covarance. Linear and nonlinear regression outliers
Sample surveys Sampling with varying probability of selection, Hurwitz-Thompson estimator; PPS sampling: Double sampling. Cluser sampling. Non-sampling errors: Interpentrating samples. Multiphase sampling. Ratio and regession methods of estimation
Design of experiments Factorial experiments, confounding and fractional replication. Split and strip plot designs; Quasi-Latin square designs; Youden square. Design for study of response surfaces; first and second order designs
Incomplete block designs; Balanced, connectedness and orthogonality, BIBD with recovery of inter-block information PBIBD with 2 associate classes. Analysis of series of experiments, esimation of residual effects
Construction of orthogonal-Latin squares, BIB designs, and confounded factorial designs. Optimality criteria for experimental designs
Time-series analysis Discrete-parameter stochastic processes; strong and weak stationarity; autocovariance and autocorrelation. Moving average, autoregressive, autoregressive moving average and autoregressive intgegfrated moving average processes
Box-Jenkins models. Estimation of the parameters in ARIMA models; forecasting. Periodogram and correlogram analysis
Stochastic Proceses Markov chains with finite and countable state space, classification of states, limiting behaviour of n-step transition probabilities, stationary distribution; branching processes; Random walk; Gambler’s ruin
Markov processes in continuous time; Poisson processes, birth and death processes, Wiener process
Demography and vital statistics Measures of fertility and mortality, period and Cohort measures. Life tables and its applications; Methods of construction of abridged life tables
Application of stable population theory to estimate vital rates. Popultion projetions. Stochastic models of fertility and reproduction
Industrial statistics Control charts for variables and attributes; Acceptance sampling by attribites; single, double and sequential sampling plans; OC and ASN functions, AOQL and ATI; Acceptance sampling by varieties
Tolerance limits Reliability analysis: Hazard function, distribution with DFR and IFR; Series and parallel systems. Life testing experiments
Inventory and queueing theory Inventory (S,s) policy periodic review models with stochastic demand. Dynamic inventory models. Probabilistic re-order point, lot size inventory system with and without lead time. Distribution free analysis
Solution of inventory problem with unknown density function.Warehousing problem. Queues:Imbedded markov chain method to obtain steady state solution of M/G/1, G/M/1 and M/D/C,Network models.Machine maintenance models.Design and control of queueing systems
Dynamic programming and marketing Nature of dynamic programming, Deterministic processes, Non-sequential discrete optimisation-allocation problems, assortment problems. Sequential discrete optimisation long-term planning problems, multi stage production processes.Functional approximations
Marketing systems, application of dynamic programming to marketing problems. Introduction of new product, objective in setting market price and its policies, purchasing under Fluctuating prices
Advertising and promotional decisions, Brands swiching analysis, Distribution decisions
Environmental sciences
Fundamentals of Environmental Sciences Definition, Principles and Scope of Environmental Science.Structure and composition of atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere.Laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer processes, mass and energy transfer across various interfaces, material balance
. Meteorological parameters - pressure, temperature, precipitation, humidity, mixing ratio, saturation mixing ratio, radiation and wind velocity, adiabatic lapse rate, environmental lapse rate. Wind roses
Interaction between Earth, Man and Environment. Biogeographic provinces of the world and agro-climatic zones of India. Concept of sustainable development. Natural resources and their assessment. Remote Sensing and GIS: Principles of remote sensing and GIS
Digital image processing and ground truthing. Application of remote sensing and GIS in land cover/land use planning and management (urban sprawling, vegetation study, forestry, natural resource), waste management and climate change
Environmental education and awareness. Environmental ethics
Environmental chemistry Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry:Classification of elements,Stoichiometry,Gibbs’ energy,chemical potential,chemical kinetics,chemical equilibria,solubility of gases in water,the carbonate system,unsaturated and saturated hydrocarbons,radioisotopes
Composition of air.Particles, ions and radicals in the atmosphere.Chemical speciation.Chemical processes in the formation of inorganic and organic particulate matters, thermochemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere,Oxygen and Ozone chemistry
Photochemical smog. Hydrological cycle. Water as a universal solvent. Concept of DO, BOD and COD. Sedimentation, coagulation, flocculation, filtration, pH and Redox potential (Eh).Inorganic and organic components of soils
Biogeochemical cycles – nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus and sulphur.Toxic chemicals: Pesticides and their classification and effects. Biochemical aspects of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Pb, Cr) and metalloids (As, Se). CO, O3, PAN, VOC and POP
Carcinogens in air.Principles of analytical methods:Titrimetry,Gravimetry,Bomb Calorimetry,Chromatography (Paper Chromatography,TLC,GC and HPLC),Flame photometry,Spectrophotometry (UV-VIS,AAS,ICP-AES,ICP-MS),Electrophoresis,XRF,XRD,NMR,FTIR,GC-MS,SEM,TEM
Environmental biology Ecology as an inter-disciplinary science. Origin of life and speciation. Human Ecology and Settlement. Ecosystem Structure and functions: Structures - Biotic and Abiotic components
Functions - Energy flow in ecosystems, energy flow models, food chains and food webs. Biogeochemical cycles, Ecological succession. Species diversity, Concept of ecotone, edge effects, ecological habitats and niche
Ecosystem stability and factors affecting stability. Ecosystem services. Basis of Ecosystem classification. Types of Ecosystem: Desert (hot and cold), forest, rangeland, wetlands, lotic, lentic, estuarine (mangrove), Oceanic
Biomes: Concept, classification and distribution. Characteristics of different biomes: Tundra, Taiga, Grassland, Deciduous forest biome, Highland Icy Alpine Biome, Chapparal, Savanna, Tropical Rain forest
Population ecology: Characteristics of population, concept of carrying capacity, population growth and regulations. Population fluctuations, dispersion and metapopulation. Concept of ‘r’ and ‘k’ species. Keystone species
Community ecology: Definition, community concept, types and interaction - predation, herbivory, parasitism and allelopathy. Biological invasions. Biodiversity and its conservation: Definition, types, importance of biodiversity and threats to biodiversity
Concept and basis of identification of ‘Hotspots’; hotspots in India. Measures of biodiversity. Strategies for biodiversity conservation: in situ, ex situ and in vitro conservation. National parks, Sanctuaries, Protected areas and Sacred groves in India
Concepts of gene pool, biopiracy and bio-prospecting. Concept of restoration ecology. Extinct, Rare, Endangered and Threatened flora and fauna of India. Concept of Industrial Ecology
Toxicology and microbiology: absorption, distribution and excretion of toxic agents, acute and chronic toxicity, concept of bioassay, threshold limit value, margin of safety, therapeutic index, biotransformation
Major water borne diseases and air borne microbes. Environmental Biotechnology: Bioremediation – definition, types and role of plants and microbes for in situ and ex situ remediation. Bioindicators, Biofertilizers, Biofuels and Biosensors
Environmental geosciences Origin of earth. Primary geochemical differentiation and formation of core, mantle, crust, atmosphere and hydrosphere. Concept of minerals and rocks. Formation of igneous and metamorphic rocks
Controls on formation of landforms - tectonic including plate tectonic and climatic. Concept of steady state and equilibrium, Energy budget of the earth. Earth’s thermal environment and seasons
Coriolis force, pressure gradient force, frictional force, geo-strophic wind field, gradient wind. Climates of India, western disturbances, Indian monsoon, droughts, El Nino, La Nina.Concept of residence time and rates of natural cycles.Geophysical fields
. Weathering including weathering reactions, erosion, transportation and deposition of sediments
Soil forming minerals and process of soil formation, Identification and characterization of clay minerals, Soil physical and chemical properties, soil types and climate control on soil formation, Cation exchange capacity and mineralogical controls
Geochemical classification of elements, abundance of elements in bulk earth,crust, hydrosphere and biosphere. Partitioning of elements during surficial geologic processes, Geochemical recycling of elements. Paleoclimate
Distribution of water in earth, hydrology and hydrogeology, major basins and groundwater provinces of India
Darcy’s law and its validity, groundwater fluctuations, hydraulic conductivity, groundwater tracers, land subsidence, effects of excessive use of groundwater, groundwater quality
Pollution of groundwater resources, Ghyben-Herzberg relation between fresh-saline water. Natural resource exploration and exploitation and related environmental concerns
Historical perspective and conservation of non-renewable resources. Natural Hazards: Catastrophic geological hazards - floods, landslides, earthquakes, volcanism, avalanche, tsunami and cloud bursts. Prediction of hazards and mitigation of their impacts
Energy and environment Sun as source of energy; solar radiation and its spectral characteristics. Fossil fuels: classification, composition, physico-chemical characteristics and energy content of coal, petroleum and natural gas
Shale oil, Coal bed Methane, Gas hydrates. Gross-calorific value and net-calorific value
Principles of generation of hydro-power, tidal energy, ocean thermal energy conversion, wind power, geothermal energy, solar energy (solar collectors, photo-voltaic modules, solar ponds)
Nuclear energy - fission and fusion, Nuclear fuels, Nuclear reactor – principles and types. Bioenergy: methods to produce energy from biomass
Environmental implications of energy use; energy use pattern in India and the world, emissions of CO2 in developed and developing countries including India, radiative forcing and global warming
Impacts of large scale exploitation of solar, wind, hydro and nuclear energy sources
Environmental Pollution and Control Air Pollution, Noise Pollution, Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Thermal, Marine Pollution and Radioactive
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Solid Waste - types and sources. Solid waste characteristics, generation rates, solid waste components, proximate and ultimate analyses of solid wastes
Solid waste collection and transportation: container systems - hauled and stationary, layout of collection routes, transfer stations and transportation
Solid waste processing and recovery – recycling, recovery of materials for recycling and direct manufacture of solid waste products
Electrical energy generation from solid waste (Fuel pellets, Refuse derived fuels), composting and vermicomposting, biomethanation of solid waste. Disposal of solid wastes – sanitary land filling and its management, incineration of solid waste
Hazardous waste – Types, characteristics and health impacts. Hazardous waste management: Treatment Methods – neutralization, oxidation reduction, precipitation, solidification, stabilization, incineration and final disposal
E-waste: classification, methods of handling and disposal.Fly ash: sources, composition and utilisation. Plastic waste: sources, consequences and management
Environmental Assessment, Management and Legislation Aims and objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP). EIA Guidelines. Impact Assessment Methodologies. Procedure for reviewing EIA of developmental projects
Life-cycle analysis, costbenefit analysis. Guidelines for Environmental Audit. Environmental Planning as a part of EIA and Environmental Audit. Environmental Management System Standards (ISO14000 series)
EIA Notification, 2006 and amendments from time to time. Eco-labeling schemes. Risk Assessment - Hazard identification, Hazard accounting, Scenarios of exposure, Risk characterization and Risk management
Overview of Environmental Laws in India: Constitutional provisions in India (Article 48A and 51A). Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 amendments1991, Forest Conservation Act, 1980, Indian Forest Act, Revised 1982, Biological Diversity Act, 2002
Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act, 1974 amended 1988 and Rules 1975, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 amended 1987 and Rules 1982, Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 and Rules 1986, Motor Vehicle Act, 1988
The Hazardous and Other Waste (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016, The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016,The e-waste (Management) Rules 2016
The Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical (Amendment) Rules, 2000, The Batteries(Management and Handling) Rules, 2010 with Amendments
The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 and Rules 1991, Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000, Coastal Regulation Zones (CRZ) 1991 amended from time to time.
National Forest Policy, 1988, National Water Policy, 2002, National Environmental Policy, 2006. Environmental Conventions and Agreements: Stockholm Conference on Human Environment 1972, Montreal Protocol, 1987, Conference of Parties (COPs)
Basel Convention (1989, 1992), Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (1971), Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro, 1992, Agenda-21, Global Environmental Facility (GEF), Convention on Biodiversity (1992),UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, 1997
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Earth Summit at Johannesburg, 2002, RIO+20, UN Summit on illenniumDevelopment Goals, 2000, Copenhagen Summit, 2009. IPCC, UNEP, IGBP
Statistical Approaches and Modelling in Environmental Sciences Attributes and Variables: types of variables, scales of measurement, measurement of Central tendency and Dispersion, Standard error, Moments – measure of Skewness and Kurtosis, Basic concept of probability theory, Sampling theory
Distributions - Normal, log-normal, Binomial, Poisson, t, 2 and F-distribution. Correlation, Regression, tests of hypothesis (t-test, 2 - test ANOVA: one-way and two-way); significance and confidence limits
Approaches to development of environmental models; linear, simple and multiple regression models, validation and forecasting. Models of population growth and interactions: Lotka-Voltera model, Leslie’s matrix mode
Contemporary Environmental Issues Global Environmental Issues – Biodiversity loss, Climate change, Ozone layer depletion. Sea level rise. International efforts for environmental protection
National Action Plan on Climate Change (Eight National missions – National Solar Mission, National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission)
National Action Plan on Climate Change (Eight National missions-National Mission for Sustaining Himalayan Ecosystem,National Mission for Green India,National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture,National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change)
. Current Environmental Issues in India: Environmental issues related to water resource projects - Narmada dam, Tehri dam, Almatti dam, Cauvery and Mahanadi, Hydro-power projects in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal and North-Eastern States
Water conservation-development of watersheds, Rain water harvesting and ground water recharge. National river conservation plan – Namami Gange and Yamuna Action Plan. Eutrophication and restoration of lakes
Conservation of wetlands, Ramsar sites in India. Soil erosion, reclamation of degraded land, desertification and its control.Climate change - adaptability, energy security, food security and sustainability
Forest Conservation – Chipko movement, Appiko movement, Silent Valley movement and Gandhamardhan movement. People Biodiversity register
Wild life conservation projects: Project tiger, Project Elephant, Crocodile Conservation, GOI-UNDP Sea Turtle project, Indo-Rhino vision. Carbon sequestration and carbon credits. Waste Management – Swachha Bharat Abhiyan
Sustainable Habitat: Green Building, GRIHA Rating Norms. Vehicular emission norms in India. Epidemiological Issues: Fluorosis, Arsenocosis, Goitre, Dengue
Environmental Disasters: Minnamata Disaster, Love Canal Disaster, Bhopal Gas Disaster, 1984, Chernobyl Disaster, 1986, Fukusima Daiichi nuclear disaster, 2011
Physical Science-Paper 2
Basic mathematical methods Plotting of graph, curve fitting, data analysis, elementary probability theory. Calculus : vector algebra and vector calculus. Linear algebra, martices. Linear differential equations. Fourier : series, Fourier transforms-Elementary complex analysis
Classical dynamics Basic principles of classical dynamics. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms. Symmetries and conservation laws, Motion in the central field of force. Collision and scattering, Mechanics of system of particles. Rigid body dynamics
Noninertial frames and pseudoforces. Small oscillations and normal modes. Wave motion-wave equation, phase velocity, group velocity, dispersion
Special theory of relativity-Lorentz transformations, addition of velocities, mass-energy equivalence, energy-momentum four-vector
Electromagnetics Electrostatics-Leplace and Poission equations, boundary value problems, multiple expansion, dielectrics. Magnetostatics - Ampere’s theorem, Biot-Savart Law, electromagnetic induction
Maxwell’s equation in free space and in linear isotropic media. Boundary conditions on the field at interfaces. Scalar and vector potentials, Gauge invariance
Electromagnetic waves-reflection and refraction, dispersion, Rectangular wave guides. Interference, coherence, visibility of fringes
Diffraction, Polarization, Electrodynamics motion of a charged particle in electric and magnetic fields. Radiation from moving charges, radiation from a dipole
Quantum physics and applications Wave-particle duality. Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle. Schrodinger equation. Particle moving in a one-dimensional potential. Orbital angular momentum. Motion in a central potential symmetry conservation laws and degeneracy
Operator formalism of quantum mechanics. Angular momenta algebra, spin. Addition of angular momenta. Time-independent perturbation theory. Time-dependent purturbation theory-adiabatic approximation
Fermi’s Golden Rule. Elementary theory of scattering in a central potential. Phase shifts, partial wave analysis. Born approximation
Schrodinger equation in a periodic potential, Bloch’s theorem, Tunnelling through a potential barrier. Identical particles, spin statitics connection
Unit- 5 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics, laws of thremodynamics and their consequences. Thermodynamic potentials and Maxwell’s relations. Chemical potential, phase equilibria. Phase space, Microstates and macrostates
Ensembles. Partition funcdtion, Free energy and connection with thermodynamic quantities. Classical and quantum statistics. Degenerate electron gas, Blackbody radiation and Planck’s distribution law
Bose-Einstein condensation. Einestein and Debye models for lattice specific heat paramagnetism due to lacalized moments. Elementary ideas on phase transitions-Van der Walls fluid, Weiss molecular field theory of ferromagnetism
Unit- 6 Experimental Techniques, Measurement of fundamental physical constants, temperature, Pressure and humidity sensors, photon and particle detectors
Oscilloscopes, function generator, voltage and current sources, power supply, Measurement of high and low resistance (voltage and current). AC bridges for L and C Measurement of magnetic field
Principles and conceptual basis of :Optical sources, interferometry for wavelength measurements;Production and measurement of low pressure (vacuum);Power and single crystal (Laue) Xray diffraction techniques;Measurements of signals, signal to noise ratio
Physical Science-Paper 3
unit-1 Electronics Semiconductor discrete devices (characteristic curves and physics of p-n junction). Schottky, Tunnel and MOS diodes, Bipolar junction transistor, junction field effect, transistor (JFET) Metal-oxide-Semiconductor
Field effect transistor (MOSFET), unijunction transistor and sillicon controlled rectifier (SCR), Opto-electronic devices (Photo-diode, solar cell, LED, LCD and photo transistor), Diffusion of impurities in sillicon, growth of oxide
Applications of semiconductor devices in linear and digital circuits-Zener regulated power supply
Transistor (bipolar,MOSFFT,JFET) as amplifier,coupling of amplifier stages (DC,RC & Transformer coupling),RC-coupled amplifier
DC & power amplifier,Feedback in amplifiers & oscillators (phase swift,Hartley,Colpitts & crustal controlled) clipping & clamping circuits
Transistor as a switch OR, AND and NOT gates (TIL and CMOS gates). Multivibrators (using transistor) and sweep geneator (using transistors, UJT and SCR)
Linear integrated circuits-Operational amplifier and its applications-Inverting and noninverting amplifier, adder, integrator, differentiator, waveform geneator, comparator and Schmittrigger, Butterwoth active filter, phase shifter
Digital integrated circuits-NAND and NOR gates building block, X-OR gate, simple combinational circuits-Half and full address, Flip-Flops, shift registers, counters, A/D and D/A coverters
Semiconductor memories (ROM, RAM, and EPROM, basic, architecture of 8 bit microprocessor (INTEL 8085). Communication Electronics-Basic principle of amplitude frequency and phase modulation
Simple circuits for amplitude modulation and demodulation, digital (PCM) modulation and demodulation. Fundamentals of optical communication, Microwave Oscillators (reflex, klystron, megnetron and Gunn diode), Cavity resonaters. Standing wave detector
unit-2 Atomic and Molecular Physics : Atomic Physics-quantum states of an electron in an atom, Hydrogen atom spectrum, electron spin, Stern-Gerlach experiment, spin-orbit coupling, fine structure, spectroscopic terms and selection rules, hyperfine structure
Exchange symmetry of wave functions, Pauli exclusion priciples, periodic table, alkali-type spectra, LS and JJ coupling, Hund’s rules and term reversal. Machanisms of line broadening.Zeeman, Paschen-Back and Stark effects
Inner-shell vacancy, X-rays and Auger transitions, Compton effect. Principles of resonance Spectroscopy (ESR and NMR) Molecular Physics-Covalent, ionic and Van der Waal’s interaction, Born-Oppenheimer approximation
Heitler-London and molecular orbital theories of H2 Rotation, rotation-vibration spectra, Raman Spectra, selection rules, nuclear spin and intensity alteration, isotope effects, electronics states of diatomic molecules, Franck-Condon principle
Laser-spontaneous and stimulated emission, optical pumping, population inversion, coherence (temporal and spatial), simple description of ammonia maser, CO2 and He-Ne lasers
unit-3 Condensed Matter Physics-Crystal classes and system, 2d and 3d lattices, bonding of common crystal structure
Reciprocal lattice, diffraction and structure factor, elementary ideas about point defect and dislocations, short and long range order in liquids and solids, liquid crystals, quasicrystals and glasses. Lattice vibrations, phonons, specific heat of solids
Free electron theory. Fermi statistics, heat capacity and Pauli paramagnetic susceptibility. Electron motion in periodic potentials energy bands in metals, insulators and semiconductors, tight binding approximation, impurity levels in doped semiconductors
Dielectrics-Polarization mechanisms, Clausius-Mossotti equation, piezo, pyro and ferroelectricity. Dia and Para magnetism, exchange interactions, magnetic order, ferro, anti ferro and ferromagnetism
Superconductivity-basic phenomenology, Meissner effect, Type I and Type II super conductors, BCS pairing mechanisms, High Tc materials
Nuclear and particle physics Basic nuclear properties-size, shape, charge distribution; spin and parity, binding, empirical mass formula, liquid drop model, nuclear stability and radioactive decay
Nature of nuclear force, elements of deuteron problem and low energy N-N scattering Charge Independence + charge symmetry of nuclear forces. Evidence for nuclear shell structure. Single particle shell model-its validity and limitations
Interactions of charged particles and X-rays with matter, Basic principles of particle detectorsionization chamber, proportional counter and GM counters, solid state detectors-scintillation and semiconductor detectors
Radioactive decays- [ α β γ ] decays, their classifications and characteristics. Basic theoretical understanding
Nuclear reactions-Q values and kinematics of nuclear cross-sections, its energy and angular dependence, elementary ideas of reaction mechanisms, elementary ideas of fission and fusion
Particle Physics-Classificationof fundamental forces and elementary, particles, Isopin, strangeness, Gell-Mann-Nishijima formula. Quark model + SU (3) symmetry
C.T.P invariances in different interactions, weak interactions, parity-non conservation, K-meson complex and time reversal invariance, elementary ideas of geuge theory of strong and weak interactions
Chemical Sciences-Paper 2
Structure and bonding Atomic orbitals, electronic configuration of atoms (L-S coupling) and the periodic properties of elements, ionic radii, ionization potential, electron affinity, electronegativity, concept of hybridization
Molecular orbitals and electronic configuration of homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Shapes of polyatomic molecules. VSEPR theory. Symmetry elements and point groups for simple molecules
Bond lengths, bond angles, bond order and bond energies. Resonance. Types of chemical bond (weak and strong). Intermolecular forces. Types of solids, lattice energy
Acids and bases Bronsted and Lewis acids and bases. pH and pKa, acid-base concept in nonaqueous media, SHAB concept, Buffer solutions
Redox reactions Oxidation numbers, Redox potentials, Electrochemical series, Redox indicators
Introductory Energetics and Dynamics of Chemical Reactions Law of conservation of energy. Energy and enthalpy of reactions. Entropy, free energy, relationship between free energy change and equilibrium. Rates of chemical reactions (first-and second-order reactions)
Arrhenius equation and Concept of transition state. Mechanisms, including SN1 and SN2 reactions, electron transfer reactions, catalysis Colligative properties of solutions
Aspects of s, p, d, f block elements General characteristics of each block. Chemical principles involved in extraction and purification of common metals. Coordination chemistry, Structural aspects, isomerism, octahedral and tetrahedral crystal-field spliting of d-orbitals
CFSE, magnetism and colour of transition metal ions. Sandwich compounds metal carbonyls and metal clusters. Rare gas compounds, non-stoichiometric oxides. Radioactivity and transmutation of elements
IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic and inorganic compounds
Concept of chirality Recognition of symmetry elements and chiral structures, R-S nomenclature, diastereoisomerism in acyclic and cyclic-systems, E-Z isomerism
Conformational analysis of simple cyclic (chair and boat cyclohexanes) and acyclic systems, Interconverison of Fischer, Newman and Sawhorse projections
Common organic reactions and mechanisms Reactive intermediates. Formation and stability of carbonium ions, carbenes, nitrenes, radicals and arynes. Nucleophilic, electrophilic, radical substitution, addition and elimination reactions
Familiar name reactions : Aldol, Perkin, Stobbe, Dieckmann condensations ; Hofmann, Schmidt, Lossen, Curtius, Beckmann and Fries rearrangements, Reimer-Tiemann, Reformatsky and Grignard reactions
Diels-Alder reaction, Claisen rearrangement, Friedel-Crafts reaction, Witting reaction. Routine functional group transformations and inter-convertions of simple functionalities
Hydroboration, Oppenauer oxidation, Clemmensen, Wolf-Kishner, Meerwein-Ponndorf Verley and Birch reductions
Elementary principles and applications of electronic, vibrational, NMR, EPR, mossbauer and mass spectral techniques to simple structural problems
Data analysis Types of erros, propogation of errors, accuracy and precision, least-square analysis, average standard diviation
Chemical Sciences-Paper 3
Unit - 1 Quantum Chemistry, Planck’s quantum theory, wave-particle duality, Uncertainty Principle, operators and commutation relations, postulates of quantum mechanics and Schrodinger equation
Free particle, pastick in a box, degeneracy, harmonic oscillator, rigid rotator and the hydrogen atom. Angular momentum including spin coupling of angular momenta including spin-orbit coupling
The variation method and pertubation theory Application to the helium, atom, antisymmetry and Exclusion Principle, Slater determinantal wave functions. Term symobols and spectroscopic states
Born-Oppenheimer approximation, Hydrogen molecule ion LCAO-MO and VB treatments of the hydrogen molecule, electron density, forces and their role in chemical binding. Hybridisation and valence MO, of H2 O, NH3 and CH4 .
Huckel pi-electron theory and its applications to ethylene, butadiene and benzene, idea of self-consistent fields
Group theoretical representations and quantum mechanics Vanishing of intergrals, spectroscopic selection rules for vibrational, electronic, vibronic and Raman spectroscopy. MO treatment of large molecules with symmetry
Spectroscopy Theoretical treatment of rotational, vibrational and electronic spectroscopy. Principles of magnetic resonance, Mossbauer and Photoelectron spectroscopy
Combined applications of mass, UV-VIS, IR and NMR spectroscopy for structural elucidation of compounds
Thermodynamics First law of thermodynamics, relation between Cp and Cv;enthalpies of physical and chemical changes, temperature depednence of enthaplies.Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, Gibs-Helmholtz equation.Third law of thermodynamics and calculation of entropy
Chemical equilibrium Free energy and entropy of mixing, partial molar quantities, GibbsDuhem equation. Equilibrium constant, temperature dependence of equilibrium constant, phase diagram of one and two-component systems, phase rule
Ideal and non-ideal solutions Excess functions, activities, concept of hydration number, activities in electrolytic solutions, mean ionic activity coefficient. Debye-Huckel treatment of dilute electrolyte solutions
Equilibria in Electrochemical Cells Cell reactions, Nernst equation, application of cell EMF measurements
Surface phenomena Surface tension, adsorption on solids, electrical phenomena at interfaces including electrokinetic micelles and reverse micelles; solutions. Applications of photoelectron spectroscopy, ESCA and Auger spectroscopy to the study of surfaces
Statistical Thermodynamic probability and entropy Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of velocities, average, most probable and root-mean-square velocities. Maxwell-Boltzmann, BoseEinstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics
Partition function, rotational, translational, vibrational and electronic partition functions for diatomic molecules, calculations of thermodynamic functions and equilibrium constants. Theories of specific heat for solids
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics Postulates and methodologies, linear laws, Gibbs equation, Onsager reciprocal theory
Reaction kinetics Methods of determining rate laws, Mechanisms of photo-chemical, chain and oscillatory reactions. Collision theory of reaction rates, steric factor, treatment of unimolecular reactions
Theory of absolute reaction rates, comparison of result with Eyring and Arrhenius equations, ionic reactions, salt effect. Homogeneous catalysis and MichaelisMenten Kinetics; heterogeneous catalysis
Fast Reactions Study of kinetics by stop-flow technique, relaxation method, flash photolysis and magnetic resonance method
Macromolecules Number-average and weight-average molecular weights. Determination of molecular weights. Kinetics of polymerisation. Stereochemistry and mechanism of polymerisation
Solids Dislocations in solids, Schottky and Frenkel defects. Electrical properties. Insulators and semiconductors, band theory of solids, solid-state reactions
Nuclear chemistry Radioactive decay and equilibrium. Nuclear reactions, Q value, crosssections, types of reactions. Chemical effects of nuclear transformations, fission and fusion, fission products and fission yields
Radioactive techniques, tracer techniques, neutron activation analysis, counting techniques such as G.M., ionization and proportional counters
Chemistry of non-transition elements General discussion on the properties of the nontransition elements, special features of individual elements, synthesis, properties and structure of their halides and oxides, polymorphism of carbon, phosphorus and sulphur
Synthesis, properties and structure of boranes, carboranes, borazines, silicates, carbides, silicones, phosphazenes, sulphur, oxyacids of nitrogen, phophorus, sulphur and halogens. Interhalogens, pseudohalides and noble gas compounds
Chemistry of transition elements Coordination chemistry of transition metalions. Stability constants of complexes and their determination, stabilization of unusual oxidation states. Stereochemistry of coordination compounds
Ligand field theory, spliting of d-orbitals in low symmetry environments. Jahn-Teller effect, interpretation of electronic spectra including charge transfer spectra, spectrochemical series, nephelauxetic series
Dia-para-ferro and antiferromagentism, quenching of orbital angular moments, spin orbit coupling.Inorganic reaction mechanisms, substitution reactions,trans-effect and electron transfer reactions,photochemical reactions of chromium and ruthenium complexes
Fluxional molecules. Iso and heteropolyacids, metal clusters. Spin crossover in coordination compounds
Chemistry of Lanthanides and Acitindes Spectral and magnetic properties, use of lanthanide compounds as shift reagents
Organometallic chemistry of transition elements Synthesis, structure and bonding, organometallic reagents in organic synthesis and in homogeneous catalytic reactions (hydrogenation, hydroformylationn, isomerisation and polymerisation), pi-metal complexes, activation of small molecules by coordination
Topics in analytical chemistry Adsorption, partition, exclusion, electrochromatography. Solvent extraction and ion exchange methods. Application of atomic and molecular absorption and emmision spectroscopy in quantitative analysis
Light scattering techniques including nephelometry and Raman spectroscopy. Electroanalytical techniques, voltametry, cyclic voltametry, polarography, amperometry, coulometry and conductometry
Ion-selective electrodes. Anodic stripping voltametry, TGA, DTA, DSC and on-line analysers
Bioiorganic Chemistry Molecular mechanism of ion transport across membranes, ionophores. Photosynthesis-PS-I, PS-II, nitrogen fixation, oxygen uptake proteins, cytochromes and ferrodoxions
Aromaticity Huckel’s rule and concept of aromaticity : annulenes and heteroannulenes, fullerenes. (C60)
Stereochemistry and conformational analysis Newer methods of assymetric synthesis (including enzymatic and catalytic nexus), enantio-and diastereo selective synthesis. Effects of conformation on reactivity in acylic compounds and cyclohexanes
Selective organic name reactions Favorskii reaction, Strok enamine reaction, Michael addition, Mannich reaction, Sharpless asymmetric expoxidation, ene reaction, Barton reaction, Hofmann Loffler-Freytag reaction, Shapiro reaction, Baeyer-Villiger reaction, Chichibabin reaction
Mechanisms of Organic Reactions Labelling and kinetic isotope effects, Hamett equation, σ–δ (sigma-rho) relationship, non-classical carbonium ions, neighbouring group participation
Pericyclic reactions Selection rules and stereochemistry of electrocyclic reactions, cycloaddition and sigmatrophic shifts, Sommelet-Hauser, Cope and Claisen rearrangements
Heterocycles Synthesis and reactivity of furan, thiophene, pyrrole, pyridine, quinoline, isoquinoline and indole. Skraup synthesis, Fischer indole synthesis
Reagents in organic synthesis Use of following reagents in organic synthesis and fuctinal group transformations-Complex metal hydride. Gilman’s reagent, lithium, dimethylcuprate, lithim, disopropylamide (LDA) dicyclohexylcarbodimide, 1, 3-dithiane (reactivity umpolung)
Trimethy, silyl iodide, tri-n-butyltin hydride, Woodward and Prevost hydroxylation, osmium tetraoxide, DDQ, selenium dioxide, phase transfer catalysts, crown ethers and Merrifield resin. Peterson’s synthesis, Wilkinson’s catalyst, Baker’s yeast
Chemistry of natural products Familiarity with methods of structure elucidation and biosynthesis of alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, carbohydrates and proteins, Conformations of proteins and nucleic acids
Bioorganic chemistry Elementary structure and function of biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids, Genetic code, Mechanism of enzyme action
Photochemistry Principles of energy transfer, cis-trans isomerization, Paterno-Buchi reaction, Norrish Type I and II reactions, photoreduction of ketones, di-pi-methane rearrangement, photochemistry of arenes
Life Sciences-Paper 2
Cell biology Structure and function of cells and intracellular organelles (of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes), Mechanism of cell division including (mitosis and meiosis) and cell differentiation
Cell-cell interation, Malignant growth, lmmune response : Dosage compensation and mechanism of sex determination
Biochemistry Structure of atoms, molecules and chemical bonds, Principles of physical chemistry, Thermodynamics, kinetics, dissociation and association constants, Nucleic acid structure, genetic code, replication
Transcription and translation : Structure, function and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, Enzymes and coenzyme, Respiration and photosynthesis
Physiology Response to stress, Active transport across membranes, Plant and animal hormones Nutrition (including vitamins), Reproduction in plants, microbes, plant and animals, Sensory responses in microbes, plant and animals
Genetics Principles of Mendelian inheritance, chromosome structure and function, Gene Structure and regulation of gene expression, Linkage and genetic mapping, Extra-chromosomal inheritance (episomes, mitochondria and chloroplasts)
Mutation, DNA damage and repair, chromosome aberrations, Transposons, Sex-linked inheritance and genetic disorders, Somatic cell genetics, Genome organisation (in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes)
Evolutionary biology Origin of life (including aspects of prebiotic environment and molecular evolution), Concepts of evolution, Theories of organic evolution, Mechanisms of speciation
Hardy-Weinberg genetic equilibrium, genetic polymarphism and selection, Origin and evolution of economically important microbes, plants and animals
Environmental biology Concept and dynamics of ecosystem, components, food chain and energy flow, productivity and biogeochemical cycles, Types of ecosystems, Population ecology and biological control
Community structure and organisation, Environmental pollution, Sustainable development, Economic importance of microbes, plants and animals
Biodiversity and taxonomy Species concept, Biological nomenclature theories of bilogical classification, Structural biochemical and molecular systmatics, DNA finger printing, numerical taxonomy, Biodiveristy, characterization, generation, maintenance and loss
Magnitude and distribution of biodiversity, economic value, wildlife biology, conservation strategies, cryopreservation
Life Sciences-Paper 3
Unit - 1 Principles of Taxonomy as applied to the systamics and Classification of Plant Kingdom, Taxonomic structure, Biosystematics, Plant geography, Floristics
Unit- 2 Patterns of variation in morphology and life history in plants, broad outlines of classification an evolutionary trends among algae, fungi, bryophytes and pteriophytes, Principles of palaeobotany, Economic importance of algae, fungi and lichens
Unit - 3 Comparative anatomy and developmental morphology of gymnosperms and angiosperms, Histochemical and ultrastructural aspects of development, Differentiation and morphogenesis
unit-4 Androgenesis and gynogenesis, Breeding systems, Pollination biology, structural and functional aspects of pollen and pistill, Male sterility, Self and inter-specific incompatibility, Fertilization, Embryo and seed development
Plants and civilization Centres of origin and gene diversity, Botany, utilization, cultivation and improvement of plants of food, drug, fibre and industrial values
Unexploited plants of potential economic value, Plants as a source of renewable energy, Genetic resources and their conservation
Water relations Mineral nutrition, Photosynthesis and photorespiration : Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Sulphur metabolism, Stomatal physiology, Source and sink relationship
unit-7 Physiology and biochemistry of seed dormancy and germination, Hormonal regulation of growth and development, Photoregulation : Growth responses, Physiology of flowering, Senescence
Principles of plant breeding Important conventional methods of breeding self and cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops, Non-conventional methods, Polyploidy : Genetic variability, Plant diseases and defensive mechanism
unit-9 Principles of taxonomy as applied to the systematics and classification of the animal kingdom, Classification and interrelationship amongst the major invertebrete phyla
Minor invertebrate phyla, functional anatomy of the non-chordates, Larval forms and their evolutionary significance
unit-10 Classification and comparative anatomy of protochordates and chordates, Origin, evolution and distribution of chordate groups : Adaptive radiation
Unit-11 Histology of mammalian organ systems, nutrition, digestion and absorption, Circulation (open and closed circular, lymphatic systems, blood composition and function), Muscular contration and electric organs
Excretion and osmoregulation : Nerve conduction and neurotransmitter, major sense organs and receptors, Homeostatis (neural and hormonal), Bioluminiscence, Reproduction
Gametogenesis in animals Molecular events during fertilization, Cleavage patterns and fate maps, Concepts of determination, competence and induction, totipotency and nuclear transfer experiments, Cell differentiation and differential gene activity
Morphogenetic determinants in egg cytoplasm, Role of maternal contributions in early embryonic development, Genetic regulation of early embryonic development in Drosophila, Homeotic genes
Unit-13 Feeding, learning, social and sexual behaviour of animals, Parental care, Circadian rhythms, Mimicry, Migration of fishes and birds, Sociobiology, Physiological adaptation at high altitude
Unit-14 Important human and veterinary parasites (protozoans and helminths), Life cycle and biology of Plasmodium, Trypanosoma, Ascaris, Wuchereria, Fasciola, Schistosoma and Leishmania, Molecular, cellular and physiological basis of host-parasite interactions
Unit-15 Arthropods and vectors of human diseases (mosquitoes, lice, flies, and ticks), Mode of transmission of pathogens by vectors, Chemical biological and environmental control of anthropod vectors
Biology and control of chief insect pests of agricultural importance, Plant host-insect interaction, insect-pest management, useful insects, Silkworm
Unit-16 The law of DNA constancy and C-value paradox, Numerical and structural changes in chromosomes, Molecular basis of spontaneous and induced mutation and their role in evolution, Environment mutagenesis and toxictiy testing, Population genetics
Unit-17 Structure of pro and eukaryotic cells, Membrane structure and function, Intracellular compartments, protein sorting, secretory and endocytic pathways, Cytoskeleton, Nucleus
Mitochondria and chloroplasts and their genetic organisation, cell cycle, Structure and organisation of chromatin, polytene and lamphrush chromosomes, Dosage compensation and sex determination and sex-linked inheritance
Unit-18 Interactions between environment and biota, Concept of habitat and ecological niches, Limiting factors, Energy flow, food chain, food web and trophic levels
Ecological pyramids and recycling, Biotic community—concept, structure, dominance, fluctuation and succession, N.P.C. and S Cycles in nature
Unit-19 Ecosystem dynamics and management : Stability and complexity of ecosystems, Speciation and extinction, Environmental impact assessment, Principles of conservation, Conservation strategies, Sustainable development
Unit-20 Physico-chemical properties of water, Kinds of aquatic habitats (fresh water and marine), Distribution of and impact of environmental factors on the aquatic biota, Productivity, mineral cycles and biodegradation in different aquatic ecosystems
Fish and Fisheries of India with respect to the management of estuarine, coastal water systems and man-made reservoirs, Biology and ecology of reservoirs
Unit-21 Structure, classification, genetics, reproduction and physiology of bacteria and viruses (of bacteria, plants and animals), Mycoplasma protozoa and yeast (a general accounts)
Unit-22 Microbial fermentation, Antibotics, organic acids and vitamins, Microbes in decomposition and recycling processes, Symbiotic and asymbiotic N2 - fixation
Microbiology of water, air, soil and sewage, Microbes as pathological agents in plants, animals and man, General design and applications of a biofermenter, Biofertilizer
Antigen Structure and functions of different clauses of immunoglobulins, Primary and secondary immune response, Lymphocytes and accessory cells, Humoral and cell mediated immunity, MHC
Mechanism of immune response and generation of immunotogical diversity; Genetic control of immune response, Effector mechanism, Application of immunological techniques
Unit-24 Enzyme kinetics (negative and positive cooperativity), Regulation of enzymatic activity, Active sites, Coenzymes, Activators and inhibitors, isoenzymes, allosteric enzymes, Ribozyme and abzyme
Unit-25 Van der Waal’s electrostatic,hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions,Primary structure of proteins and nucleic acids,Conformation of proteins and polypeptides (secondary,tertiary,quanternary and domain structure),Reverse turns and Ramachandran plot
Structural polymorphism of DNA, RNA and three-dimensional structure of tRNA, Structure carbohydrates, polysaccharides, glycoproteins and peptido-glycans, Helix-coil transition, Energy terms in biopolymer conformational calculation
Unit-26 Glycolysis and TCA cycle, Glycogen breakdown and synthesis, Gluconeogenesis, interconversion of hexoses and pentoses, Amino acid metabolism, Coordinated control of metabolism
Biosynthesis of purines and pyrimidines, Oxidation of lipids, Biosynthesis of fatty acids, Triglycerides, Phospholipids, Sterols
Unit-27 Energy metabolism (concept of free energy), Thermodynamic principles in biology, Energy rich bonds, Weak interactions, Coupled reactions and oxidative phosphorylations, Group tranfers, Biological energy tranducers, Bioenergetics
Unit-28 Fine structure of gene, Eukaryotic genome organisation (structure of chromatin, coding and non-coding sequences, satellite DNA), DNA damage and repair, DNA replication, amplification and rearrangements
Unit-29 Organization of transcriptional units : Mechanism of transcription of prokaryotes and eukaryotes, RNA processing (capping, polyadenylation, splicing, introns and exons), Ribonucleoproteins, Structure of mRNA, Genetic code and protein synthesis
Unit-30 Regulation of gene expression in pro-and eukaryotes, Attenuation and antitermination, Operon concept, DNA methylation, Heterochromatization, Transposition, Regulatory sequences and transcription factors, Environmental regulation of gene expression
Unit-31 Biochemistry and molecular biology of cancer, Oncogenes, Chemical carcinogenesis, Genetic and metabolic disorders, Harmonal imbalances, Drug metabolism and detoxification, Genetic load and genetic counselling
Unit- 32 Lysogeny and lytic cycle in bacteriophages, Bacterial transformation, Host cell restriction, Trasduction, Complementation, Molecular recombination, DNA ligases, Topoisomerases, gyrases
Methylases, Nucleases, Restriction endonucleases, Plasmids and bacteriophage based vectors for cDNA and genomic libraries
Unit- 33 Principles and methods of genetic engineering and Gene targeting, Application in agriculture, health and industry
Unit-34 Cell and tissue culture in plants and animals, Primary culture, Cell line, Cell clones, Callus cultures, Somaclonal variation, Micropropogation, Somatic embryogenesis, Haploidy
Protoplast fusion and somatic hybridization, Cybrids, Gene transfer methods in plants and in animals, Transgenic biology, Allopheny, Artificial seeds, Hybridoma technology
Unit-35 Structure and organisation of membranes, Glyconjugates and proteins in membrane systems, ion transport/Na/KATPase/Molecular basis of signal transduction in bacteria, plants and animals, Model membranes, Liposomes
Unit-36 Principles and application of light, phase contrast, fluorescence, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, Cytophotometry and flow cytometry, fixation and staining
Unit-37 Principles and applications of gel-filtration, ion-exchange and affinity chromatography,Thin layer and gas chromatography, High pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), Electrophoresis and electrofocussing, Ultracentrifugation (velocity and buoyant density)
Unit-38 Principles and techniques of nucleic acid hybridization and Cot curves,Sequencing of proteins and nucleic acids,Southern, Northern and South-Western blotting techniques, Polymerase chain reaction,Methods for measuring nucleic acid and protein interactions
Unit-39 Principles of biophysical methods used for analysis of biopolymer structure, X-ray diffraction, fluorescence, UV, ORD/CD Visible, NMR and ESR spectroscopy, Hydrodynamic methods, Atomic absorption and plasma emission spectroscopy
Unit-40 Principles and applications of tracer techniques in biology, Radiation dosimetry, Radioactive isotopes and half life of isotopes, Effect of radiation on biological system, Autoradiography; Cerenkov radiation; Liquid scintillation spectroscopy
Unit-41 Principles and practice of statistical methods in biological research, samples and populations; Basic statistics—average, statistics of dispersion
Coefficient of variation, Standard error, Confidence limits, Probability distributions (biomial, poisson and normal); Tests of statistical significance, Simple correlation of regression, Analysis of variance
Earth , Atmospheric , Ocean & Planetary Science
About the earth Materials of the Earth, Surface Features and Processes, Internal Features and Processes, The Atmosphere, The Hydrosphere, Geology and Geography of India, Man and Environment
Geologly Geomorphology, Sedimentology, Palaentology, Stratigraphy, Structural Geology and Geotectonics, Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Petrology, Ore Geology, Marine Geology, Petroleum and Coal Geology, Precambrian Geology and Crustal Evolution, Applied Geology
Physical geography Geomorphology, Climatology, Geohydrology, Biogeography, Oceangraphy
Geophysics Geophysical Fields, Signal Processing, Solid Earth, Geophysical Exploration, Geophysical Inversion and Interpretation
Oceanography Physical Oceanography, Dynamical Oceanography, Ocean Waves and Tides, Air-Sea Interaction, Coastal and Estuarine Oceanography, Chemical Oceangraphy, Marine Geology, Marine Biology
Meteorology Climatology, Physical Meteorology, Atmospheric Electricity, Cloud Physics, Dynamical Meteorology, Numerical Weather Prediction, General Circulation and Climate Modelling, Synoptic Meteorology, Aviation Meteorology, Satellite Meteorology
Geomorphology Continental Drift, Plate Tectonics, Endogenetic and Exogenetic forces. Denudation and Weathering, Geomorphic Cycle (Davis and Penck), Theories and Process of Slope Development
Earth Movements (seismicity, folding, faulting and vulcanicity), Landform Occurrence and Causes of Geomorphic Hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides and avalanches)
Climatology Composition and Structure of Atmosphere; Insolation, Heat Budget of Earth, Temperature, Pressure and Winds, Atmospheric Circulation (air-masses, fronts and upper air circulation, cyclones and anticyclones (tropical and temperate)
Climatic Classification of Koppen & Thornthwaite, ENSO Events (El Nino, La Nina and Southern Oscillations), Meteorological Hazards and Disasters (Cyclones, Thunderstorms, Tornadoes, Hailstorms, Heat and Cold waves Drought and Cloudburst
Glacial Lake Outburst (GLOF), Climate Change: Evidences and Causes of Climatic Change in the past, Human impact on Global Climate
Oceanography Relief of Oceans, Composition: Temperature, Density and Salinity, Circulation: Warm and Cold Currents, Waves, Tides, Sea Level Changes, Hazards: Tsunami and Cyclone
Geography of Environment Components: ecosystem (geographic classification) and human ecology, functions: trophic levels, energy flows, cycles (geo-chemical, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen)
Food chain, food web and ecological pyramid, human interaction and impacts, environmental ethics and deep ecology, environmental hazards and disasters (global warming, urban heat island, atmospheric pollution, water pollution, land degradation)
National Programmes and Policies: Legal Framework, Environmental Policy, International Treaties, International Programmes and Polices (Brundtland Commission, Kyoto Protocol, Agenda 21, Sustainable Development Goals, Paris Agreement)
Population and Settlement Geography Population Geography, Settlement Geography
Geography of Economic Activities and Regional Development Economic Geography, Agricultural Geography, Industrial Geography, Geography of Transport and Trade, Regional Development
Cultural, Social and Political Geography Cultural and Social Geography, Political Geography,
Geographic thought Contributions of greek, roman, Arab, Chinese and Indian scholars, contributions of geographers (Bernhardus Varenius, Immanuel Kant, Alexander von Humboldt, Carl Ritter, Scheafer & Hartshorne), impact of Darwinian theory on geographical thought
Contemporary trends in Indian Geography: Cartography, Thematic and Methodological contributions. Major Geographic Traditions (Earth Science, manenvironment relationship, area studies and spatial analysis)
Dualisms in Geographic Studies (physical vs. human,regional vs. systematic,qualitative vs. quantitative,ideographic vs. nomothetic),Paradigm Shift, Perspectives in Geography (Positivism, Behaviouralism, Humanism, Structuralism, Feminism and Postmodernism)
Geographical Techniques Sources of Geographic Information and Data (spatial and non-spatial), Types of Maps, Techniques of Map Making (Choropleth, Isarithmic, Dasymetric, Chorochromatic, Flow Maps)
Data representation on maps (pie diagrams, bar diagrams and line graph, gis database (raster and vector data formats and attribute data formats)
Functions of GIS (conversion, editing and analysis), Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Georeferencing (coordinate system and map projections and Datum)GIS Applications ( thematic cartography, spatial decision support system)
Basics of remote sensing (electromagnetic spectrum, sensors and platforms, resolution and types, elements of air photo and satellite image interpretation and photogrammetry), types of aerial photographs
Digital image processing: developments in remote sensing technology and big data sharing and its applications in natural resources management in India, GPS components (space, ground control and receiver segments) and applications
Applications of measures of central tendency, dispersion and inequalities, sampling, sampling procedure and hypothesis testing (chi square test, t test, ANOVA), time series analysis, correlation and regression analysis
Measurement of Indices, Making Indicators Scale Free, Computation of Composite Index, Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis, Morphometric Analysis: Ordering of Streams, Bifurcation Ratio, Drainage Density and Drainage Frequency
Basin Circularity Ratio and Form Factor, Profiles, Slope Analysis, Clinographic Curve, Hypsographic Curve and Altimetric Frequency Graph
Geography of India Major Physiographic Regions and their Characteristics; Drainage System (Himalayan and Peninsular), Climate: Seasonal Weather Characteristics, Climatic Divisions, Indian Monsoon (mechanism and characteristics)
Jet Streams and Himalayan Cryosphere, Types and Distribution of Natural Resources: Soil, Vegetation, Water, Mineral and Marine Resources. Population Characteristics (spatial patterns of distribution)
Growth and Composition (rural-urban, age, sex, occupational, educational, ethnic and religious), Determinants of Population, Population Policies in India, Agriculture ( Production, Productivity and Yield of Major Food Crops)
Major Crop Regions, Regional Variations in Agricultural Development, Environmental, Technological and Institutional Factors affecting Indian Agriculture; Agro-Climatic Zones, Green Revolution, Food Security and Right to Food
Industrial Development since Independence, Industrial Regions and their characteristics, Industrial Policies in India. Development and Patterns of Transport Networks (railways, roadways, waterways, airways and pipelines)
Internal and External Trade (trend, composition and directions), Regional Development Planning in India, Globalisation and its impact on Indian Economy
Natural Disasters in India (Earthquake, Drought, Flood, Cyclone, Tsunami, Himalayan Highland Hazards and Disasters.)
Computer Science & Application
Discrete Structures and Optimization Mathematical Logic, Sets and Relations, Counting, Mathematical Induction and Discrete Probability, Group Theory, Graph Theory, Boolean Algebra, Optimization
Computer System Architecture Digital Logic Circuits and Components, Data Representation, Register Transfer and Microoperations, Basic Computer Organization and Design, Programming the Basic Computer, Microprogrammed Control
Central Processing Unit, Pipeline and Vector Processing, Input-Output Organization, Memory Hierarchy, Multiprocessors
Programming Languages and Computer Graphics Language Design and Translation Issues, Elementary Data Types, Programming in C, Object Oriented Programming, Programming in C++, Web Programming
Computer Graphics, 2-D Geometrical Transforms and Viewing, 3-D Object Representation, Geometric Transformations and Viewing
Database management systems Database System Concepts and Architecture, Data Modeling, SQL, Normalization for Relational Databases, Enhanced Data Models, Data Warehousing and Data Mining, Big Data Systems, NOSQL
System Software and Operating System System Software, Basics of Operating Systems, Process Management, Threads, CPU Scheduling, Deadlocks, Memory Management, Storage Management, File and Input/Output Systems, Security
Virtual Machines, Linux Operating Systems, Windows Operating System, Distributed Systems
Software engineering Software Process Models, Software Requirements, Software Design, Software Quality, Estimation and Scheduling of Software Projects, Software Testing, Software Configuration Management
Data structures and algorithms Data Structures, Performance Analysis of Algorithms and Recurrences, Design Techniques, Lower Bound Theory, Graph Algorithms, Complexity Theory, Selected Topics, Advanced Algorithms
Theory of Computation and Compilers Theory of Computation,Regular Language Models,Context Free Language,Turing Machines,Unsolvable Problems and Computational Complexity,Syntax Analysis,Semantic Analysis,Run Time System,Intermediate Code Generation,Code Generation and Code Optimization,
Data communication and computer networks Data Communication, Computer Networks, Network Models, Functions of OSI and TCP/IP Layers, World Wide Web (WWW), Network Security, Mobile Technology, Cloud Computing and IoT
Artificial Intelligence (AI) Approaches to AI, Knowledge Representation, Planning, Natural Language Processing:Multi Agent Systems, Fuzzy Sets, Genetic Algorithms (GA), Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)
Electronics Science
unit-1 Introduction to Semiconductor, energy bands in solids, concept of effective mass, density of states, Fermi levels. PN Junction, Diode equation and diode equivalent circuit, Breakdown in diodes, Zener diode, Tunnel diode
Metal semiconductor junction – Ohmic and Schottky contacts, Characteristics and equivalent circuits of JFET, MOSFET. Low dimensional semiconductor devices – quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots
High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT), Solar cells – I-V characteristics, fill factor and efficiency, LED, LCD and flexible display devices. Emerging materials for future Devices: Graphene, Carbon Nano tubes (CNT), ZnO, SiC etc
unit-2 IC fabrication – crystal growth, epitaxy, oxidation, lithography, doping, etching, isolation methods, metallization, bonding, Thin film deposition and characterization Techniques: XRD, TEM, SEM, EDX
Thin film active and passive devices, MOS technology and VLSI, scaling of MOS devices, NMOS and CMOS structures and fabrication, Characteristics of MOS transistors and threshold voltage, NMOS and CMOS inverters
Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) – structure, charge storage and transfer, Basics of VLSI design, stick diagrams, Layout design rules
unit-3 Superposition, Thevenin, Norton and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems, Network elements, Network graphs, Nodal and Mesh analysis. Laplace Transform, Fourier Transform and Z-transform
Time and frequency domain response, Passive filters, Two-port Network Parameters : Z, Y, ABCD and h parameters, Transfer functions, Signal representation, State variable method of circuit analysis, AC circuit analysis
Transient analysis, Zero and Poles, Bode Plots. Continuous time signals, Fourier Series and Fourier transform representations, Sampling theorem and applications
Discrete time signal, Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), Fast Fourier transform (FFT), Basic concepts of digital signal processing, digital filters – IIR, FIR
unit-4 Rectifiers, Voltage regulated ICs and regulated power supply, Biasing of Bipolar junction transistors and FETs, operating point and stability, Amplifiers, Classification of amplifiers, Concept of feedback
Hartley, Colpitt’s and Phase Shift oscillators, Operational amplifiers (OPAMP) - characteristics, computational applications, comparators, Schmitt trigger, Instrumentation amplifiers, wave shaping circuits
Phase locked loops, Active filters, Multivibrators, Voltage to frequency convertors (V/F), frequency to voltage convertors (F/V)
unit-5 Logic Families, Logic Gates, Boolean algebra and minimization techniques, Combinational circuits, Programmable Logic Devices (PLD), CPLD, flip-flops, memories, Sequential Circuits: Counters – Ring, Ripple, Synchronous, Asynchronous
Shift registers, multiplexers and demultiplexers, A/D and D/A converters, Analysis and Design of fundamental mode state machines: State variables, State table and State diagram. Sequential PLD, FPGA, Analysis and Design of digital circuits using HDL
unit-6 Introduction of Microprocessor 8086: Architecture, Addressing modes, instruction set, interrupts, Programming, Memory and I/O interfacing. Introduction of Microcontrollers – 8051 for embedded systems
Architecture and register set of Microcontroller 8051, Addressing modes, Instruction set of 8051 – Data transfer instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Logic instructions, bit level and byte level control transfer instructions
8051 assembly programming – stack operations, subroutines, interrupts, 8051 programming as timer/counter, 8051 serial communication, 8051 interfacing RS232, LED/LCD display, Keyboard , Stepper motor
unit-7 Electrostatics - vector calculus, Gauss’s Law, Laplace and Poisson’s equations, Magnetostatics – Biot Savert’s law, Ampere’s law and electromagnetic induction, Maxwell’s equations and wave equations
Plane wave propagation in free space, dielectrics and conductors, Poynting theorem, Reflection and refraction, polarization, interference, coherence and diffraction
Transmission lines and waveguides – line equations, impedance, reflections and voltage standing wave ratio, rectangular waveguides
Antennas – retarded potential and Hertzian dipole, half wave antenna, antenna patterns, radiation intensity, gain, effective area and Frii’s free space receiver power equation
Microwave Sources and Devices -Reflex Klystron, Magnetron, TWT, Gunn diode, IMPATT diode, Crystal Detector and PIN diode. Radar – block diagram of Radar, frequencies and power used, Radar range equation
unit-8 Analog modulation and demodulation - AM, FM and PM, Principle of super heterodyne receiver, Random signals, noise, noise temperature and noise figure, Basic concepts of information theory, Error detection and correction
Digital modulation and demodulation – PCM, ASK, FSK, PSK, BPSK, QPSK and QAM, Time and Frequency-Division Multiplexing, Multiple Access techniques, Data Communications – Modems, Codes
Principles of Mobile and Satellite Communication, Optical communication, Optical sources - LED, spontaneous and stimulated emission, semiconductor Lasers, Detectors – PIN photodiodes, Avalanche photodiodes (APD)
Optical fibers – attenuation and dispersion characteristics, Bandwidth, Wavelength division multiplexing. Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) for communication
unit-9 Power devices – characteristics of SCR, DIAC, TRIAC, power transistors, Protection of thyristors against over voltage and over current. SCR triggering - dv/dt and di/dt, triggering with single pulse and train of pulses
A.C. and D.C. motors - construction and speed control. Switched Mode Power Supply (SMPS). Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS). Open loop and closed loop control system, Block Diagram reduction techniques, transfer function and signal flow diagram
Stability criterion: Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist plot, On-off controller, Proportional (P), Proportional-Integral (PI), Proportional-Derivative (PD), PID controllers
unit-10 Transducers – Resistance, Inductance, Capacitance, Piezoelectric, Thermoelectric, Hall effect, Photoelectric, Measurement of displacement, velocity, acceleration, force, torque, strain, temperature, pressure, flow, humidity, thickness, pH
Measuring Equipment – Measurement of R, L and C, Bridge and Potentiometers, voltage, current, power, energy, frequency/time, phase, Digital Multimeters, CRO, Digital Storage Oscilloscope, Spectrum Analyzer.
Biomedical Instruments – ECG, EEG, Blood Pressure Measurements, MEMS and its applications Sensors for IoT applications
Forensic science
unit-1 Forensic Science: Definition, History & Development, Scope, Ethics in Forensic Science, Physical Evidence: Nature, Types, Search methods, Collection, Preservation, Packing & Forwarding of Physical & Trace evidence for forensic analyses, Chain of Custody
Crime Scene: Nature, Types, Preservation of Scene of Crime, Criminal Investigations: Unnatural deaths, Criminal assaults, Sexual offences, Poisoning, Vehicular accidents, Courts: Types, powers and jurisdiction, Admissibility of evidence in Courts
Definition of Experts, Provisions in Cr.P.C.,1973 & Indian Evidence Act relating to experts & their reports; Court Procedures pertaining to Expert Testimony & Witness, Organization of Forensic Science Laboratories of Centre and State, NCRB and NICFS
Fundamental Rights: Right of Equality (Articles 14 to 18) and Right of Freedom (Articles 19 to 22) as per Constitution of India
Criminal Profiling: Profile of victim and culprit, its role in crime investigation, Lie detection (Polygraphy), Narco analysis, Brain mapping, scope and limitations, Concept of quality control management in Forensic institutions
unit-2 Microscopy: Polarizing, Comparison, Stereoscopic, Fluorescent and Electron Microscopes, Spectrophotometry: UV, Visible, IR, Raman, Atomic absorption, Emission, Neutron Activation Analysis, X – rays and x-ray based techniques such as XRD, XRF
Mass Spectroscopy,Chromatographic Techniques: TLC,GLC,HPLC,HPTLC,Hyphenated Techniques: GC-MS,LC-MS,IR-MS and ICP-MS, Electrophoresis: High and Low voltage electrophoresis,Immunoelectrophoresis,Immunoassays: Principle,Types,Techniques and applications
unit-3 Detection and Identification of Blood stains, Determination of Species of Origin, Blood Group Systems, Techniques of Determination of Blood groups of Blood Stains, Detection of Seminal and other body fluids and their Blood Grouping
Red cells Enzymes, Serum Proteins of forensic significance, Disputed Paternity & Maternity
DNA: Structure, DNA as genetic marker, DNA Extraction and Profiling Techniques, DNA Phenotyping and RNA Profiling & their applications, Wild life Forensics: Wild life (Protection) Act,1972, Scope, Evidences and Identification
unit-4 Analysis of Ethyl alcohol in beverages , liquors, biological fluids and breath, Analysis of Methanol and Denaturants, Illicit liquors, Analysis of Chemicals in Trap Cases
Metabolism and Chemical examination of : Insecticides & Pesticides, Tranquillizers & Sedatives, Hypnotics Stimulants, Narcotics, Opiates, Drugs of abuse
Analyses of above and their Toxicity, Plant poisons, Metallic Poisons, Extraction, Isolation & Clean-up procedures, Identification of common poisons from viscera, tissues and body fluids
unit-5 Fire arms: Types, Classification, Ammunition and their Compositions, Forensic examination of Firearms, Ammunition, Firearms’ projectiles (Bullets, Shots, Slug etc.), Shell case, Gunshot residues analysis
Concept of Velocity, Penetration, Dispersion, Ricochet, Accidental Discharge, Determination of Range in firearm cases, Examination of Country made firearms , Basics of Internal, External and Terminal Ballistics
Tool marks: Meaning, Types and Examination, Restoration of Erased Markings on Metal Surfaces
unit-6 Fire and Arson: Analyses of Petroleum Products and other incendiary materials, Explosives: Definition, Types and Analyses, Bombs: Country made bombs, Improvised Explosive Devices ( IEDs ) and their examination
Investigation in Explosion and Arson related cases, Photography: Types, application in criminal investigation & Forensic evidence examination
unit-7 Hair & Fibers: Nature, Types, Structure and Examination, Pollens and Diatoms: Their application in Forensic investigation, Dust & Soil: Nature, Types, Forensic Examination, Paint, Lacquer & Varnishes: Nature, composition and forensic examination
Glass: Composition, Types, Fractures, Examination, Cement, Mortar and Concrete: General Composition, Forensic Analysis
Computer Forensics: Introduction, Types of Computer crimes, Digital evidence- Seizure, Acquisition and Forensic examination, Mobile Phone Forensics
unit-8 Fingerprints: History, Characteristics, Types, Classification, Preservation, Development, Lifting and Comparison, Examination of Chance Prints, Computerization of Fingerprints, AFIS
Track Marks: Foot Prints, Shoe Prints, Tire Marks, Their Preservation & Casting, Comparison, Skid marks. Gait pattern, Biometric Systems of Identification and its relevance
Voice Analysis: Introduction, Significance, Structure of Human Voice apparatus, Voice spectrography, Voice analysis, Legal aspects and limitations
unit-9 Documents: Definition, Types, Preliminary examination of documents, Reproduction of documents through photographic and mechanical means and their examination, Examination of Alterations such as Erasures, Obliterations & Additions
Indentations, Secret writings and Charred documents, Inks, Papers and their scientific examinations with modern methods ,Age of documents, Examination of Typescripts, Printed matter including currency notes and lottery tickets
Mechanical impressions, Hand writings: Class and Individual characteristics of Handwritings, Factors affecting handwritings, Standard samples for comparison, Comparison of hand-written texts, Anonymous and disguised writings
Identification of hand writings, signatures, detection of forged signature and forgeries, Examination of Credit Cards and Similar materials
unit-10 Modes & Manner of deaths, Sexual offences and its medicolegal importance, Amendments in law related to sexual offences , Post – mortem examination and Post – mortem changes, Estimation of time since death
Injuries & Wounds: Types, Medicolegal importance, Gunshot wounds, Determination of Species of Origin, Sex , Age, Stature, and individual identification through skeletal remains
Identification through Skull superimposition and facial reconstruction, Human dentition, Type of teeth, determination of Age, Bite marks, Forensic Entomology: Introduction, Insects of forensic importance, Insects on Carrion, Forensic applications
Business Environment and International Business Concepts and elements of business environment: Economic environment- Economic systems, Economic policies(Monetary and fiscal policies); Political environmentRole of government in business; Legal environment- Consumer Protection Act, FEMA;
Socio-cultural factors and their influence on business; Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Scope and importance of international business; Globalization and its drivers; Modes of entry into international business Theories of international trade
Government intervention in international trade; Tariff and non-tariff barriers; India’s foreign trade policy, Foreign direct investment (FDI) and Foreign portfolio investment (FPI); Types of FDI, Costs and benefits of FDI to home and host countries
Trends in FDI; India’s FDI policy Balance of payments (BOP): Importance and components of BOP Regional Economic Integration: Levels of Regional Economic Integration; Trade creation and diversion effects
Regional Trade Agreements: European Union (EU), ASEAN, SAARC, NAFTA International Economic institutions: IMF, World Bank, UNCTAD World Trade Organisation (WTO): Functions and objectives of WTO; Agriculture Agreement; GATS; TRIPS; TRIMS
Accounting and auditing Basic accounting principles; concepts and postulates, Partnership Accounts: Admission, Retirement, Death, Dissolution and Insolvency of partnership firms, Corporate Accounting: Issue, forfeiture and reissue of shares; Liquidation of companies
Acquisition, merger, amalgamation and reconstruction of companies, Holding company accounts, Cost and Management Accounting: Marginal costing and Break-even analysis; Standard costing; Budgetary control; Process costing; Activity Based Costing (ABC)
Costing for decision-making; Life cycle costing, Target costing, Kaizen costing and JIT Financial Statements Analysis: Ratio analysis; Funds flow Analysis; Cash flow analysis Human Resources Accounting; Inflation Accounting
Environmental Accounting Indian Accounting Standards and IFRS Auditing: Independent financial audit; Vouching; Verification ad valuation of assets and liabilities; Audit of financial statements and audit report
Cost audit Recent Trends in Auditing: Management audit; Energy audit; Environment audit; Systems audit; Safety audit
Business economics Meaning and scope of business economics, Objectives of business firms, Demand analysis: Law of demand; Elasticity of demand and its measurement; Relationship between AR and MR, Consumer behavior: Utility analysis; Indifference curve analysis
Law of Variable Proportions: Law of Returns to Scale, Theory of cost: Short-run and long-run cost curves, Price determination under different market forms: Perfect competition; Monopolistic, competition
Oligopoly- Price leadership model; Monopoly; Price discrimination, Pricing strategies: Price skimming; Price penetration; Peak load pricing
Business finance Scope and sources of finance; Lease financing, Cost of capital and time value of money, Capital structure, Capital budgeting decisions: Conventional and scientific techniques of capital, budgeting analysis, Working capital management
Dividend decision: Theories and policies, Risk and return analysis; Asset securitization, International monetary system, Foreign exchange market; Exchange rate risk and hedging techniques
International financial markets and instruments: Euro currency; GDRs; ADRs, International arbitrage; Multinational capital budgeting
Business Statistics and Research Methods Measures of central tendency, Measures of dispersion, Measures of skewness, Correlation and regression of two variables, Probability: Approaches to probability; Bayes’ theorem, Probability distributions: Binomial, poisson and normal distributions
Research: Concept and types; Research designs, Data: Collection and classification of data, Sampling and estimation: Concepts; Methods of sampling - probability and nonprobability methods; Sampling distribution
Central limit theorem; Standard error; Statistical estimation, Hypothesis testing: z-test; t-test; ANOVA; Chi–square test; Mann-Whitney test (Utest); Kruskal-Wallis test (H-test); Rank correlation test, Report writing
Business Management and Human Resource Management Principles and functions of management, Organization structure: Formal and informal organizations; Span of control, Responsibility and authority: Delegation of authority and decentralization
Motivation and leadership: Concept and theories, Corporate governance and business ethics, Human resource management: Concept, role and functions of HRM; Human resource, planning; Recruitment and selection; Training and development; Succession planning
Compensation management: Job evaluation; Incentives and fringe benefits, Performance appraisal including 360 degree performance appraisal, Collective bargaining and workers’ participation in management
Personality: Perception; Attitudes; Emotions; Group dynamics; Power and politics; Conflict and negotiation; Stress management, Organizational Culture: Organizational development and organizational change
Banking and Financial Institutions Overview of Indian financial system, Types of banks: Commercial banks; Regional Rural Banks (RRBs); Foreign banks; Cooperative banks, Reserve Bank of India: Functions; Role and monetary policy management
Banking sector reforms in India: Basel norms; Risk management; NPA management, Financial markets: Money market; Capital market; Government securities market
Financial Institutions: Development Finance Institutions (DFIs); Non-Banking, Financial Companies (NBFCs); Mutual Funds; Pension Funds, Financial Regulators in India, Financial sector reforms including financial inclusion
Digitisation of banking and other financial services: Internet banking; mobile, banking; Digital payments systems, Insurance: Types of insurance- Life and Non-life insurance; Risk classification and management
Factors limiting the insurability of risk; Re-insurance; Regulatory, framework of insurance- IRDA and its role
Marketing management Marketing: Concept and approaches; Marketing channels; Marketing mix; Strategic, marketing planning; Market segmentation, targeting and positioning, Product decisions: Concept; Product line; Product mix decisions
Product life cycle; New product development, Pricing decisions: Factors affecting price determination; Pricing policies and strategies, Promotion decisions: Role of promotion in marketing
Promotion methods - Advertising; Personal selling; Publicity; Sales promotion tools and techniques; Promotion mix, Distribution decisions: Channels of distribution; Channel management, Consumer Behaviour; Consumer buying process
Factors influencing consumer, buying decisions, Service marketing, Trends in marketing: Social marketing; Online marketing; Green marketing; Direct, marketing; Rural marketing; CRM, Logistics management
Legal Aspects of Business Indian Contract Act, 1872: Elements of a valid contract; Capacity of parties; Free consent; Discharge of a contract; Breach of contract and remedies against breach; Quasi contracts
Special contracts: Contracts of indemnity and guarantee; contracts of bailment and pledge; Contracts of agency, Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Sale and agreement to sell; Doctrine of Caveat Emptor; Rights of unpaid seller and rights of buyer
Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881: Types of negotiable instruments; Negotiation and assignment; Dishonour and discharge of negotiable instruments, The Companies Act, 2013: Nature and kinds of companies
Company formation; Management, meetings and winding up of a joint stock company, Limited Liability Partnership: Structure and procedure of formation of LLP in India, The Competition Act, 2002: Objectives and main provisions
The Information Technology Act, 2000: Objectives and main provisions; Cyber crimes and penalties, The RTI Act, 2005: Objectives and main provisions, Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) : Patents, trademarks and copyrights
Emerging issues in intellectual property, Goods and Services Tax (GST): Objectives and main provisions; Benefits of GST; Implementation mechanism; Working of dual GST
Income-Tax and Corporate Tax Planning Income-tax: Basic concepts; Residential status and tax incidence; Exempted incomes; Agricultural income; Computation of taxable income under various heads; Deductions from Gross total income; Assessment of Individuals
Clubbing of incomes, International Taxation: Double taxation and its avoidance mechanism; Transfer pricing, Corporate Tax Planning: Concepts and significance of corporate tax planning; Tax avoidance versus tax evasion
Techniques of corporate tax planning; Tax considerations in specific business situations: Make or buy decisions; Own or lease an asset; Retain; Renewal or replacement of asset
Shut down or continue operations, Deduction and collection of tax at source; Advance payment of tax; E-filing of income-tax returns
unit-1 Management – Concept, Process, Theories and Approaches, Management Rolesand Skills, Functions – Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Coordinating and Controlling, Communication – Types, Process and Barriers
Decision Making – Concept, Process, Techniques and Tools Organisation Structure and Design – Types, Authority, Responsibility, Centralisation, Decentralisation and Span of Control, Managerial Economics – Concept & Importance
Demand analysis – Utility Analysis, Indifference Curve, Elasticity & Forecasting, Market Structures – Market Classification & Price Determination, National Income – Concept, Types and Measurement
Inflation – Concept, Types and Measurement Business Ethics & CSR, Ethical Issues & Dilemma, Corporate Governance, Value Based Organisation
unit-2 Organisational Behaviour – Significance & Theories, Individual Behaviour – Personality, Perception, Values, Attitude, Learning and Motivation
Group Behaviour – Team Building, Leadership, Group Dynamics, Interpersonal Behaviour & Transactional Analysis, Organizational Culture & Climate Work Force Diversity & Cross Culture,Organisational Behaviour Emotions and Stress Management
Organisational Justice & Whistle Blowing,Human Resource Management – Concept,Perspectives,Influences & Recent Trends Human Resource Planning,Recruitment and Selection,Induction,Training & Development,Job Analysis,Job Evaluation & Compensation Management
unit-3 Strategic Role of Human Resource Management, Competency Mapping & Balanced Scoreboard, Career Planning and Development,Performance Management and Appraisal, Organization Development, Change & OD Interventions,Talent Management & Skill Development
Employee Engagement & Work Life Balance,Industrial Relations: Disputes & Grievance Management,Labour Welfare & Social Security,Trade Union & Collective Bargaining, International Human Resource Management – HR Challenge of International Business,Green HRM
unit-4 Accounting Principles and Standards, Preparation of Financial Statements Financial Statement Analysis – Ratio Analysis, Funds Flow and Cash Flow Analysis, DuPont Analysis, Preparation of Cost Sheet, Marginal Costing, Cost Volume Profit Analysis
Standard Costing & Variance Analysis, Financial Management, Concept & Functions, Capital Structure – Theories, Cost of Capital, Sources and Finance, Budgeting and Budgetary Control, Types and Process, Zero base Budgeting
Leverages – operating, financial and combined leverages, EBIT–EPS analysis, financial breakeven point & indifference level
unit-5 Value & Returns – Time Preference for Money, Valuation of Bonds and Shares, Risk and Returns; Capital Budgeting – Nature of Investment, Evaluation, Comparison of Methods; Risk and Uncertainly Analysis, Dividend – Theories and Determination
Mergers and Acquisition – Corporate Restructuring, Value Creation, Merger Negotiations, Leveraged Buyouts, Takeover;Portfolio Management – CAPM, APT, Derivatives – Options, Option Payoffs, Option Pricing, Forward Contracts & Future Contracts
Working Capital Management – Determinants, Cash, Inventory, Receivables and Payables Management, Factoring, International Financial Management, Foreign exchange market
unit-6 Strategic Management – Concept, Process, Decision & Types, Strategic Analysis – External Analysis, PEST, Porter’s Approach to industry analysis, Internal Analysis – Resource Based Approach, Value Chain Analysis
Strategy Formulation – SWOT Analysis, Corporate Strategy – Growth, Stability, Retrenchment, Integration and Diversification, Business Portfolio Analysis - BCG, GE Business Model, Ansoff’s Product Market Growth Matrix
Strategy Implementation – Challenges of Change, Developing Programs Mckinsey 7s Framework, Marketing – Concept, Orientation, Trends and Tasks, Customer Value and Satisfaction, Market Segmentation, Positioning and Targeting
Product and Pricing Decision – Product Mix, Product Life Cycle, New Product development, Pricing – Types and Strategies, Place and promotion decision – Marketing channels and value networks, VMS, IMC, Advertising and Sales promotion
unit-7 Consumer and Industrial Buying Behaviour: Theories and Models of Consumer Behaviour, Brand Management – Role of Brands, Brand Equity, Equity Models, Developing a Branding Strategy
Brand Name Decisions, Brand Extensions and Loyalty, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Drivers, Value creation, Supply Chain Design, Designing and Managing Sales Force, Personal Selling
Service Marketing – Managing Service Quality and Brands, Marketing Strategies of Service Firms, Customer Relationship Marketing – Relationship Building, Strategies, Values and Process, Retail Marketing – Recent Trends in India, Types of Retail Outlets
Emerging Trends in Marketing – Concept of e-Marketing, Direct Marketing, Digital Marketing and Green Marketing, International Marketing – Entry Mode Decisions, Planning Marketing Mix for International Markets
unit-8 Statistics for Management: Concept, Measures Of Central Tendency and Dispersion, Probability Distribution – Binominal, Poison, Normal and Exponential Data Collection & Questionnaire Design, Sampling – Concept, Process and Techniques
Hypothesis Testing – Procedure; T, Z, F, Chi-square tests Correlation and Regression Analysis, Operations Management – Role and Scope, Facility Location and Layout – Site Selection and Analysis, Layout – Design and Process
Enterprise Resource Planning – ERP Modules, ERP implementation Scheduling; Loading, Sequencing and Monitoring, Quality Management and Statistical Quality Control, Quality Circles, Total Quality Management – KAIZEN, Benchmarking, Six Sigma
ISO 9000 Series Standards Operation Research – Transportation, Queuing Decision Theory, PERT / CPM
unit-9 International Business – Managing Business in Globalization Era; Theories of International Trade
Balance of payment Foreign Direct Investment – Benefits and Costs, Multilateral regulation of Trade and Investment under WTO, International Trade Procedures and Documentation
EXIM Policies, Role of International Financial Institutions – IMF and World Bank,Information Technology – Use of Computers in Management Applications
MIS, DSS, Artificial Intelligence and Big Data,Data Warehousing, Data Mining and Knowledge Management – Concepts Managing Technological Change
unit-10 Entrepreneurship Development – Concept, Types, Theories and Process, Developing Entrepreneurial Competencies, Intrapreneurship – Concept and Process, Women Entrepreneurship and Rural Entrepreneurship
Innovations in Business – Types of Innovations, Creating & Identifying Opportunities, Screening of Business Ideas, Business Plan & Feasibility Analysis – Concept & Process of Technical, Market & Financial Analysis, Micro & Small Scale Industries in India
Role of Government in Promoting SSI, Sickness in Small Industries – Reasons and Rehabilitation, Institutional Finance to Small Industries – Financial Institutions, Commercial Banks, Cooperative Banks, Micro Finance
Jurisprudence Nature & sources of law, Schools of jurisprudence, Law & morality, Concept of rights and duties, Legal personality, Concepts of property, ownership & possession, Concept of liability, Law, poverty & development, Global justice, Modernism & post-modernism
Constitutional and administrative law Preamble, fundamental rights and duties, directive principles of state policy. Union and State executive and their interrelationship, Union and State legislature and distribution of legislative powers, Judiciary, Emergency provisions
Temporary, transitional and special provisions in respect of certain states, Election Commission of India, Nature, scope and importance of administrative law, Principle of natural justice, Judicial review of administrative actions – Grounds
Public International Law and IHL International law – Definition, nature and basis, Sources of International law, Recognition of states and governments, Nationality, immigrants, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), Extradition and asylum, United Nations and its organs
Settlement of international disputes, World Trade Organization (WTO), International humanitarian law (IHL) - Conventions and protocols, Implementation of IHL - Challenges
Law of crimes General principles of criminal liability – Actus reus and mens rea, individual and group liability and constructive liability, Stages of crime and inchoate crimes - Abetment, criminal conspiracy and attempt, General exceptions, Offences against human body
Offences against state and terrorism, Offences against property, Offences against women and children, Drug trafficking and counterfeiting, Offences against public tranquility, Theories and kinds of punishments, compensation to the victims of crime
Law of Torts and Consumer Protection Nature and definition of tort, General principles of tortious liability, General defenses, Specific torts – Negligence, nuisance, trespass and defamation, Remoteness of damages, Strict and absolute liability, Tortious liability of the State
The Consumer Protection Act 1986 - Definitions, consumer rights and redressal mechanism, The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 - No fault liability, third party insurance and claims tribunal
The Competition Act, 2002 - Prohibition of certain agreements, abuse of dominant position and regulation of combinations
Commercial law Essential elements of contract and e-contract, Breach of contract, frustration of contract, void and voidable agreements, Standard form of contract and quasi-contract, Specific contracts - Bailment, pledge, indemnity, guarantee and agency
Sale of Goods Act, 1930, Partnership and limited liability partnership, Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, Company law – Incorporation of a company, prospectus, shares and debentures, Company law – Directors and meetings, Corporate social responsibility
Family law Sources and schools, Marriage and dissolution of marriage, Matrimonial remedies - Divorce and theories of divorce, Changing dimensions of institution of marriage – Live-in relationship, Recognition of foreign decrees in India on marriage and divorce
Maintenance, dower and stridhan, Adoption, guardianship and acknowledgement, Succession and inheritance, Will, gift and wakf, Uniform Civil Code
Environment and Human Rights Law Meaning and concept of ‘environment’ and ‘environmental pollution’, International environmental law and UN Conferences, Constitutional and legal framework for protection of environment in India
Environmental Impact Assessment and control of hazardous waste in India, National Green Tribunal, Concept and development of human rights, Universalism and cultural relativism, International Bill of Rights
Group rights – Women, children, persons with disabilities, elderly persons, minorities and weaker sections, Protection and enforcement of human rights in India – National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities
National Commission for Women, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Schedule Tribes and National Commission for Backward Classes
Intellectual Property Rights and Information Technology Law Concept and meaning of intellectual property, Theories of intellectual property, International conventions pertaining to intellectual properties, Copyright and neighboring rights – Subject matters, limitations and exceptions, infringement and remedies
Law of patent – Patentability, procedure for grant of patent, limitations and exceptions, infringement and remedies, Law of trademark – Registration of trademarks, kinds of trademarks, infringement and passing off, remedies
Protection of Geographical Indications, Bio-diversity and Traditional Knowledge, Information technology law- digital signature and electronic signature, electronic governance, electronic records and duties of subscribers
Cyber crimes, penalties and adjudication
Comparative Public Law and Systems of Governance Comparative Law – Relevance, methodology, problems and concerns in Comparison, Forms of governments – Presidential and parliamentary, unitary and federal, Models of federalism – USA, Canada and India, Rule of Law – ‘Formal’ and ‘substantive’ versions
Separation of powers – India, UK, USA and France, Independence of judiciary, judicial activism and accountability – India, UK and USA, Systems of constitutional review – India, USA, Switzerland and France
Amendment of the Constitution – India, USA and South Africa, Ombudsman –Sweden, UK and India, Open Government and Right to Information - USA, UK and India
Educational Studies Contribution of Indian Schools of philosophy (Sankhya Yoga, Vedanta, Buddhism, Jainism) with special reference to Vidya, Dayanand Darshan; and Islamic traditions towards educational aims and methods of acquiring valid knowledge
Contribution of Western schools of thoughts (Idealism, Realism, Naturalism, Pragmatism, Marxism, Existentialism) and their contribution to education with special reference to information, knowledge and wisdom
Approaches to Sociology of Education (symbolic Interaction, Structural Functionalism and Conflict Theory). Concept and types of social Institutions and their functions (family, school and society), Concept of Social Movements
Theories of Social Movements (Relative Deprivation, Resource Mobilization, Political Process Theory and New Social Movement Theory), Socialization and education- education and culture
Contribution of thinkers (Swami Vivekananda, Rabindranath Tagore, Mahatma Gandhi, Aurobindo, J.Krishnamurthy, Paulo Freire, Wollstonecraft, Nel Noddings and Savitribai Phule) to the development of educationalthought for social change
National Values as enshrined in the Indian Constitution - Socialism, Secularism, justice, liberty, democracy,equality, freedom with special reference to education
History, Politics and Economics of Education Committees and Commissions’ Contribution to Teacher Education Secondary Education Commission (1953), Kothari Education Commission (1964-66), National Policy of Education (1986,1992), National Commission on Teachers (1999)
National Curriculum Framework 2005, National Knowledge Commission (2007), Yashpal Committee Report (2009), National Curriculum Framework for Teacher, Education (2009), Justice Verma Committee Report (2012), Relationship between Policies and Education
Linkage between Educational Policy and National Development, Determinants of Educational Policy
Process of Policy formulation: Analysis of the existing situation, generation of policy options, evaluation of policy options, making the policy decision, planning of policy implementation, policy impact assessment and subsequent policy cycles
Concept of Economics of Education: Cost Benefit Analysis Vs Cost Effective Analysis in Education, Economic returns to Higher Education Signaling Theory Vs Human Capital Theory, Concept of Educational Finance; Educational finance at Micro and Macro Levels
Concept of Budgeting, Relationship Between Politics and Education, Perspectives of Politics of Education Liberal, Conservative and Critical, Approaches to understanding Politics (Behaviouralism, Theory of Systems Analysis and Theory of Rational Choice)
Education for Political Development and Political Socialization
Learner and Learning Process Growth and Development: Concept and principles ,Cognitive Processes and stages of Cognitive Development , Personality: Definitions and theories (Freud, Carl Rogers, Gordon Allport, Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka)
Mental health and Mental hygiene, Approaches to Intelligence from Unitary to Multiple: Concepts of Social intelligence, multiple intelligence, emotional intelligence Theories of Intelligence by Sternberg, Gardner, Assessment of Intelligence
Concepts of Problem Solving, Critical thinking, Metacognition and Creativity, Principles and Theories of learning: Behaviouristic, Cognitive and Social theories of learning, Factors affecting social learning, social competence
Concept of social cognition, understanding social relationship and socialization goals, Guidance and Counselling: Nature, Principles and Need, Types of guidance (educational, vocational, personal, health and social & Directive, Non-directive and Eclectic)
Approaches to counselling – Cognitive-Behavioural (Albert Ellis – REBT) & Humanistic, Personcentred Counselling (Carl Rogers) - Theories of Counselling(Behaviouristic, Rational, Emotive and Reality)
Teacher education Meaning, Nature and Scope of Teacher Education; Types of Teacher Education Programs, The Structure of Teacher Education Curriculum and its Vision in Curriculum Documents of NCERT and NCTE at Elementary, Secondary and Higher Secondary Levels
Organization of Components of Pre-service Teacher Education Transactional Approaches (for foundation courses) Expository, Collaborative and Experiential learning, Understanding Knowledge base of Teacher Education from the view point of Schulman
Deng and Luke & Habermas, Meaning of Reflective Teaching and Strategies for Promoting Reflective Teaching, Models of Teacher Education - Behaviouristic, Competency-based and Inquiry Oriented Teacher Education Models
Concept, Need, Purpose & Scope of In-service Teacher Education, Organization and Modes of In-service Teacher Education, Agencies and Institutions of In-service Teacher Education at District, State and National Levels (SSA, RMSA, SCERT, NCERT,NCTE and UGC)
Preliminary Consideration in Planning in-service teacher education programme (Purpose, Duration, Resources and Budget), Concept of Profession and Professionalism, Teaching as a Profession, Professional Ethics of Teachers
Personal and contextual factors affecting teacher development, ICT integration, quality enhancement for professionalization of teacher education, innovation in teacher education
Curriculum Studies Concept and Principles of Curriculum, Strategies of Curriculum Development, Stages in the Process of Curriculum development,
Foundations of Curriculum Planning - Philosophical Bases (National, democratic), Sociological basis (socio cultural reconstruction), Psychological Bases (learner’s needs and interests)
Bench marking and Role of National level Statutory Bodies - UGC, NCTE and University in Curriculum Development, Models of Curriculum Design: Traditional and Contemporary Models (Academic / Discipline Based Model
Competency Based Model, Social Functions / Activities Model [social reconstruction], Individual Needs & Interests Model, Outcome Based Integrative Model , Intervention Model, C I P P Model (Context, Input, Process, Product Model),Instructional System
Instructional Media, Instructional Techniques and Material in enhancing curriculum Transaction, Approaches to Evaluation of Curriculum : Approaches to Curriculum and Instruction (Academic and Competency Based Approaches)
Models of Curriculum Evaluation: Tyler’s Model, Stakes’ Model, Scriven’s Model, Kirkpatrick’s Model Meaning and types of Curriculum change, Factors affecting curriculum change
Approaches to curriculum change, Role of students, teachers and educational administrators in curriculum change and improvement, Scope of curriculum research and Types of Research in Curriculum Studies
Research in education Meaning and scope of educational research, meaning and steps of scientific method, characteristics of scientific method (replicability, precision, falsifiability and parsimony), types of scientific method (exploratory, explanatory and descriptive)
Aims of research as a scientific activity: Problem-solving, Theory Building and Prediction, Types of research (Fundamental, Applied and Action), Approaches to educational research (Quantitative and Qualitative)
Designs in educational research (Descriptive, Experimental and Historical), Variables: Meaning of Concepts, Constructs and Variables, Types of Variables (Independent, Dependent, Extraneous, Intervening and Moderator)
Hypotheses - Concept, Sources, Types (Research, Directional, Non-directional, Null), Formulating Hypothesis, Characteristics of a good hypothesis, Steps of Writing a Research Proposal, Concept of Universe and Sample, Characteristics of a good Sample
Techniques of Sampling (Probability and Non-probability Sampling), Tools of Research - Validity, Reliability and Standardisation of a Tool, Types of Tools (Rating scale, Attitude scale, Questionnaire, Aptitude test and Achievement Test, Inventory)
Techniques of Research (Observation, Interview and Projective Techniques), Types of Measurement Scale (Nominal, Ordinal, Interval and Ratio)
Quantitative Data Analysis - Descriptive data analysis (Measures of central tendency, variability, fiduciary limits and graphical presentation of data), Testing of Hypothesis (Type I and Type II Errors), Levels ofSignificance
Power of a statistical test and effect size, Parametric Techniques, Non- Parametric Techniques , Conditions to be satisfied for using parametric techniques, Inferential data analysis
Use and interpretation of statistical techniques: correlation, t-test, z-test, ANOVA, chi-square (equal probability and normal probability hypothesis)
Qualitative Data Analysis - Data Reduction and Classification, Analytical Induction and Constant Comparison
Concept-Triangulation Qualitative Research Designs:Grounded Theory Designs (Types,characteristics,designs,Steps in conducting a GT research,Strengths & Weakness of GT)-Narrative Research Designs (Meaning, key Characteristics,Steps in conducting NR design)
Case Study (Meaning, Characteristics, Components of a CS design, Types of CS design, Steps of conducting a CS research, Strengths and weaknesses), Ethnography (Meaning, Characteristics, Underlying assumptions
Steps of conducting ethnographic research, Writing ethnographic account, Strengths and weaknesses), Mixed Method Designs: Characteristics, Types of MM designs (Triangulation, explanatory and exploratory designs)
Steps in conducting a MM designs, Strengths and weakness of MM research
Pedagogy, Andragogy and Assessment Pedagogy, Pedagogical Analysis - Concept and Stages, Critical Pedagogy- Meaning, Need and its implications in Teacher Education, Organizing Teaching: Memory Level (Herbartian Model), Understanding Level (Morrison teaching Model)
Reflective Level (Bigge and Hunt teaching Model), Concept of Andragogy in Education: Meaning, Principles, Competencies of Self-directed Learning, Theory of Andragogy (Malcolm Knowles), The Dynamic Model of Learner Autonomy
Assessment – Meaning, nature, perspectives (assessment for Learning, assessment of learning and Assessment of Learning) - Typesof Assessment (Placement, formative, diagnostic, summative) Relations between objectives and outcomes
Assessment of Cognitive (Anderson and Krathwohl), Affective (Krathwohl) and psychomotor domains (R.H. Dave) of learning, Assessment in Pedagogy of Education: Feedback Devices: Meaning, Types, Criteria
Guidance as a Feedback Devices: Assessment of Portfolios, Reflective Journal, Field Engagement using Rubrics, Competency Based Evaluation, Assessment of Teacher Prepared ICT Resources
Assessment in Andragogy of Education - Interaction Analysis: Flanders’ Interaction analysis, Galloway’s system of interaction analysis (Recording of Classroom Events, Construction and Interpretation of Interaction Matrix)
Criteria for teacher evaluation (product, process and presage criteria, rubrics for self and peer evaluation (meaning, steps of construction)
Technology in/ for Education Concept of Educational Technology (ET) as a Discipline: (Information Technology, Communication Technology & Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Instructional Technology
Applications of Educational Technology in formal, non formal (Open and Distance Learning), informal and inclusive education systems, Overview of Behaviourist
Cognitive and Constructivist Theories & their implications to Instructional Design (Skinner, Piaget, Ausubel, Bruner, Vygotsky), Relationship between Learning Theories and Instructional Strategies (for large and small groups, formal and non formal groups)
, Systems Approach to Instructional Design, Models of Development of Instructional Design (ADDIE, ASSURE, Dick and Carey Model Mason’s), Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction and Five E’s of Constructivism
Nine Elements of Constructivist Instructional Design,Application of Computers in Education: CAI, CAL, CBT, CML, Concept, Process of preparing ODLM, Concept of e learning,
Approaches to e learning (Offline, Online, Synchronous, Asynchronous, Blended learning, mobile learning)
Emerging Trends in e learning:Social learning (concept,use of web, 2.0 tools for learning,social networking sites,blogs,chats,video conferencing,discussion forum),Open Education Resources (Creative Common,Massive Open Online Courses;Concept & application)
, E Inclusion - Concept of E Inclusion, Application of Assistive technology in E learning , Quality of E Learning – Measuring quality of system: Information, System, Service, User Satisfaction and Net Benefits (D&M IS Success Model, 2003)
Ethical Issues for E Learner and E Teacher - Teaching, Learning and Research, Use of ICT in Evaluation, Administration and Research: E portfolios, ICT for Research - Online Repositories and Online Libraries
Online and Offline assessment tools (Online survey tools or test generators) – Concept and Development
Educational Management, Administration and Leadership Educational Management and Administration – Meaning, Principles, Functions and importance, Institutional building, POSDCORB, CPM, PERT, Management as a system, SWOT analysis, Taylorism, Administration as a process, Administration as a bureaucracy
Human relations approach to Administration, Organisational compliance, Organinsational development, Organisational climate, Leadership in Educational Administration: Meaning and Nature
Approaches to leadership: Trait, Transformational, Transactional, Value based, Cultural, Psychodynamic and Charismatic, Models of Leadership (Blake and Mouton’s Managerial Grid, Fiedler’s Contingency Model, Tri-dimensional Model
Hersey and Blanchard’s Model, Leader-Member Exchange Theory), Concept of Quality and Quality in Education: Indian and International, perspective, Evolution of Quality: Inspection, Quality Control, Quality Assurance
Total Quality Management (TQM), Six sigma, Quality Gurus: Walter Shewart, Edward Deming, C.K Pralhad, Change Management: Meaning, Need for Planned change, ThreeStep-Model of Change (Unfreezing, Moving, Refreezing)
The Japanese Models of Change: Just-in-Time, Poka yoke, Cost of Quality: Appraisal Costs, Failure costs and Preventable costs, Cost Benefit, Analysis, Cost Effective Analysis,
Indian and International Quality Assurance Agencies: Objectives, Functions, Roles and Initiatives (National Assessment Accreditation Council [NAAC], Performance Indicators, Quality Council of India [QCI]
International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education [INQAAHE]
Inclusive education Inclusive Education: Concept, Principles, Scope and Target Groups (Diverse learners; Including Marginalized group and Learners with Disabilities), Evolution of the Philosophy of Inclusive Education: Special, Integrated, Inclusive Education
Legal Provisions: Policies and Legislations (National Policy of Education (1986), Programme of Action of Action (1992), Persons with Disabilities Act (1995), National Policy of Disabilities (2006), National Curriculum Framework (2005)
Concession and Facilities to Diverse Learners (Academic and Financial), Rehabilitation Council of India Act (1992), Inclusive Education under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
Features of UNCRPD (United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) and its Implication, Concept of Impairment, Disability and Handicap, Classification of Disabilities based on ICF Model
Readiness of School and Models of Inclusion, Prevalence, Types, Characteristics and Educational Needs of Diverse learners’ Intellectual, Physical and Multiple Disabilities, Causes and prevention of disabilities
Identification of Diverse Learners for Inclusion, Educational Evaluation Methods, Techniques and Tools Planning and Management of Inclusive Classrooms: Infrastructure, Human Resource and Instructional Practices
Curriculum and Curricular Adaptations for Diverse Learners, Assistive and Adaptive Technology for Diverse learners: Product (Aids and Appliances) and Process (Individualized Education Plan, Remedial Teaching)
ParentProfessional Partnership: Role of Parents, Peers, Professionals, Teachers, School, Barriers and Facilitators in Inclusive Education: Attitude, Social and Educational
Current Status and Ethical Issues of inclusive education in India, Research Trends of Inclusive Education in India
Physical education
Unit - 1 Physical education and adapted physical education, their objectives Philosophies of education as applied to physical education Development of Physical education in Greece, Rome, Sweden, Russia England, Denmark, Germany, USA, Australia and China
Growth and development of physical education in India: Recreation- its principles, characteristics and importance. Modern trends in recreation. Indoor and outdoor recreational programmes. Recreational programmes for various categories of people
Wellness- its importance, benefits and challenges. Development and maintenance of wellness. Teaching Aptitude – nature, objectives, characteristics of teaching, learner characteristics and teaching methods
Social aspects of sports- sports as a socializing agency, social values , sports leadership, sports as cultural heritage and social aspects of competition. Ancient & Modern Olympics games, Asian and Commonwealth games
Structure and functions of international and national bodies controlling various games and sports,. Prominent honours and awards in games and sports
Unit - 2 Exercise physiology its scope and importance in the field of physical education and sports. Cardio respiratory adaptations to long and short term physical activities. Muscle- its types , characteristics and functions
Microscopic structure of muscle fibre. Sliding filament theory of muscular contraction. Types of muscle fibres and sports performance
Muscular adaptations to exercise. Neuro-muscular junction and transmission of nerve impulse, kinesthetic Sense organs and neural control of motor skills. Bio-chemical aspects of exercise - Metabolism of food products
Aerobic and anaerobic systems during rest and exercise. Direct and indirect methods of measuring energy cost of exercise. Recovery process - Physiological aspects of fatigue. Restoration of energy stores
Recovery oxygen. Nutritional aspects of performance. Environmental influence on human physiology under exercise. Women in sports- trainability. Physiological gender differences and special problems of women athletes
Aging - Physiological consequences, life style management & healthful aging. Physiological responses of various therapeutic modalities & rehabilitation. Physiological aspects of various Ergogenic aids. Massage manipulations & their physiological responses
Unit - 3 Kinesiology and biomechanics. Modern trends in biomechanics. Planes and Axes of human body. Joints and their movements. Muscle attachments - Origin, insertion, action and leverage of the principal muscles used in sports
Motion: its laws and their application in sports. Projectile and principles of projections Linear and angular kinematics and kinetics. Friction, Spin, impact and elasticity. Air and water dynamics. Mechanical advantage and applications of Levers in sports
Posture and its deformities with their corrective exercises. Kinesiological, Muscular and mechanical analyses of fundamental movements: Mechanical analyses of major sports skills
Unit - 4 Sports psychology- its importance in the field of physical education and sports. Motivation in sports- types, theories and dynamics
Psychological factors affecting sports performance- Emotions, Anxiety aggression, stress ,self confidence, concentration , mental practice and goal setting
Personality- Theories of personality, measurement of personality Group dynamics, Group cohesion and leadership in sports. Cognitive process- memory and thinking. Principles of Motor skill learning
Transfer of training and its types with its implication in sports. Long and short term psychological preparation for performance/ competition. Psychological skill training for activation and relaxation Spectators and sports performance
Unit - 5 Development of teacher education for physical education in India. Comparative study of professional preparation in physical education of India with those of USA, Russia, Germany, Australia and UK
Professional and other courses of physical education in India. Role of Government agencies monitoring professional courses in physical education
Qualities, qualifications and responsibilities of physical education personnel at primary, secondary and higher education levels. Scope of physical education personnel in the promotion of health, fitness and wellness
Recent Government policies for promoting physical education and sports in India. Hierarchy of organizational set-up in physical education at schools, colleges and university level
Role of public & private sectors in the promotion of physical education and sports in the country. Curriculum development- Concepts and principles of curriculum planning.
Subject matter for different levels of education - primary, secondary and higher education. Curriculum design and content- importance, selection and classification of subject matter with reference to age, sex and differently abled pupils
Integrated programme for boys and girls. Teaching aids - Time-table, Concepts, credit system for various subject coursestheory and practical, Impact of technology in physical education and sports
Curriculum evaluation: Concepts and purpose; procedure and appraisal
Unit - 6 Health- its objectives and spectrum. Health education, its importance and principles . Role of genetics and environment in achieving health. Health-related physical fitness. Community health programme- Health appraisal & health instructions
International and national health promoting government & private agencies. School Health programme and personal hygiene. Communicable diseases: causes, symptoms, prevention through other means and Immunization
Psychosomatic disorders/ sedentary life style diseases : causes, symptoms and prevention. Obesity related health problems. Body weight control & its significance on health. Role of exercise, dieting and combination of exercise & dieting on weight control
First-aid- objectives and principles. First-aid for Shock, poisoning, burns, drowning, bleeding, electric shock and common sports injuries. Pollution- Air, water, sound and radiation
Effects of pollution on health, Preventive and safety measures from pollution. Nutrition- Balanced diet and its components. Nutritional Deficiencies. Understanding of malnutrition and nutritional supplements
Effects of smoking, alcohol, & drugs on health; prevention and rehabilitation
Unit - 7 Sports training- its characteristics and principles. Training load, its features, principles and adaptation process. Means and methods of executing training load. Overload, its Causes, symptoms and remedial measures
Strength- its characteristics, types of strength, factors determining strength and strength development. Endurance- its characteristics, types of endurance, factors determining endurance and endurance development
Speed- its characteristics, types of Speed, factors determining Speed and speed development. Flexibility-its characteristics, types of flexibility, factors determining flexibility and flexibility development
Coordinative abilities- its characteristics, types of coordinative abilities, factors determining coordinative abilities and development of coordinative abilities. Technique and skill- its characteristics and importance
Different stages of technique development and technique training. Tactics and strategy. Planning- its importance and principles. Types of planning. Periodization- its importance, objectives and types of periodization
Concept of different periods - Preparatory, competition and transitional. Types of Competition: Talent identification- process and procedure
Unit - 8 Research in physical education- its importance and classification. Ethical issues in research. Methods of research- Descriptive, historical and experimental. Experimental research designs. Identification and formulation of research problem
Types of research hypotheses & their formulation. Hypotheses testing. Tools of research- Questionnaires, opinionnaires, interviews & observation. Sources & steps of literature search- library, research data bases, internet- search engines, online journals
Note taking and critical reading. Sampling Techniques- Probability and non probability. Data, its types and collecting measures. Normal probability curve and grading scales. Statistical processes, their importance and uses in research
Application of parametric and non parametric statistical techniques in research. Computer applications- statistical packages for data analyses- SPSS, e-mail, search engines and Microsoft office
Preparation of research proposal, report, abstract, paper for publication and paper for presentation
Unit - 9 Test, measurement and evaluation -their types and importance in physical education and sports. Principles and processes of evaluation in physical education. Criteria of selecting an appropriate test and administration of testing programme
Types of tests and construction of standard knowledge and skill tests. Tests for fitness- Physical fitness, motor fitness, motor ability and motor educability. Health related fitness tests
Test for fitness components- strength, endurance, speed, flexibility and coordinative abilities. Sports skill tests- Badminton, Basketball, Football, Hockey, Tennis, and Volleyball
Anthropometric Measurements- land marks and measurement of various body segments ,height, sitting-height, weight, diameters, circumferences, skinfolds, body mass index, ponderal index. Somatotype and Posture evaluating techniques.
Testing of physiological phenomenons- blood pressure, breathing frequency vital capacity, heart rate, pulse rate, body temperature and body composition
Tests for psychological variables- anxiety, aggression, team cohesion, achievement motivation, mental-toughness, and self-efficacy
Unit - 10 Management- its principles and theories. Scope of management in physical education and sports. Guiding principles for organizing physical education & sports programmes in institutions. Personnel management- objectives and principles
Self-appraisal, communication skills and time management. Essential skills of administration. Financial management- objectives, purposes, principles and scope. Planning and preparation of budget. Mechanics of purchase and auditing
Supervision - objectives, principles and importance of supervision. Techniques of supervision. Duties and responsibilities of a supervisor.Facility management- planning, procuring and maintenance of facilities- indoor and outdoor facilities
Planning and management of sports infrastructure. Management of records. Role of sports manager- interpersonal, informational and decision making. Managerial skills – technical, human and conceptual. Qualities and qualification of sports manager
Event management- its principles, planning, check list, rehearsal, itinerary, execution, reporting and follow-up procedures of an event. Public relation- principles of public relations in physical education and sports
Mass media- communication and publicity, qualifications of public relation officer

Maha SET 2020 Preparation Tips

   • You should be aware of the syllabus and exam pattern of MH SET. 

   • Make your preparation plan according to the syllabus and time in hand. 

   • Get the best books to study and make your daily targets. 

   • Practice as many mock tests, sample papers and previous years question papers as possible. 

   • Prepare short notes during the preparation. Use the short notes while you revise the topics. 

   • Revision is a must. Use those short notes during revision. 

   • Do not take any new topic or chapter during the last lap of the preparation. 

Maha SET 2020 Exam Pattern

Maha SET Paper 1 Exam Pattern

Maha SET Exam Pattern 2020 – Paper I 

Paper I is held to assess the teaching/ research aptitude of the candidates. It is designed to test reasoning ability, comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidates. Each question carries 2 marks in Paper-I. There is no negative marking for wrong answers in this paper. Check marks, time limit, etc. in the table below. 

Session No. of questionsNo. of marksDuration
First 501001 hour

Maha SET Paper 2 Exam Pattern

Maha SET Exam Pattern 2020 – Paper II 

This paper will test candidates on the knowledge of their selected subjects. Paper-II will be held for two hours wherein candidates have to answer 100 objective type questions based on the subject chosen by them. Each correct answer will fetch 2 marks. Incorrect answers will not draw any negative marks. The paper will be held for a total of 200 marks. 

Session No. of questions No. of marks Duration 
Second 1002002 hours

Candidates can download MH-SET 2020 admit card from June 18. The admit card will be available online at setexam.unipune.ac.in and will not be sent by post or mail in any case. 

To download Maha SET admit card, candidates have to enter their user name and password or application number and date of birth. Candidates need to take a print out of the admit card after downloading it. It is mandatory that the candidates carry their Maha SET admit card along with a prescribed photo ID proof to the examination centre. The photo ID proof list includes Voter ID, Aadhaar Card, Passport, PAN Card and Driving License. 

How to download Maha SET Admit Card

  • Go to the admit card link and click on it
  • Enter MH SET 2020 login credentials - user name and password or application number and date of birth
  • Download the admit card and take a print out    

Maha SET 2020 Exam Centers

State City
Maharashtra Mumbai City
Goa Panaji

Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit card
  • Voter ID
  • Aadhaar card
  • Passport
  • PAN card
  • Driving license

Maha SET answer key 2020 will be released separately for all 32 papers as per their codes. Candidates must download the answer key for the respective code of the paper which they have appeared in. The answer key of MH SET will carry correct answer options of all the questions asked in both the papers. Candidates can compare and calculate their possible scores in the exam with the answer key. In case of discrepancies, candidates can submit their objections against the answer key or the question paper within a specific time period which will be announced by the exam body later. A final answer key will be released after considering all the objections. 

How to download Maha SET Answer key 2020

  • Go to the answer key link of the respective paper and paper code you have appeared in     
  • Click on the link and download the answer key file
  • Compare your answers and calculate your probable marks

The result will be declared after the release of the answer key. To check the result, candidates have to select the exam date and click on the 'with marks' or 'without marks' option, enter seat number, name, date of birth and mobile number and check their result. As per Savitribai Phule Pune University, top 6% of the candidates, who have taken two papers in Maha SET and secured at least 40% aggregate marks (General Category) and minimum 35%  aggregate marks in paper I and II together will be considered qualified for the eligibility of Assistant Professors. 

How to check Maha SET Result 2020

  • Visit the official site and click on the result link

  • Select exam date and 'with marks' or 'without marks' option

  • Enter seat number, name, date of birth and mobile number
  • Click on the search result button

Maha SET Cut off 2020

Maha SET has two types of cut-offs – one is the minimum qualifying marks and the other cut off is the subject and category-wise cut off percentage. Maha SET 2020 cutoff will be different for candidates belonging to different categories, as per the subjects they have opted for. According to Savitribai Phule Pune University, top 6% candidates who appear for the exam and score 40% marks (General) and 35% aggregate marks in paper I and II will qualify. Apart from this, the university will also release subject-wise and category-wise cut off of MH SET. Candidates have to secure both the cutoffs to be eligible for the position of Assistant Professor.  

General Information

News and Articles

View More
The question have been saved in answer later, you can access it from your profile anytime. Access now

Download the Careers360 App on your Android phone

Regular exam updates, QnA, Predictors, College Applications & E-books now on your Mobile

Careers360 App
150M+ Students
24,000+ Colleges
500+ Exams
1500+ E-books