About APSET 2019

Andhra University conducts APSET (Andhra Pradesh State Eligibility Test) for the appointment of Assistant Professors/Lecturers in Andhra Pradesh. Candidates who hold a Master’s Degree with at least 55% marks can apply for APSET. The exam of APSET will be conducted for 31 subjects out of which candidates must select one subject of their choice in order to appear for the exam. APSET exam is conducted for two papers – paper I and II. Paper I is the general paper of 100 marks whereas paper II will contain questions from the subject opted by the candidates. Paper II will carry 200 marks. All those candidates who will obtain the qualifying marks decided by examination authority will qualify APSET. In order to qualify APSET, candidates belonging to general category must score 40% in aggregate whereas reserved category candidates must score 35% marks.

APSET 2019 Highlights

Full Exam Name Andhra Pradesh State Eligibility Test
Short Exam Name APSET
Conducting Body Andhra University
Frequency of Conduct Once a year
Languages English, Telugu
Mode of Application Online
Application Fee (General) 1000 Rs [Online]
Mode of Exam Offline
APSET Paper 1 - Duration 1 Hour +1 More

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APSET 2019 Important Dates

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APSET (Session 2019)

Past Dates and Events

20 Dec, 2019

Result | Mode: Online

22 Oct, 2019 - 25 Oct, 2019

answer key challenge | Mode: Online

22 Oct, 2019 - 24 Oct, 2019

Answer Key | Mode: Online

11 Oct, 2019 - 20 Oct, 2019

Admit Card | Mode: Online

03 Oct, 2019

Late Fee Application - With Rs.5000 late fee (for Vishakhapatnam Only) | Mode: Online

26 Sep, 2019

Late Fee Application - With Rs 2000 late fee | Mode: Online

19 Sep, 2019

Late Fee Application - With Rs 1000 late fee | Mode: Online

05 Aug, 2019 - 11 Sep, 2019

Application | Mode: Online

28 Jul, 2019

Advertisement | Mode: Online

APSET Paper 1 (Session 2019)

Past Dates and Events

20 Oct, 2019

Exam | Mode: Online

APSET 2019 Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must meet the eligibility criteria of APSET in order to fill the application form. Andhra University will determine APSET eligibility criteria on the basis of age and education qualification of the candidates.

Eligibility criteria on the basis of Age

As per the eligibility criteria of APSET, there is no upper age limit determined by the exam conducting authority.

Eligibility criteria on the basis of Education Qualification

  • Candidates must hold Master’s Degree from universities/institutions recognized by UGC with at least 55% marks. Candidates under reserved categories like BC, SC, ST, PWD must have scored 50% marks for the same.
  • Candidates who are in the final year of their Master Degree or those candidates whose result are awaited are also eligible to apply provided they complete their P.G within one year from the date of declaration of  APSET result with at least 55% marks for general and 50% marks for BC/SC/ST/PWD. 
  • Ph.D. degree holders who completed Master’s level examination before September 19,  1992 (irrespective of the result dates) will get 5% relaxation in aggregate marks (i.e. from 55% to 50%) to appear in SET.
  • All those who have P.G.diploma/certificate awarded by Indian University/Institute or foreign degree/diploma/certificate awarded by the foreign University/Institute must ascertain the equivalence of their diploma/degree/certificate with Master’s degree of recognized Indian universities from Association of Indian Universities (AIU), New Delhi.

Mode of Application : Online

Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card

APSET application form is released in online mode. Candidates must fill the application form of APSET along with the payment of requisite application fee as per the category of the candidates.

The table below contains the category wise application fee that must be paid by the candidates in online mode

APSET Application Form – Application Fee                                                                                                   




Application Fee    


Open Category Candidates











The payment of application fee must be done by using various payment gateways like Credit card/Debit card/Net banking. The application fee once paid will not be refunded at any cost.

Application Fees

Category Quota Mode Gender Amount
General Online Transgender, Male, Female ₹ 1000
OBC Online Transgender, Male, Female ₹ 800
ST, SC Online Transgender, Male, Female ₹ 500
ST, SC, OBC, General PWD Online Transgender, Male, Female ₹ 500

APSET 2019 Syllabus

APSET Paper 1 Syllabus

General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude-

General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 01
Teaching aptitude
Teaching: concept, objectives, levels of teaching (memory, understanding and reflective), characteristics and basic requirements
Learner’s characteristics: characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (academic, social, emotional and cognitive), individual differences
Factors affecting teaching related to: teacher, learner, support material, instructional facilities, learning environment and institution
Methods of teaching in institutions of higher learning: teacher-centered vs. Learner centered methods
Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.)
Teaching support system: traditional, modern and ICT based
Evaluation systems: elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in choice-based credit system in higher education, computer-based testing, innovations in evaluation systems
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 02
Research aptitude
Research: meaning, types, and characteristics, positivism and post positivistic approach to research
Methods of research: experimental, descriptive, historical, qualitative and quantitative methods
Steps of research
Thesis and article writing: format and styles of referencing
Application of ICT in research
Research ethics
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 03
A passage of text will be given
Questions asked from the passage to be answered
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 04
Communication: meaning, types and characteristics of communication
Effective communication: verbal and non-verbal, inter-cultural and group communications, classroom communication
Barriers to Effective Communication
Mass-media and society
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 05
Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
Types of reasoning
Number series, letter series, codes and relationships
Mathematical aptitude (fraction, time & distance, ratio, proportion and percentage, profit and loss, interest and discounting, averages etc.)
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 06
Logical reasoning
Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, mood and figure, formal and informal fallacies, uses of language, connotations and denotations of terms, classical square of opposition
Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning
Venn diagram: simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments
Indian logic: means of knowledge
Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension)
Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference)
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 07
Data interpretation
Sources, acquisition and classification of data
Quantitative and qualitative data
Graphical representation (bar-chart, histograms, pie-chart, table-chart and line-chart) and mapping of data
Data interpretation
Data and governance
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 08
Information and communication technology (ICT)
ICT: general abbreviations and terminology
Basics of internet, intranet, e-mail, audio and video-conferencing
Digital initiatives in higher education
ICT and governance
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 09
People, Development and Environment
Development and environment: millennium development and sustainable development goals
Human and environment interaction: anthropogenic activities and their impacts on environment
Environmental issues: local, regional and global
Air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), climate change and its socio-economic and political dimensions
Impacts of pollutants on human health
Natural and energy resources: solar, wind, soil, hydro, geothermal, biomass, nuclear and forests
Natural hazards and disasters: mitigation strategies
Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance
General paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude: Unit 10
Higher education system
Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India
Evolution of higher learning and research in post-independence India
Oriental, conventional and non-conventional learning programmes in India
Professional, technical and skill-based education
Value education and environmental education
Policies, governance, and administration

APSET Paper 2 Syllabus


Anthropology: Unit 01
History, development, aim and scope of Anthropology
Relationship with other sciences, different branches of anthropology (including linguistic anthropology) and their interrelationship
Research methodology and methods: concepts of epistemology, ontology and theoretical perspectives
Types of research (qualitative and quantitative), research design, hypothesis
Fieldwork and fieldwork tradition
Ethnography, observation, interview, case study, life history, focus group, PRA, RRA, genealogical method, schedules and questionnaires, grounded theory, exploration and excavation, gis
Statistics: concept of variables, sampling, measures of central tendency and dispersion, parametric and nonparametric bivariate and multivariate (linear regression and logistic regression) statistical tests
Techniques of analysis: content analysis, discourse analysis and narratives
Anthropology: Unit 02
Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism
Synthetic theory, neutral theory of molecular evolution, concept of cladogenesis and anagenesis, punctuated equilibrium, selection
Trends in primate radiation
Primate classification and distribution of extinct and extant species
Characteristics of primates: morphological (hair), skeletal (cranial, postcranial, dental, brain), physical (opposability of thumb), locomotion (quadrupedalism, brachiation and bipedalism) and posture, primate social behaviour
Extant primates
Fossils of extinct primates
Hominid evolution
Anthropology: Unit 03
Modern Human Variation
Typological Model, Populational Model and Clinal Model
Overview of classification proposed by Blumenbach, Deniker, Hooton, Coon, Garn and Birdsell
Ethnic classification and distribution of Indian populations: H.H. Risley; B. S. Guha; S. S. Sarkar
Linguistic distribution of ethnic groups
Methods of studying human genetics: cytogenetics, Mendelian genetics, twin genetics, sib-pair methods, population genetics, molecular genetics
Cytogenetics: cell cycle, standard karyotyping and banding techniques (G, C and Q), chromosomal abnormalities, fluorescent in situ hybridization, Lyon's hypothesis, importance of telomere and centromere.
Linkage and chromosome mapping, genetic imprinting
Modes of inheritance: Autosomal (dominant, recessive, codominance), sex linked, sex influenced, sex limited, modifying genes, suppressor genes, selfish gene, multiple allelic inheritance, multifactorial inheritance (stature and skin colour)
Polygeneic (dermatoglyphicsfinger-ball pattern types, Dankmeijer’s index, Furuhata’s index and pattern intensity index, total finger ridge count, absolute finger ridge count, palmar formula and mainline index, transversality, atd angle and flexion creases
Population genetics: Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, definition, and application; mating patterns (random, assortative and consanguineous), inbreeding coefficient, genetic load, genetic isolate, genetic drift, genetic distance)
Genetic polymorphism (balanced and transient)
Molecular genetics: DNA, RNA, genetic code, protein structure and synthesis, concepts of RFLPs, VNTRs, STRs, and SNPs, mitrochondrial DNA, genic and genomic mutations
Anthropology: Unit 04
Human Growth, development and maturation
Definition, concepts
Basic principles of growth
Phases of growth: prenatal and postnatal (growth and development of different body parts, subcutaneous tissues and physiological variables)
Growth curves: velocity, distance, acceleration and Scammon's growth curve
Catch up and catch down growth
Aging and senescence with special reference to somatic, skeletal and dental maturation
Factors affecting growth: genetic and environmental. Secular trends in growth.
Methods of studying human growth: longitudinal, cross-sectional, mixed longitudinal, linked longitudinal
Body composition: bone mass, body mass, percentage of body fat, segmental fat, body age
Human adaptation: Allen's and Bergmann's rule;
Human adaptability programme
Human adaptation to heat, cold, high altitude
Somatotyping: concept, development (Kretschmer, Sheldon, Parnoll, health-carter) and its application
Demography: multidisciplinary nature of demography and its relation with other disciplines
Relationship between demography and anthropological demography
Fertility (concept and determinants), morbidity and mortality (concept and determinants), migration (concept and determinants), selection intensity.
Anthropology: Unit 05
Concept of prehistoric archaeology
Ethno-archaeology, experimental archaeology, environmental archaeology, settlement archaeology, cognitive archaeology, geo-archaeology, action archaeology
Theoretical paradigms – descriptive to scientific period to interpretative period
Lithic tool typology and technology
Overview of lithic cultures of Europe
Early farming cultures and neolithic of the near east
Anthropology: Unit 06
Lower Palaeolithic Period in India
Middle paleolithic period in India
Paleolithic period in India
Mesolithic period in India
Neolithic period in India
Prehistoric cave art from India
Indus civilization
Pottery and traditions
Bronze/copper age
Iron age and urban revolution
Anthropology: Unit 07
Conceptual Understanding of Social Anthropology
Social institutions
Economic anthropology
Legal anthropology
Political organization
Religion and belief systems
Social change
Anthropology: Unit 08
Theories in Social Anthropology
Evolutionism – Tylor, Morgan, Fraser, Maine, McLennan
Diffusionism – Three schools (Austro-German, British, American)
Historical particularism – Boas
Functionalism – Malinowski
Structural-functionalism – Radcliffe-Brown, Firth, Fortes, Eggan, Parsons
Structuralism – Levi-Strauss
Culture and personality/psychological anthropology – Mead, Benedict, DuBois, Linton, Kardiner, Whiting and Child
Cultural ecology, environmental anthropology, neo-evolutionism (Leslie White, Julian Steward, Marshall Sahlins)
Cultural materialism – Marvin Harris
Symbolic anthropology – Victor Turner, Raymond Firth, Mary Douglas
Cognitive anthropology – Roy D’Andrade, Stephen Tyler, Ward Goodenough
Deep ethnography, interpretive anthropology – Clifford Geertz
Anthropology and gender – Leela Dube, Renato Rosaldo, Marilyn Strathern, Zora Neale Hutson
Postmodernism, poststructuralism, postcolonialism – Foucault, Derrida, Bourdieu
Ethnicity – Barth, Jeffery, Weber
Anthropology: Unit 09
Stages in the Development of Indian Anthropolog
Theoretical ideas
Early Indian anthropologists and their contributions
Anthropology: Unit 10
Concepts and Theories
Applied anthropology, action anthropology, engaged anthropology, experimental anthropology, urban anthropology, public anthropology, public archaeology
Anthropology of development, medical anthropology, visual anthropology, genomic studies, genetic screening and counseling, forensic anthropology, food and nutritional anthropology, ergonomics, kinanthropometry, business anthropology
Community development projects (rural, urban and tribal)
Revisits, re-studies, reinterpretations, intervention, research process and Social Impact Assessment (SIA)
Anthropological approaches in community studies: public health, education, nutrition, land alienation, bonded labour, housing
Alternative economy, livelihood, gender issues, relief, rehabilitation and relocation, identity crisis, communication, training and management, aging and the aged
Development strategies (plan/sub plan)
Role of NGOs in development
Anthropology and NGOs
Empowerment of women, LGBT groups

Chemical sciences+

Chemical sciences: Unit 01
Inorganic chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Structure and bonding in homo- and heteronuclear molecules, including shapes of molecules (VSEPR Theory)
Concepts of acids and bases, hard-soft acid-base concept, non-aqueous solvents
Main group elements and their compounds: allotropy, synthesis, structure and bonding, industrial importance of the compounds
Transition elements and coordination compounds: structure, bonding theories, spectral and magnetic properties, reaction mechanisms
Inner transition elements: spectral and magnetic properties, redox chemistry, analytical applications
Organometallic compounds: synthesis, bonding and structure, and reactivity
Organometallics in homogeneous catalysis
Cages and metal clusters
Analytical chemistry- separation, spectroscopic, electro- and thermo analytical methods
Bioinorganic chemistry: photosystems, porphyrins, metalloenzymes, oxygen transport, electron- transfer reactions
Nitrogen fixation, metal complexes in medicine
Characterization of inorganic compounds by IR, Raman, NMR, EPR, Mössbauer, UV-Vis, NQR, MS, electron spectroscopy and microscopic techniques
Nuclear chemistry: nuclear reactions, fission and fusion, radio-analytical techniques and activation analysis
Chemical sciences: Unit 02
Physical chemistry
Basic principles of quantum mechanics: postulates; operator algebra
Exactly solvable systems: particle-in-a-box, harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom, including shapes of atomic orbital’s
Orbital and spin angular momentum
Approximate methods of quantum mechanics: variational principle
Perturbation theory up to second order in energy
Atomic structure and spectroscopy
Term symbols
Many-electron systems and antisymmetry principle
Chemical bonding in diatomics
Elementary concepts of mo and vb theories
Huckel theory for conjugated π-electron systems
Chemical applications of group theory
Symmetry elements
Point groups
Character tables
Selection rules
Molecular spectroscopy: rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules
Electronic spectra
IR and Raman activities – selection rules
Basic principles of magnetic resonance
Chemical thermodynamics: laws, state and path functions and their applications
Thermodynamic description of various types of processes
Maxwell’s relations
Spontaneity and equilibria
Temperature and pressure dependence of thermodynamic quantities
Le chatelier principle
Elementary description of phase transitions
Phase equilibria and phase rule
Thermodynamics of ideal and non-ideal gases, and solutions
Statistical thermodynamics: Boltzmann distribution
Kinetic theory of gases
Partition functions and their relation to thermodynamic quantities – calculations for model systems
Electrochemistry: Nernst equation, redox systems, electrochemical cells
Debyehuckel theory
Electrolytic conductance – Kohlrausch’s law and its applications
Ionic equilibria
Conduct metric and potentiometric titrations
Chemical kinetics: empirical rate laws and temperature dependence
Complex reactions
Steady state approximation
Determination of reaction mechanisms
Collision and transition state theories of rate constants
Unimolecular reactions
Enzyme kinetics
Salt effects
Homogeneous catalysis
Photochemical reactions
Colloids and surfaces: stability and properties of colloids
Isotherms and surface area
Heterogeneous catalysis
Solid state: crystal structures
Bragg’s law and applications
Band structure of solids
Polymer chemistry: molar masses
Kinetics of polymerization
Data analysis: mean and standard deviation
Absolute and relative errors
Linear regression
Covariance and correlation coefficient
Chemical sciences: Unit 03
Organic chemistry
IUPAC nomenclature of organic molecules including regio- and stereoisomer’s
Principles of stereochemistry: configurational and conformational isomerism in acyclic and cyclic compounds
Stereogenicity, stereoselectivity, enantioselectivity, diastereoselectivity and asymmetric induction
Aromaticity: benzenoid and non-benzenoid compounds – generation and reactions
Organic reactive intermediates: generation, stability and reactivity of carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes and nitrenes
Organic reaction mechanisms involving addition, elimination and substitution reactions with electrophilic, nucleophilic or radical species
Determination of reaction pathways
Common named reactions and rearrangements – applications in organic synthesis
Organic transformations and reagents: functional group interconversion including oxidations and reductions
Common catalysts and reagents (organic, inorganic, organometallic and enzymatic)
Chemo, regio, and stereo selective transformation
Concepts in organic synthesis: retrosynthesis, disconnection, synthons, linear and convergent synthesis, umpolung of reactivity and protecting groups
Asymmetric synthesis: chiral auxiliaries, methods of asymmetric induction – substrate, reagent, and catalyst controlled reactions
Determination of enantiomeric and diastereomeric excess
Resolution – optical and kinetic
Per cyclic reactions – electrocyclisation, cycloaddition, sigmatropic rearrangements and other related concerted reactions
Principles and applications of photochemical reactions in organic chemistry
Synthesis and reactivity of common heterocyclic compounds containing one or two heteroatoms (o, n, s)
Chemistry of natural products: carbohydrates, proteins, and peptides, fatty acids, nucleic acids, terpenes, steroids and alkaloids
Biogenesis of terpenoids and alkaloids
Structure determination of organic compounds by IR, UV-Vis, 1H & 13CNMR and mass spectroscopic techniques


Commerce: Unit 01
Business Environment and International Business
Concepts and elements of business environment: economic environment- economic systems, economic policies(monetary and fiscal policies)
Political environment-Role of government in business
Legal environment- Consumer Protection Act, FEMA
Socio-cultural factors and their influence on business
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
Scope and importance of international business
Globalization and its drivers
Modes of entry into international business
Theories of international trade
Government intervention in international trade
Tariff and non-tariff barriers
India’s foreign trade policy
Foreign direct investment (FDI) and Foreign portfolio investment (FPI)
Types of FDI, Costs and benefits of FDI to home and host countries
Trends in FDI
India’s FDI policy
Balance of payments (BOP): importance and components of BOP
Regional economic integration: levels of regional economic integration
Trade creation and diversion effects
Regional Trade Agreements: European Union (EU), ASEAN, SAARC, NAFTA
International Economic institutions: IMF, World Bank, UNCTAD
World Trade Organisation (WTO): functions and objectives of WTO
Agriculture agreement; GATS; TRIPS; TRIMS
Commerce: Unit 02
Accounting and auditing
Basic accounting principles
Concepts and postulates
Partnership accounts: admission, retirement, death, dissolution and insolvency of partnership firms
Corporate accounting: issue, forfeiture, and reissue of shares
Liquidation of companies
Acquisition, merger, amalgamation, and reconstruction of companies
Holding company accounts
Cost and management accounting: marginal costing and break-even analysis
Standard costing
Budgetary control
Process costing
Activity Based Costing (ABC)
Costing for decision-making
Life cycle costing, target costing, kaizen costing and JIT
Financial statements analysis: ratio analysis
Funds flow analysis
Cash flow analysis
Human resources accounting
Inflation accounting
Environmental accounting
Indian accounting standards and IFRS
Auditing: independent financial audit
Verification ad valuation of assets and liabilities
Audit of financial statements and audit report
Cost audit
Recent trends in auditing: management audit
Energy audit
Environment audit
Systems audit
Safety audit
Commerce: Unit 03
Business economics
Meaning and scope of business economics
Objectives of business firms
Demand analysis: law of demand
Elasticity of demand and its measurement
Relationship between AR and MR
Consumer behavior: utility analysis
Indifference curve analysis
Law of variable proportions: law of returns to scale
Theory of cost: short-run and long-run cost curves
Price determination under different market forms: perfect competition
Monopolistic competition
Oligopoly- price leadership model
Price discrimination
Pricing strategies: price skimming
Price penetration
Peak load pricing
Commerce: Unit 04
Business finance
Scope and sources of finance
Lease financing
Cost of capital and time value of money
Capital Structure
Capital budgeting decisions: conventional and scientific techniques of capital budgeting analysis
Working capital management
Dividend decision: theories and policies
Risk and return analysis
Asset securitization
International monetary system
Foreign exchange market
Exchange rate risk and hedging techniques
International financial markets and instruments: Euro currency; GDRs; ADRs
International arbitrage
Multinational capital budgeting
Commerce: Unit 05
Business Statistics and Research Methods
Measures of central tendency
Measures of dispersion
Measures of skewness
Correlation and regression of two variables
Probability: approaches to probability
Bayes’ theorem
Probability distributions: binomial, poisson and normal distributions
Research: concept and types
Research designs
Data: collection and classification of data
Sampling and estimation: concepts
Methods of sampling - probability and nonprobability methods sampling distribution
Central limit theorem
Standard error
Statistical estimation
Hypothesis testing: z-test; t-test; ANOVA; Chi–square test
Mann-Whitney test (Utest)
Kruskal-Wallis test (H-test)
Rank correlation test
Report writing
Commerce: Unit 06
Business Management and Human Resource Management
Organization structure: formal and informal organizations
Span of control
Responsibility and authority: delegation of authority and decentralization
Motivation and leadership: concept and theories
Corporate governance and business ethics
Human resource management: concept, role and functions of HRM human resource
Recruitment and selection
Training and Development
Succession planning
Compensation management: job evaluation
Incentives and fringe benefits
Performance appraisal including 360-degree performance appraisal
Collective bargaining and workers’ participation in management
Personality: perception
Group dynamics
Power and politics
Conflict and negotiation
Stress management
Organizational culture: organizational development and organizational change
Commerce: Unit 07
Banking and Financial Institutions
Overview of indian financial system
Types of banks: commercial banks
Regional rural banks (RRBs)
Foreign banks
Cooperative banks
Reserve bank of india: functions
Role and monetary policy management
Banking sector reforms in india: basel norms
Risk management; NPA management
Financial markets: money market
Capital market
Government securities market
Financial institutions: Development Finance Institutions (DFIs)
Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs)
Mutual funds
Pension funds
Financial regulators in India
Financial sector reforms including financial inclusion
Digitisation of banking and other financial services: internet banking
Mobile banking
Digital payments systems
Insurance: types of insurance- life and non-life insurance
Risk classification and management
Factors limiting the insurability of risk
Regulatory framework of insurance- IRDA and its role
Commerce: Unit 08
Marketing management
Marketing: concept and approaches
Marketing channels
Marketing Mix
Strategic marketing planning
Market segmentation, targeting and positioning
Product decisions: concept
Product line
Product mix decisions
Product life cycle
New product development
Pricing decisions: factors affecting price determination
Pricing policies and strategies
Promotion decisions: role of promotion in marketing
Promotion methods - advertising
Personal selling
Sales promotion tools and techniques
Promotion mix
Distribution decisions: channels of distribution
Channel management
Consumer behaviour
Consumer buying process
factors influencing consumer buying decisions
Service marketing
Trends in marketing: social marketing
Online marketing
Green marketing
Direct marketing
Rural marketing; CRM
Logistics management
Commerce: Unit 09
Legal Aspects of Business
Indian Contract Act, 1872: elements of a valid contract
Capacity of parties
Free consent
Discharge of a contract
Breach of contract and remedies against breach
Quasi contracts
Special contracts: contracts of indemnity and guarantee
Contracts of bailment and pledge
Contracts of agency
Sale of Goods Act, 1930: sale and agreement to sell
Doctrine of Caveat Emptor
Rights of unpaid seller and rights of buyer
Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881: types of negotiable instruments
Negotiation and assignment
Dishonour and discharge of negotiable instruments
The Companies Act, 2013: nature and kinds of companies
Company formation
Management, meetings and winding up of a joint stock company
Limited Liability Partnership: structure and procedure of formation of LLP in India
The Competition Act, 2002: objectives and main provisions
The Information Technology Act, 2000: objectives and main provisions
Cyber crimes and penalties
The RTI Act, 2005: objectives and main provisions
Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) : Patents, trademarks and copyrights
Emerging issues in intellectual property
Goods and Services Tax (GST): objectives and main provisions
Benefits of GST
Implementation mechanism
Working of dual GST
Commerce: Unit 10
Income-Tax and Corporate Tax Planning
Income-tax: basic concepts
Residential status and tax incidence
Exempted incomes
Agricultural income
Computation of taxable income under various heads
Deductions from gross total income
Assessment of individuals
Clubbing of incomes
International taxation: double taxation and its avoidance mechanism
Transfer pricing
Corporate tax planning: concepts and significance of corporate tax planning
Tax avoidance versus tax evasion
Techniques of corporate tax planning
Tax considerations in specific business situations: make or buy decisions
Own or lease an asset
Retain; renewal or replacement of asset
Shut down or continue operations
Deduction and collection of tax at source
Advance payment of tax
E-filing of income-tax returns

Computer Science & Application+

Computer Science & Application: Unit 01
Discrete Structures and Optimization
Mathematical logic
Sets and relations
Counting, mathematical induction and discrete probability
Group theory
Graph theory
Boolean algebra
Computer Science & Application: Unit 02
Computer System Architecture
Digital logic circuits and components
Data representation
Register transfer and microoperations
Basic computer organization and design
Programming the basic computer
Microprogrammed control
Central processing unit
Pipeline and vector processing
Input-output organization
Memory hierarchy
Computer Science & Application: Unit 03
Programming Languages and Computer Graphics
Language design and translation issues
Elementary data types
Programming in C
Object oriented programming
Programming in C++
Web programming
Computer graphics
2-D Geometrical transforms and viewing
3-D Object representation, geometric transformations and viewing
Computer Science & Application: Unit 04
Database management systems
Database system concepts and architecture
Data modeling
Normalization for relational databases
Enhanced data models
Data warehousing and data mining
Big data system
Computer Science & Application: Unit 05
System Software and Operating System
System software
Basics of operating systems
Process management
CPU scheduling
Memory management
Storage management
File and input/output systems
Virtual machines
Linux operating systems
Windows operating systems
Distributed systems
Computer Science & Application: Unit 06
Software engineering
Software process models
Software requirements
Software design
Software quality
Estimation and scheduling of software projects
Software testing
Software configuration management
Computer Science & Application: Unit 07
Data structures and algorithms
Data structures
Performance analysis of algorithms and recurrences
Design techniques
Lower bound theory
Graph algorithms
Complexity theory
Selected topics
Advanced algorithms
Computer Science & Application: Unit 08
Theory of Computation and Compilers
Theory of computation
Regular language models
Context-free language
Turing Machines (TM)
Unsolvable problems and computational complexity
Syntax analysis
Semantic analysis
Run time system
Intermediate code generation
Code generation and code optimization
Computer Science & Application: Unit 09
Data communication and computer networks
Data communication
Computer networks
Network models
Functions of OSI and TCP/IP layers
World Wide Web (WWW)
Network security
Mobile technology
Cloud computing and IoT
Computer Science & Application: Unit 10
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Approaches to ai
Knowledge representation
Natural language processing
Multi-agent systems
Fuzzy sets
Genetic Algorithms (GA)
Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)


Economics: Unit 01
Micro economics
Theory of consumer behaviour
Theory of production and costs
Decision making under uncertainty attitude towards risk
Game theory – non-cooperative games
Market structures, competitive and non-competitive equilibria and their efficiency properties
Factor pricing
General equilibrium analysis
Efficiency criteria: Pareto-optimality, Kaldor – hicks and wealth maximization
Welfare economics: fundamental theorems, social welfare function
Asymmetric information: adverse selection and moral hazard
Economics: Unit 02
Macro economics
National income: concepts and measurement
Determination of output and employment: classical & Keynesian approach
Consumption function
Investment function
Multiplier and accelerator
Demand for money
Supply of money
IS – LM model approach
Inflation and Phillips curve analysis
Business cycles
Monetary and fiscal policy
Rational expectation hypothesis and its critique
Economics: Unit 03
Statistics and econometrics
Probability theory: concepts of probability, distributions, moments, central limit theorem
Descriptive statistics – measures of central tendency & dispersions, correlation, index numbers
Sampling methods & sampling distribution
Statistical inferences, hypothesis testing
Linear regression models and their properties – BLUE
Identification problem
Simultaneous equation models – recursive and non-recursive
Discrete choice models
Time series analysis
Economics: Unit 04
Mathematical Economics
Sets, functions and continuity, sequence, series
Differential calculus and its applications
Linear algebra – matrices, vector spaces
Static optimization problems and their applications
Input-output model, linear programming
Difference and differential equations with applications
Economics: Unit 05
International economics
International trade: basic concepts and analytical tools
Theories of international trade
International trade under imperfect competition
Balance of payments: composition, equilibrium and disequilibrium and adjustment mechanisms
Exchange rate: concepts and theories
Foreign exchange market and arbitrage
Gains from trade, terms of trade, trade multiplier
Tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade; dumping
GATT, WTO and Regional trade blocks; trade policy issues
IMF & World Bank
Economics: Unit 06
Public Economics
Market failure and remedial measures: asymmetric information,
Public goods, externality
Regulation of market – collusion and consumers’ welfare
Public revenue: tax & non-tax revenue, direct & indirect taxes, progressive and non-progressive taxation, incidence and effects of taxation
Public expenditure
Public debt and its management
Public budget and budget multiplier
Fiscal policy and its implications
Economics: Unit 07
Money and banking
Components of money supply
Central bank
Commercial banking
Instruments and working of monetary policy
Non-banking financial institutions
Capital market and its regulation
Economics: Unit 08
Growth and Development Economics
Economic growth and economic development
Theories of economic development: Adam Smith, Ricardo, Marx,
Schumpeter, Rostow, balanced & unbalanced growth, Big Push approach
Models of economic growth: Harrod-Domar, Solow, Robinson, Kaldor
Technical progress – disembodied & embodied; endogenous growth
Indicators of economic development: PQLI, HDI, SDGs
Poverty and inequalities – concepts and measurement
Social sector development: health, education, gender
Economics: Unit 09
Environmental Economics and Demography
Environment as a public good
Market failure
Coase theorem
Cost-benefit analysis and compensation criteria
Valuation of environmental goods
Theories of population
Concepts and measures: fertility, morbidity, mortality
Age structure, demographic dividend
Life table
Economics: Unit 10
Indian economy
Economic growth in India: pattern and structure
Agriculture: pattern & structure of growth, major challenges, policy responses
Industry: pattern & structure of growth, major challenges, policy responses
Services: pattern & structure of growth, major challenges, policy responses
Rural development – issues, challenges & policy responses
Urban development – issues, challenges and policy responses.
Foreign trade: structure and direction, bop, flow of foreign capital, trade policies
Infrastructure development: physical and social
Public-private partnerships
Reforms in land, labour and capital markets
Centre-State Financial Relations and Finance Commissions of India;FRBM
Poverty, inequality & unemployment


Education: Unit 01
Educational Studies
Contribution of Indian Schools of philosophy (Sankhya Yoga, Vedanta, Buddhism, Jainism) with special reference to Vidya, Dayanand Darshan
Islamic traditions towards educational aims and methods of acquiring valid knowledge
Contribution of Western schools of thoughts (Idealism, Realism, Naturalism, Pragmatism, Marxism, Existentialism) and their contribution to education with special reference to information, knowledge and wisdom
Approaches to sociology of education (symbolic interaction, structural functionalism and conflict theory)
Concept and types of social institutions and their functions (family, school and society), concept of social movements, theories of social movements (relative deprivation, resource mobilization, political process theory, and new social movement theory)
Socialization and education- education and culture
Contribution of thinkers (Swami Vivekananda, Rabindranath Tagore, Mahatma Gandhi, Aurobindo, J.Krishnamurthy, Paulo Freire, Wollstonecraft, Nel Noddings and Savitribai Phule) to the development of educational thought for social change
National Values as enshrined in the Indian Constitution - Socialism, Secularism, justice, liberty, democracy, equality, freedom with special reference to education
Education: Unit 02
History, Politics and Economics of Education
Committees and Commissions’ Contribution to Teacher Education Secondary Education Commission (1953), Kothari Education Commission (1964-66), National Policy of Education (1986,1992)
National Commission on Teachers (1999), National Curriculum Framework 2005, National Knowledge Commission (2007), Yashpal Committee Report (2009), National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (2009), Justice Verma Committee Report (2012)
Relationship between Policies and Education, linkage between Educational Policy and National Development
Determinants of educational policy and process of policy formulation: analysis of the existing situation, generation of policy options, evaluation of policy options, making the policy decision,
Determinants of educational policy and process of policy formulation: Planning of policy implementation, policy impact assessment and subsequent policy cycles
Concept of economics of education: cost benefit analysis vs cost effective analysis in education, economic returns to higher education signaling theory vs human capital theory, concept of educational finance
Educational finance at Micro and Macro Levels, Concept of Budgeting
Relationship between politics and education, perspectives of politics of education liberal, conservative and critical
Approaches to understanding politics (behaviouralism, theory of systems analysis and theory of rational choice), education for political development and political socialization
Education: Unit 03
Learner and Learning Process
Growth and development: concept and principles, cognitive processes and stages of cognitive development
Personality: definitions and theories (Freud, Carl Rogers, Gordon Allport, Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka) , mental health and mental hygiene
Approaches to intelligence from unitary to multiple: concepts of social intelligence, multiple intelligence, emotional intelligence theories of intelligence by Sternberg, Gardner
Approaches to intelligence from unitary to multiple:Assessment of intelligence, concepts of problem-solving, critical thinking, metacognition and creativity
Principles and theories of learning: behaviouristic, cognitive and social theories of learning, factors affecting social learning, social competence, concept of social cognition, understanding social relationship and socialization goals
Guidance and counselling: nature, principles and need, types of guidance (educational, vocational, personal, health and social & directive, non-directive and eclectic)
Approaches to counselling – cognitive-behavioural (Albert Ellis – REBT) & humanistic, person-centred counselling (Carl Rogers) - theories of counselling (behaviouristic, rational, emotive and reality)
Education: Unit 04
Teacher education
Meaning, nature and scope of teacher education
Types of teacher education programs, the structure of teacher education curriculum and its vision in curriculum documents of NCERT and NCTE at elementary, secondary and higher secondary levels
Organization of components of pre-service teacher education transactional approaches (for foundation courses) expository, collaborative and experiential learning
Understanding knowledge base of teacher education from the view point of Schulman, Deng and luke & Habermas
Meaning of reflective teaching and strategies for promoting reflective teaching, models of teacher education - behaviouristic, competency-based and inquiry-oriented teacher education models
Concept,need,purpose and scope of in-service teacher education,organization and modes of in-service teacher education
Agencies and institutions of in-service teacher education at district, state and national levels (SSA, RMSA,SCERT, NCERT, NCTE and UGC),Preliminary consideration in planning in-service teacher education programme (purpose, duration, resources and budget)
Concept of profession and professionalism, teaching as a profession, professional ethics of teachers
Personal and contextual factors affecting teacher development, ICT integration, quality enhancement for professionalization of teacher education, innovation in teacher education
Education: Unit 05
Curriculum Studies
Concept and principles of curriculum, strategies of curriculum development, stages in the process of curriculum development
Foundations of curriculum planning - philosophical bases (national, democratic), sociological basis (socio cultural reconstruction), psychological bases (learner’s needs and interests),
Benchmarking and role of national-level statutory bodies - UGC, NCTE and university in curriculum development
Models of curriculum design: traditional and contemporary models (academic / discipline-based model, competency-based model
Social functions/activities model [social reconstruction], individual needs & interests model, outcome-based integrative model, intervention model, c I p p model (context, input, process, product model)
Instructional system, instructional media, instructional techniques and material in enhancing curriculum transaction
Approaches to evaluation of curriculum: approaches to curriculum and instruction (academic and competency-based approaches)
Models of curriculum evaluation: Tyler’s model, Stakes’ model, Scriven's model, Kirkpatrick's model
Meaning and types of curriculum change, factors affecting curriculum change, approaches to curriculum change
Role of students, teachers and educational administrators in curriculum change and improvement, scope of curriculum research and types of research in curriculum studies
Education: Unit 06
Research in education
Meaning and scope of educational research, meaning and steps of scientific method, characteristics of scientific method (replicability, precision, falsifiability and parsimony), types of scientific method (exploratory, explanatory and descriptive)
Aims of research as a scientific activity: problem-solving, theory building and prediction
Types of research (fundamental, applied and action), approaches to educational research (quantitative and qualitative), designs in educational research (descriptive, experimental and historical)
Variables: meaning of concepts, constructs and variables, types of variables (independent, dependent, extraneous, intervening and moderator)
Hypotheses - concept, sources, types (research, page 4 of 8 directional, non-directional,null), formulating hypothesis, characteristics of a good hypothesis, steps of writing a research proposal
Concept of universe and sample,characteristics of a good sample, techniques of sampling (probability and non-probability sampling)
Tools of research - validity, reliability and standardisation of a tool, types of tools (rating scale,attitude scale, questionnaire, aptitude test and achievement test, inventory), techniques of research (observation, interview and projective techniques)
Types of measurement scale (nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio), quantitative data analysis
Descriptive data analysis (measures of central tendency, variability, fiduciary limits and graphical presentation of data), testing of hypothesis (type I and type II errors)
Levels of significance, power of a statistical test and effect size, parametric techniques, non- parametric techniques , conditions to be satisfied for using parametric techniques, inferential data analysis
Use and interpretation of statistical techniques: correlation, t-test, z-test, ANOVA, chi-square (equal probability and normal probability hypothesis)
Qualitative data analysis - data reduction and classification, analytical induction and constant comparison, concept of triangulation
Qualitative research designs: grounded theory designs (types, characteristics, designs, steps in conducting a GT research, strengths and weakness of GT) - narrative research designs (meaning and key characteristics, steps in conducting NR design)
Case study (meaning, characteristics, components of a CS design, types of CS design, steps of conducting a CS research, strengths and weaknesses)
Ethnography (meaning, characteristics, underlying assumptions, steps of conducting ethnographic research, writing ethnographic account, strengths and weaknesses)
Mixed method designs: characteristics, types of MM designs (triangulation, explanatory and exploratory designs), steps in conducting MM designs, strengths and weakness of MM research
Education: Unit 07
Pedagogy, Andragogy and Assessment
Pedagogy, pedagogical analysis - concept and stages, critical pedagogy- meaning, need and its implications in teacher education
Organizing teaching: memory level (Herbartian model), understanding level (Morrison teaching model), reflective level (Bigge and hunt teaching model)
Concept of andragogy in education: meaning, principles, competencies of self-directed learning, theory of andragogy (Malcolm Knowles), the dynamic model of learner autonomy
Assessment – meaning, nature, perspectives (assessment for learning, assessment of learning and assessment of learning)
Types of assessment (placement, formative, diagnostic, summative) relations between objectives and outcomes , assessment of cognitive (Anderson and Krathwohl), affective (Krathwohl) and psychomotor domains (R.H. Dave) of learning
Assessment in pedagogy of education: feedback devices: meaning, types, criteria
Guidance as feedback devices: assessment of portfolios, reflective journal, field engagement using rubrics, competency-based evaluation, assessment of teacher prepared ICT resources
Assessment in andragogy of education
Interaction analysis: Flanders’ interaction analysis, Galloway’s system of interaction analysis (recording of classroom events, construction and interpretation of interaction matrix)
Criteria for teacher evaluation (product, process and presage criteria, rubrics for self and peer evaluation (meaning, steps of construction)
Education: Unit 08
Technology in/ for Education
Concept of educational technology (ET) as a discipline: Information technology, communication technology & information and communication technology (ICT) and instructional technology
Concept of educational technology (ET) as a discipline: Applications of educational technology informal, non formal (open and distance learning)
Concept of educational technology (ET) as a discipline: Informal and inclusive education systems,Overview of behaviourist, cognitive and constructivist theories and their implications to instructional design (Skinner, Piaget, Ausubel, Bruner, Vygotsky)
Concept of educational technology (ET) as a discipline: Relationship between learning theories and instructional strategies (for large and small groups, formal and non formal groups )
Systems approach to instructional design, models of development of instructional design (Addie, Assure, Dick and Carey model mason’s), Gagne's nine events of instruction and five e’s of constructivism, nine elements of constructivist instructional design
Application of computers in education: CAI, CAL, CBT, CML, concept, process of preparing ODLM, concept of e learning, approaches to e learning (offline, online, synchronous, asynchronous, blended learning, mobile learning)
Emerging trends in e learning: social learning (concept , use of web 2.0 tools for learning, social networking sites, blogs, chats, video conferencing, discussion forum), open education resources (creative common, massive open online courses
Concept and application), e-inclusion - concept of e-inclusion, application of assistive technology in e-learning, quality of e-learning
Measuring quality of system: information, system, service, user satisfaction and net benefits (D&M is success model, 2003)
Ethical issues for e-learner and e-teacher - teaching, learning and research
Use of ICT in evaluation, administration and research: e-portfolios, ICT for research
Online repositories and online libraries, online and offline assessment tools (online survey tools or test generators)
Concept and development
Education: Unit 09
Educational Management, Administration and Leadership
Educational management and administration – meaning, principles, functions and importance, institutional building, POSDCORB, CPM, PERT, management as a system
Educational management and administration – SWOT analysis, Taylorism, administration as a process, administration as a bureaucracy, human relations approach to administration, organisational compliance, organisational development, organisational climate
Leadership in educational administration: meaning and nature
Approaches to leadership: trait, transformational, transactional, value-based, cultural, psychodynamic and charismatic
Models of leadership (Blake and Mouton’s managerial grid, Fiedler's contingency model, tri-dimensional model, Hersey and Blanchard's model, leader-member exchange theory)
Concept of quality and quality in education: Indian and international perspective
Evolution of quality: inspection, quality control, quality assurance, total quality management (TQM), six sigma, quality gurus: Walter Stewart, Edward Deming, C.K Prahlad
Change management: meaning, need for planned change, three-step model of change (unfreezing, moving, refreezing)
The Japanese models of change: just-in-time, poka yoke
Cost of quality: appraisal costs, failure costs and preventable costs, cost-benefit analysis, cost-effective analysis
Indian and international quality assurance agencies: objectives, functions, roles and initiatives (national assessment accreditation council [NAAC]
Performance indicators, quality council of India [QCI] , international network for quality assurance agencies in higher education [INQAAHE]
Education: Unit 10
Inclusive education
Inclusive education: concept, principles, scope and target groups (diverse learners; including marginalized group and learners with disabilities)
Evolution of the philosophy of inclusive education: special, integrated, inclusive education
Provisions: policies and legislations (national policy of education (1986), programme of action of action (1992), persons with disabilities act (1995), national policy of disabilities (2006), national curriculum framework (2005)
Concession and facilities to diverse learners (academic and financial), rehabilitation council of India act (1992)
Inclusive education under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), features of UNCRPD (united nations convention on the rights of persons with disabilities) and its implication
Concept of impairment, disability and handicap, classification of disabilities based on ICF model,Readiness of school and models of inclusion, prevalence, types, characteristics and educational needs of diverse learners, i
Intellectual, physical and multiple disabilities, causes and prevention of disabilities, identification of diverse learners for inclusion, educational evaluation methods, techniques and tools
Planning and management of inclusive classrooms: infrastructure, human resource and instructional practices, curriculum and curricular adaptations for diverse learners
Assistive and adaptive technology for diverse learners: product (aids and appliances) and process (individualized education plan, remedial teaching)
Parentprofessional partnership: role of parents, peers, professionals, teachers, school
Barriers and facilitators in inclusive education: attitude, social and educational, current status and ethical issues of inclusive education in India, research trends of inclusive education in India


English: Unit 01
English: Unit 02
English: Unit 03
Fiction, short story
English: Unit 04
Non-fictional prose
English: Unit 05
Language: Basic concepts, theories and pedagogy. English in Use
English: Unit 06
English in India: History, Evolution and Futures
English: Unit 07
Cultural Studies
English: Unit 08
Literary criticism
English: Unit 09
Literary theory post World War II
English: Unit 10
Research methods and materials in English

Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science+

Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 01
The earth and the solar system
Milky way and the solar system
Modern theories on the origin of the earth and other planetary bodies
Earth‟s orbital parameters, Kepler's laws of planetary motion, geological time scale
Space and time scales of processes in the solid earth, atmosphere and oceans
Radioactive isotopes and their applications
Meteorites chemical composition and the primary differentiation of the earth
Basic principles of stratigraphy
Theories about the origin of life and the nature of fossil record
Earth's gravity and magnetic fields and its thermal structure: concept of geoid and, spheroid; isostasy
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 02
Earth materials, surface features and processes
Gross composition and physical properties of important minerals and rocks
Properties and processes responsible for mineral concentrations
Nature and distribution of rocks and minerals in different units of the earth and different parts of india
Physiography of the earth
Weathering, erosion, transportation and deposition of earth's material
Formation of soil, sediments and sedimentary rocks
Energy balance of the earth‟s surface processes
Physiographic features and river basins in india
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 03
Interior of the earth, deformation and tectonics
Basic concepts of seismology and internal structure of the earth
Physico-chemical and seismic properties of earth's interior
Concepts of stress and strain
Behaviour of rocks under stress
Folds, joints, and faults
Earthquakes – their causes and measurement
Interplate and intraplate seismicity
Paleomagnetism, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 04
Oceans and atmosphere
Hypsography of the continents and ocean floor –continental shelf, slope, rise and abyssal plains
Physical and chemical properties of sea water and their spatial variations
Residence times of elements in sea water
Ocean currents, waves and tides, important current systems, thermohaline circulation and the oceanic conveyor belt
Major water masses of the world's oceans
Biological productivity in the oceans
Motion of fluids, waves in atmospheric and oceanic systems
Atmospheric turbulence and boundary layer
Structure and chemical composition of the atmosphere, lapse rate and stability, scale height, geopotential, greenhouse gases and global warming
Cloud formation and precipitation processes, air- sea interactions on different space and time scales
Insolation and heat budget, radiation balance, general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean
Climatic and sea-level changes on different time scales
Coupled ocean-atmosphere system, El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
General weather systems of India, - monsoon system, cyclone and jet stream, western disturbances and severe local convective systems, distribution of precipitation over India
Marine and atmospheric pollution, ozone depletion
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 05
Environmental earth sciences
Properties of water
Hydrological cycle
Water resources and management
Energy resources, uses, degradation, alternatives, and management
Ecology and biodiversity
Impact of use of energy and land on the environment
Exploitation and conservation of mineral and other natural resources
Natural hazards
Elements of remote sensing
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 06
Mineralogy and petrology
Concept of point group, space group, reciprocal lattice, diffraction and imaging. Concepts of crystal field theory and mineralogical spectroscopy
Lattice defects (point, line and planar)
Electrical, magnetic and optical properties of minerals
Bonding and crystal structures of common oxides, sulphides, and silicates
Transformation of minerals – polymorphism, polytypism, and polysomatism
Solid solution and exsolution
Steady-state geotherms
Genesis, properties, emplacement and crystallization of magmas
Phase equilibrium studies of simple systems, effect of volatiles on melt equilibria
Magma-mixing, - mingling and -immiscibility
Metamorphic structures and textures
Isograds and facies
Mineral reactions with condensed phases, solid solutions, mixed volatile equilibria, and thermobarometry
Metamorphism of pelites, mafic-ultramafic rocks, and siliceous dolomites
Material transport during metamorphism
P-T-T path in regional metamorphic terrains, plate tectonics, and metamorphism
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 07
Structural geology and geotectonics
Theory of stress and strain
Behaviour of rocks under stress
Mohr circle
Various states of stress and their representation by mohr circles
Different types of failure and sliding criteria
Geometry and mechanics of fracturing and conditions for reactivation of pre-existing discontinuities
Common types of finite strain ellipsoids
L-, l-s-, and s-tectonic fabrics
Techniques of strain analysis
Particle paths and flow patterns
Progressive strain history
Introduction to deformation mechanisms
Role of fluids in deformation processes
Geometry and analyses of brittle-ductile and ductile shear zones
Sheath folds
Geometry and mechanics of development of folds, boudins, foliations, and lineations
Interference patterns of superposed fold
Fault-related folding
Gravity induced structures
Mantle plumes
Himalayan orogeny
Concept of super continent, their assembly, and breakup
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 08
Paleontology and its applications
Theories on origin of life
Organic evolution – punctuated equilibrium and phyletic gradualism model
Mass extinctions and their causes
Application of fossils in age determination and correlation
Paleoecology, life habitats and various ecosystems, paleobiogeography
Modes of preservation of fossils and taphonomic considerations
Types of microfossils
Environmental significance of fossils and trace fossils
Use of microfossils in interpretation of sea floor tectonism
Application of micropaleontology in hydrocarbon exploration
Oxygen and carbon isotope studies of microfossils and their use in paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic interpretation
Important invertebrate fossils, vertebrate fossils, plant fossils and microfossils in Indian stratigraphy
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 09
Sediment logy And Stratigraphy
Classification of sediments and sedimentary rocks
Elastic, volcanoclastic and chemical
Classification of elastic rocks
Flow regimes and processes of sediment transport
Sedimentary textures and structures
Sedimentary facies and environments, reconstruction of paleoenvironments
Formation and evolution of sedimentary basins
Diagenesis of siliciclastic and carbonate rocks
Recent developments in stratigraphic classification
Code of stratigraphic nomenclature – stratotypes, global boundary stratotype sections and points (GSSP)
Lithostratigraphic, chronostratigraphic and biostratigraphic subdivisions
Methods of stratigraphic correlation including Shaw's graphic correlation
Concept of sequence stratigraphy
Rates of sediment accumulation, unconformities
Facies concept in stratigraphy – Walther's law
Methods for paleogeographic reconstruction
Earth's climatic history
Phanerozoic stratigraphy of India with reference to the type areas– their correlation with equivalent formations in other regions
Boundary problems in indian phanerozoic stratigraphy
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 10
Marine geology and pale oceanography
Morphologic and tectonic domains of the ocean floor
Structure, composition, and mechanism of the formation of oceanic crust
Hydrothermal vents
Ocean margins and their significance
Ocean circulation, Coriolis effect, and Ekman spiral, convergence, divergence and upwelling, El Nino
Indian ocean dipole thermohaline circulation and oceanic conveyor belt
Formation of bottom waters
Major water masses of the world's oceans
Oceanic sediments: factors controlling the deposition and distribution of oceanic sediments
Geochronology of oceanic sediments, diagenetic changes in oxic and anoxic environments
Tectonic evolution of the ocean basins
Mineral resources
Paleoceanography – approaches to paleoceanographic reconstructions
Various proxy indicators for paleoceanographic interpretation
Reconstruction of monsoon variability by using marine proxy records opening and closing of ocean gateways and their effect on circulation and climate during the cenozoic
Sea level processes and sea-level changes
Methods of paleo sea surface temperature
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 11
Atomic structure and properties of elements, the periodic table
Ionic substitution in minerals
Phase rule and its applications in petrology, thermodynamics of reactions involving pure phases, ideal and non-ideal solutions, and fluids
Equilibrium and distribution coefficients
Nucleation and diffusion processes in igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary environments, redox reactions and EhpH diagrams and their applications
Mineral/mineral assemblages as sensors of ambient environments
Geochemical studies of aerosols, surface-, marine-, and groundwaters.
Radioactive decay schemes and their application to geochronology and petrogenesis
Stable isotopes and their application to earth system processes
Geochemical differentiation of the earth
Geochemical cycles
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 12
Economic geology
Magmatic, hydrothermal and surface processes of ore formation
Metallogeny and its relation to crustal evolution
Active ore-forming systems, methods of mineral deposit studies including ore microscopy, fluid inclusions, and isotopic systematics
Ores and metamorphism- cause and effect relationships
Geological setting, characteristics, and genesis of ferrous, base and noble metals
Origin, migration and entrapment of petroleum
Properties of source and reservoir rocks
Structural, stratigraphic and combination traps
Methods of petroleum exploration
Concepts of petrophysics, petroliferous basins of India
Origin of peat, lignite, bitumen and anthracite
Classification, rank and grading of coal
Coal petrography, coal resources of India
Gas hydrates and coal bed methane
Nuclear and non-conventional energy resources
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 13
Precambrian geology and crustal evolution
Evolution of lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and cryosphere
Lithological, geochemical and stratigraphic characteristics of granite – greenstone and granulite belts
Stratigraphy and geochronology of the cratonic nuclei, mobile belts and proterozoic sedimentary basins of India
Life in precambrian
Precambrian – Cambrian boundary with special reference to India
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 14
Quaternary geology
Definition of quaternary
Quaternary stratigraphy – oxygen isotope stratigraphy, biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy
Quaternary climates – glacial-interglacial cycles, eustatic changes, proxy indicators of paleoenvironmental/ paleoclimatic changes, - land, ocean and cryosphere (ice core studies)
Responses of geomorphic systems to climate, sea level and tectonics on variable time scales in the quaternary, quaternary dating methods, –radiocarbon, uranium-series, luminescence, aminoacid
Quaternary stratigraphy of India– continental records (fluvial, glacial, aeolian, palaeosols and duricrust)
Marine records
Continental-marine correlation of quaternary record
Evolution of man and stone-age cultures
Plant and animal life in relation to glacial and interglacial cycles during quaternary
Tectonic geomorphology, neotectonics, active tectonics and their applications to natural hazard assessment.
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 15
Applied geology
Remote sensing and gis
Engineering geology
Mineral exploration
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 16
Physical geography
Environmental geography
Geography of india
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 17
Signal processing
Field theory
Numerical analysis and inversion
Gravity and magnetic fields of the earth
Plate tectonics and geodynamics
Seismology elastic theory
Gravity and magnetic methods
Electrical and electromagnetic methods
Seismic methods
Well logging
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 18
Physical meteorology
Atmospheric electricity
Cloud physics
Dynamic meteorology
Numerical weather prediction:
General circulation and climate modelling
Synoptic meteorology
Aviation meteorology
Satellite meteorology
Earth, Atomspheric, Ocean & Planetary Science: Unit 19
Ocean sciences
Physical oceanography
Chemical oceanography
Geological oceanography
Biological oceanography

Environmental science+

Environmental science: Unit 01
Fundamentals of Environmental Sciences
Definition, principles and scope of environmental science
Structure and composition of atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere
Laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer processes, mass and energy transfer across various interfaces, material balance
Meteorological parameters - pressure, temperature, precipitation, humidity, mixing ratio, saturation mixing ratio, radiation and wind velocity, adiabatic lapse rate, environmental lapse rate
Wind roses
Interaction between earth, man and environment
Biogeographic provinces of the world and agro-climatic zones of India
Concept of sustainable development
Natural resources and their assessment
Remote sensing and gis: principles of remote sensing and gis
Digital image processing and ground truthing
Application of remote sensing and gis in land cover/land use planning and management (urban sprawling, vegetation study, forestry, natural resource), waste management and climate change
Environmental education and awareness
Environmental ethics
Environmental science: Unit 02
Environmental chemistry
Fundamentals of environmental chemistry: classification of elements, stoichiometry, Gibbs’ energy, chemical potential, chemical kinetics
Chemical equilibria, solubility of gases in water, the carbonate system, unsaturated and saturated hydrocarbons, radioisotopes
Composition of air
Particles, ions and radicals in the atmosphere
Chemical speciation
Chemical processes in the formation of inorganic and organic particulate matters, thermochemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere, oxygen and ozone chemistry
Photochemical smog
Hydrological cycle
Water as a universal solvent
Concept of DO, BOD and COD
Sedimentation, coagulation, flocculation, filtration, pH and redox potential (eH)
Inorganic and organic components of soils
Biogeochemical cycles – nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus and sulphur
Toxic chemicals: pesticides and their classification and effects
Biochemical aspects of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Pb, Cr) and metalloids (As, Se). CO, O3, PAN, VOC and POP
Carcinogens in the air
Principles of analytical methods: titrimetry, gravimetry, bomb calorimetry, chromatography (paper chromatography, TLC, GC and HPLC), flame photometry, spectrophotometry (UV-vis, AAS, ICP-AES, ICP-MS), electrophoresis, XRF, XRD, NMR, FTIR, GC-MS, SEM, TEM
Environmental science: Unit 03
Environmental biology
Ecology as an inter-disciplinary science
Origin of life and speciation
Human ecology and settlement
Ecosystem structure and functions: structures - biotic and abiotic components
Functions - energy flow in ecosystems, energy flow models, food chains and food webs
Biogeochemical cycles, ecological succession
Species diversity, concept of ecotone, edge effects, ecological habitats and niche
Ecosystem stability and factors affecting stability
Ecosystem services
Basis of ecosystem classification
Types of ecosystem: desert (hot and cold), forest, rangeland, wetlands, lotic, lentic, estuarine (mangrove), oceanic
Biomes: concept, classification and distribution
Characteristics of different biomes: tundra, taiga, grassland, deciduous forest biome, highland icy alpine biome, chapparal, savanna, tropical rain forest
Population ecology: characteristics of population, concept of carrying capacity, population growth and regulations
Population fluctuations, dispersion and metapopulation. Concept of ‘r’ and ‘k’ species
Keystone species
Community ecology: definition, community concept, types and interaction - predation, herbivory, parasitism and allelopathy. Biological invasions
Biodiversity and its conservation: definition, types, importance of biodiversity and threats to biodiversity
Concept and basis of identification of ‘hotspots
Hotspots in India. Measures of biodiversity
Strategies for biodiversity conservation: in situ, ex situ and in vitro conservation
National parks, sanctuaries, protected areas and sacred groves in India
Concepts of gene pool, biopiracy and bio-prospecting
Concept of restoration ecology
Extinct, rare, endangered and threatened flora and fauna of India
Concept of industrial ecology
Toxicology and microbiology: absorption, distribution and excretion of toxic agents, acute and chronic toxicity, concept of bioassay, threshold limit value, margin of safety, therapeutic index, biotransformation
Major water borne diseases and air borne microbes
Environmental biotechnology: bioremediation – definition, types and role of plants and microbes for in situ and ex situ remediation
Bioindicators, biofertilizers, biofuels and biosensors
Environmental science: Unit 04
Environmental geosciences
Origin of earth
Primary geochemical differentiation and formation of core, mantle, crust, atmosphere and hydrosphere
Concept of minerals and rocks
Formation of igneous and metamorphic rocks
Controls on formation of landforms - tectonic including plate tectonic and climatic
Concept of steady state and equilibrium, energy budget of the earth
Earth’s thermal environment and seasons
Coriolis force, pressure gradient force, frictional force, geo-strophic wind field, gradient wind
Climates of India, western disturbances, Indian monsoon, droughts, El Nino, La Nina
Concept of residence time and rates of natural cycles
Geophysical fields
Weathering including weathering reactions, erosion, transportation and deposition of sediments.
Soil forming minerals and process of soil formation, identification and characterization of clay minerals, soil physical and 4 chemical properties, soil types and climate control on soil formation, cation exchange capacity and mineralogical controls
Geochemical classification of elements, abundance of elements in bulk earth, crust, hydrosphere and biosphere.
Partitioning of elements during surficial geologic processes, geochemical recycling of elements
Distribution of water in earth, hydrology and hydrogeology, major basins and groundwater provinces of India, darcy’s law and its validity, groundwater fluctuations
Hydraulic conductivity, groundwater tracers, land subsidence, effects of excessive use of groundwater, groundwater quality. Pollution of groundwater resources, Ghyben-Herzberg relation between fresh-saline water
Natural resource exploration and exploitation and related environmental concerns
Historical perspective and conservation of non-renewable resources
Natural hazards: catastrophic geological hazards - floods, landslides, earthquakes, volcanism, avalanche, tsunami and cloud bursts
Prediction of hazards and mitigation of their impacts
Environmental science: Unit 05
Energy and environment
Sun as source of energy
Solar radiation and its spectral characteristics
Fossil fuels: classification, composition, physico-chemical characteristics and energy content of coal, petroleum and natural gas
Shale oil, coal bed methane, gas hydrates
Gross-calorific value and net-calorific value
Principles of generation of hydro-power, tidal energy, ocean thermal energy conversion, wind power, geothermal energy, solar energy (solar collectors, photo-voltaic modules, solar ponds).
Nuclear energy - fission and fusion, nuclear fuels, nuclear reactor – principles and types
Bioenergy: methods to produce energy from biomass
Environmental implications of energy use
Energy use pattern in India and the world, emissions of co2 in developed and developing countries including India, radiative forcing and global warming
Impacts of large scale exploitation of solar, wind, hydro and nuclear energy sources
Environmental science: Unit 06
Environmental Pollution and Control -Air Pollution
Sources and types of pollutants - natural and anthropogenic sources, primary and secondary pollutants
Criteria air pollutants
Sampling and monitoring of air pollutants (gaseous and particulates)
Period, frequency and duration of sampling
Principles and instruments for measurements of (I) ambient air pollutants concentration and (ii) stack emissions
Indian national ambient air quality standards
Impact of air pollutants on human health, plants and materials
Acid rain
Dispersion of air pollutants
Mixing height/depth, lapse rates, Gaussian plume model, line source model and area source model
Control devices for particulate matter: principle and working of: settling chamber, centrifugal collectors, wet collectors, fabric filters and electrostatic precipitator
Control of gaseous pollutants through adsorption, absorption, condensation and combustion including catalytic combustion
Indoor air pollution, vehicular emissions and urban air quality
Environmental science: Unit 07
Environmental Pollution and Control -Noise Pollution
Sources, weighting networks, measurement of noise indices (Leq, L10, L90, L50, LDN, TNI)
Noise dose and noise pollution standards
Noise control and abatement measures: active and passive methods
Vibrations and their measurements
Impact of noise and vibrations on human health
Environmental science: Unit 08
Environmental Pollution and Control -Water Pollution
Types and sources of water pollution
Impact on humans, plants and animals
Measurement of water quality parameters: sampling and analysis for pH, EC, turbidity, TDS, hardness, chlorides, salinity, DO, BOD, COD, nitrates, phosphates, sulphates, heavy metals and organic contaminants
Microbiological analysis – MPN. Indian standards for drinking water (IS:10500, 2012)
Drinking water treatment: coagulation and flocculation, sedimentation and filtration, disinfection and softening
Wastewater treatment: primary, secondary and advanced treatment methods
Common effluent treatment plant
Environmental science: Unit 09
Environmental Pollution and Control -Soil Pollution
Physico-chemical and biological properties of soil (texture, structure, inorganic and organic components)
Analysis of soil quality
Soil pollution control
Industrial effluents and their interactions with soil components
Soil micro-organisms and their functions - degradation of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers
Thermal, marine pollution and radioactive: sources of thermal pollution, heat islands, causes and consequences. Sources and impact of marine pollution
Methods of abatement of marine pollution. Coastal management
Radioactive pollution – sources, biological effects of ionizing radiations, radiation exposure and radiation standards, radiation protection
Environmental science: Unit 10
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
Solid waste - types and sources
Solid waste characteristics, generation rates, solid waste components, proximate and ultimate analyses of solid wastes
Solid waste collection and transportation: container systems - hauled and stationary, layout of collection routes, transfer stations and transportation
Solid waste processing and recovery – recycling, recovery of materials for recycling and direct manufacture of solid waste products
Electrical energy generation from solid waste (fuel pellets, refuse derived fuels), composting and vermicomposting, biomethanation of solid waste
Disposal of solid wastes – sanitary land filling and its management, incineration of solid waste
Hazardous waste – types, characteristics and health impacts
Hazardous waste management: treatment methods – neutralization, oxidation reduction, precipitation, solidification, stabilization, incineration and final disposal
E-waste: classification, methods of handling and disposal
Fly ash: sources, composition and utilisation
Plastic waste: sources, consequences and management
Environmental science: Unit 11
Environmental Assessment, Management and Legislation
Aims and objectives of environmental impact assessment (EIA)
Environmental impact statement (EIS) and environmental management plan (EMP). EIA guidelines
Impact assessment methodologies
Procedure for reviewing EIA of developmental projects
Life-cycle analysis, cost benefit analysis
Guidelines for environmental audit
Environmental planning as a part of EIA and environmental audit
Environmental management system standards (ISO14000 series)
EIA notification, 2006 and amendments from time to time
Eco-labeling schemes
Risk assessment - hazard identification, hazard accounting, scenarios of exposure, risk characterization and risk management
Overview of Environmental Laws in India: Constitutional provisions in India (Article 48A and 51A)
Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 amendments 1991, Forest Conservation Act, 1980, Indian Forest Act, Revised 1982, Biological Diversity Act, 2002, Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 amended 1988 and Rules 1975
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 amended 1987 and Rules 1982,Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 and Rules 1986, Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, The Hazardous and Other Waste (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016,
The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, The e-waste (Management) Rules 2016, The Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016
The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical (Amendment) Rules, 2000, The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2010 with Amendments
The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 and Rules 1991, Noise Pollution (Regulation 8 and Control) Rules, 2000, Coastal Regulation Zones (CRZ) 1991 amended from time to time
National Forest Policy, 1988, National Water Policy, 2002, National Environmental Policy, 2006
Environmental Conventions and Agreements: Stockholm Conference on Human Environment 1972, Montreal Protocol, 1987, Conference of Parties (COPs), Basel Convention (1989, 1992), Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (1971)
Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro, 1992, Agenda-21, Global Environmental Facility (GEF), Convention on Biodiversity (1992), UNFCCC
Kyoto Protocol, 1997, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Earth Summit at Johannesburg, 2002, RIO+20, UN Summit on Millennium Development Goals, 2000, Copenhagen Summit, 2009. IPCC, UNEP, IGBP
Environmental science: Unit 12
Statistical Approaches and Modelling in Environmental Sciences
Attributes and variables: types of variables, scales of measurement, measurement of central tendency and dispersion, standard error
Moments – measure of skewness and kurtosis, basic concept of probability theory, sampling theory, distributions - normal, log-normal, binomial, poisson, T, 2 and distribution
Correlation, regression, tests of hypothesis (t-test, 2 -test ANOVA: one-way and two-way)
Significance and confidence limits
Approaches to development of environmental models
Linear, simple and multiple regression models, validation and forecasting
Models of population growth and interactions: Lotka-Voltera model, Leslie’s matrix model
Environmental science: Unit 13
Contemporary Environmental Issues
Global environmental issues – biodiversity loss, climate change, ozone layer depletion
Sea level rise
International efforts for environmental protection
National action plan on climate change (eight national missions – national solar mission, national mission for enhanced energy efficiency, national mission on sustainable habitat, national water mission
National mission for sustaining the Himalayan ecosystem, national mission for a 9 ‘green India’, national mission for sustainable agriculture, national mission on strategic knowledge for climate change)
Current environmental issues in India


Geography: Unit 01
Continental drift, plate tectonics, endogenetic and exogenetic forces
Denudation and weathering, geomorphic cycle (Davis and Penck), theories and process of slope development, earth movements (seismicity, folding, faulting and vulcanicity)
Landform occurrence and causes of geomorphic hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides and avalanches)
Geography: Unit 02
Composition and structure of the atmosphere
Insolation, heat budget of earth, temperature, pressure and winds, atmospheric circulation (air-masses, fronts and upper air circulation, cyclones and anticyclones (tropical and temperate),Climatic classification of Koppen & Thornthwaite
Enso events (El Nino, La Nina and southern oscillations), meteorological hazards and disasters (cyclones, thunderstorms, tornadoes, hailstorms, heat and cold waves drought and cloudburst , glacial lake outburst (GLOF)
Climate change: evidences and causes of climatic change in the past, human impact on global climate
Geography: Unit 03
Relief of oceans, composition: temperature, density and salinity, circulation: warm and cold currents, waves, tides, sea-level changes
Hazards: tsunami and cyclone
Geography: Unit 04
Geography of Environment
Components: ecosystem (geographic classification) and human ecology, functions: trophic levels, energy flows, cycles (geo-chemical, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen)
Food chain, food web and ecological pyramid, human interaction and impacts, environmental ethics and deep ecology, environmental hazards and disasters (global warming, urban heat island, atmospheric pollution, water pollution, land degradation)
National programmes and policies: legal framework, environmental policy, international treaties, international programmes and policies (Brundtland commission, Kyoto protocol, agenda 21, sustainable development goals, Paris agreement)
Geography: Unit 05
Population and Settlement Geography
Population geography
Settlement geography
Geography: Unit 06
Geography of Economic Activities and Regional Development
Economic geography
Agricultural geography
Industrial geography
Geography of transport and trade
Regional development
Geography: Unit 07
Cultural, Social and Political Geography
Cultural and social geography
Political geography
Geography: Unit 08
Geographic thought
Contributions of greek, roman, Arab, Chinese and Indian scholars, contributions of geographers (Bernhardus Varenius, Immanuel Kant, Alexander von Humboldt, Carl Ritter, Scheafer & Hartshorne), impact of Darwinian theory on geographical thought
Contemporary trends in Indian geography: cartography, thematic and methodological contributions
Major geographic traditions (earth science, manenvironment relationship, area studies and spatial analysis), dualisms in geographic studies (physical vs. Human, regional vs. Systematic, qualitative vs. Quantitative, ideographic vs. Nomothetic)
Paradigm shift, perspectives in geography (positivism, behaviouralism, humanism, structuralism, feminism and postmodernism)
Geography: Unit 09
Geographical Techniques
Sources of geographic information and data (spatial and non-spatial), types of maps, techniques of map-making (choropleth, isorhythmic, dasymetric, chorochromatic, flow maps)
Data representation on maps (pie diagrams, bar diagrams and line graph, gis database (raster and vector data formats and attribute data formats)
Functions of gis (conversion, editing and analysis), digital elevation model (dem), georeferencing (coordinate system and map projections and datum), gis applications ( thematic cartography, spatial decision support system)
Basics of remote sensing (electromagnetic spectrum, sensors and platforms, resolution and types, elements of air photo and satellite image interpretation and photogrammetry), types of aerial photographs
Digital image processing: developments in remote sensing technology and big data sharing and its applications in natural resources management in India, GPS components (space, ground control and receiver segments) and applications
Applications of measures of central tendency, dispersion and inequalities, sampling, sampling procedure and hypothesis testing (chi square test, t test, ANOVA), time series analysis, correlation and regression analysis
Measurement of indices, making indicators scale-free, computation of composite index, principal component analysis and cluster analysis
Morphometric analysis: ordering of streams, bifurcation ratio, drainage density and drainage frequency, basin circularity ratio and form factor, profiles, slope analysis, clinographic curve, hypsographic curve and altimetric frequency graph
Geography: Unit 10
Geography of India
Major physiographic regions and their characteristics; drainage system (Himalayan and peninsular)
Climate: seasonal weather characteristics, climatic divisions, Indian monsoon (mechanism and characteristics), jet streams and Himalayan cryosphere
Types and distribution of natural resources: soil, vegetation, water, mineral and marine resources
Population characteristics (spatial patterns of distribution), growth and composition (rural-urban, age, sex, occupational, educational, ethnic and religious), determinants of population
Population policies in India, agriculture ( production, productivity and yield of major food crops), major crop regions, regional variations in agricultural development, environmental, technological and institutional factors affecting Indian agriculture
Agro-climatic zones, green revolution, food security and right to food
Industrial development since independence, industrial regions and their characteristics, industrial policies in India
Development and patterns of transport networks (railways, roadways, waterways, airways and pipelines), internal and external trade (trend, composition and directions)
Regional development planning in India, globalisation and its impact on Indian economy, natural disasters in India (earthquake, drought, flood, cyclone, tsunami, Himalayan highland hazards and disasters


Journalism and Mass Communications+

Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 01
Introduction to journalism and mass communication
Concept of journalism and mass communication, mass communication in India
History, growth and development of print and electronic media. Major landmarks in print and electronic media in Indian languages
Media’s role in formulation of states of India
Media criticism and media literacy, press council and press commissions of India, status of journalism and media education in India
Media policies of the government of India since independence
Models and theories of mass communication, normative theories, administrative and critical traditions in communication, media and journalism studies
Communication and theories of socio-cultural, educational and agricultural change. Technological determinism, critique of Marshall McLuhan's views on media and communication and Marxist approaches
Information and knowledge societie
Indian traditions and approaches to communication from the Vedic era to the 21st century
Western and eastern philosophical, ethical and aesthetic perceptions of communication - Aristotle and Plato, Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic traditions
Media and culture - framework for understanding culture in a globalised world
Globalisation with respect to politico-economic & socio-cultural developments in India
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 02
Communication for development and social change
Concept and definition of development communication, role of media and journalism in society, characteristics of Indian society – demographic and sociological impact of communication, media and journalism
Media and specific audiences
Development and social change
Issues and post-colonial conceptions
Deconstruction of dominant paradigm of communication and development
Responses and critique of dominant models
Corporatisation of development - corporate social responsibility, non-state actors in development, mass campaigns by NGOs, government of India, international agencies and corporates
Paradigms and discourse of development communication
Emergence of global civil societies, public sphere, global communication system - nation state-universal, national communication policies
Leading influencers of social reform in India - Raja Rammohan Roy, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Mahatma Gandhi, Acharya Vinoba Bhave, Dr B. R. Ambedkar, Deendayal Upadhyay, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia, etc.
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 03
Reporting and editing
News-concepts, determinants (values), structure and perspectives
Reporting for print, radio, television and digital media
National and international news agencies and feature syndicates, functions and role
Types of reporting
Writing for print, electronic and digital news media
Translation and transcreation
Editing and presentation techniques for print, television and digital media
Journalism as profession, reportage of contemporary issues, ethics of reporting
Critique of western news values, effect of new technology on global communication flows
Niche reporting
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 04
Advertising and Marketing Communication
Definition, concept, functions, types, evolution of advertising, standards and ethics in advertising
Theories and models of communication in advertising
Brand management
Advertising management - agency-role, structure and function, client-agency relationship, media planning and budgeting
Advertising and creativity, language and translation
Advertising campaign and marketing
Advertising and marketing research
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 05
Public Relations and Corporate Communication
Public relations and corporate communication - definition, concept and scope
Structure of PR in state, public, private and non-government sectors
Tools and techniques of pr and corporate communication
Crisis communication and crisis communication management
Ethics of public relations
International public relations, communication audit
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 06
Media laws and ethics
Concept of law and ethics in India and rest of the world
The constitution of India, historical evolution, relevance
Concept of freedom of speech and expression in Indian Constitution
Defamation, Libel, Slander-IPC 499-502, Sedition IPC 124(A), Contempt of Courts Act 1971, Official Secrets Act 1923, Press and Registration of Books Act 1867
Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1955, Wage Boards, Law of Obscenity (Section 292-294 of IPC)
The Miller test, the Hicklin test, Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act 1986, Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, Parliamentary Privileges
Famous cases involving journalists and news media organisations
Right to Information Act 2005, Copyright Act 1957, Intellectual Property Rights, Cable Television Network (Regulation) Act 1995, Information Technology Act (relevant) 2000 and cyber laws
Cinematograph Act 1952, Film Censorship, Press Council Act as amended from time to time, IPR, ASCI, Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954, Various regulatory bodies for print, TV, Advertising, PR, and Internet
Rules, regulations and guidelines for the media as recommended by Press Council of India, Information and Broadcasting ministry and other professional organisations, adversarial role of the media, human rights and media
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 07
Media management and production
Definition, concept of media management. Grammar of electronic media
Communication design theories and practice
Media production techniques – print and electronic
Digital media production techniques
Economics and commerce of mass media in India
Principles and management in media industry post liberalisation
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 08
ICT and Media
ICT and media - definition, characteristics and role. Effect of computer mediated communication
Impact of ICT on mass media
Social networking
Economics and commerce of web enabled media
Mobile adaption and new generation telephony by media, ethics and new media
ICT in education and development in India, online media and e-governance
Animation - concepts and techniques
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 09
Film and visual communication
Film and television theory
Film and identity in Indian film studies, leading film directors of India before and after independence
Indian cinema in the 21st century
Approaches to analysis of Indian television
Visual communication
Visual analysis
Basics of film language and aesthetics, the dominant film paradigm, evolution of Indian cinema-commercial and ‘non-commercial’ genres, the Hindi film song, Indian aesthetics and poetics (the theory of Rasa and Dhvani)
National cinema movements: Soviet Montage cinema, German Expressionistic cinema, Italian Neo-Realistic cinema, French New Wave cinema, British New Wave cinema, Indian New Wave cinema, Period cinema
Cinema in the new millennium
Journalism and Mass Communications: Unit 10
Communication Research
Definition, concept, constructs and approaches to communication research process
Research designs - types, structure, components, classical, experimental and quasi experimental, variables and hypotheses
Types and methods of research
Basic, applied, descriptive, analytical, historical, case study, longitudinal studies
Research in journalism, public relations, advertising, cinema, animation and graphics, television, internet, social media practices, magazines, children’s media
Communication, journalism and media research in India
Levels of measurement: sampling-probability and non-probability, tests of validity and reliability, scaling techniques
Methods and tools of data collection-interviews, surveys, case studies, obtrusive and non-obtrusive techniques
Ethnography, schedule, questionnaire, dairy, and internet based tools, media specific methods such as exit polls, opinion polls, telephone, SMS surveys and voting with regard to GEC (general entertainment content)
Data analysis, testing, interpretation, application of statistical tests-parametric and nonparametric, tests of variance-univariate, bivariate and multivariate, tests of significance, computer mediated research
Ethical considerations in communication, media and journalism research, writing research reports, plagiarism


Law: Unit 01
Nature and sources of law
Schools of jurisprudence
Law and morality
Concept of rights and duties
Legal personality
Concepts of property, ownership and possession
Concept of liability
Law, poverty and development
Global justice
Modernism and post-modernism
Law: Unit 02
Constitutional and administrative law
Preamble, fundamental rights and duties, directive principles of state policy.
Union and State executive and their interrelationship
Union and State legislature and distribution of legislative powers
Emergency provisions
Temporary, transitional and special provisions in respect of certain states
Election commission of india
Nature, scope and importance of administrative law
Principle of natural justice
Judicial review of administrative actions – grounds
Law: Unit 03
Public International Law and IHL
International law – definition, nature and basis
Sources of International Law
Recognition of states and governments
Nationality, immigrants, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs)
Extradition and asylum
United Nations and its organs
Settlement of international disputes
World Trade Organization (WTO)
International Humanitarian Law (IHL) - conventions and protocols
Implementation of IHL - Challenges
Law: Unit 04
Law of crimes
General principles of criminal liability – Actus reus and mens rea, individual and group liability and constructive liability
Stages of crime and inchoate crimes - Abetment, criminal conspiracy and attempt
General exceptions
Offences against human body
Offences against state and terrorism
Offences against property
Offences against women and children
Drug trafficking and counterfeiting
Offences against public tranquility
Theories and kinds of punishments, compensation to the victims of crime
Law: Unit 05
Law of Torts and Consumer Protection
Nature and definition of tort
General principles of tortious liability
General defenses
Specific torts – Negligence, nuisance, trespass and defamation
Remoteness of damages
Strict and absolute liability
Tortious liability of the State
The Consumer Protection Act 1986 - Definitions, consumer rights and redressal mechanism
The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 - No fault liability, third party insurance and claims tribunal
The Competition Act, 2002 - Prohibition of certain agreements, abuse of dominant position and regulation of combinations
Law: Unit 06
Commercial law
Essential elements of contract and e-contract
Breach of contract, frustration of contract, void and voidable agreements
Standard form of contract and quasi-contract
Specific contracts - Bailment, pledge, indemnity, guarantee and agency
Sale of Goods Act, 1930
Partnership and limited liability partnership
Negotiable instruments act, 1881
Company law – Incorporation of a company, prospectus, shares and debentures
Company law – Directors and meetings
Corporate social responsibility
Law: Unit 07
Family law
Sources and schools
Marriage and dissolution of marriage
Matrimonial remedies - Divorce and theories of divorce
Changing dimensions of institution of marriage – Live-in relationship
Recognition of foreign decrees in India on marriage and divorce
Maintenance, dower and stridhan
Adoption, guardianship and acknowledgement
Succession and inheritance
Will, gift and wakf
Uniform civil code
Law: Unit 08
Environment and Human Rights Law
Meaning and concept of ‘environment’ and ‘environmental pollution’
International environmental law and UN Conferences
Constitutional and legal framework for protection of environment in India
Environmental impact assessment and control of hazardous waste in India
National green tribunal
Concept and development of human rights
Universalism and cultural relativism
International Bill of Rights
Group rights – Women, children, persons with disabilities, elderly persons, minorities and weaker sections
Protection and enforcement of human rights in India – National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Women, National Commission for Scheduled Castes
National Commission for Schedule Tribes and National Commission for Backward Classes
Law: Unit 09
Law Intellectual Property Rights and Information Technology
Concept and meaning of intellectual property
Theories of intellectual property
International conventions pertaining to intellectual properties
Copyright and neighboring rights – Subject matters, limitations and
Exceptions, infringement and remedies
Law of patent – Patentability, procedure for grant of patent, limitations and
Law of trademark – Registration of trademarks, kinds of trademarks, infringement and passing off, remedies
Protection of Geographical Indications
Bio-diversity and Traditional Knowledge
Information technology law- digital signature and electronic signature,
Electronic governance, electronic records and duties of subscribers
Cyber crimes, penalties and adjudication
Law: Unit 10
Comparative Public Law and Systems of Governance
Comparative law – relevance, methodology, problems and concerns in comparison
Forms of governments – presidential and parliamentary, unitary and federal
Models of federalism – USA, Canada, and India
Rule of law – ‘formal’ and ‘substantive’ versions
Separation of powers – India, UK, USA, and France
Independence of judiciary, judicial activism and accountability – India, UK and USA
Systems of constitutional review – India, USA, Switzerland and France
Amendment of the Constitution – India, USA and South Africa
Ombudsman –Sweden, UK and India
Open Government and Right to Information - USA, UK and India

Life sciences+

Life sciences: Unit 01
Molecules and their interaction relevant to biology
Structure of atoms, molecules and chemical bonds
Composition, structure and function of biomolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids and vitamins)
Stablizing interactions (Van der Waals, electrostatic, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interaction, etc.)
Principles of biophysical chemistry (pH, buffer, reaction kinetics, thermodynamics, colligative properties)
Bioenergetics, glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, coupled reaction, group transfer, biological energy transducers
Principles of catalysis, enzymes and enzyme kinetics, enzyme regulation, mechanism of enzyme catalysis, isozymes
Conformation of proteins (Ramachandran plot, secondary structure, domains, motif and folds)
Conformation of nucleic acids (helix (A, B, Z), t-RNA, micro-RNA)
Stability of proteins and nucleic acids
Metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids nucleotides and vitamins
Life sciences: Unit 02
Cellular organization
Membrane structure and function
Structural organization and function of intracellular organelles
Organization of genes and chromosomes
Cell division and cell cycle
Microbial physiology
Life sciences: Unit 03
Fundamental processes
Dna replication, repair and recombination
Rna synthesis and processing
Protein synthesis and processing
Control of gene expression at transcription and translation level
Life sciences: Unit 04
Cell communication and cell signaling
Host parasite interaction
Cell signaling
Cellular communication
Innate and adaptive immune system
Life sciences: Unit 05
Developmental biology
Basic concepts of development
Gametogenesis, fertilization and early development
Morphogenesis and organogenesis in animals
Morphogenesis and organogenesis in plants
Programmed cell death, aging and senescence
Life sciences: Unit 06
System physiology - plant
Respiration and photorespiration
Nitrogen metabolism
Plant hormones
Sensory photobiology
Solute transport and photoassimilate translocation
Secondary metabolites
Stress physiology
Life sciences: Unit 07
System physiology - animal
Blood and circulation
Cardiovascular system
Respiratory system
Nervous system
Sense organs
Excretory system
Stress and adaptation
Digestive system
Endocrinology and reproduction
Life sciences: Unit 08
Inheritance biology
Mendelian principles
Concept of gene
Extensions of mendelian principles
Gene mapping methods
Extra chromosomal inheritance
Microbial genetics
Human genetics
Quantitative genetics
Structural and numerical alterations of chromosomes
Life sciences: Unit 09
Diversity of life forms
Principles & methods of taxonomy
Levels of structural organization
Outline classification of plants, animals & microorganisms
Natural history of indian subcontinent
Organisms of health & agricultural importance
Organisms of conservation concern
Life sciences: Unit 10
Ecological principles
The environment
Habitat and niche
Population ecology
Species interactions
Community ecology
Ecological succession
Ecosystem ecology
Applied ecology
Conservation biology
Life sciences: Unit 11
Evolution and behaviour
Emergence of evolutionary thoughts
Origin of cells and unicellular evolution
Paleontology and evolutionary history
Molecular evolution
The mechanisms
Brain, behavior and evolution
Life sciences: Unit 12
Applied biology
Microbial fermentation and production of small and macro molecules
Application of immunological principles, vaccines, diagnostics
Tissueand cell culture methods for plants and animals
Transgenic animals and plants, molecular approaches to diagnosis and strain identification
Genomics and its application to health and agriculture, including gene therapy
Bioresource and uses of biodiversity
Breeding in plants and animals, including marker – assisted selection
Bioremediation and phytoremediation
Life sciences: Unit 13
Methods in biology
Molecular biology and recombinant dna methods
Histochemical and immunotechniques
Biophysical method
Statisitcal methods
Radiolabeling techniques
Microscopic techniques
Electrophysiological methods
Methods in field biology

Library and information science+

Library and information science: Unit 01
Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom
Information life cycle - generation, collection, storage, and dissemination
Role of information in planning, management, socio-economic, cultural, educational and technological development
Information science - relationship with other subjects, information society, and knowledge society
Communication – concept, types, theories, models, channels and barriers
Trends in scholarly communication
Information industry - generators, providers and intermediaries
IPR and legal issues - categories, conventions, treaties, laws
Plagiarism: concept and types
Right to Information Act (RTI)
Information Technology Act
National Knowledge Commission
National Mission on Libraries
Library and information science: Unit 02
Historical Development of Libraries in India
Committees and Commissions on Libraries in India
Types of Libraries – Academic, Public, Special and National
Library Legislation and Library Acts in Indian States
The Press and Registration of Books Act
The Delivery of Books and Newspapers (Public Libraries) Act
Laws of library science
Library and Information Science Profession - Librarianship as a Profession,Professional Skills and Competences Professional Ethics
Professional Associations - National – ILA, IASLIC, IATLIS; International – IFLA,ALA, CILIP, ASLIB, SLA; Role of UGC, RRRLF and UNESCO in Promotion and Development of Libraries
Library and information science education in india
Library public relations and extension activities
Type of users - user studies, user education
Information literacy - areas, standards, types and models
Trends in information literacy
Library and information science: Unit 03
Information Sources
Nature, characteristics, types and formats
Sources of information - primary, secondary and tertiary;
Documentary and non-documentary
Primary information sources (print and electronic) - journals, conference proceedings, patents, standards, theses & dissertations, trade literature
Secondary information sources (print and electronic) - dictionaries, encyclopedias, bibliographies, indexing & abstracting, statistical sources, handbooks and manuals
Tertiary information sources (print and electronic)- directories, yearbooks, almanacs
Reference sources - bibliographical, biographical, educational, language and geographical
Electronic information resources - subject gateways, web portals, bulletin boards, discussion forums /groups
Databases: bibliographic, numeric, full text, multimedia
Open access databases
Institutional and human resources
Evaluation of reference sources and web resources
Library and information science: Unit 04
Community Information Services
Reference service – concept and types; referral services
Alerting services - CAS, SDI, interlibrary loan and document delivery
Mobile-based library services and tools – mobile OPAC, mobile databases, mobile library website, library apps, mobile library instructions, augmented reality, SMS alerts, geo-location, reference enquiry
Web 2.0 and 3.0 - library 2.0- concept, characteristics, components
Instant messaging, RSS feeds, podcasts, vodcasts, ask a librarian
Collaborative services- social networks, academics social networks, social tagging, social bookmarking
Web-scale discovery services
National Information Systems and Networks: NISCAIR, DESIDOC, SENDOC,ENVIS, INFLIBNET, DELNET, NICNET, ERNET, National Knowledge Network (NKN), Biotechnology Information System Network
International Information Systems and Networks: INIS, AGRIS, INSPEC, MEDLARS, BIOSIS, ERIC, Patent Information System (PIS), Biotechnology Information System (BIS)
Library Resource Sharing and Library Consortia – National and International
Library and information science: Unit 05
Universe of Knowledge - Nature and Attributes
Modes of formation of subjects
Knowledge organisation - classification – theories, cannons, and principles
Simple knowledge organisation system (SKOS), taxonomies, folksonomy, trends in classification
Mapping of subjects in library classification schemes – DDC, UDC and CC
Knowledge organisation: cataloguing - cannons and principles
Centralized and co-operative catalogue
Library cataloguing codes: ccc and AACR - II
Standards of bibliographic record formats and description – ISBD, MARC 21, CCF, RDA, FRBR, Bibframe
Standards for bibliographic information interchange & communication – ISO 2709, Z39.50, Z39.71
Metadata standards: Dublin Core; MARC21, METS, MODES, EAD
Indexing systems and techniques: assigned - pre-coordinate
Derived- title-based
Vocabulary control
Abstracting – types and guidelines
Information retrieval system – features, components, models and evaluation
Library and information science: Unit 06
Principles, Functions and Schools of thought
Library and information centers management - book selection tools and principles
Library acquisition, technical processing, circulation, serial control, maintenance and stock verification
Preservation and conservation
Hazards and control measures of library materials
Human resource management – planning, job analysis, job description, job evaluation, selection, recruitment, motivation, training and development, performance appraisal
Staff manual
Financial management in libraries - sources of finance, resource mobilisation, budgeting methods
Cost-effective and cost-benefit analysis, annual reports & statistics
Library authority and committee
Project management - SWOT, PEST, PERT/CPM
Total Quality Management (TQM) - Concepts, principles and techniques, six sigma
Evaluation of services of libraries and information centers
Library building, furniture and equipments
Green library building
Information commons
Makers space
Security and safety
Management Information System (MIS), MBO, Change Management, Disaster Management, Crisis Management
Knowledge management – principles, tools, components and architecture
Marketing of library products and services – plan, research, strategies, mix, segmentation, pricing and advertising
Management consultancy
Library and information science: Unit 07
Computer Technology
Character representation (ASCII, ISCII, Unicode)
Computer hardware, software
Storage devices
Input and output devices
Types of software - system software, application software
Programming languages – object-oriented, procedural, high level, scripting
Web languages
Telecommunication - transmission channels, mode, and media, ISDN, PSDN, multiplexing, modulation, standards and protocols
Wireless communication – media, wi-fi, li-fi, satellite communication, mobile communication
Computer networks - topologies, types of networks – LAN, MAN, MAN
Internet - web browsers, WWW, e-mail
Search engines, meta and entity search engines
Internet protocols and standards – HTTP, SHTTP, FTP, SMTP, TCP/IP, URI, URL
Hypertext, hypermedia, multimedia, video conferencing, virtual reality, augmented technologies
Data security, network security, firewalls, cryptographic techniques, anti-virus software, anti-spyware, intrusion detection system
Library and information science: Unit 08
Library automation
Areas, planning, selection of hardware and software, implementation and evaluation
Standards for library automation
Barcode, RFID, QR Code, biometric, smartcard: features and applications
Digitization – planning, selection of materials, hardware, software, process, issues
Digital library: genesis, characteristics, types, architecture; standards, formats and protocols, DOI
Standards, formats and protocols, DOI
Digital preservation - need, purpose, standards, methods, techniques, projects (national and international)
Digital library initiatives – national and international
Institutional repositories - need, purpose, types and tools
Institutional repositories in India
Content management systems – architecture, data Integration, CMS software – selection, implementation and evaluation
Application of artificial intelligence, expert systems and robotics in libraries
Social mobile analytics cloud (SMAC)
Cloud computing
Ontology – tools (RDF, RDFS, potege)
Semantic web, linked data, big data, data mining, data harvesting
Library and information science: Unit 09
Research - Concept, Purpose, Functions, Scope and Ethics
Types of research – basic and applied, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary
Research methods: historical, descriptive, experimental and Delphi
Research design - selection of research problem, review of literature
Formulation of research problem
Hypothesis – formulation, types and testing sampling techniques
Sampling techniques
Methods of data collection: questionnaire, interview, observation, library records
Scales and checklist
Data analysis and interpretation - presentation of data
Statistical methods/techniques
Statistical packages – spreadsheet, SPSS, bibexcel, ‘R’ statistics
Research report writing and citation tools – structure, style, contents, guidelines style manuals
Online citation tools
Reference style management tools
Antiplagiarism tools
Evaluation of research report
Metric studies in LIS - bibliometrics, scientometric, webometrics, altmetrics
Impact factors – journal, institutional and authors
h-index, g-index, i10 index
Trends in library and information science research
Library and information science: Unit 10
Academic Library and Information System
Public library and information system
Special library and information system
Health science library and information system
Corporate library and information system
Agricultural library and information system
Engineering and technological library and information system
Archive, museums and oriental libraries
Community information system
Information services and system for persons with disability, children and women


Management: Unit 01
Concept, process, theories and approaches, management roles and skills
Functions – planning, organizing, staffing, coordinating and controlling
Communication – types, process and barriers
Decision making – concept, process, techniques and tools
Organisation structure and design – types, authority, responsibility, centralisation, decentralisation and span of control
Managerial economics – concept & importance
Demand analysis – utility analysis, indifference curve, elasticity & forecasting
Market structures – market classification & price determination
National income – concept, types, and measurement
Inflation – concept, types and measurement
Business ethics & CSR
Ethical issues & dilemma
Corporate governance
Value-based organisation
Management: Unit 02
Organisational Behaviour
Significance & theories
Individual behaviour – personality, perception, values, attitude, learning and motivation
Group behaviour – team building, leadership, group dynamics
Interpersonal behaviour & transactional analysis organizational
Culture & climate
Workforce diversity & cross culture organisational behaviour
Emotions and stress management organisational justice and
Human resource management – concept, perspectives, influences and recent trends
Human resource planning, recruitment and selection, induction, training and development
Job analysis, job evaluation and compensation management
Management: Unit 03
Strategic Role of Human Resource Management
Competency mapping & balanced scoreboard
Career planning and development
Performance management and appraisal
Organization development, change & OD interventions
Talent management & skill development
Employee engagement & work life balance
Industrial relations: disputes & grievance management, labour welfare and social security
Trade union & collective bargaining
International human resource management – HR challenge of international business
Green HRM
Management: Unit 04
Accounting Principles and Standards
Preparation of financial statements
Financial statement analysis – ratio analysis, funds flow and cash flow analysis, DuPont analysis
Preparation of cost sheet, marginal costing, cost volume profit analysis
Standard costing & variance analysis
Financial management, concept & functions
Capital structure – theories, cost of capital, sources and finance
Budgeting and budgetary control, types and process, zero-base budgeting
Leverages – operating, financial and combined leverages, EBIT–EPS analysis, financial breakeven point & indifference level
Management: Unit 05
Value & Returns
Time preference for money, valuation of bonds and shares, risk and returns
Capital budgeting – nature of investment, evaluation, comparison of methods
Risk and uncertainly analysis
Dividend – theories and determination
Mergers and acquisition – corporate restructuring, value creation, merger negotiations, leveraged buyouts, takeover
Portfolio management – CAPM, APT
Derivatives – options, option payoffs, option pricing, forward contracts & future contracts
Working capital management – determinants, cash, inventory, receivables and payables management, factoring
International financial management, foreign exchange market
Management: Unit 06
Strategic management
Concept, process, decision & types
Strategic analysis – external analysis, PEST, Porter’s approach to industry analysis
Internal analysis – resource-based approach, value chain analysis
Strategy formulation – SWOT analysis,
Corporate strategy – growth, stability, retrenchment, integration and diversification
Business portfolio analysis - BCG, GE business model, Ansoff's product-market growth matrix
Strategy implementation – challenges of change, developing programs McKinsey 7s framework
Marketing – concept, orientation, trends and tasks, customer value and satisfaction
Market segmentation, positioning, and targeting
Product and pricing decision – product mix, product life cycle, new product development
Pricing – types and strategies
Place and promotion decision – marketing channels and value networks, VMS, IMC, advertising and sales promotion
Management: Unit 07
Consumer and Industrial Buying Behaviour
Theories and models of consumer behaviour
Brand management – role of brands, brand equity, equity models, developing a branding strategy
Brand name decisions, brand extensions and loyalty logistics and supply chain management, drivers, value creation, supply chain design, designing and managing sales force, personal selling
Service marketing – managing service quality and brands, marketing strategies of service firms
Customer relationship marketing – relationship building, strategies, values and process
Retail marketing – recent trends in India, types of retail outlets
Emerging trends in marketing – concept of e-marketing, direct marketing, digital marketing and green marketing
International marketing – entry mode decisions, planning marketing mix for international markets
Management: Unit 08
Statistics for Management
Concept, measures of central tendency and dispersion
Probability distribution – binominal, poison, normal and exponential
Data collection & questionnaire design sampling
Concept, process, and techniques hypothesis testing procedure; T, Z, F, Chi-square tests correlation and regression analysis operations management – role and scope
Facility location and layout – site selection and analysis, layout – design and process
Enterprise resource planning – ERP modules, ERP
Implementation scheduling
Loading, sequencing and monitoring
Quality management and statistical quality control, quality circles, total quality
Management – kaizen, benchmarking, six sigma
ISO 9000 series standards
Operation research – transportation, queuing decision theory, PERT/CPM
Management: Unit 09
International business
Managing business in globalization era
Theories of international trade
Balance of payment
Foreign direct investment – benefits and costs
Multilateral regulation of trade and investment under WTO
International trade procedures and documentation
EXIM policies
Role of international financial institutions – IMF and world bank
Information technology – use of computers in management applications; MIS, DSS
Artificial intelligence and big data
Data warehousing, data mining and knowledge management – concepts
Managing technological change
Management: Unit 10
Entrepreneurship development
Concept, types, theories and process, developing entrepreneurial competencies
Intrapreneurship – concept and process
Women entrepreneurship and rural entrepreneurship
Innovations in business – types of innovations, creating and identifying opportunities, screening of business ideas
Business plan and feasibility analysis – concept and process of technical, market and financial analysis
Micro and small scale industries in India
Role of government in promoting SSI
Sickness in small industries – reasons and rehabilitation
Institutional finance to small industries – financial institutions, commercial
Banks, cooperative banks, microfinance

Mathematical sciences+

Mathematical sciences: Unit 01
Elementary set theory, finite, countable and uncountable sets, real number system as a complete ordered field, Archimedean property, supremum, infimum
Sequences and series, convergence, limsup, liminf
Bolzano Weierstrass theorem, Heine Borel theorem
Continuity, uniform continuity, differentiability, mean value theorem
Sequences and series of functions, uniform convergence
Riemann sums and riemann integral, improper integrals
Monotonic functions, types of discontinuity, functions of bounded variation, Lebesgue measure, Lebesgue integral
Functions of several variables, directional derivative, partial derivative, derivative as a linear transformation, inverse and implicit function theorems
Metric spaces, compactness, connectedness
Normed linear spaces
Spaces of continuous functions as examples
Linear algebra: vector spaces, subspaces, linear dependence, basis, dimension, algebra of linear transformations
Algebra of matrices, rank and determinant of matrices, linear equations
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, Cayley-Hamilton theorem
Matrix representation of linear transformations
Change of basis, canonical forms, diagonal forms, triangular forms, Jordan forms
Inner product spaces, orthonormal basis
Quadratic forms, reduction and classification of quadratic forms
Mathematical sciences: Unit 02
Complex analysis
Algebra of complex numbers, the complex plane, polynomials, power series, transcendental functions such as exponential, trigonometric and hyperbolic functions.
Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations
Contour integral, Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formula, Liouville's theorem, maximum modulus principle, Schwarz Lemma, open mapping theorem
Taylor series, Laurent series, calculus of residues
Conformal mappings, Mobius transformations
Algebra: Permutations, combinations, pigeon-hole principle, inclusion-exclusion principle, derangements
Fundamental theorem of arithmetic, divisibility in Z, congruences, Chinese Remainder Theorem, Euler’s Ø- function, primitive root
Groups, subgroups, normal subgroups, quotient groups, homomorphisms, cyclic groups, permutation groups, cayley’s theorem, class equations, sylow theorems
Rings, ideals, prime and maximal ideals, quotient rings, unique factorization domain, principal ideal domain, Euclidean domain
Polynomial rings and irreducibility criteria
Fields, finite fields, field extensions, galois theory
Topology: basis, dense sets, subspace and product topology, separation axioms, connectedness and compactness
Mathematical sciences: Unit 03
Ordinary differential equations (ODEs)
Existence and uniqueness of solutions of initial value problems for first order ordinary differential equations, singular solutions of first order ODEs, system of first order ODEs
General theory of homogenous and non-homogeneous linear ODEs, variation of parameters, Sturm-Liouville boundary value problem, Green’s function
Partial differential equations (PDEs)
Numerical analysis
Calculus of variations
Linear integral equations
Classical mechanics
Mathematical sciences: Unit 04
Descriptive statistics, exploratory data analysis
Sample space, discrete probability, independent events, bayes theorem
Random variables and distribution functions (univariate and multivariate)
Expectation and moments
Independent random variables, marginal and conditional distributions
Characteristic functions
Probability inequalities (Tchebyshef, Markov, Jensen)
Modes of convergence, weak and strong laws of large numbers, Central Limit theorems (i.i.d. case)
Markov chains with finite and countable state space, classification of states, limiting behaviour of n-step transition probabilities, stationary distribution, Poisson and birth-and-death processes
Standard discrete and continuous univariate distributions
Sampling distributions, standard errors and asymptotic distributions, distribution of order statistics and range
Methods of estimation, properties of estimators, confidence intervals
Tests of hypotheses: most powerful and uniformly most powerful tests, likelihood ratio tests
Analysis of discrete data and chisquare test of goodness of fit. Large sample tests
Simple nonparametric tests for one and two sample problems, rank correlation and test for independence. Elementary Bayesian inference
Gauss-Markov models, estimability of parameters, best linear unbiased estimators, confidence intervals, tests for linear hypotheses
Analysis of variance and covariance
Fixed, random and mixed-effects models
Simple and multiple linear regression
Elementary regression diagnostics
Logistic regression
Multivariate normal distribution, Wishart distribution and their properties
Distribution of quadratic forms
Inference for parameters, partial and multiple correlation coefficients and related tests
Data reduction techniques: principle component analysis, discriminant analysis, cluster analysis, canonical correlation
Simple random sampling, stratified sampling and systematic sampling
Probability proportional to size sampling
Ratio and regression methods
Completely randomized designs, randomized block designs and Latin-square designs
Connectedness and orthogonality of block designs, bibd
2k factorial experiments: confounding and construction
Hazard function and failure rates, censoring and life testing, series and parallel systems
Linear programming problem, simplex methods, duality
Elementary queuing and inventory models
Steady-state solutions of Markovian queuing models: M/M/1, M/M/1 with limited waiting space, M/M/C, M/M/C with limited waiting space, M/G/1

Physical Sciences-Part ‘A’ Core)+

Physical Sciences-Part ‘A’ Core): Unit 01
Mathematical methods of physics
Dimensional analysis
Vector algebra and vector calculus
Linear algebra, matrices, Cayley-Hamilton theorem
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors
Linear ordinary differential equations of first & second order, special functions (Hermite, Bessel, Laguerre and Legendre functions)
Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transforms
Elements of complex analysis, analytic functions
Taylor & Laurent series
Poles, residues and evaluation of integrals
Elementary probability theory, random variables, binomial, Poisson and normal distributions
Central limit theorem
Physical Sciences-Part ‘A’ Core): Unit 02
Classical mechanics
Newton’s laws
Dynamical systems, phase space dynamics, stability analysis
Central force motions
Two body collisions - scattering in laboratory and centre of mass frames
Rigid body dynamics-moment of inertia tensor
Non-inertial frames and pseudoforces
Variational principle
Generalized coordinates
Lagrangian and hamiltonian formalism and equations of motion
Conservation laws and cyclic coordinates
Periodic motion: small oscillations, normal modes
Special theory of relativity-Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics and mass-energy equivalence
Physical Sciences-Part ‘A’ Core): Unit 03
Electromagnetic theory
Electrostatics: Gauss’s law and its applications, Laplace and Poisson equations, boundary value problems
Magnetostatics: Biot-savant law, Ampere's theorem
Electromagnetic induction
Maxwell's equations in free space and linear isotropic media
Boundary conditions on the fields at interfaces
Scalar and vector potentials, gauge invariance
Electromagnetic waves in free space
Dielectrics and conductors
Reflection and refraction, polarization, Fresnel’s law, interference, coherence, and diffraction
Dynamics of charged particles in static and uniform electromagnetic fields
Physical Sciences-Part ‘A’ Core): Unit 04
Quantum mechanics
Wave-particle duality
Schrödinger equation (time-dependent and time-independent)
Eigenvalue problems (particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, etc.)
Tunneling through a barrier. Wave-function in coordinate and momentum representations
Commutators and heisenberg uncertainty principle
Dirac notation for state vectors
Motion in a central potential: orbital angular momentum, angular momentum algebra, spin, addition of angular momenta
Hydrogen atom
Stern-gerlach experiment
Timeindependent perturbation theory and applications
Variational method
Time-dependent perturbation theory and fermi's golden rule, selection rules
Identical particles, Pauli exclusion principle, spin-statistics connection
Physical Sciences-Part ‘A’ Core): Unit 05
Thermodynamic and statistical physics
Laws of thermodynamics and their consequences
Thermodynamic potentials, Maxwell relations, chemical potential, phase equilibria
Phase space, micro- and macro-states
Micro-canonical, canonical and grand-canonical ensembles, and partition functions
Free energy and its connection with thermodynamic quantities
Classical and quantum statistics
Ideal bose and fermi gases
Principle of detailed balance
Blackbody radiation and planck's distribution law
Physical Sciences-Part ‘A’ Core): Unit 06
Electronics and experimental methods
Semiconductor devices (diodes, junctions, transistors, field effect devices, homo- and hetero-junction devices), device structure, device characteristics, frequency dependence and applications
Opto-electronic devices (solar cells, photo-detectors, LEDs)
Operational amplifiers and their applications
Digital techniques and applications (registers, counters, comparators and similar circuits)
A/D and D/A converters
Microprocessor and microcontroller basics
Data interpretation and analysis
Precision and accuracy
Error analysis, propagation of errors
Least squares fitting

Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced)+

Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 01
Mathematical methods of physics
Green’s function
Partial differential equations (Laplace, wave and heat equations in two and three dimensions)
Elements of computational techniques: root of functions, interpolation, extrapolation, integration by trapezoid and Simpson’s rule, Solution of first order differential equation using RungeKutta method
Finite difference methods
Introductory group theory: SU(2), O(3)
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 02
Classical mechanics
Dynamical systems, phase space dynamics, stability analysis
Poisson brackets and canonical transformations
Symmetry, invariance and noether’s theorem
Hamilton-jacobi theory
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 03
Electromagnetic Theor
Dispersion relations in plasma
Lorentz invariance of maxwell’s equation
Transmission lines and wave guides
Radiation- from moving charges and dipoles and retarded potentials
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 04
Quantum mechanics
Spin-orbit coupling, fine structure
Wkb approximation
Elementary theory of scattering: phase shifts, partial waves, Born approximation
Relativistic quantum mechanics: Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations
Semi-classical theory of radiation
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 05
Thermodynamic and statistical physics
First- and second-order phase transitions
Diamagnetism, paramagnetism, and ferromagnetism
Ising model
Bose-einstein condensation
Diffusion equation
Random walk and brownian motion
Introduction to nonequilibrium processes
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 06
Electronics and experimental methods
Linear and nonlinear curve fitting, chi-square test
Transducers (temperature, pressure/vacuum, magnetic fields, vibration, optical, and particle detectors)
Measurement and control
Signal conditioning and recovery
Impedance matching, amplification (Op-amp based, instrumentation amp, feedback), filtering and noise reduction, shielding and grounding
Fourier transforms, lock-in detector, box-car integrator, modulation techniques
High frequency devices (including generators and detectors)
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 07
Atomic & Molecular Physics
Quantum states of an electron in an atom
Electron spin
Spectrum of helium and alkali atom
Relativistic corrections for energy levels of hydrogen atom, hyperfine structure and isotopic shift, width of spectrum lines, LS & JJ couplings
Zeeman, Paschen-Bach & Stark effects
Electron spin resonance
Nuclear magnetic resonance, chemical shift
Frank-condon principle
Born-oppenheimer approximation
Electronic, rotational, vibrational and raman spectra of diatomic molecules, selection rules
Lasers: spontaneous and stimulated emission, Einstein A & B coefficients
Optical pumping, population inversion, rate equation
Modes of resonators and coherence length
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 08
Condensed matter physics
Bravais lattices
Reciprocal lattice
Diffraction and the structure factor
Bonding of solids
Elastic properties, phonons, lattice specific heat
Free electron theory and electronic specific heat
Response and relaxation phenomena
Drude model of electrical and thermal conductivity
Hall effect and thermoelectric power
Electron motion in a periodic potential, band theory of solids: metals, insulators and semiconductors
Superconductivity: type-I and type-II superconductors
Josephson junctions
Defects and dislocations
Ordered phases of matter: translational and orientational order, kinds of liquid crystalline order
Quasi crystals
Physical Sciences-Part ‘B’ (Advanced): Unit 09
Nuclear and particle physics
Basic nuclear properties: size, shape and charge distribution, spin and parity
Binding energy, semiempirical mass formula, liquid drop model
Nature of the nuclear force, form of nucleon-nucleon potential, charge-independence and charge-symmetry of nuclear forces
Deuteron problem
Evidence of shell structure, single-particle shell model, its validity and limitations
Rotational spectra
Elementary ideas of alpha, beta and gamma decays and their selection rules
Fission and fusion
Nuclear reactions, reaction mechanism, compound nuclei and direct reactions
Classification of fundamental forces
Elementary particles and their quantum numbers (charge, spin, parity, isospin, strangeness, etc.)
Gellmann-nishijima formula
Quark model, baryons and mesons
C, p, and t invariance
Application of symmetry arguments to particle reactions
Parity non-conservation in weak interaction
Relativistic kinematics

Physical education+

Physical education: Unit 01
Physical education and adapted physical education, their objectives Philosophies of education as applied to physical education
Development of Physical education in Greece, Rome, Sweden, Russia England, Denmark, Germany, USA, Australia and China
Growth and development of physical education in India: recreation- its principles, characteristics and importance modern trends in recreation
Indoor and outdoor recreational programmes
Recreational programmes for various categories of people
Wellness- its importance, benefits and challenges
Development and maintenance of wellness
Teaching Aptitude – nature, objectives, characteristics of teaching, learner characteristics and teaching methods
Social aspects of sports- sports as a socializing agency, social values , sports leadership, sports as cultural heritage and social aspects of competition
Ancient & Modern Olympics games, Asian and Commonwealth games
Structure and functions of international and national bodies controlling various games and sports
Prominent honours and awards in games and sports
Physical education: Unit 02
Exercise physiology its scope and importance in the field of physical education and sports
Cardio respiratory adaptations to long and short term physical activities
Muscle- its types , characteristics and functions. Microscopic structure of muscle fibre
Sliding filament theory of muscular contraction
Types of muscle fibres and sports performance
Muscular adaptations to exercise
Neuro-muscular junction and transmission of nerve impulse, kinesthetic sense organs and neural control of motor skills
Bio-chemical aspects of exercise - metabolism of food products
Aerobic and anaerobic systems during rest and exercise
Direct and indirect methods of measuring energy cost of exercise
Recovery process - physiological aspects of fatigue
Restoration of energy stores
Recovery oxygen
Nutritional aspects of performance
Environmental influence on Human Physiology under exercise.
Women in sports- trainability
Physiological gender differences and special problems of women athletes
Aging - physiological consequences, life style management and healthful aging
Physiological responses of various therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation
Physiological aspects of various Ergogenic aids
Massage manipulations and their physiological responses
Physical education: Unit 03
Kinesiology and biomechanics
Modern trends in biomechanics
Planes and axes of human body
Joints and their movements
Muscle attachments - Origin, insertion, action and leverage of the principal muscles used in sports
Motion: its laws and their application in sports
Projectile and principles of projections
Linear and Angular Kinematics and Kinetics
Friction, Spin, impact and elasticity
Air and water dynamics
Mechanical advantage and applications of Levers in sports
Posture and its deformities with their corrective exercises
Kinesiological, muscular and mechanical analyses of fundamental movements: mechanical analyses of major sports skills
Physical education: Unit 04
Sports psychology
Its importance in the field of physical education and sports
Motivation in sports- types, theories and dynamics
Psychological factors affecting sports performance- emotions, anxiety aggression, stress, self-confidence, concentration, mental practice and goal setting
Personality- theories of personality, measurement of personality
Group dynamics, Group cohesion and leadership in sports
Cognitive process- memory and thinking
Principles of motor skill learning
Transfer of training and its types with its implication in sports
Long and short term psychological preparation for performance/ competition
Psychological skill training for activation and relaxation
Spectators and sports performance
Physical education: Unit 05
Development of teacher education for physical education in India
Comparative study of professional preparation in physical education of India with those of USA, Russia, Germany, Australia and UK
Professional and other courses of physical education in India
Role of Government agencies monitoring professional courses in physical education
Qualities, qualifications and responsibilities of physical education personnel at primary, secondary and higher education levels
Scope of physical education personnel in the promotion of health, fitness and wellness
Recent Government policies for promoting physical education and sports in India
Hierarchy of organizational set-up in physical education at Schools, Colleges and University level
Role of public & private sectors in the promotion of physical education and sports in the country
Curriculum development- Concepts and principles of curriculum planning
Subject matter for different levels of education - primary, secondary and higher education
Curriculum design and content- importance, selection and classification of subject matter with reference to age, sex and differently abled pupils
Integrated programme for boys and girls
Teaching aids - Time-table, Concepts, credit system for various subject coursestheory and practical, Impact of technology in physical education and sports
Curriculum evaluation: Concepts and purpose
Procedure and appraisal
Physical education: Unit 06
Health- its objectives and spectrum.
Health education, its importance and principles
Role of genetics and environment in achieving health
Health-related physical fitness
Community health programme - health appraisal & health instructions
International and national health promoting government & private agencies.
School health programme and personal hygiene.
Communicable diseases: causes, symptoms, prevention through other means and immunization
Psychosomatic disorders/ sedentary life style diseases : causes, symptoms and prevention
Obesity related health problems
Body weight control and its significance on health
Role of exercise, dieting and combination of exercise & dieting on weight control
First-aid- objectives and principles
First-aid for shock, poisoning, burns, drowning, bleeding, electric shock and common sports injuries.
Pollution- air, water, sound and radiation
Effects of pollution on health, preventive and safety measures from pollution
Nutrition- balanced diet and its components.
Nutritional deficiencies
Understanding of malnutrition and nutritional supplements
Effects of smoking, alcohol, & drugs on health
Prevention and rehabilitation
Physical education: Unit 07
Sports training
Its characteristics and principles
Training load, its features, principles and adaptation process
Means and methods of executing training load
Overload, its causes, symptoms and remedial measures
Strength- its characteristics, types of strength, factors determining strength and strength development
Endurance- its characteristics, types of endurance, factors determining endurance and endurance development
Speed- its characteristics, types of speed, factors determining the speed and speed development
Flexibility-its characteristics, types of flexibility, factors determining flexibility and flexibility development
Coordinative abilities- its characteristics, types of coordinative abilities, factors determining coordinative abilities and development of coordinative abilities
Technique and skill- its characteristics and importance
Different stages of technique development and technique training
Tactics and strategy
Planning- its importance and principles
Types of planning
Periodization- its importance, objectives and types of periodization
Concept of different periods - preparatory, competition and transitional
Types of competition: talent identification- process and procedure
Physical education: Unit 08
Research in physical education
Its importance and classification
Ethical issues in research
Methods of research- descriptive, historical and experimental
Experimental research designs
Identification and formulation of research problem
Types of research hypotheses and their formulation
Hypotheses testing
Tools of research- questionnaires, opinionnaires, interviews and observation
Sources and steps of literature search- library, research data bases, internet- search engines, online journals
Note taking and critical reading
Sampling techniques- probability and nonprobability
Data, its types and collecting measures
Normal probability curve and grading scales
Statistical processes, their importance, and uses in research
Application of parametric and non-parametric statistical techniques in research
Computer applications- statistical packages for data analyses- SPSS, e-mail, search engines and Microsoft office
Preparation of research proposal, report, abstract, paper for publication and paper for presentation
Physical education: Unit 09
Test, measurement and evaluation
Their types and importance in physical education and sports
Principles and processes of evaluation in physical education
Criteria of selecting an appropriate test and administration of testing programme
Types of tests and construction of standard knowledge and skill tests
Tests for fitness- physical fitness, motor fitness, motor ability and motor educability
Health related fitness tests
Test for fitness components- strength, endurance, speed, flexibility and coordinative abilities
Sports skill tests- badminton, basketball, football, hockey, tennis, and volleyball
Anthropometric measurements- landmarks and measurement of various body segments ,height, sitting height, weight, diameters, circumferences, skinfolds, body mass index, ponderal index
Somatotype and Posture evaluating techniques
Testing of physiological phenomenons- blood pressure, breathing frequency vital capacity, heart rate, pulse rate, body temperature and body composition
Tests for psychological variables- anxiety, aggression, team cohesion, achievement motivation, mental-toughness, and self-efficacy
Physical education: Unit 10
Its principles and theories
Scope of management in physical education and sports
Guiding principles for organizing physical education & sports programmes in institutions.
Personnel management- objectives and principles
Self-appraisal, communication skills and time management
Essential skills of administration
Financial management- objectives, purposes, principles and scope
Planning and preparation of budget
Mechanics of purchase and auditing
Supervision - objectives, principles and importance of supervision
Techniques of supervision. Duties and responsibilities of a supervisor
Facility management- planning, procuring and maintenance of facilities- indoor and outdoor facilities
Planning and management of sports infrastructure
Management of records
Role of sports manager- interpersonal, informational and decision making
Managerial skills – technical, human and conceptual
Qualities and qualification of sports manager
Event management- its principles, planning, check list, rehearsal, itinerary, execution, reporting and follow-up procedures of an event
Public relation- principles of public relations in physical education and sports
Mass media- communication and publicity, qualifications of public relation officer


Philosophy: Unit 01
Classical Indian: Epistemology and Metaphysics
Vedic and Upaniṣadic
Purva – Mimāṃsā
Philosophy: Unit 02
Classical Western: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern : Epistemology and Metaphysics
Pre-Socratic philosophers
The Sophists and Socrates
Plato and aristotle
Medieval philosophy
Philosophy: Unit 03
Classical Western: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern : Epistemology and Metaphysics-Modern Western Philosophy
Philosophy: Unit 04
Indian ethics
Concept of Purusārtha, Śreyas and Preyas
Varṇāshrama, Dharma, Sādhāraṇa Dharma
Ṛna and Yajῆa, concept of duty
Karma-yoga, Sthitprajῆa, Svadharma, Lokasaṃgraha
Apurva and Adṛṣta
Sādhya-Sādhana, Itikartavyata
Law of Karma: ethical implications
Ṛta and Satya
Astānga Yoga
Jainism: Samvara-nirjarā, Tri-ratṇa, Panch-vrata.
Buddhism: Upāya-Kaushal, Brahma-vihāra: matri, karuṇā, muditā, upeksha, bodhisattva
Carvaka’s Hedonism
Philosophy: Unit 05
Western ethics
Concepts of good, right, justice, duty, obligation, cardinal virtues, eudaemonism, intuition as explained in teleological and deontological theories
Egoism, altruism, universalism
Subjectivism, cultural relativism, super-naturalism
Ethical realism and intuitionism,
Kant’s moral theory: postulates of morality, good-will, categorical imperative, duty, mean and ends, maxims
Utilitarianism: principle of utility, problem of sanction and justification of morality, kinds of utilitarianism, moral theories of Bentham, J. S. Mill, Sidgwick
Theories of punishment
Ethical cognitivism and non-cognitivism: emotivism, prescriptivism, descriptivism
Philosophy: Unit 06
Contemporary Indian Philosophy
Vivekananda: practical Vedanta, universal religion, religious experience, religious rituals
Sri Aurobindo: evolution, mind and supermind, integral yoga
Iqbal: self, god, man, and superman, intellect and intuition
Tagore: religion of man, ideas on education, concept of nationalism
K. C. Bhattacharyya: Swaraj in ideas, concept of philosophy, subject as freedom, the doctrine of Maya
Radhakrishnan: intellect and intuition, the idealist view of life, concept of universal religion, Hindu view of life.
J. Krishnamurti: conception of thought, freedom from the known, analysis of self, choiceless awareness
Gandhi: truth, non-violence, Satyagraha, Swaraj, critique of modern civilization
Ambedkar: annihilation of caste, philosophy of Hinduism, Neo-Buddhism
D.D. Upadhyaya: Integral Humanism, Advaita Vedanta, Purusartha
Narayana Guru: the spiritual freedom and social equality, one caste, one religion, one God
Tiruvallur: Tirukkural
Jyotiba Phule: Critical understanding of caste-system
M.N.Roy: radical humanism, materialism
Maulana Azad: humanism
Philosophy: Unit 07
Recent Western Philosophy Analytic and Continental Philosophy
Frege: sense and reference
Logical positivism: verification theory of meaning, elimination of metaphysics, concept of philosophy
Moore: distinction between sense and reference, refutation of idealism, defense of commonsense, proof of an external world
Russell: logical atomism, definite descriptions, refutation of idealism
Wittgenstein: language and reality, facts and objects, names and propositions, the picture theory, critique of private language, meaning and use, forms of life, notion of philosophy, Wittgensteinian fideism, on certainty
Gilbert Ryle: systematically misleading expressions, category mistake, concept of mind, critique of cartesian dualism
A. J. Ayer: the problem of knowledge
W.V.O. Quine: two dogmas of empiricism
H.P. Grice and P.F. Strawson: in defense of a dogma
Phenomenology and existentialism
Husserl: phenomenological method, philosophy as a rigorous science, intentionality, phenomenological reduction, inter-subjectivity
Heidegger: the concept of being (dasein), man as being in the world, critique of technological civilization
Kierkegaard: subjectivity as truth, leap of faith
Sartre: concept of freedom, bad-faith, humanism
Morleau-ponty: perception, embodied consciousness pragmatism
William James: pragmatic theories of meaning and truth, varieties of religious experience
John Dewey: concept of truth, common-faith, education post-modernism
Nietzsche: critique of enlightenment, will to power
Genealogy of moral Richard Rorty: critique of representationalism, against epistemological method, edifying philosophy
Immanuel Levinas: ethics as a first philosophy, philosophy of ‘other’
Philosophy: Unit 08
Social and Political Philosophy: Indian
Mahabharata: Danda-niti, foundations, Rajdharma, law and governance, Narada's questions to king Yudhishthira
Kautilya: sovereignty, seven pillars of state-craft, state, society, social-life, state administration, state economy, law and justice, internal security, welfare, and external affairs
Kamandaki: social order and state elements constitutional morality, secularism and fundamental rights constitutionalism, total revolution, terrorism, swadeshi, Satyagraha, Sarvodaya, social democracy, state socialism, affirmative action, social justice
Social institutions: family, marriage, property, education and religion colonialism
Philosophy: Unit 09
Social and Political Philosophy: Western
Plato: ideal state and justice
Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau: social contract theory
Isaiah Berlin: conceptions of liberty
Bernard Williams: idea of equality
Liberalism: Rawls; distributive justice, Nozick; justice as entitlement, Dworkin; justice as equality
Amartya Sen: global justice, freedom, and capability
Marxism: dialectical materialism, alienation, critique of capitalism, doctrine of class struggle and classless society
Communitarianism: communitarian critique of liberal self, universalism vs. particularism, theory of Charles Taylor, Macintyre, Michael Sandel
Multiculturalism: Charles Taylor; politics of recognition, will Kymlicka; conception of minority rights
Feminism: basic concepts: patriarchy, misogyny, gender, theories of feminism
Liberal, socialist, radical and eco-feminism
Philosophy: Unit 10
Truth and validity
Denotation and connotation
Nature of propositions
Categorical syllogism
Laws of thought
Classification of propositions
Square of opposition
Truth-functions and propositional logic
Quantification and rules of quantification
Symbolic logic: use of symbols
Decision procedures: truth table, using truth- tables for testing the validity of arguments
Venn diagram, informal and formal fallacies
Proving validity, argument and argument-form
Axiomatic system, consistency, completeness
Differences between deductive and inductive logic
Philosophy: Unit 11
Applied philosophy
What is applied philosophy?
Philosophy of technology
Technology, dominance, power and social inequalities democratization of technology
Public evaluation of science and technology
Ethical implication of information technology, bio-technology, non-technology
Environmental ethics: nature as means or end, Aldo-Leopold
Land-ethics, Arne Naess: deep ecology, peter singer; animal rights
Medical-ethics: surrogacy, doctor-patient relationship, abortion, euthanasia, female-infanticide
Professional ethics: corporate governance and ethical responsibility
Media ethics: ethical issues in privacy, cyberspace, pornography, representation and differences-marginalization
Legal ethics: law and morality, legal obligation, authority and validity of law
Philosophical counseling: managing everyday problems

Political science+

Political science: Unit 01
Political theory
Concepts: liberty, equality, justice, rights, democracy, power, citizenship
Political traditions
Political science: Unit 02
Political thought
Confucius, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt, Frantz Fanon, Mao Zedong, John Rawls
Political science: Unit 03
Indian political thought
Dharamshastra, Kautilya, Aggannasutta, Barani, Kabir, Pandita Ramabai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Swami Vivekanand, Rabindranath Tagore, M.K Gandhi, Sri Aurobindo, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Muhammad Iqbal
M.N.Roy, V D Savarkar, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, J L Nehru, Ram Manohar Lohia, Jaya Prakash Narayan, Deendayal Upadhyaya
Political science: Unit 04
Comparative political analysis
Approaches: institutional, political culture, political economy, and new institutionalism
Comparative methods
Colonialism and decolonization: forms of colonialism, anti-colonial struggles and decolonization
Nationalism: European and non-European
State theory: debate over the nature of state in capitalist and socialist societies;
Post-colonial state
Welfare state
Globalization and nations-states
Political regimes: democratic (electoral, liberal, majoritarian and participatory) and non-democratic regimes (patrimonialism, bureaucratic authoritarianism, military dictatorship, totalitarianism, and fascist).
Constitutions and constitutionalism: forms of constitutions, rule of law, judicial independence and liberal constitutionalism
Emergency powers and crisis of constitutionalism
Democratisation: democratic transition and consolidation
Development: underdevelopment, dependency, modernization, world-systems theory, development and democracy
Structures of power: ruling class, power elites, democratic elitism
Actor and processes: electoral systems, political parties and party system, interest groups, social movements, new social movements, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society campaigns
Political science: Unit 05
International relations
Approaches to the study of international relations: idealism, realism, structural Marxism, neoliberalism, neorealism, social constructivism, critical international theory, feminism, postmodernism
Concepts: state, state system and non-state actors, power, sovereignty
Security: traditional and non- traditional
Conflict and peace: changing nature of warfare
Weapons of mass destruction
Conflict resolution, conflict transformation
United nations: aims, objectives, structure, and evaluation of the working of UN
Peace and development perspectives
Humanitarian intervention
International law
International criminal court
Political economy of IR
Global governance and Bretton Woods system, north-south dialogue, WTO, G-20, BRICS
Regional organisations: European Union, African Union, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, ASEAN
Contemporary challenges: international terrorism, climate change and environmental concerns, human rights, migration and refugees
Poverty and development
Role of religion, culture and identity politics
Political science: Unit 06
India’s foreign policy
Perspectives on India's foreign policy: India's identity as postcolonial, development, rising power and as emerging political economy
Continuity and change in India's foreign policy: principles and determinants
Non-alignment movement: historical background and relevance of non-aligned movement
India’s nuclear policy
India’s relations with major powers: USA, USSR/Russia, People’s Republic of China
India’s Engagement with multipolar world: India’s relations with European Union, BRICS, ASEAN, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, African Union, Southern African Development Community, Gulf Cooperation Council
India’s relations with neighbourhood: SAARC, Gujaral doctrine, Look East/Act East, Look West
India’s Negotiation Strategies in International Regimes: The United Nations, World Trade Organisation, International Monetary Fund, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Contemporary challenges: maritime security, energy security, environmental security, migrants and refugees, water resources, international terrorism, cyber security
Political science: Unit 07
Political institutions in India
Making of the Indian Constitution: colonialism heritage and the contribution Indian National Movement to the making of the Indian Constitution
Constituent assembly: composition, ideological moorings, constitutional debates
Philosophy of the constitution: preamble, fundamental rights, directive principles
Constitutionalism in India: democracy, social change, national unity, checks and balances, basic structure debate, constitutional amendments
Union executive: president, prime minister, and council of ministers
Union parliament: structure, role and functioning, parliamentary committees
Judiciary: supreme court, high court, judicial review, judicial activism, judicial reform
Executive and legislature in the states: governor, chief minister, state legislature
Federalism in India: strong centre framework, asymmetrical federal provisions and adaption, role of intergovernmental coordination mechanisms, inter-state council, emerging trends.
Electoral process and election commission of India: conduct of elections, rules, electoral reforms.
Local government institutions: functioning and reforms.
Constitutional and statutory bodies: comptroller and auditor general, national commission for scheduled castes, national commission for scheduled tribes
National commission for human rights, national commission for women, national commission for minorities
Political science: Unit 08
Political processes in India
State, economy and development: nature of Indian state, development planning model, new economic policy, growth and human development
Process of globalisation: social and economic implications
Identity politics: religion, tribe, caste, region, language
Social movements: Dalit, tribal, women, farmers, labour
Civil society groups: non-party social formations, non-governmental organisations, social action groups.
Regionalisation of Indian politics: reorganisation of Indian states, states as political and economic units, sub-state regions, regional disparities, demand for new states,
Gender and politics in India: issues of equality and representation
Ideology and social basis of political parties: national parties, state parties.
Electoral politics: participation, contestation, representation, emerging trends.
Political science: Unit 09
Public administration
Public administration: meaning and evolution
Public and private administration approaches: system theory, decision making, ecological approach
Public administration theories and concepts: scientific management theory, rational choice theory, new public administration, development administration, comparative public administration
Public administration theories and concepts: New public management, changing nature of public administration in the era of liberalisation and globalisation
Theories and principles of organization: scientific management theory, bureaucratic theory, human relations theory
Managing the organization: theories of leadership and motivation.
Organisational communication: theories and principles, Chester Bernard principles of communication, information management in the organization
Managing conflict in the organization: Mary Parker Follett
Management by objectives- Peter Drucker
Political science: Unit 10
Governance and public policy in India
Governance, good governance and democratic governance, role of state, civil society and individuals
Accountability and control: institutional mechanism for checks and balances, legislative control over executive, administrative and budgetary control, control through parliamentary committees
Accountability and control: Judicial control over legislature and executive, administrative culture, corruption and administrative reforms
Institutional mechanisms for good governance: Right to Information, Consumer Protection Act, Citizen Charter
Grievance redress system: Ombudsman, Lokpal, Lokayukta
Grassroots governance: Panchayati Raj Institutions and their functioning
Planning and development: decentralised planning, planning for development, sustainable development, participatory development, e-governance; Niti Aayog
Public policy as an instrument of socio-economic development: public policies with special reference to housing, health, drinking water, food security, MNREGA, NHRM, RTE
Monitoring and evaluation of public policy
Mechanisms of making governance process accountable: Jansunwai, social audit


Psychology: Unit 01
Emergence of Psychology
Psychological thought in some major Eastern Systems: Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism, Sufism and Integral Yoga
Academic psychology in India: preindependence era
Post-independence era
1970s: The move to addressing social issues
1980s: Indigenization
1990s: Paradigmatic concerns, disciplinary identity crisis
2000s: Emergence of Indian psychology in academia
Issues: The colonial encounter
Post colonialism and psychology
Lack of distinct disciplinary identity
Western: Greek heritage, medieval period and modern period
Structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalytical, Gestalt, behaviorism, humanistic existential, transpersonal, cognitive revolution, multiculturalism
Four founding paths of academic psychology - Wundt, Freud, James, Dilthey
Issues: crisis in psychology due to strict adherence to experimentalanalytical paradigm (logical empiricism)
Indic influences on modern psychology
Essential aspects of knowledge paradigms: ontology, epistemology, and methodology
Paradigms of Western Psychology: positivism, post-positivism, critical perspective, social constructionism, existential phenomenology, and co-operative enquiry
Paradigmatic controversies
Significant Indian paradigms on psychological knowledge: Yoga, Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism, Sufism, and Integral Yoga
Science and spirituality (Avidya and Vidya)
The primacy of self-knowledge in Indian psychology
Psychology: Unit 02
Research methodology and statistics
Research: meaning, purpose, and dimensions
Research problems, variables and operational definitions, hypothesis, sampling
Ethics in conducting and reporting research
Paradigms of research: quantitative, qualitative, mixed-methods approach
Methods of research: observation, survey [interview, questionnaires], experimental, quasi-experimental, field studies, cross-cultural studies, phenomenology, grounded theory, focus groups, narratives, case studies, ethnography
Statistics in psychology: measures of central tendency and dispersion
Normal probability curve
Parametric [t-test] and non-parametric tests [Sign Test, Wilcoxon Signed rank test, Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Friedman]
Power analysis
Effect size
Correlational analysis: correlation [product moment, rank order], partial correlation, multiple correlation
Special correlation methods: biserial, point biserial, tetrachoric, phi coefficient
Regression: simple linear regression, multiple regression
Factor analysis: assumptions, methods, rotation and interpretation
Experimental designs: ANOVA [one-way, factorial], randomized block designs, repeated measures design, latin square, cohort studies, time series, MANOVA, ANCOVA
Single-subject designs
Psychology: Unit 03
Psychological testing
Types of tests
Test construction: item writing, item analysis
Test standardization: reliability, validity, and norms
Areas of testing: intelligence, creativity, neuropsychological tests, aptitude
Personality assessment, interest inventories
Attitude scales – semantic differential, staples, Likert scale
Computer-based psychological testing
Applications of psychological testing in various settings: clinical, organizational and business, education, counseling, military
Career guidance
Psychology: Unit 04
Biological basis of behavior
Sensory systems: general and specific sensations, receptors and processes
Neurons: structure, functions, types, neural impulse, synaptic transmission
The central and peripheral nervous systems – structure and functions
Methods of physiological psychology: invasive methods – anatomical methods, degeneration techniques, lesion techniques, chemical methods, microelectrode studies
Non-invasive methods – EEG, scanning methods.
Muscular and Glandular system: types and functions
Biological basis of motivation: hunger, thirst, sleep, and sex
Biological basis of emotion: the limbic system, hormonal regulation of behavior
Genetics and behavior: chromosomal anomalies
Nature-nurture controversy [twin studies and adoption studies]
Psychology: Unit 05
Forms of attention, models of attention
Psychology: Unit 06
Approaches to the study of perception: Gestalt and physiological approaches
Perceptual organization: Gestalt, figure, and ground, law of organization
Perceptual constancy: size, shape, and color
Illusions perception of form, depth and movement
Role of motivation and learning in perception
Signal detection theory: assumptions and applications subliminal perception and related factors, information processing approach to perception, culture and perception, perceptual styles, pattern recognition, ecological perspective on perception.
Psychology: Unit 07
Learning process
Fundamental theories: Thorndike, Guthrie, Hull
Classical conditioning: procedure, phenomena and related issues
Instrumental learning: phenomena, paradigms and theoretical issues
Reinforcement: basic variables and schedules
Behaviour modification and its applications
Cognitive approaches in learning: latent learning, observational learning
Verbal learning and discrimination learning
Recent trends in learning: neurophysiology of learning
Psychology: Unit 08
Memory and forgetting
Memory processes: encoding, storage, retrieval
Stages of memory: sensory memory, short-term memory (working memory), long-term memory (declarative – episodic and semantic; procedural)
Theories of forgetting: interference, retrieval failure, decay, motivated forgetting
Psychology: Unit 09
Thinking, intelligence and creativity
Theoretical perspectives on thought processes: associationism, gestalt, information processing, feature integration model
Concept formation: rules, types, and strategies; role of concepts in thinking types of reasoning
Language and thought
Problem solving: type, strategies, and obstacles
Decision-making: types and models
Metacognition: metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive regulation
Intelligence: Spearman; Thurstone; Jensen; Cattell; Gardner; Stenberg; Goleman; Das, Kar & Parrila
Creativity: Torrance, Getzels & Jackson, Guilford, Wallach & Kogan Relationship between intelligence and creativity
Psychology: Unit 10
Personality, motivation, emotion, stress and coping
Determinants of personality: biological and socio-cultural
Approaches to the study of personality: psychoanalytical, neo-Freudian, social learning, trait and type, cognitive, humanistic, existential, transpersonal psychology
Other theories: Rotter's locus of control, Seligman's explanatory styles, Kohlberg's theory of moral development.
Basic motivational concepts: instincts, needs, drives, arousal, incentives, motivational cycle
Approaches to the study of motivation: psychoanalytical, ethological, s-r cognitive, humanistic
Exploratory behavior and curiosity
Zuckerman's sensation seeking
Achievement, affiliation and power
Motivational competence self-regulation flow
Emotions: physiological correlates
Theories of emotions: James-Lange, Canon-Bard, Schachter and Singer, Lazarus, Lindsley
Emotions: physiological correlates conflicts: sources and types
Stress and coping: concept, models, type A, B, C, D behaviors, stress management strategies [biofeedback, music therapy, breathing exercises, progressive muscular relaxation, guided imagery, mindfulness, meditation, Yogasana, stress inoculation training]
Psychology: Unit 11
Social psychology
Nature, scope and history of social psychology
Traditional theoretical perspectives: field theory, cognitive dissonance, sociobiology, psychodynamic approaches, social cognition
Social perception [communication, attributions]
Attitude and its change within cultural context
Prosocial behavior
Group and social influence [social facilitation; social loafing]
Social influence [conformity, peer pressure, persuasion, compliance, obedience, social power, reactance]
Group dynamics, leadership style and effectiveness
Theories of intergroup relations [minimal group experiment and social identity theory, relative deprivation theory, realistic conflict theory, balance theories, equity theory, social exchange theory]
Applied social psychology: health, environment and law; personal space, crowding, and territoriality
Psychology: Unit 12
Human development and interventions
Developmental processes: nature, principles, factors in development, stages of development
Successful aging
Theories of development: psychoanalytical, behavioristic
Cognitive various aspects of development: sensory-motor, cognitive, language, emotional, social and moral
Psychopathology: concept, mental status examination, classification, causes
Psychotherapies: psychoanalysis, person-centered, gestalt, existential, acceptance commitment therapy, behavior therapy
Psychotherapies: REBT, CBT, MCBT, play therapy, positive psychotherapy, transactional analysis, dialectic behavior therapy, art therapy, performing art therapy, family therapy
Applications of theories of motivation and learning in school factors in educational achievement teacher effectiveness
Guidance in schools: needs, organizational set up and techniques
Counselling: process, skills, and techniques
Psychology: Unit 13
Emerging areas
Issues of gender, poverty, disability
Migration: cultural bias and discrimination
Stigma, marginalization, and social suffering
Child abuse and domestic violence
Peace psychology: violence, non-violence, conflict resolution at macro level, role of media in conflict resolution
Wellbeing and self-growth: types of wellbeing [hedonic and eudemonic], character strengths, resilience and post-traumatic growth
Health: health-promoting and health compromising behaviors, lifestyle and chronic diseases [diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease], psychoneuroimmunology [cancer, HIV/AIDS]
Psychology and technology interface: digital learning
Digital etiquette: cyberbullying
Cyber pornography: consumption, implications
Parental mediation of digital usage

Public administration+

Public administration: Unit 01
Introduction to public administration
Public administration- meaning, nature, scope & significance
Evolution and present status of the discipline
Politics administration dichotomy
Globalization and public administration
Paradigm shift from government to governance
Principles of organization: division of work
Unity of command
Span of control
Authority, power, and responsibility
Delegation, centralization and decentralization
Line, staff and auxiliary agencies
Leadership and supervision
Decision-making and communication
Meaning, nature, and scope of personnel administration: classification, recruitment, training, promotion, compensation and service conditions, discipline, civil service neutrality, anonymity and commitment, professional associations and unionism
Public administration: Unit 02
Administrative thought
Approaches to the study of public administration: oriental – Kautilya
Classical – F W Taylor, Henri Fayol, Max Weber, Luther Gulick and Lyndall Urwick
Human relations - Elton Mayo, Mary Parker Follett
Behaviouralism – Chester Barnard, Herbert Simon
Motivation – Abraham Maslow, Fredrick Herzberg, Douglas McGregor
Organizational Humanism – Chris Argyris, Rensis Likert
Writers on Administration: Dwight Waldo, Ferrel Heady, Robert Golembiewski and Peter Drucker; Minnobrook Perspective, New Public Service and Post Modernism.
Public administration: Unit 03
Indian administration
Indian administration
Constitutional framework: parliamentary and federal features.
Prime minister & council of ministers
Cabinet committees
Central secretariat
Cabinet secretariat
Prime minister office
Election commission and electoral reforms, Union State Relations
Accountability: Legislative; Executive; and Judicial
Citizen Grievance Redressal Mechanism: Lok Pal; Lok Ayukta; Central Vigilance Commission and Regulatory Authorities
Issue Areas: Politician and Civil Servant relations, Generalists and Specialists debate and Combating Corruption.
Civil Services: Classification – All India Services, Central Services and State Services
Recruitment Agencies – Union Public Service Commission, State Public Service Commissions
Other Commissions and Boards: Capacity Building of Civil Servants and Civil Service Reforms
Planning: Planning Commission, National Development Council, NITI Aayog, State Planning Commissions/Boards and Planning Departments.
Judiciary: Indian Constitution and Independence of Judiciary: Supreme Court
High courts
Judicial review and public interest litigation and judicial reforms
Police administration and reforms
E- governance initiatives in Indian administration
Public administration: Unit 04
State & local administration
Constitutional framework of state administration – state legislature
Governor – role and functions
Chief minister – powers and functions
Council of ministers
Role and functions of chief secretary
State secretariat
Directorates and commissionerate
District administration – concept and evolution, district collector - power, functions and changing role
Autonomous district councils - structure, powers and functions, district rural development agency
Evolution of Local Governance in India
Local Governance: 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts: State Election Commission
State Finance Commission
District Planning Committee
Rural Governance - Gram Sabha, Gram Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishads, Finance in PRIs, Personnel administration at local level
Policies and Programmes of Rural Development – MGNAREGA
Growth of urbanization, urban governance - structure, composition, functions of municipal corporations, municipal councils, nagar panchayats and metropolitan governance - sources of finance
Personnel administration
Reforms in urban governance -solid waste management, smart and AMRUT cities
Public administration: Unit 05
Comparative and development administration
Comparative public administration: concept, nature, scope and significance of comparative public administration
Public administration and its environment
Approaches and methods to the study of comparative administration: institutional, behavioural, structural-functional, ecological and systems approaches
Fred Riggs's typology of societies and features
Problems of comparative research
Comparative studies –influence of globalization
Salient features of the administrative systems of UK, USA, France and Japan
Development administration: development and its dimensions
Development and modernization
Approaches to development - sustainable development and antidevelopment
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Development administration: concept, nature, scope, objectives, features, and significance
Ecology of development administration, contribution of Fred Riggs, Dwight Waldo and Edward Widener
Role of bureaucracy in development
Globalization and development administration;
Emergence of non-state actors in development administration
Public-private partnerships
Corporate social responsibility, human development indicators and social audit
Public administration: Unit 06
Economic and financial administration
Economic policies - mixed economy to liberalization, privatization and globalization (LPG)
New Economic Policy (NEP)
Industrial policy since independence
Government in business - public enterprisesconcept, growth and forms of public enterprises;
Management, problem of accountability and autonomy
Disinvestment policies
Financial administration: public finance
Revenue and expenditure: nature, scope and significance of financial administration
Budget – meaning, purpose and significance
Budgetary process – preparation, enactment and execution
Types of budgets – PPBS, performance budget, zero-based budget and gender budget
Fiscal responsibility and budget management act (FRBMA) and sunset legislation
Fiscal federalism – union-state financial relations, finance commission
Financial control legislature and executive
Parliamentary committees and comptroller and auditor general of India
Taxation policies – principles of taxation –progressive and proportional taxation – reforms in taxation policies
Public administration: Unit 07
Social welfare administration
Concept of social welfare, social justice, and social change
Concept of equity and inclusiveness in social justice
Concept of affirmative action-reservations
Institutional arrangement for social welfare & social justice administration
NGOs, civil societies and voluntary agencies
Policies, programmes and institutional framework for the protection and welfare of SCs/ STs / OBCs/ Women/ Children, Aged, Differently-abled (Divyang) and Minorities Commissions – Women, SC/ST, Minority- Role and Functions
Disaster management - nature and types of disaster; institutional arrangements for disaster management
Role of state and non-state actors.
Public administration: Unit 08
Public policy
Nature, scope and importance of public policy
Evolution of public policy and policy sciences
Public policy and public administration
Approaches to 3 public policy – process approach, logical positivism, phenomenological approach, participatory and normative approaches
Theories and models of policymaking – Harold Lasswell, Charles Lindblom, Yechezkel Dror
Institutions of policy-making - legislature, executive and judiciary.
Types of policy analysis - empirical, normative, retrospective and prospective, prescriptive and descriptive
Policy implementation, outcomes and evaluation
Constraints on public policy – socio-economic, political, institutional and cultural
Role of media, public opinion, civil society and pressure groups on policymaking
Public administration: Unit 09
Governance and good governance
Ancient discourse – Kautilya, Plato and Aristotle on good governance
Elements and forms of good governance
Theories and concepts of governance – world bank and UNDP
State, market and civil society, public choice theory, new public management, public value theory, governance as theory, governance and public governance.
Networking and collaborative governance, business process re-engineering, ICT and governance – e-government and e-governance, e-readiness and digital divide
Accountability, openness and transparency
Gender and governance
Citizen and governance: civil society – role and limitations, citizen participation, right to information – RTI act and administrative reforms, national information commission, citizen charter – concept, objectives and significance
Ethics and public accountability in governance: rule of law and administrative law, delegated legislation and administrative adjudication
Ethical foundations of governance: constitutional values, family, society and education
Public administration: Unit 10
Research methodology
Social science research- meaning and significance
Distinction between methodology and method
Facts and values in research
Role of research in theory-building
Scientific method
Objectivity in social research
Types of research
Identification of research problem
Hypotheses and null-hypotheses
Validation of hypothesis
Research design
Methods of data
Collection- primary and secondary sources- ( observation; questionnaire and interview, use of library and internet)
Sampling and sampling techniques
Scales of measurement
Analysis of data and use of computers in social science research SPSS
Citation patterns and ethics of research
Report writing



Sociology: Unit 01
Sociological theory
Classical sociological traditions
Structure- functionalism and structuralism
Hermeneutic and interpretative traditions
Post modernism, post-structuralism and post colonialism
Indian thinkers
Sociology: Unit 02
Research methodology and methods
Conceptualizing social reality
Formulating research design
Quantitative and qualitative methods
Sociology: Unit 03
Basic concepts and institutions
Sociological concepts
Social institutions
Social stratification
Social change and processes
Sociology: Unit 04
Rural and urban transformations
Rural and peasant society
Urban society
Sociology: Unit 05
State, Politics and Development
Political processes in India
Social movements and protests
Sociology: Unit 06
Economy and society
Exchange, gift, capital, labour and market
Mode of production debates
Property and property relations
State and market: welfarism and neoliberalism
Models of economic development
Poverty and exclusion
Factory and industry systems
Changing nature of labour relations
Gender and labour process
Business and family
Digital economy, e-commerce
Global business and corporates
Sociology: Unit 07
Environment and society
Social and cultural ecology: diverse forms
Technological change, agriculture and biodiversity
Indigenous knowledge systems and ethno-medicine
Gender and environment
Forest policies, Adivasis and exclusion
Ecological degradation and migration
Development, displacement and rehabilitation
Water and social exclusion
Disasters and community responses
Environmental pollution, public health and disability
Climate change and international policies
Environmental Movements
Sociology: Unit 08
Family, marriage and kinship
Theoretical approaches: structure-functionalist, alliance and cultural
Gender relations and power dynamics
Inheritance, succession and authority
Gender, sexuality and reproduction
Children, youth and elderly
Emotions and family
Emergent forms of family
Changing marriage practices
Changing care and support systems
Family laws
Domestic violence and crime against women
Honour killing
Sociology: Unit 09
Science, Technology and Society
History of technological development
Changing notions of time and space
Flows and boundaries
Virtual community
Media: print and electronic, visual and social media
E-governance and surveillance society
Technology and emerging political processes
State policy, digital divide and inclusion
Technology and changing family relations
Technology and changing health systems
Food and technology
Cyber crime
Sociology: Unit 10
Culture and symbolic transformations
Signs and symbols
Rituals, beliefs and practices
Changing material culture
Moral economy
Education: formal and informal
Religious organizations, piety and spirituality
Commodification of rituals
Communalism and secularism
Cultural identity and mobilization
Culture and politics
Gender, body and culture
Art and aesthetics
Ethics and morality
Sports and culture
Pilgrimage and religious tourism
Religion and economy
Culture and environment
New religious movements

Social work+

Social work: Unit 01
Nature and Development of Social Work
Social work
Historical development
Social reform and professional social work
Social work as a profession in India
Changing context of social work practice
Social work practice in various settings
Social work: Unit 02
Society, Human Behavior and Communities
Sociological concepts
Approaches to the study of society
Social system and stratification
Human behavior
Theories of personality
Social psychology
Type of communities
Social work: Unit 03
Social Work with Individuals and Groups
Basic social case work concepts
Approaches to social case work practice
Process and techniques of social case work
Social group work
Social group work process and group dynamics
Group development
Practice sites of social case work and social group work
Social work: Unit 04
Social Work with Communities and Social Action
Community organization
Process of community organization
Approaches in community organization practice
Social action and social movements
Models of social action
Social movements
Social movements, social action and social change
Social work: Unit 05
Research in Social Work : Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches-Section A(Quantitative Research)
Basics of social science research
Steps in social science research
Basic statistical concepts
Social work: Unit 06
Research in Social Work : Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches-Section B(Quantitative Research)
Qualitative research
Designing qualitative research
Managing qualitative data
Social work: Unit 07
Research in Social Work : Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches-Section C
Mixed method research
Social work: Unit 08
Administration, Welfare and Development Services
Social welfare administration
Types of administration
Registration of welfare agencies
Structure of social welfare administration
Components of administration
Strategies and mechanisms of administration
Fundraising and resource mobilization
Social work: Unit 09
Social Policy, Planning and Social Development
Social policy
Historical development
Process of policy formulation
Social planning
Five year plans
Social development
Sustainable development
Social work: Unit 10
Indian Constitution, Social Justice, Human Rights and Social Work Practice
Indian constitution
Social justice
Social justice and leadership
Instrument of social justice
History of human rights
Human rights and social work
Violation of human rights and social work practice
Social work: Unit 11
Areas of Social Work Practice I
Medical social work and psychiatric social work
Mental health and disease
Theories of aging and vulnerability
Persons with disabilities
Gender and development
Labour welfare & human resource management (HRM)
Personnel management and industrial relations
Social work: Unit 12
Areas of Social Work Practice II
Social defence
Legislations and criminal justice system
Social work with families
Child development
Policies & programmes for children
Environment and social work
Social work and disaster management



Visual arts+

Visual arts: Unit 01
Fundamentals of visual art
Line, shape, form, space, colour, texture, tonal values, perspective, design, etc
Understanding visual principles of composition (proportion, unity, harmony, rhythm, contrast, balance, foreshortening and emphasis, etc.)
Representation through two and three dimensions in visual art
Environmental, conceptual and perceptual aspects of art
Visual arts: Unit 02
Various forms of visual arts
Their inter-relationship with other modes of creative expression, e.G. Performing art, cinema, and literature
Visual arts: Unit 03
Knowledge of traditional medium
Materials and techniques, and their application in all disciplines of visual expression – E.G. Carving and casting processes
Handling of 1 colour/pigment (impasto, glazing, etc.)
Intaglio/relief print; fresco
Preparation of ground for murals, preparation of wasli for miniatures, etc
Visual arts: Unit 04
Developments in modern techniques
Processes and procedures and their application in contemporary visual practices (installation; multi-colour print; computer-aided design – vector & rector; multimedia and digital technologies in art; trompe l’oeil illusory hyperrealism etc.)
Visual arts: Unit 05
The study of Indian and Western
Aesthetics and art appreciation
Visual arts: Unit 06
Study of chronological periods
From prehistory to post-modern art and artists of the west, with a focus on the various movements that transformed its history
Visual arts: Unit 07
Study of chronological periods and developments
In Indian art from prehistory to the 19th century
Visual arts: Unit 08
Contemporary practices in Indian art
During the 20th & 21st centuries with reference to art movements & major exponents
Modern concept of advertising, designing, and visual communication
Experimental modes in contemporary visual expression
Development of art education in India from colonial (British) art schools till the present
Visual arts: Unit 09
The study of art
In the far east, southeast and central Asia and the ancient near-east
Visual arts: Unit 10
Understanding visual practices
Of traditional communities and their contemporary transformations – the ‘folk’, ‘tribal’ and craft practices in India

Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History)+

Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 01
Principles of Art Historical methodology
Formalism; iconology; semiotic analysis; psychoanalytic method in art history
Gestalt theory of visual perception
Impact of theories in class and gender on the discipline
Deconstruction and its transformative role for art history
Contemporary shifts towards a “new” art history
Art history as an evolving discipline in India from colonial period to post-independent era;
Introduction of curatorial practices – confluence of museum, gallery and art history
Aesthetic theories and their relevance to art historical/critical analysis of the visual object
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 02
Indian iconography
Antiquity of image worship in India and principles of iconometry
Iconography and its development through Vedic to Brahmanical images: Indra, Surya, Agni, Varuna, Kubera, Yama, Ashta-dikpalas, Vishnu, Shiva, Shakti, the Saptamtrikas, Kartikeya, Ganesha, and river goddesses (Ganga and Yamuna) etc
Buddhist iconography: the evolution of the Buddha image (including Dhyani Buddhas, Manushi Buddhas, etc.), Bodhisattva (Avalokiteshvara, Manjushri, Maitreya etc.), Tara, Kubera etc
Jain iconography: Tirthankara (Adinath, Parshvanath, Neminath, Mahavira), Bahubali
Ambika, Saraswati, Yaksha and Yakshi (in the Jain context) etc
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 03
Indian Sculpture (pre-modern developments)
A comprehensive study of early Indian sculpture from Indus valley civilization to the post Gupta period – dynasties like Maurya, Sunga, Satavahana, Kushana, Gupta, Pala-Sena,Chandela,Solanki,Parmar,Chalukya,Pallava,Rashtrakuta,Ganga,Chola,Hoysala, etc
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 04
Indian architecture
Early Indian architecture (with reference to ancient literature and shilpa texts)
Origin and development of the stupa
Evolution of rock-cut caves
Evolution of temple architecture
Imperial architecture during Sultanate & Mughal rule
Colonial & Modern architecture
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 05
Indian painting (pre-modern developments)
A comprehensive study of pre-historic painting, wall paintings at Ajanta and later mural tradition (Bagh, Badami, Ellora, Sittanvasal, Lepakshi, Kerala murals such as Mattancherry palace etc.)
Manuscript painting & the miniature traditions: Eastern and Western Indian manuscripts
Sultanate painting (the Chaurpanchasika and pre-Mughal schools), Mughal miniature painting from Akbar to Shah Jahan
Rajasthani miniature painting
Pahari miniature painting
Deccani painting (Ahmednagar, Bijapur and Golconda)
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 06
Modern Indian art
Modernity in Indian Art
Ravi Varma
E.B. Havell, A.K. Coomaraswamy, Stella Kramrisch, Abanindranath Tagore and the “Bengal School”
Nandalal Bose, Benodebehari Mukherjee and Ramkinkar Baij
Amrita Sher-Gil
Jamini Roy
The 1940s artists’ collectives: Calcutta Group (Kolkata), Progressive Artists Group (Mumbai), Delhi Shilpi Chakra (Delhi), Cholamandala Artists’ Village (Chennai)
Indigenism and the trends in 1950s and 1960s
Trends in abstraction since the 1970s
The 20th & 21st century contemporary trends towards globalization (including the introduction of installation, performance, digital/video etc.) with a study of select individual artists
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 07
Western art
Overview of Western art from prehistory to the present: Prehistoric art, art in ancient Egypt, Aegean art, Greece and Rome
Early-Christian and Byzantine art
Romanesque and Gothic art
Renaissance painting and sculpture
Mannerism and Baroque painting and sculpture
Rococo, neoclassicism and romanticism
Modern movements including realism, impressionism, post-impression, fauvism, expressionism, cubism, constructivism, futurism, dada and surrealism, abstract expressionism, op art, pop art
Post-modern developments including, minimal and conceptual art, Fluxus movement, arte povera, body art, land, and environment art, graffiti, process art, performance art, installation, neo-figuration, happening, feminist and gay art.
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 08
Art of Ancient Near-East
Visual expression from ancient Mesopotamia (Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, Assyria)
Art in Achaemanid and Sassanian Persia
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 09
Art of Far East, Central and South-East Asia:
Introduction to cultural exchange between India and these ancient cultures
The emergence of distinctive visual expressions: ancient China (Shang, Zhou, and Han dynasties);
Buddhist sculpture from upto Tang dynasty
Six Dynasties and Tang painting
Chinese landscape tradition from Song to Qing
Japan (Haniwa pottery figures)
Buddhist sculptures from Nara to Kamakura periods
late Heian and Kamakura painting including the Tale of Genji and the Heiji Monogatari Emaki scrolls
Japanese scroll painting in the Momoyama & Edo periods
Ukiyo-e woodblock prints from the Edo period
Tibet (Buddhist icons and the thangka painting tradition)
Nepal (Buddhist and Brahmanical sculptures and painting)
Sri Lanka (sculpture and painting – including Sigiriya murals)
Cambodia (sculpture and architecture, especially Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom)
Java (sculpture and architecture, including the Dieng plateau candi-s, the Borobudur stupa, and Prambanan complex)
Buddhist art in Myanmar/Burma and Siam/Thailand etc
Visual Arts Elective 1(Art History): Unit 10
Indian Folk and Tribal Art
Phad, Pichhwai and Kavad painting (Rajasthan)
Pata painting in Bengal and Orissa
Madhubani/Mithila painting (Bihar), Warli painting (Maharastra), Pithora painting (Gujarat)
Dhokra bronze casting
Votive terracotta objects (including votive horses offered across various states in India)
Wood carving and wooden dolls (Kondapalli, Karnataka, Bengal, Madhya Pradesh)
Leather puppets (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka)
Traditional and modern textiles and functional objects (textiles of Banaras, Kanchipuram, Gujrat, Orissa, and the North-Eastern states
Tie-and-dye fabrics; embroidery
Kantha, Phulkari, Chamba rumal
Metal-ware including Bidri, repousse, enamelling
Jewellery including jade, beads, etc.

Visual Arts Elective 2(Drawing and Painting)+

Visual Arts Elective 2(Drawing and Painting): Unit 01
Fundamental elements of drawing and painting
Imagery in visual arts. Origin and development of art (visual). Classification of arts
Conceptual and visual reality
Relevance of study of aesthetics in painting: the early philosophical thoughts in Indian culture
Nature and function of art in the society
Indian aesthetics
Western aesthetics
Visual Arts Elective 2(Drawing and Painting): Unit 02
History of Drawing and Painting
Indian painting
Western painting
Visual Arts Elective 2(Drawing and Painting): Unit 03
Material and Method
Application of materials, support in painting (canvas, paper, wall surface, panels), mix media
Oil painting and its technique – traditional and non-traditional
Techniques of wall paintings – traditional (Fresco Secco and Buono) and modern
Water color painting, wash technique, pastel and crayon, acrylic color, color preparation and technical aspect of pigments
Color theory and color harmony
Visual Arts Elective 2(Drawing and Painting): Unit 04
Art Schools and Art Education
The introduction of formal training in art through colonial art schools, and the transition from colonial understanding to post-independent art education in the art schools at Chennai, Kolkata, Lahore, Mumbai, Delhi, Lucknow, Jaipur
Art promotion and education through art academies
Rethinking institutional art education at Santiniketan and Baroda
Role of art galleries and museums in art education
Increase in curatorial venture as a collaboration between the museum, galleries and practicing artists and historians
Role of art journals and magazines in the dialogue between viewing public and the artist

Visual Arts Elective 3(Applied Art)+

Visual Arts Elective 3(Applied Art): Unit 01
Elements & principles of design
The term ‘Graphic Design’ and William Addison Diggings
Basics of graphic design/applied art: image and text
Developing message to promote product
Terms and terminologies relevant to advertising industry: understanding of the ‘portmanteau’ terms such as, advertorials, info graphics, infomercials, edutainment etc.
Visual Arts Elective 3(Applied Art): Unit 02
Innovations and Movements
History of advertising in India and rest of the world
Calligraphy, advent of moveable types, typefaces, fronts and families
Architecture and anatomy of letters
Classifications of types and size, early typographers and study of traditional handwriting and script like Indian manuscripts, Persian, Chinese, Japanese and Roman, etc.
Development of printing processes in India and rest of the world: letterpress, gravure, silkscreen and offset, etc.
Movements that influenced graphic design: art nouveau, the art of war)
The ISMs of Art: Futurism, Dada, De Stijl, & Constructivism, Art and Craft movement, Bauhaus movement and new typography
History of graphic design and the nature of advertising history, Illustrated Modernism & Psychedelia, New Wave and Post Modernism, Digital Expressionism & Postscript, The Digital Future
Visual Arts Elective 3(Applied Art): Unit 03
Advertising forms and media
Print, outdoor, electronic and new media advertising
Media options: newspapers and magazines, radio, tv and cinema, posters, direct mail, ambient and guerrilla advertising, digital and online advertising
Viral advertising
Boom in outdoor advertising: billboards and transits, innovative materials and advantages
Emergence of poster as a ‘new genre of art’: study of posters with reference to Poland, Japan, UK and America, and Bolshevik Russia
Placards and propagandas, protest and wartime posters, subway culture
Cultural frames of advertising phases:idolatry,iconology,narcissism, and transition from ‘totemism’ (the fourth cultural frame) to ‘mise-en-scene’ (fifth frame)
Evolution from traditional to industrial to consumer society & development of communications media
Future of advertising and advertising agencies
Blurring the lines between advertising and entertainment
The impact of graphic design with advance technology
Re-defining “graphic design”; attributes needed by the modern designers
Visual Arts Elective 3(Applied Art): Unit 04
Design, campaign and packaging
Designing of logo, rebus, symbol, mark, and corporate identity
Stories behind the development of most well-known symbols/identities the world
Brands, rebranding and brand positioning
Precursors and prophets of advertising theories and principles
Designing events –event mascots and other global entertainments, films and festivals
Campaign planning and strategy: the client, market research, account planning, creative brief
Developing visuals and messages for print-ads (newspaper and magazines),direct mail,posters,outdoor advertising (billboards and transits),merchandising,show-windows and supermarket items (point of sales/point of purchase items,dispensers,stands,stalls)
Media selection, approaches& the target audience
Innovations in media
New technologies, tv graphics, multimedia presentation, web-page designing and understanding of rector and vector software
Internet – its use in advertising products and services, net marketing
Prepress, printing presses, and post-press: manipulations of pixels and resolutions, colour corrections, knowledge of computer-to-plate graphic reproductions, offset printing, finishing and converting
Additive and subtractive colours, four colour printing mechanics, spot colours and laminations, UVs, etc.
Design of packaging, merchandising and novelties
Visual Arts Elective 3(Applied Art): Unit 05
Advertising corporate and new trends
Origin and growth of advertising agencies: role and responsibilities of a graphic designer
Creative core: creative/art director, visualizer, and copywriter, interaction in developing concepts
World’s leading advertising corporates, multinationals and Indian scenario: Indian advertising agencies with all India branches
Ad-gurus or remarkable ad-men and epoch making advertising campaigns by them
Highest honours, awards in the advertising creativity and extraordinary contribution
Famous designers of the world on branding and corporate identity design, film titles
Interdisciplinary participation approach with disciplines of art, collaboration and internship with industries and corporates
Computers and its role in creating new visual effects (photography, digital graphics, film titles, multimedia presentations, image editing, web graphics and types of online advertising, web page designing)
Importance of market research in advertising
Print media vs. Electronic media

Visual Arts Elective 4( Printmaking (Graphic Art))+

Visual Arts Elective 4( Printmaking (Graphic Art)): Unit 01
Aesthetics and history
Understanding of fundamentals of visual art (space, form, size, shape, line, colour, texture, tonal values, perspective, design and aesthetic) in relation to print making.
Understanding visual principles of composition (proportion, unity, harmony, rhythm, contrast, balance and emphasis).
Reproduction of two dimensional identical prints.
Knowledge of history, invention, development and definition of print making (graphic art) process, techniques and materials in Asia and Europe
Japanese woodcuts and important masters of Ukiyo-e school and works of masters such as Hokusai, Hiroshige, Utamaro, etc
Print making as a mode of creative expression during 19th –20th century from book production to establishing of atelier/workshops, groups, experiments and influences on advertising
Visual Arts Elective 4( Printmaking (Graphic Art)): Unit 02
Mode, medium and process
Knowledge of types of print making techniques (I) wood-cut and lino-cut (ii) intaglio- wood and metal (iii) etching – line, aquatint, soft ground, etc
(iv) surface printing (planography, offset, oleograph etc.), (v) stencil and serigraph (iv) other techniques- colography, chine-collé, monoprint, unique print, dry-point, engraving, mezzotint, viscosity, digital imaging, mix medium etc
Knowledge on use of different kinds of mediums, materials and printing process used in print making (wood, lino, copper, zinc, plywood, stone, acrylic, paper, cardboard, gum, acids, chemicals, ink, resin, software, tools, machine, equipment etc.
Preparation of different types of surface from identification of material to designing till printing
Visual Arts Elective 4( Printmaking (Graphic Art)): Unit 03
Work of art
Knowledge of works of master print makers and their contribution in development of printmaking from historic to modern like Durer,Rembrandt,Hogarth,Goya,Gauguin, Degas,Lautrec,Daumier,German expressionists (Kathe Kollwitz,Nolde,Heckel,Grosz,Munch, etc.)
Picasso, pop and figurative artists (Rauschenberg, Lichtenstein, Jim Dine), David Hockney, Krishna Reddy, Peter Daglish, Stanley Jones, Paul Lingren, Carol Summers, etc
Development of printmaking in India, contribution and influence of British during colonial period, establishment of press and schools, popular printmaking in mid-19th century till pre independence
Print making trends in india post independence
Contribution of Indian print makers: Raja Ravi Varma, member of Vichitra club, Mukul Dey, Gangendranath Tagore, etc
Santiniketan school, Nandalal Bose, Binode Behari Mukherjee, Ramkinkar, Biswarup Bose, Ramen Chakraborty, Haren Das, Somnath Hore, Chittaprasad, Jyoti Bhatt, Kanwal Krishna, Devyani Krishna, Y.K. Shukla, Vasant Parab, Jagmohan Chopra
Paramjeet Singh, Lalita Lajmi, Naina Dalal, Laxman Goud, R.B. Bhaskaran, R.M. Pallaniappan, Sanat Kar, Lalu Prasad Shaw, Amitabh Banerjee, Debraj Dakoji, Bhupen Khakhar, Waman Chincholkar
Paul Koli, Deepak Banerjee, Jai Zharotia, Prayag Jha, Rini Dhumal, Anupam Sud, Jayant Parikh, Kanchan Chander, etc.
Visual Arts Elective 4( Printmaking (Graphic Art)): Unit 04
Print and issues
Good quality prints - criteria (technically and aesthetically), conventions to identify the authenticity of prints – signature, editions, artists proof etc
Display - mounting and preservation of prints
Various issues related to the contemporary printmaking (mechanical production, computer graphics, influences of advertising, atelier, workshops and groups etc.)

Visual Arts Elective 5(Sculpture)+

Visual Arts Elective 5(Sculpture): Unit 01
Elements & principles of sculpture
Fundamentals and elements of sculpture
Origin and development of imagery in sculpture
Classification of sculpture
Sculptural form vis-a-vis conceptual reality
Relevance of the study of aesthetics for sculptural practice: the early philosophical ideas in India and the west
The role and function of sculpture in the society
History of sculpture in western and oriental traditions
Traditional sculptural program as integral part of architectural structures such as churches, temples, and secular buildings study of form, material, methods, and techniques relevant to sculptural practice
Clarity of understanding of terminologies related to the art of sculpture
Visual Arts Elective 5(Sculpture): Unit 02
Study of varied media in sculptural practice
Clay and wax
Plaster of Paris (POP)
Visual Arts Elective 5(Sculpture): Unit 03
Assemblage and Installation
History & background of mix-media
New hybrid forms of 1960’s and more recent developments
Public sculptures
Environmental art
Visual Arts Elective 5(Sculpture): Unit 04
Monumental sculpture
Scope, problems, limitations, concept and development
Eminent exponents such as D.P. Roychowdhary, Ramkinkar Baij, Prodosh Dasgupta, Sankho Chaudhurai, Piloo Pochkhanawla, Chintamoni Kar, Sarbari Roy Chowdhury, Amarnath Sehgal, Dhanraj Bhagat, Kanayi Kunhiraman, M. Dharmani, Nagji Patel, Balbir Singh Katt
Visual Arts Elective 5(Sculpture): Unit 05
Contemporary Indian Sculptors
Combine indigenous knowledge with new materials and techniques; select individuals – B.C Sanyal, Somnath Hore, K.G. Subramanyan, Biman B. Das, Meera Mukherjee, Raghav Kaneria, Himmat Shah, Latika Katt, Jeram Patel, Ajit Chakraborty, Sushen Ghose
Combine indigenous knowledge with new materials and techniques; select individuals – Satish Gujral, Ved Nayar, P.V Janakiram, Shiv Singh, Balan Nambiar, S. Nandgopal, Mahendra Pandya, Rajnikant Panchal, Mrinalini Mukherjee,K.S. Radhakrishnan
Combine indigenous knowledge with new materials and techniques; select individuals – S. Nandgopal, Dhruva Mistri, Pritpal Singh Ladi, Anita Dube, Ravindra Reddy, N.N. Rimzon, Pushpamala N., Sudarshan Shetty, Subodh Gupta, Anish Kapoor, etc
Visual Arts Elective 5(Sculpture): Unit 06
Contribution of select modern & contemporary sculptors from the West
Honore Daumier, Auguste Rodin, Camille Claudel, Paul Gauguin, Aristide Maillol, Antoine Bourdelle, Henri Matisse, Ernst Barlach, Constantin Brancusi, Pablo Picasso, Aleksandr Archipenko, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Jacques Lipchitz
Henri Laurens, Umberto Boccioni, Vladimir Tatlin, Naum Gabo, Sophie Tauber, Jean Arp, Max Ernst, Antoine Pevsner, Alexander Calder, Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, David Smith, Louise Bourgeois, Isamu Noguchi, Alberto Giacometti
Cesar, Marino Marini, Lucio Fontana, George Segal, Claes Oldenburg, Anthony Caro, Tony Smith, Donald Judd, Carl Andre, Eva Hesse, Duane Hanson, Judy Chicago, Joel Schapiro, Barry Flanagan, Georg Baselitz, Jimmie Durham, Jeff Koons, Kiki Smith

APSET 2019 Exam Pattern

APSET exam pattern contains the sections, marks distribution and time allotted for the exam. Candidates must go through the exam pattern of APSET before they start preparing for the examination. 

As per the exam pattern of APSET, paper 1 will be conducted to test the candidates teaching, research and aptitude skills. The questions asked in paper 1 will be based on comprehension, reasoning ability, divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidate. APSET paper 1 will contain 50 objective questions carrying 2 marks for which candidates will be given 1 hour. The medium of paper 1 will be both English and Telugu.

Paper II of APSET will carry 100 questions of two marks each. The test will be based on subjects selected by the candidates. Paper II of APSET will be conducted in 31 subjects. Candidates will be given 2 hours to complete paper II of APSET. The exam will be conducted in online mode. For paper – II, subjects like Commerce, Economics, Education, History, Political Science, Public Administration, Sociology and  Social Work will be conducted in both English and Telugu.

Exam Pattern of APSET                                                                                                                                                               






Number of questions






Paper I






1 Hour




Paper II


Subjects Opted by the candidates




2 Hours




  • APSET will be conducted for 2 papers – Paper 1 & 2.

  • Paper 1 will  be held for each candidate appearing in the exam bilingually in English and Telugu.

  • Paper 2 will be conducted for 31 subjects where subjects like Commerce, Economics, Education, Political Science, History, Public Administration, Sociology, Social Work will be conducted in English and Telugu, whereas all the other subjects exam will be conducted in only English.

  • Objective questions will be asked for each paper of APSET 2019.   

  • There will be no negative marking.

Paper II of APSET examination will be conducted for 31 subjects listed below:                                                                                                                      


Subject Code 




Subject Code










Life Sciences








Library and Information Science




Chemical Sciences












Mathematical Sciences




Computer Science &           Application












Physical Sciences








Physical Education








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Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean & Planetary Science








Environmental             Science




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Social Work




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Admit card of APSET is released by Andhra University for all candidates who have successfully filled the application form. It is important for the candidates to carry their respective APSET admit card to the exam centre on the day of examination. In order to download the admit card of APSET, candidates must use their application number, password and security key. Candidates must check that all the information mentioned on the admit card of APSET. A print out must be taken in order to produce it during the day of the exam. Along with APSET admit card, candidates must also carry one of their prescribed photo ID proof – aadhaar card, PAN card, driving license, passport, and voters ID proof.

Particulars mentioned on APSET Admit Card

  • Name of the candidates   

  • APSET admit card number 

  • Date of exam

  • Centre   

  • Subject opted 

  • Photograph of the candidates 

  • Signature

  • Other important instructions

APSET 2019 Exam Centers

State City
Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam

Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit card
  • Aadhaar card
  • PAN card
  • Passport
  • Driving license
  • Employee ID proof
  • College/University ID proof

Andhra University has released the official answer key of APSET on October 22. The answer key has been released for both paper I and II. Candidate must check the answer before October 24, 2019. Candidates can go through APSET answer key in order to get all the correct responses to the questions asked in the exam. By referring to the answer key of APSET, candidates can calculate their probable marks and predict their chances to qualify the exam. APSET answer key will be released for each set of question booklet given to the candidates on the exam day.

The result of APSET will be released in the form of pdf. APSET result will be declared by the exam conducting authority in online mode. The result of APSET can be accessed by the candidates by using their application/roll number and password in the result window of APSET. Along with APSET result, the exam conducting authority will also release the merit list and qualifying status. Only those candidates who will pass the exam of APSET will be issued qualifying certificate.

Andhra University will release APSET cut off after the declaration of result. APSET cut off is the minimum marks that must be scored by the candidates in order to qualify the exam. The cut off of APSET will be released as per the category of the candidates. The cut off of APSET will be different for different subjects. The names of only those candidates will be mentioned in the merit list who will score the cut off marks decided by the exam conducting authority.

Qualifying Marks Trend

Year Category Cutoff
2019 General 120

General Information

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