About Mizoram MCS 2019

Mizoram Public Service Commission, better known as MPSC conducts the MPSC exam annually to select candidates for various posts pertaining to government jobs in Mizoram. Candidates must fulfill the eligibility criteria in order to appear for the exam. MPSC is conducted in three stages - Prelims, Mains and Personal Interview.  Candidates are required to qualify in all stages of exam in order to get recruited to various posts released by the exam conducting body. Also, the final merit list is prepared on the basis of marks secured in mains exam and personal interview.

Frequency: Once a year
Languages English
Conducting Body: Mizoram Public Service Commission

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Mizoram MCS 2019 Eligibility Criteria

Mizoram Civil Services Eligibility Criteria

Mizoram Public Service Commission has prescribed the official eligibility criteria of Mizoram Civil Services (Combined Competitive) examinations. As per the MPSC eligibility criteria, an aspirant should be-

  •  A citizen of India as defined in the Indian Constitution.
  • Applicants must be a permanent resident of the state of Mizoram. 
  • Whose parents or any of their ancestors are in the direct lineage and the permanent residents of the State; with proper documentary proof like enrolment in Electoral Roll and Birth Certificate will become eligible to appear for the government exam.
  • All candidates must attain the age of 21 years but should not exceed the age of 32 years as on 1st April of the year in which the examination is conducted. However, the upper age limit may be relax able upto a maximum of 5 years for the Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe. Persons with Disabilities (PwD) belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes will be eligible for age relaxation of more than ten years.
  • Working knowledge of the Mizo language is a mandate.
  • Basic Knowledge of Computer Application equivalent to Course on Computer

    Concepts (CCC) of National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT) or Diploma in Computer Application/Certificate in Computer Application from institutions recognized by Mizoram State Council of Technical Education is necessary.

  • A regular degree from any of the Universities incorporated by an Act of the Parliament or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed Universities or Foreign Universities approved by the Central Government is a must.

  • The final year degree candidates can also apply for the MCS exam 2019 provided they can produce proof of passing the requisite examination in the personal interview; as failing to do the same will lead to disqualification/cancellation of the candidature.

Mizoram MCS 2019 Application Process

Mode of Application : Offline

Mode of Payment : Other

The application process of MCS exam will be administered by Mizoram PSC.

The offline MCS application forms will be available in the office of Mizoram Public Service Commission, New Secretariat Complex, Aizawl and the Offices of Deputy Commissioners Lunglei, Saiha, Champhai, Kolasib, Serchhip, Lawngtlai and Mamit during the working hours.

The mode of payment of MCS application fee is offline and payable via IPO and applicants are supposed to pay a cash amount of Rs. 300 (Rs. 150 for SC/ST/OBC) or by depositing into the Treasury under the Head- 0051-PSC, 102-State PSC (Examination Fee. etc) or by uncrossed Indian Postal Order (IPO) drawn in favour of Secretary, Mizoram Public Service Commission.

Application Fees

Category Quota Mode Gender Amount
General Offline Male, Female, Transgender ₹ 300
ST, SC, OBC Offline Male, Female, Transgender ₹ 150

Mizoram MCS 2019 Syllabus

Mizoram MCS Preliminary Exam Syllabus

Paper 1 - Current events of national and international importance
Paper 1 - History of India and Indian national movement
Paper 1 - Indian and World Geography
Physical, social, economic geography of India and the world
Paper 1 - Indian Polity and governance
Constitution, political system, panchayati raj, public policy, Rights issues, etc
Paper 1 - Economic and social development
Sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc
Paper 1 - General issues on environmental ecology
Paper 1 - bio-diversity
Paper 1 - climate change
Paper 1 - General science
Paper 1 - General Awareness on Mizo Society
Its culture and heritage
Paper 2 - Comprehension
Paper 2 - Interpersonal skills including communication skills
Paper 2 - Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Paper 2 - Decision making and problem solving
Paper 2 - General mental ability
Paper 2 - Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc. (Class X level)
Paper 2 - Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
Paper 2 - English language comprehension skills (Class X level)
Paper 2 - Hindi translation thereof in the question pape
Paper 2 - The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type

Mizoram MCS Main Exam Syllabus

General English
Comprehension of given passages
Precis writing
Usage and vocabulary
Short essay
General essay
Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic
The choice of subjects will be given
They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely
Credit will be given for effective and exact expression
General Studies I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
Unit I Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
Mizo heritage and culture
Unit II Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant event personalities, issues
The freedom struggle its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, re-drawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.
Their forms and effect on the society
Unit III Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies
Effects of globalization on indian society
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
Unit IV Salient features of the world’s physical geography
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)
Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
Important geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic activity, cyclone, etc
Geographical features and their location changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
General Studies II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Unit I Indian constitution historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
Functions and responsibilities of the union and the states, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal, mechanisms and institution
Comparison of the indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
Parliament and state legislatures structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
Structure, organization and functioning of the executive and the judiciary
Ministries and departments of the government
Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the polity
Salient features of the representation of people’s ac
Appointment to various constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various constitutional bodies
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi judicial bodies
Governance and politics in Mizoram since 1947
Unit II Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
Development processes and the development industry - the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the centre and states and the performance of these scheme
Mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
Issues relating to development and management of social sector/services relating to health, education, human resource
Issues relating to poverty and hunger
Unit III Important aspects of governance - transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations and potential
Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations and potential
Citizens charters - transparency & accountability, institution, and other measures
Role of civil services in a democracy
Unit IV India and its neighbourhood relations
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora
Important international institutions, agencies and fora - their structure, mandate
General Studies III(Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Unit I Indian economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it
Government budgeting
Major crops - cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
E technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
Public distribution system - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping
Issues of buffer stocks and food security
Technology missions
Economics of animal rearing
Food processing and related industries in India scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management
Land reforms in india
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc
Investment models
Unit II Science and technology developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology
Indigenization of technology and developing new technology
Awareness in the fields of it, space, computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights
Unit III Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Disaster and disaster management
Unit IV Linkages between development and spread of extremism
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security
Money laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in border areas
Linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Various security forces and agencies and their mandate
Unit I Ethics and human interface: essence, determinants and consequences of ethics in human actions
Dimensions of ethics
Ethics in private and public relationships
Human values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators
Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values
Unit II Attitude: content, structure, function
Its influence and relation with thought and behaviour
Moral and political attitudes
Social influence and persuasion
Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, integrity, impartiality and non partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections
Emotional intelligence concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world
Unit III Public/civil service values and ethics in public administration: status and problems
Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions
Laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance
Accountability and ethical governance
Strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance
Ethical issues in international relations and funding
Corporate governance
Probity in governance: concept of public service
Philosophical basis of governance and probity
Information sharing and transparency in government, right to information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’s charters, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
Unit IV Case studies on above issues
Paper 1 - Agriculture-Part A
Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources Their sustainable management and conservation
Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production
Agro ecology
Cropping pattern as indicators of environments
Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals and humans
Climate change – international conventions and global initiatives
Green house effect and global warming
Advance tools for ecosystem analysis – remote sensing (RS) and geographic information systems (GIS)
Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of the country Impact of high-yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns
Concepts of various cropping and farming systems
Organic and Precision Farming
Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fibers, sugar, commercial and fodder crops
Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination, and association with various crops
Their multiplications
Cultural, Biological, and Chemical control of Weeds
Farm management Scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning
Optimum resource use and budgeting
Economics of different types of farming systems
Marketing management – strategies for development, market intelligence
Price fluctuations and their cost
Role of cooperatives in agricultural economy
Types and systems of farming and factors affecting them
Agricultural Price Policy
Crop insurance
Agricultural extension Its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programmes, socio-economic survey, and status of big, small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers
Training programmes for extension workers.
Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVK) in dissemination of agricultural technologies
Non-government organization (NGO) and self-help group approach for rural development
Paper 1 - Agriculture-Part B
Important features and scope of various types of forestry plantations Social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests
Propagation of forest plants
Forest products
Agro forestry and value addition
Conservation of forest flora and fauna
Soil- physical, chemical and biological properties Processes and factors of soil formation
Soils of India
Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity
Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants
Principles of soil fertility, soil testing, and fertilizer recommendations, integrated nutrient management
Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils
Efficient Phosphorus and Potassium use
Problem soils and their reclamation
Soil factors affecting greenhouse gas emission
Soil conservation, integrated watershed management Soil erosion and its management
Dryland agriculture and its problems
Technology for stabilizing agriculture production in rainfed areas
Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production Criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways, and means of reducing run-off losses of irrigation water
Rainwater harvesting
Drip and sprinkler irrigation
Drainage of waterlogged soils, quality of irrigation water, the effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution
Irrigation projects in India
Paper 2 - Agriculture-Part A
Cell structure, function and cell cycle Synthesis, structure, and function of genetic material
Laws of heredity
Chromosome structure, Chromosomal aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding
Polyploidy, euploids, and aneuploids
Mutations - and their role in crop improvement
Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification and their application in crop improvement
Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced, and sex-limited characters
History of plant breeding Modes of Reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques
Origin, evolution, and domestication of crop plants, centre of origin, the law of homologous series, crop genetic resources- conservation and utilization
Application of principles of plant breeding, improvement of crop plants
Molecular markers and their application in plant improvement
Pure-line selection, pedigree, mass, and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding
Heterosis and its exploitation
Somatic hybridization
Breeding for disease and pest resistance
Role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization
Role of genetic engineering and biotechnology in crop improvement
Genetically modified crop plants.
Seed production and processing technologies Seed certification, seed testing, and storage
DNA fingerprinting and Seed registration
Role of public and private sectors in seed production and marketing
Intellectual property rights (IPR) issues, WTO issues and its impact on agriculture
Principles of Plant Physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, translocation and metabolism of nutrients
Soil - water- plant relationship
Enzymes and plant pigments Photosynthesis- modern concepts and factors affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration
C3, C4 and CAM mechanisms
Carbohydrate, Protein and Fat metabolism
Growth and development
Photoperiodism and Vernalization
Plant growth substances and their role in crop production
Physiology of seed development and Germination
Stress physiology – draught, salt, and water stress
Paper 2 - Agriculture-Part B
Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices and flower crops Package practices of major horticultural crops
Protected cultivation and high tech horticulture
Post-harvest technology and value addition of fruits and vegetables
Landscaping and commercial floriculture
Medicinal and Aromatic plants
Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition
Diagnosis of pests and diseases Of field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantation crops, and their economic importance
Classification of pests and diseases and their management
Integrated pest and disease management
Storage pests and their management
Biological control of pests and diseases
Epidemiology and forecasting of major crop pests and diseases
Plant quarantine measures
Pesticides, their formulation, and modes of action
Food production and consumption trends in India Food security and growing population – vision 2020
Reasons for grain surplus
National and international food policies
Production, procurement, distribution constraints
Availability of food grains, per capita expenditure on food
Trends in Poverty, Public Distribution System and Below Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), policy implementation in context to globalization
Processing constraints Relation of food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumption pattern
Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger
Nutrient deficiency – micronutrient deficiency : protein-energy malnutrition or protein-calorie malnutrition (PEM or PCM), micronutrient deficiency and HRD in context of work capacity of women and children
Food grain productivity and Food security
Paper 1 - Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science-Section A
Animal nutrition Partitioning of food energy within the animal
Direct and indirect calorimetry
Carbon – nitrogen balance and comparative slaughter methods
Systems for expressing the energy value of foods in ruminants, pigs and poultry
Energy requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, egg, wool, and meat production
Latest advances in protein nutrition
Energy protein interrelationships
Evaluation of protein quality
Use of npn compounds in ruminant diets
Protein requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, egg, wool and meat production
Major and trace minerals - their sources, physiological functions, and deficiency symptoms
Toxic minerals
Mineral interactions
Role of fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in the body, their sources and deficiency symptoms
Feed additives – methane inhibitors, probiotics, enzymes, antibiotics, hormones, oligosaccharides, antioxidants, emulsifiers, mould inhibitors, buffers, etc
Use and abuse of growth promoters like hormones and antibiotics – latest concepts
Conservation of fodders Storage of feeds and feed ingredients
Recent advances in feed technology and feed processing
Anti-nutritional and toxic factors present in livestock feeds
Feed analysis and quality control
Digestibility trials – direct, indirect and indicator methods
Predicting feed intake in grazing animals
Advances in ruminant nutrition
Nutrient requirements
Balanced rations
Feeding of calves, pregnant, work animals and breeding bulls
Strategies for feeding mulch animals during different stages of the lactation cycle
Effect of feeding on milk composition
Feeding of goats for meat and milk production
Feeding of sheep for meat and wool production
Swine nutrition
Creep, starter, grower and finisher rations
Feeding of pigs for lean meat production
Low-cost rations for swine
Poultry nutrition
Special features of poultry nutrition
Nutrient requirements for meat and egg production
Formulation of rations for different classes of layers and broilers
Animal physiology Blood constituents
Properties and functions-blood cell formation-haemoglobin synthesis and chemistry-plasma proteins production, classification and properties, coagulation of blood
Haemorrhagic disorders-anticoagulants-blood groups-blood volume-plasma expanders-buffer systems in blood
Biochemical tests and their significance in disease diagnosis
Physiology of heart, cardiac cycle, heart sounds, heart beat, electrocardiograms
Work and efficiency of heart-effect of ions on heart function-metabolism of cardiac muscle, nervous and chemical regulation of heart, the effect of temperature and stress on heart
Work and efficiency of heart-blood pressure and hypertension, osmotic regulation, arterial pulse, vasomotor regulation of circulation, shock
Coronary and pulmonary circulation, blood-brain barrier- cerebrospinal fluid- circulation in birds
Mechanism of respiration, transport and exchange of gases –neural control of respiration-chemo-receptors-hypoxia-respiration in birds
Excretion-structure and function of kidney-formation of urine-methods of studying renal function
Renal regulation of acid-base balance: physiological constituents of urine-renal failure-passive venous congestion-urinary secretion in chicken-sweat glands and their function
Bio-chemical test for urinary dysfunction
Endocrine glands
Functional disorders their symptoms and diagnosis
Synthesis of hormones, mechanism, and control of secretion- hormonal receptors-classification and function
Growth and animal production- prenatal and postnatal growth, maturation, growth curves, measures of growth, factors affecting growth, conformation, body composition, meat quality
Physiology of milk production, reproduction and digestion- current status of hormonal control of mammary development, milk secretion and milk ejection, male and female reproductive organs, their components and functions
Digestive organs and their functions
Environmental physiology- physiological relations and their regulation
Mechanisms of adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory mechanisms involved in animal behaviour, climatology – various parameters and their importance
Animal ecology
Physiology of behaviour
Effect of stress on health and production.
Importance of climate in animal health-effect of the environment on animal function and performance - the relationship between industrialization and animal agriculture
Stress, strain, and productivity in relation to animal habitation
Animal reproduction Semen quality- preservation and artificial insemination- components of semen, the composition of spermatozoa, chemical and physical properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro
Factors affecting semen production and quality, preservation, the composition of diluents, sperm concentration, transport of diluted semen
Deep freezing techniques in cows, sheep, goats, swine, and poultry
Detection of oestrus and time of insemination for better conception
Anoestrus and repeat breeding
Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer technology (MOET)
Dystocia and obstetrical operations
Paper 1 - Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science-Section B
Livestock production and management Commercial dairy farming- comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced countries
Dairying under mixed farming and as specialized farming, economic dairy farming
Starting of a dairy farm, capital and land requirement, organization of the dairy farm
Opportunities in dairy farming, factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal
Herd recording, budgeting, cost of milk production, pricing policy
Personnel management
Developing practical and economic rations for dairy cattle
Supply of greens throughout the year, feed and fodder requirements of dairy farm
Feeding regimes for young stock and bulls, heifers and breeding animals
New trends in feeding young and adult stock
Feeding records
Commercial meat, egg and wool production- development of practical and economic rations for sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits, and poultry
Supply of greens, fodder, feeding regimes for young and mature stock
New trends in enhancing production and management
Capital and land requirements and socio-economic concept
Feeding and management of animals under drought, flood and other natural calamities.
Animal housing requirements for specific categories of domestic animals viz
Pregnant cows and sows, milking cows, broiler birds
Genetics and animal breeding History of animal genetics
Mitosis and meiosis: Mendelian inheritance
Deviations to mendelian genetics
Expression of genes
Linkage and crossing over
Sex determination, sex influenced and sex limited characters
Blood groups and polymorphism
Chromosome aberrations
Cytoplasmic inheritance
Gene and its structure
DNA as a genetic material
Genetic code and protein synthesis
Recombinant DNA Technology
Mutations, types of mutations, methods for detecting mutations and mutation rate
Population Genetics applied to Animal Breeding Quantitative vs. qualitative traits
Hardy weinberg law
Population vs. individual
Gene and genotypic frequency
Forces changing gene frequency
Random drift and small populations
Theory of path coefficient
Inbreeding, methods of estimating inbreeding coefficient, systems of inbreeding, effective population size
Breeding value, estimation of breeding value, dominance and epistatic deviation
Partitioning of variation
Genotype x environment correlation and genotype x environment interaction
Role of multiple measurements
Resemblance between relatives
Breeding systems- breeds of livestock and poultry
Heritability, repeatability and genetic and phenotypic correlations, their methods of estimation and precision of estimates
Aids to selection and their relative merits
Individual, pedigree, family and within-family selection
Progeny testing
Methods of selection
Construction of selection indices and their uses
Comparative evaluation of genetic gains through various selection methods
Indirect selection and correlated response
Inbreeding, outbreeding, upgrading, cross-breeding, and synthesis of breeds
Crossing of inbred lines for commercial production
Selection for general and specific combining ability
Breeding for threshold characters
Sire index
Extension Basic philosophy, objectives, concept, and principles of extension
Different methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions
Generation of technology, its transfer, and feedback
Problems and constraints in transfer of technology
Animal husbandry programmes for rural development
Paper 2 - Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science-Section A
Anatomy and Pharmacology Histology and histological techniques: paraffin embedding technique of tissue processing and H.E. staining - freezing microtomy- microscopy-bright field microscope and electron microscope
Cytology-structure of cell, organelles, and inclusions
Cell division-cell types- tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues-comparative histology of organs-vascular
Nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculoskeletal and urogenital systems- endocrine glands -integuments sense organs
Embryology – embryology of vertebrates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers- foetal membranes and placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals
Teratology-twins and twinning- organogenesis -germ layer derivatives endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivates
Bovine anatomy- regional anatomy: paranasal sinuses of ox- surface anatomy of salivary glands
Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary, mandibulo alveolar, mental and cornual nerve block
Regional anatomy of paravertebral nerves, pudendal nerve, median ulnar and radial nerve tibial, fibular and digital nerves-cranial nerves-structures involved in epidural anaesthesia superficial lymph nodes-surface anatomy of visceral organs of thoracic
Abdominal and pelvic cavities-comparative features of locomotor apparatus and their application in the biomechanics of the mammalian body
Anatomy of fowl- musculoskeletal system-functional anatomy in relation to respiration and flying, digestion and egg production
Pharmacology and therapeutic drugs Cellular level of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics
Drugs acting on fluids and electrolyte balance
Drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system
Modern concepts of anaesthesia and dissociative anaesthetics
Antimicrobials and principles of chemotherapy in microbial infections
Use of hormones in therapeutics- chemotherapy of parasitic infections
Drug and economic concerns in the edible tissues of animals- chemotherapy of neoplastic diseases.
Toxicity due to insecticides, plants, metals, non-metals, zootoxins and mycotoxins
Animal diseases Etiology, epidemiology pathogenesis, symptoms, post-mortem lesions, diagnosis, and control of infectious diseases of cattle, sheep and goat, horses, pigs and poultry
Etiology, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of production diseases of cattle, horse, pig and poultry
Deficiency diseases of domestic animals and birds
Diagnosis and treatment of non-specific conditions like impaction, bloat, diarrhoea, indigestion, dehydration, stroke, poisoning
Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders Principles and methods of immunization of animals against specific diseases- herd immunity disease-free zones- ‘zero’ disease concept- chemoprophylaxis
Anesthesia- local, regional and general-preanesthetic medication
Symptoms and surgical interference in fractures and dislocation
Hernia, choking abomasal displacement- caesarian operations
Disease investigation techniques
Materials for laboratory investigation- the establishment of animal health centers disease-free zone
Paper 2 - Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science-Section B
Veterinary public health Zoonoses- classification, definition, role of animals and birds in prevalence and transmission of zoonotic diseases- occupational zoonotic diseases
Epidemiology- principle, definition of epidemiological terms, application of epidemiological measures in the study of diseases and disease control
Epidemiological features of air, water, and foodborne infections
Oie regulations, WTO, sanitary and phytosanitary measures
Veterinary jurisprudence- rules and regulations for the improvement of animal quality and prevention of animal diseases - state and central rules for prevention of animal and animal product borne diseases
S P C A - veterolegal cases- certificates -materials and methods of collection of samples for veterolegal investigation
Veterinary hygiene with reference to water, air, and habitation - assessment of pollution of water, air and soil
Milk and milk products technology Market milk: quality, testing and grading of raw milk
Processing, packaging, storing, distribution, marketing, defects and their control
Preparation of the following milks: pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized, homogenized, reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milks
Preparation of cultured milks, cultures and their management, yoghurt, dahi, lassi and srikhand
Preparation of flavoured and sterilized milks
Legal standards
Sanitation requirement for clean and safe milk and for the milk plant equipment
Milk products technology.- selection of raw materials, processing, storing , distributing and marketing milk products such as cream, butter, ghee, khoa, channa, cheese, condensed, evaporated, dried milk and baby food, ice cream and kulfi
By-products, whey products, butter milk, lactose and casein
Testing, grading, judging milk products - BIS and agmark specifications, legal standards, quality control and nutritive properties
Packaging, processing and operational control
Costing of dairy products
Meat hygiene Antemortem care and management of food animals, stunning, slaughter and dressing operations
Abattoir requirements and designs
Meat inspection procedures and judgment of carcass meat cuts- grading of carcass meat cuts- duties and functions of veterinarians in wholesome meat production
Hygienic methods of handling production of meat- spoilage of meat and control measures- post-slaughter physicochemical changes in meat and factors that influence them- quality improvement methods
Adulteration of meat and detection - regulatory provisions in meat trade and industry
Meat Technology Physical and chemical characteristics of meat- meat emulsions- methods of preservation of meat- curing, canning, irradiation, packaging of meat and meat products, processing and formulations
By- products- slaughterhouse by- products and their utilization- edible and inedible by products, social and economic implications of proper utilization of slaughterhouse by-products- organ products for food and pharmaceuticals
Poultry products technology- chemical composition and nutritive value of poultry meat, pre - slaughter care and management
Slaughtering techniques, inspection, preservation of poultry meat and products
Legal and bis standards
Structure, composition and nutritive value of eggs
Microbial spoilage
Preservation and maintenance
Marketing of poultry meat, eggs, and products
Value-added meat products
Rabbit/fur animal farming - rabbit meat production
Disposal and utilization of fur and wool and recycling of waste by products
Grading of wool
Paper 1 - Anthropology-Section A
Meaning, scope and development of anthropology Relationships with other disciplines: Social sciences, Behavioural sciences, Life sciences, Medical sciences, Earth sciences and Humanities
Main branches of anthropology, their scope and relevance
Human evolution and the emergence of man
Characteristics of primates Evolutionary trend and primate taxonomy
Primate adaptations
(arboreal and terrestrial) primate taxonomy
Primate behaviour
Tertiary and quaternary fossil primates
Living major primates
Comparative anatomy of man and apes
Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of the following
Plio-Pleistocene hominids in south and east Africa - Australopithecines
Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homoerectus heidelbergensis), Asia (Homoerectus javanicus, Homoerectus pekinensis)
Neanderthal man- la-Chapelle-aux-saints (classical type), Mt. Carmel (progressive type)
Rhodesian man
Homo sapiens ó Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede
The biological basis of life: the cell, DNA structure and Replication, Protein synthesis, Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell division
Principles of prehistoric archaeology
Chronology: relative and absolute dating methods
Cultural evolution- broad outlines of prehistoric cultures
The nature of culture The concept and characteristics of culture and civilization
Ethnocentrism vis-·-vis cultural relativism
The nature of society: the concept of society
Society and culture
Social institutions
Social groups
Social stratification
Marriage: definition and universality
Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo)
Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage)
Functions of marriage
Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive)
Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry)
Family: definition and universality
Family, household and domestic groups
Functions of family
Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence, and succession);
Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist movements on family
Kinship: consanguinity and affinity
Principles and types of descent (unilineal, double, bilateral, ambilineal)
Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred)
Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory)
Descent, filiation and complementary filiation
Descent and alliance
Economic organization Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology
Formalist and substantivist debate
Principles governing the production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution, and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture
Globalization and indigenous economic systems
Political organization and social control: band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom, and state
Concepts of power, authority, and legitimacy
Social control, law, and justice in simple societies
Religion: anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional)
Monotheism and polytheism
Sacred and profane
Myths and rituals
Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism, and totemism)
Religion, magic, and science distinguished
Magico-religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer, and witch)
Paper 1 - Anthropology-Section B
Anthropological theories Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan, and Frazer)
Diffusionism (British, German and American)
Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural-functionalism (Radcliffe-Brown)
Structuralism (Líevi - Strauss and E. Leach)
Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora - du Bois)
Neo - evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
Cultural materialism (Harris)
Research methods in anthropology Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
Distinction between technique, method, and methodology
Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods
Analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
Human Genetics - Methods and Application Methods for study of genetic principles in the man-family study (pedigree analysis, twin study, foster child, co-twin method, cytogenetic method, chromosomal and karyotype analysis)
Methods for study of genetic principles in the man-biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology, and recombinant technologies
Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man
Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, Hardy-Weinberg law
Causes and changes which bring down frequency ñ mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift
Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages
Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology
Concept of human growth and development Stages of growth - pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence
Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic
Ageing and senescence
Theories and observations - biological and chronological longevity
Human physique and somatotypes
Methodologies for growth studies
Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility
Fertility patterns and differentials
Biological and Socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, Fertility, Natality and Mortality
Applications of anthropology: anthropology of sports, nutritional anthropology, anthropology in designing of defence and other equipment, forensic anthropology, methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction
Applications of anthropology: applied human genetics ñ paternity diagnosis, genetic counseling and eugenics, DNA technology in diseases and medicine, serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology
Paper 2 - Anthropology-Section A
Evolution of the Indian culture and civilization Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic - Chalcolithic)
Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): pre-Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures
Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization
Palaeo - anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man)
Ethno-archaeology in India: the concept of ethno-archaeology
Survivals and parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities
Emergence and growth of anthropology in India Contributions of indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies
Demographic profile of India ó ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution
Indian population - factors influencing its structure and growth
The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system Varnashram, purushartha, karma, rina and rebirth
Caste system in India- structure and characteristics, Varna and caste, theories of the origin of caste system, dominant caste, caste mobility, future of caste system, Jajmani system, tribe caste continuum
Sacred complex and nature-man-spirit complex
Indian village Significance of village study in India;
Indian village as a social system
Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations
Agrarian relations in indian villages
Impact of globalization on indian villages
Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status
Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, westernization, modernization
Inter-play of little and great traditions
Panchayati raj and social change
Media and social change
Paper 2 - Anthropology-Section B
Tribal situation in India Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations and their distribution
Problems of the tribal communities ó land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition
Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation
Development of forest policy and tribals
Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations
Problems of exploitation and deprivation Of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes
Constitutional safeguards for scheduled tribes and scheduled castes
Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections
The concept of ethnicity
Ethnic conflicts and political developments
Unrest among tribal communities
Regionalism and demand for autonomy
Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-independent india
Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on Indian Society tribal societies Tribe and nation state ó a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries
History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation
The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development
Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development
Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements
Paper 1 - Botany-Part A
Microbiology and plant pathology Structure and reproduction/multiplication of viruses, viroids, bacteriophage, bacteria, fungi and mycoplasma
Applications of microbiology in agriculture, industry, medicine and in control of soil and water pollution
Prion and Prion hypothesis, conjugation
General account of crop diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and nematodes
Modes of infection and dissemination
Molecular basis of infection and disease resistance/defence
Physiology of parasitism and control measures
Fungal toxins
Modelling and disease forecasting
Plant quarantine
Cryptogams and Phanerogram Algae, cyanobacteria, fungi, lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes - structure and reproduction from evolutionary viewpoint
Distribution of cryptogams in india and their ecological and economic importance
Gymnosperms: Concept of Progymnosperms
Classification and distribution of gymnosperms
Salient features of Cycadales, Ginkgoales, Coniferales, and Gnetales, their structure and reproduction
General account of Cycadofilicales, Bennettitales, and Cordaitales
Geological time scale
Type of fossils and their study techniques
Plant systematics Angiosperms: systematics, anatomy, embryology, palynology, and phylogeny
Taxonomic hierarchy
International code of botanical nomenclature
Numerical taxonomy and chemotaxonomy
Evidence from anatomy, embryology, and palynology
Families of Angiosperms Origin and evolution of angiosperms
Natural, phylogenetic and modern systems of classification comparative account
Study of angiospermic families ñ Mangnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Apiaceae, Asclepiadaceae
Study of angiospermic families :Verbenaceae, Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Asteraceae, Poaceae, Arecaceae, Liliaceae, Musaceae and Orchidaceae
Paper 1 - Botany-Part B
Plant Development Development of male and female gametophytes, pollination, fertilization
Endosperm - its development and function
Patterns of embryo development
Polyembryony and apomixes
Applications of palynology
Experimental embryology including pollen storage
Economic botany Domestication and introduction of plants
Origin of cultivated plants
Vavilovís centres of origin
Plants as sources for food, fodder, fibre, spices, beverages, edible oils, drugs, narcotics, insecticides, timber, gums, resins and dyes, latex, cellulose, starch and its products
Importance of ethnobotany in indian context
Energy plantations
Botanical gardens and herbaria
Morphogenesis Totipotency, polarity, symmetry and differentiation
Cell, tissue, organ and protoplast culture
Somatic hybrids and cybrids
Somaclonal variation and its applications
Pollen haploids, embryo rescue methods and their applications
Plant Anatormy Stomata and their types
Glandular and non-glandular trichomes
Unusual secondary growth
Anatomy of c3 and c4 plants
Xylem and phloem differentiation
Wood anatomy
Paper 2 - Botany-Part A
Cell biology Techniques of cell biology
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells - structural and ultrastructural details
Structure and function of extracellular matrix (cell wall), membranes-cell adhesion, membrane transport and vesicular transport
Structure and function of cell organelles (chloroplasts, mitochondria, ER, dictyosomes ribosomes, endosomes, lysosomes, peroxisomes)
Cytoskeleton and microtubules
Nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear pore complex
Chromatin and nucleosome
Cell signalling and cell receptors
Signal transduction
Mitosis and meiosis
Molecular basis of cell cycle
Numerical and structural variations in chromosomes and their significance
Chromatin organization and packaging of genome
Polytene chromosomes
B-chromosomes - structure, behaviour and significance
Genetics, molecular biology and evolution Development of genetics
Gene versus allele concepts (pseudo-alleles)
Quantitative genetics and multiple factors
Incomplete dominance, polygenic inheritance, multiple alleles
Linkage and crossing over
Methods of gene mapping, including molecular maps (idea of mapping function)
Sex chromosomes and sex-linked inheritance, sex determination and molecular basis of sex differentiation
Mutations (biochemical and molecular basis)
Cytoplasmic inheritance and male sterility
Structure of nucleic acids and proteins
Genetic code protein synthesis regulation of gene expression
Gene silencing
Multigene families
Organic evolution - evidences, mechanism and theories
Role of rna in origin and evolution
Ecology Concept of ecosystem
Ecological factors
Concepts and dynamics of community
Plant succession
Concept of biosphere
Pollution and its control (including phytoremediation)
Plant indicators
Environment (Protection) Act
Forest types of India - ecological and economic importance of forests, afforestation, deforestation and social forestry
Environment and Conservation Endangered plants, endemism, IUCN categories, Red Data Books
Biodiversity and its conservation
Protected area network
Convention on biological diversity
Farmers Rights and Intellectual Property Rights
Concept of sustainable development
Biogeochemical cycles
Global warming and climatic change
Invasive species
Environmental impact assessment
Phytogeographical regions of india
Paper 2 - Botany-Part B
Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Methods of plant breeding ñ introduction, selection and hybridization (pedigree, backcross, mass selection, bulk method)
Mutation, polyploidy, male sterility and heterosis breeding
Use of apomixes in plant breeding
DNA Sequencing
Genetic engineering - methods of transfer of genes
Transgenic crops and biosafety aspects
Development and use of molecular markers in plant breeding
Tools and techniques - probe, southern blotting, DNA fingerprinting, PCR and FISH
Biostatistics Standard deviation and coefficient of variation (CV)
Tests of significance (Z-test, t-test and chisquare test)
Probability and distributions (normal, binomial and Poisson)
Correlation and regression
Plant physiology Water relations, mineral nutrition and ion transport, mineral deficiencies
Photosynthesis - photochemical reactions
Photophosphorylation and carbon fixation pathways
C3, c4 and cam pathways
Mechanism of phloem transport
Plant movements
Photoperiodism and flowering, vernalization, senescence
Growth substances - their chemical nature, role and applications in agri-horticulture
Growth indices, growth movements
Stress physiology (heat, water, salinity, metal)
Fruit and seed physiology
Dormancy, storage and germination of seed
Fruit ripening ñ its molecular basis and manipulation
Biochemistry Respiration (anaerobic and aerobic, including fermentation) ñ electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation
Chemiosmotic theory and atp synthesis
Lipid metabolism
Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism
Enzymes, coenzymes
Energy transfer and energy conservation
Secondary metabolites
Pigments as photoreceptors (plastidial pigments and phytochrome)
Paper 1 - Chemistry-Part A
Solid state chemistry Classification of solids, seven crystal systems, elements of symmetry in crystals, space lattice and unit cell, classification of crystals on the basis of bond types, Ionic solids, metallic solids and molecular solids
The close packing of spheres, hexagonal close packing, cubic close packing and body centered cubic packing, coordination number and radius ratio effects
Braggís Law of X-ray diffraction, powder pattern method, crystal structure of NaCl, KCl, ZnS, CsCl, and CaF2
Phase equilibria
The gaseous state and transport phenomenon Equation of State for real gases, intermolecular interactions and critical phenomena and liquefaction of gases, Maxwellís distribution law of molecular velocities, evaluation of average rms
Most probable velocity and average kinetic energy from Maxwell equation
Degrees of freedom, principle of equipartition of energy and molecular basis of heat capacity
Surface chemistry Stability and origin of charge on colloids, electrokinetic potential
Physical and chemical adsorption, various types of adsorption isotherms, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, enzyme catalysis (Michelis-Menton) equation
Chemical kinetics Differential and integral rate equations for zeroth, first, second and fractional order reactions
Rate equations involving reverse, parallel, consecutive and chain reactions
Branching chain and explosions
Effect of temperature and pressure on rate constant
Study of fast reactions by stopflow and relaxation methods
Collisions and transition state theories
Paper 1 - Chemistry-Part B
Atomic structure Bohr Model and its limitations, DeBroglie Equation, Heisenbergís uncertainty principle
Quantum mechanical operators and the Schrodinger wave equation (time dependent), physical significance of wave function and its characteristics (normalised, orthogonal), radial distribution and shapes of s, p, d and f orbitals
Particle in one dimensional box, quantization of electronic energies (qualitative treatment of hydrogen atom)
Pauliís exclusion principle, Hundís rule of maximum multiplicity, Aufban principle, Electronic configuration of atoms, Long form of periodic table including Translawrencium elements
Periodicity in properties of the elements such as atomic and ionic radii, ionization potential, electron affinity, electronegativity and hydration energy
Nuclear and radiation chemistry
Chemical bonding Ionic bond, characteristics of ionic compounds, lattice energy, Born-Haber cycle
Covalent bond and its general characteristics, polarities of bonds in molecules and their dipole moments
Valence bond theory (Heitier - London and Pauling-Slater-theories), Hybridization, VSEPR Theory and shapes of simple inorganic molecules, molecular orbital theory, bonding, non-bonding molecular orbitals, molecular orbital energy
Lever diagrams for homo and hetero nuclear diatomic molecules
Bond order and bond length and bond strength
Sigma and pi-bonds, hydrogen bond
Bio-inorganic chemistry
Chemistry of s- and p- Block Elements General properties of s- and p- block elements, chemical reactivity of elements and group trends
Chemical behaviour with respect to their hybrids, halides and oxides
Chemistry of Transition elements
Chemistry of lanthanides and actinides Lanthanide contraction, oxidation states, principles of separation of lanthanides and actinides, magnetic and spectral properties of their compounds
Coordination chemistry
Inorganic compounds
Paper 2 - Chemistry-Part A
Delocalised covalent bonding Aromaticity, anti-aromaticity; annulenes, azulenes, tropolones, kekulene, fulvenes, sydnones
Reactions and rearrangements
Reaction mechanisms General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of mechanism or organic reactions illustrated by examples, use of isotopes, cross-over experiment, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry
Energy diagrams of simple organic reactions. transition states and intermediates
Energy of activation
Thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions
Reactive intermediates
Substitution reactions
Elimination reactions
Addition reactions
Pericyclic reactions Classification and examples
Woodward-Hoffmann rules°-electrocyclic reactions, cycloaddition reactions [2+2 and 4+2] and sigmatropic shifts [1, 3; 3, 3 and 1, 5] FMO approach
Preparation and properties of polymers Organic polymerspolythene, polystyrene, polyninyl chloride, teflon, nylon, terylene, synthetic and natural rubber
Valence bond theory (Heitier - London and Pauling-Slater-theories), Hybridization, VSEPR Theory and shapes of simple inorganic molecules, molecular orbital theory, bonding, non-bonding molecular orbitals, molecular orbital energy
(ii) Biopolymers; structure of proteins, DNA and RNA
Paper 2 - Chemistry-Part B
Synthetic uses of reagents OsO4, HIO4, CrO3, Pb(OAc)4, SeO2, NBS, B2H6, Na-Liquid NH3, LiA1H4 NaBH4 n-BuLi, MCPBA
Photochemistry Photochemical reactions of simple organic compounds, excited and ground states, singlet and triplet states, Norrish-Type I and Type II reactions
Spectroscopy Principle and applications in structure elucidation
Rotational-diatomic molecules
Isotopic substitution and rotational constants
Vibrational - diatomic molecules, linear triatomic molecules, specific frequencies of functional groups in polyatomic molecules
Raman spectre: Raman Effect, stokes and antistokes lines and their intensity difference, rules of mutual exclusion
Electronic Singlet and triplet states
N°V>°VÉ·* and É·>* transitions
Application toÉ· conjugated double bonds and conjugated carbonyls Woodward-Fieser rules
Charge transfer spectra
Nuclear magnetic resonance (1HNMR) : basic principle
Chemical shift and spin interaction and coupling constants
Mass Spectrometry : parent peak, base peak, metastable peak, McLafferty rearrangement
fnfn molecules
Paper 1 - Civil Engineering- Section A
Engineering mechanics, strength of materials and structural analysis Engineering mechanics
Kinematics and kinetics
Strength of materials Simple stress and strain, elastic constants, axially loaded compression members, shear force and bending moment, theory of simple bending, shear stress distribution across cross sections, beams of uniform strength
Deflection of beams: Macaulayís method, Mohrís Moment area method, Conjugate beam method, unit load method
Torsion of shafts, elastic stability of columns, Eulerís Rankineís and secant formulae
Structural analysis Castiglianioís theorems I and II, unit load method of consistent deformation applied to beams and pin jointed trusses
Slope-deflection, moment distribution
Rolling loads and Influences lines: influences lines for shear force and bending moment at a section of beam
Criteria for maximum shear force and bending moment in beams traversed by a system of moving loads
Influences lines for simply supported plane pin jointed trusses
Arches: Three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches, rib shortening and temperature effects
Matrix methods of analysis: force method and displacement method of analysis of indeterminate beams and rigid frames
Plastic analysis of beams and frames: theory of plastic bending, plastic analysis, statical method, mechanism method
Unsymmetrical bending: moment of inertia, product of inertia, position of neutral axis and principle axes, calculation of bending stresses
Design of structures Structural steel design
Design of concrete and masonry structures
Paper 1 - Civil Engineering- Section B
Fluid mechanics, open channel flow and hydraulic machines Fluid Mechanics
Dimensional analysis and similitude
Laminar flow
Boundary layer Laminar and turbulent boundary layer on a flat plate, laminar sub layer, smooth and rough boundaries, drag and lift
Turbulent flow through pipes: characteristics of turbulent flow, velocity distribution and variation of pipe friction factor, hydraulic grade line and total energy line
Open channel flow
Hydraulic machines and hydropower Hydraulic turbines, types classification, choice of turbines, performance parameters, controls, characteristics, specific speed
Principles of hydropower development
Geotechnical engineering Soil type and structure - gradation and particle size distribution -consistency limits
Water in soil -capillary and structural - effective stress and pore water pressure - permeability concept - field and laboratory determination of permeability - seepage pressure - quick sand conditions -shear strength determination - mohr coulomb concept
Compaction of soil - laboratory and field tests
Compressibility and consolidation concept - consolidation theory - consolidation settlement analysis
Earth pressure theory and analysis for retaining walls, application for sheet piles and braced excavation
Bearing capacity of soil - approaches for analysis - field tests - settlement analysis - stability of slope of earth walk
Subsurface exploration of soils - methods
Foundation - type and selection criteria for foundation of structures - design criteria for foundation - analysis of distribution of stress for footings and pile - pile group action-pile load test
Ground improvement techniques
Paper 2 - Civil Engineering- Section A
Construction technology, equipment, planning and management Construction technology
Construction planning and management Construction activity - schedules- organization for construction industry - quality assurance principles
Use of Basic principles of network - analysis in form of CPM and PERT - their use in construction monitoring, cost optimization and resource allocation
Basic principles of economic analysis and methods
Project profitability - basic principles of boot approach to financial planning - simple toll fixation criterions
Surveying and transportation engineering Surveying: common methods and instruments for distance and angle measurement for CE work - their use in plane table, traverse survey, levelling work, triangulation, contouring and topographical map
Basic principles of photogrammetry and remote sensing
Railway engineering Permanent way - components, types and their functions - functions and design constituents of turn and crossings - necessity of geometric design of track - design of station and yards
Highway engineering
Paper 2 - Civil Engineering- Section B
Hydrology, water resources and engineering Hydrology
Ground water flow
Water resources engineering
Irrigation engineering Water requirements of crops: consumptive use, duty and delta, irrigation methods and their efficiencies
Canals: distribution systems for canal irrigation, canal capacity, canal losses, alignment of main and distributory canals, most efficient section, lined canals, their design, regime theory, critical shear stress, bed load
Water logging: causes and control, salinity
Canal structures: design of, head regulators, canal falls, aqueducts, metering flumes and canal outlets
Diversion headwork: principles and design of weirs of permeable and impermeable foundation, khoslaís theory, energy dissipation
Storage works: types of dams, design, principles of rigid gravity, stability analysis
Spillways: spillway types, energy dissipation
River training: objectives of river training, methods of river training
Environmental engineering Water supply: predicting demand for water, impurities, of water and their significance, physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis, waterborne diseases, standards for potable water
Intake of water: water treatment: principles of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation
Slow- rapid-, pressure-, filters
Chlorination, softening, removal of taste, odour and salinity
Sewerage systems: domestic and industrial wastes, storm sewageñseparate and combined systems, flow through sewers, design of sewers
Sewage characterization: BOD, COD, solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC
Standards of disposal in normal watercourse and on land
Sewage treatment: working principles, units, chambers, sedimentation tanks, trickling filters, oxidation ponds, activated sludge process, septic tank, disposal of sludge, recycling of wastewater
Solid waste: collection and disposal in rural and urban contexts, management of long-term ill effects
Environmental pollution Sustainable development
Radioactive wastes and disposal
Environmental impact assessment for thermal power plants, mines, river valley projects
Air pollution
Pollution control acts
Paper 1 - Commarce and Accountancy-Part A
Financial accounting Accounting as a financial information system
Impact of behavioural sciences
Accounting standards e.G. Accounting for depreciation, inventories, fixed assets, contingencies, foreign exchange transactions, investments and government grants, cash flow statement, funds flow statements, earnings per share
Issues of shares
Pro-rata allotment
Forfeiture of shares
Re-issue of shares
Preparation and presentation of company final accounts
Amalgamation, absorption and reconstruction of companies
Cost accounting Nature and functions of cost accounting
Installation of cost accounting system
Cost concepts related to income measurement, profit planning, cost control and decision making
Methods of costing: job costing, process costing, activity based costing
Volume - cost - profit relationship as a tool of profit planning
Preparation of cost sheet
Taxation Income tax: definitions; basis of charge; incomes which do not form part of total income
Simple problems of computation of income (of individuals only) under various heads, I.E., salaries, income from house property, profits and gains from business or profession, income of other persons included in assesseeís total income
Set-off and carry forward of loss
Deductions from gross total income
Salient features/provisions related to vat and services tax
Auditing Audit: meaning, objectives, classification of audit
Audit programme: preparation, advantages and disadvantages
Internal control, internal check and internal audit
Appointment, removal, remuneration, powers and duties of company auditor
Audit of non-profit organisations and charitable societies/trusts/organisations
Paper 1 - Commarce and Accountancy-Part B
Finance Function Nature, scope and objectives of financial management: risk and return relationship
Tools of financial analysis: ratio analysis, funds-flow and cash-flow statement
Capital budgeting decisions: process, procedures and appraisal methods
Risk and uncertainty analysis and methods
Financing Decisions Theories of capital structure - net income (NI) approach, net operating income (NOI) approach, MM approach and traditional approach
Designing of capital structure: types of leverages (operating, financial and combined), EBIT- EPS analysis, and other factors
Working capital management: planning of working capital
Determinants of working capital
Components of working capital - cash, inventory and receivables
Indian financial system An overview - the Indian financial system on the eve of planning and in the post 1950 period
Structure of Indian financial system and its impact on economic development
Money markets: participants, structure and instruments
Commercial banks
Reforms in banking sector
Monetary and credit policy of rbi
Rbi as a regulator
Capital market: primary and secondary market
Financial market instruments and innovative debt instruments
Sebi as a regulator
Financial Services Mutual funds, venture capital, credit rating agencies, insurance and IRDA
Development banks and other non-banking financial institutions: SIDBI; IFCI; NABARD; LIC
EXIM Banks - their evolution and growth
Paper 2 - Commarce and Accountancy-Part A(Organisation Theory)
Evolution of Organisation Theory Classical, neo-classical and systems approach
Nature and concept of organisation
External environment of organizations -technological, social, political, economical and legal
Organizational goals - primary and secondary goals, single and multiple goals
Management by objectives
Organising: principles of organisation
Staffing : nature and importance
Process of recruitment and selection
Modern Concepts of Organisation Theory Organisational design, organisational structure
Designing organizational structuresñauthority and control
Line and staff functions, specialization and coordination
Types of organization structure ñfunctional. Matrix structure, project structure
Nature and basis of power, sources of power, power structure and politics
Impact of information technology on organizational design and structure
Paper 2 - Commarce and Accountancy-Part A(Organisation Behaviour)
Meaning and Concept Individual in organizations: personality, theories, and determinants
Perception - meaning and process
Motivation: concepts, theories (Maslow, Herzberg) and applications. Leadership-theories and styles
Management of Conflicts in Organizations Transactional analysis, organizational effectiveness, management of change
Directing: meaning and nature
Communication: nature and process, barriers to communication
Paper 2 - Commarce and Accountancy-Part B(Human Resources Management (HRM)
Meaning, Nature and Scope of HRM Human resource planning, job analysis, job description, job specification, recruitment process, selection process, orientation and placement, training and development process
Performance Appraisal 360° feed back, salary and wage administration, job evaluation, employee welfare, promotions, transfers and separations
Paper 2 - Commarce and Accountancy-Part B(Industrial Relations (IR) )
Meaning, Nature, Importance and Scope of IR Formation of trade unions, trade union legislation, trade union movement in India. Recognition of trade unions, problems of trade unions in India
Impact of liberalization on trade union movement
Nature of industrial disputes: strikes and lockouts , causes of disputes, prevention and settlement of disputes
Workerís Participation in Management Philosophy, rationale, present day status and future prospects
Salient features of Minimum Wages Act, 1984: enforcement and objectives of the Act
Fixation, revision, and payment of minimum wages
The consumer protection act, 1986: salient features, definitions of consumer
Grievance redressal machinery
RTI and its applications
Paper 1 - Economics-Part A(Advanced Micro Economics)
Marshallian and Walrasiam Approaches to Price determination Consumerís behaviour
Alternative distribution theories: Ricardo, Kaldor, Kaleski
Markets Structure Monopolistic competition, duopoly, oligopoly, perfect competition
Modern Welfare Criteria: Pareto Hicks & Scitovsky, Arrowís Impossibility Theorem, A.K. Senís Social Welfare Function
Paper 1 - Economics-Part A(Advanced Macro Economics)
Approaches to Employment Income and Interest Rate determination Classical, Keynes (IS-LM) curve
Neo classical synthesis New classical Theories of Interest Rate determination and Interest Rate Structure
Paper 1 - Economics-Part B
Money - Banking and Finance Demand for and supply of money: money multiplier quantity theory of money (Fisher, Pigoue, and Friedman) and keyneís theory on demand for money, goals, and instruments of monetary control
Role and functions of commercial banks and credit creation by commercial banks
Role of central bank in controlling money and credit determination of growth rate of money supply
Public finance and its role in market economy: meaning and scope of public finance, public v/s private finance
Sources of govt. Revenue, forms of taxes and subsidies, their incidence and effects
Limits to taxation, loans, crowding-out effects and limits to borrowings
Public expenditure and its effects
International economics Old and new theories of international trade
Comparative advantage
Terms of trade and offer curve
Product cycle and strategic trade theories
Trade as an engine of growthî and theories of under development in an open economy
Forms of protection: tariff and quota
Balance of payments adjustments: alternative approaches
Price versus income, income adjustments under fixed exchange rates
Theories of policy mix
Exchange rate adjustments under capital mobility
Floating rates and their implications for developing countries: currency boards
Trade policy and developing countries
BOP, adjustments and policy coordination in open economy macro-model
Speculative attacks
Trade blocks and monetary unions
WTO: TRIMS, TRIPS, Domestic Measures, Different Rounds of WTO talks
Paper 1 - Economics-Part B(Growth and Development)
Growth and development Theories of growth
Harrodís model
Lewis model of development with surplus labour
Balanced and unbalanced growth
Human capital and economic growth
Research and development and economic growth
Process of economic development of less developed countries: theories of economic transition Myrdal and Kuznets, Collin-Clark
Lewis on economic development and structural change: role of agriculture in economic development of less developed countries
Economic development and International Trade and Investment, Role of Multinationals Planning and economic development: changing role of markets and planning, private-public partnership
Welfare indicators and measures of growth - human development indices
The basic needs approach
Development and environmental sustainability - renewable and non-renewable resources, environmental degradation, intergenerational equity development
Environment and economy linkage
Paper 2 - Economics-Part A
Indian Economy in Pre-Independence Era Land system and its changes, commercialization of agriculture, drain theory, laissez-faire theory and critique
Manufacture and transport: jute, cotton, railways, money and credit
Paper 2 - Economics-Part A(Indian Economy after Independence: The Pre Liberalization Era)
Contribution of Vakil, Gadgil and V.K.R.V. Rao Agriculture: land reforms and land tenure system, green revolution and capital formation in agriculture
Industry Trends in composition and growth, role of public and private sector, small scale and cottage industries
National and Per capita income Patterns, trends, aggregate and sectoral composition and changes their in
Broad factors determining national income and distribution, measures of poverty, trends in poverty and inequality
Paper 2 - Economics-Part B(Indian Economy after Independence: The Pre Liberalization Era: The Post Liberalization Era)
New Economic Reform and Agriculture Agriculture and WTO, food processing, subsidies, agricultural prices and public distribution system, impact of public expenditure on agricultural growth
New economic policy and industry: strategy of industrialization, privatization, disinvestments, role of foreign direct investment and multinationals
New Economic Policy and Trade Intellectual property rights: implications of TRIPS, TRIMS, GATS and new EXIM policy
New exchange rate regime: partial and full convertibility, capital account convertibility
New Economic Policy and Public Finance Fiscal responsibility act, twelfth finance commission and fiscal federalism and fiscal consolidation
New economic policy and monetary system
Role of rbi under the new regime
Planning From central planning to indicative planning, relation between planning
Markets for growth and decentralized planning: 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments
New economic policy and employment: employment and poverty, rural wages, employment generation, poverty alleviation schemes, new rural, employment guarantee scheme
Paper 1 - Education-Section A
Psychological foundation of education Definition of psychology, relationship between psychology and education, nature, scope and methods of educational psychology
Physiological basis of human/mental life, functions of the human nervous system and the endocrine system
Meaning of development, areas of development, fundamentals of Piagetian development psychology
Concept and theories of individual differences, theories of intelligence, creativity
Mental health and mental hygiene, personality Freudian theory of personality
Theories, factors affecting learning
Theories of learning, transfer of learning
Adolescence-psychological characteristics and problems of adolescents
Philosophical Foundations of Education Concept and scope of education, aims of education, functions of education. Role of philosophy in education - relationship between education and philosophy, some major schools of philosophy: idealism, naturalism, realism and pragmatism
Idealism, naturalism, realism and pragmatism-their contribution to present day education, emergence of educational thoughts through the works of great educators-M.K. Gandhi, Rousseau, Froebel, Dewey and Tagore (relevance of each philosophy in Education)
Freedom and discipline
Components of education and their mutual relationship
Sociological Foundation of Education Nature and scope of educational sociology
Education as an instrument of social change
Social groups
Culture-concept and components of culture
Current social problems relating to education in India
Pedagogy Science of teaching-relations between teaching and learning
Factors affecting teaching, levels of teaching, general principles of teaching, maxims of teaching
Observations and classroom behaviour: flanderís interaction analysis, characteristics of good teacher behaviour, the difference between traditional and micro-teaching
Factors affecting perception, attention and attitude
Teaching methods, functions of a teacher
Paper 1 - Education-Section B
Development of Education in Ancient and Medieval India Education in Ancient India: Vedic and Brahmanic Period, Buddhist Education
Education in Medieval India
Development of Education in British India and Independent India Education in British India, indigenous education in India at the beginning of the 18th century
Growth of modern systems of education up to 1947 AD
The Charter Act 1813, Downward Filtration Theory, Adamís Report 1829, Macaulayís Minutes 1935, Woodís Education Despatch 1854, Hunter Commission 1882, Lord Curzonís Policy 1902 (University Education Commission of 1902)
Movement for Compulsory Education-Gokhaleís Bill 1913 ( Govt. of India Resolution on Educational Policy 1913), Sadlerís Commission 1917 (Calcutta University Education Commission 1917), Hartog Committee Report 1929
Development of Indian Education during the post-independence period with special reference to major recommendations of University Education Commission 1948-49
Secondary Education Commission 1952-53, Kothari Education Commission 1964-66, National Policy on Education 1986 and its revised formulation of 1992
Issues in India Education Aims and objectives of elementary education
Aims and objectives of secondary education, general and vocational education, role of DIET, NCERT, SCERT, NIEPA, CBSE, etc
Higher education-general and technical. Role of UGC, AIU, AICTE, ICSSR, CSIR, ICAR, NCTE
Types of universities and equivalent institutes of higher learning
Modern Trends in Indian Education Non-formal education, adult education. National Adult Education Programme (NAEP-1978), Mass Programme for Functional Literacy (MPFL-1986)
National Literacy Mission (NOM-1988), Total Literacy Campaign (TCL), Post Literacy Campaign (PLC), Jana Shikshan Nilyan (JSN)
Continuing education, uses of mass-media in non-formal and continuing education
Population education, sex education, value oriented education, work experience & SUPW, environmental education, women empowerment through education, education of minority communities
Paper 2 - Education-Section A
Fundamentals of Educational Research Concept, meaning and nature of educational research, types of research. Hypothesis -concept and types, characteristics of a good hypothesis
Conduct of Educational Research Sampling-concept and sampling designs/techniques, tools of data collection, report writing
Statistics in education Meaning, nature, scope and significance of educational statistics, sources and use of educational statistics
Difference between statistics and parameter, significance of statistics
Measures of central tendency, measures of variability, normal distribution- normal probability curve
Concept of variable, types of data, the need and uses of graphical presentation of data, bivariate distribution
Evaluation in education Meaning and nature of educational measurement, evaluation in education
General principles of test construction and standardization
Paper 2 - Education-Section B
Educational Management Concept, meaning, nature, need and scope of educational management
Types of educational management
Concept of financial management, managerial behaviour, educational Planning
Educational Technology Concept and scope of educational technology, communication process
Bloomís taxonomy of educational objectives
System approach in instructional system designing, programmed learning
Concept and nature of personalized system of instruction
Educational Guidance The concept of guidance, vocational guidance, educational guidance, counselling
Curriculum Construction Curriculum-concept and nature, curriculum construction, curriculum development, curriculum designs
Paper 1 - Electrical Engineering-Section A
Basics and Circuit Theory Work, power, energy
Ohm's law
Dc circuits
Kirchhoffís laws
Ac circuits, resonance in R-L- circuits
Nodal analysis
Mesh analysis
Network theorems
Transient analysis of RL, RC and RLC circuits
3 phase circuits
Two-port networks
Electromagnetic theory Maxwellí equations
Wave propagation inbounded media
Boundary conditions
Reflection and refraction of plane waves
Distributed parameter circuits
Transmission line: travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, smith chart
Electrical machines DC machines: contruction, working principle, characteristics and application; starting and speed control
AC machines: single phase and poly phase induction motors, synchronous motorconstruction, working principle and charecteristics, starting and speed control
FHP motors and stepper motors, alternators-basics and parallel operation
Power and distribution transformers: design, efficiency and regulation by direct and indirect loading
Types of transformer connections, its installation and maintenance
Electrical Measurements and Instrumentation Measurement of current, voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency
Multimeters, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, earth tester, potentiomenter
Transducers: thermocouple, thermistors, LVDT, strain guage, piezo-electric crystal
Use of transducers in measurement of non-electrical quantities, data acquisition systems
Paper 1 - Electrical Engineering-Section B
Power system Characteristics and performance of transmission line, Ferranti effect
Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables
Per unit quantities
Bus admittance and impedance matrices
Symmtrical components
Load flow studies in newton Rapson method, Gauss-Seidel method
Transient on transmission line
Optimal load frequency control, automatic voltage control
Analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults
Principle of active and reactive powertransfer and distribution, Reactive power compensation
Computer aided power systems Static VAR systems
Concept of HVDC transmission: FACTS devices susc as SVC & UPFC
Introduction to load dispatch centers (LDC)
SCADA systems: speed control of generators
Tie-line control
Frequency control
Economic dispatch
Control engineering Block diagram representation
Principles and applications of feedback
Concept of stability, time-domain and transform-domain analysis
Routh-Hurwitz criterion; root loci
Nyquist criterion, bode plots
Design of lead-lag compensators
State variable representation
Principles of discrete control systems
Electronics Analog electronics
Digital electronics
Paper 2 - Electrical Engineering-Section A
Power Electronics and Electrical Drives Diodes, power transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs, IGBTs-static characteristics and principle of operation
Triggering circuits
Phase controlled rectifiers
Bridge concertersfully controlled and half-controlled
Principles of choppers, inverters and cyclo-converters
Basic concepts of speed control of DC and AC motors drives
Applications of variable speed drives
Micro-processors and Micro-Computers Evolution of microprocessor technology, 8085 CPU
Architecture, programming, memory & I/O interfacing, modes of operation
Power control
Typical applications
PC organization
CPU, instruction set, register set, timing diagram, programming, interrupts, memory interfacing, programmable peripheral devices
Analog and digital communication Need for modulation
Normal amplitude modulation
Modulation index
Frequency and phasemodulation
Frequency deviation and modulation index
Pulse amplitude modulation
Pulse width modulation
Pulseposition modulation
Pulse codemodulation
Differential pulse code modulation, delta modulation
Digitalmodulation and demodulation schemes
Interfacing with power line
Description of a typical power line carrier communication system
Fibre Optic Systems Time division multiplexing
Frequency division multiplexing
Optical properties of materials
Refractive index
Absorption and emission of light
Optical fibres
Lasers and opto-electronic materials
Fibre optic links
Energy Management Introduction to energy problem
Power scenario of Mizoram State and India
Basics of wind turbine aerodynamics
Wind energy conversions systems and their integration into electrical grid
Power quality issues solar energy: thermal conversion, photovoltaic conversion
Importance of energy management
Energy conservation opportunities, energy audit
Energy economics
Discount rate
Payback period
Internal rate of return
Life cycle costing, Electricity Act 2003
Power system protection Principles of circuit breaking
Arc extinction for DC and AC
Arc interruption theorie
Duties of switchgear
Various types of circuit breakers and their applications to power systems
Specifications of an impulse voltage wave
Insulation co-ordinations
Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection
Concept of solid-state relays
Computer-aided protection
Protection of generators
Transformers and transmission lines
Application of DSP to protection
Stability Dynamics of synchronous generators
Small signal stability analysis (Low frequency oscillations)- analysis of single machine systems, applications of power system stabilizers
Node elimination technique, numerical solution of swing equation
Transient stability analysis
Dynamic stability analysis
Voltage stability analysis, static VAR control of load
Signals, Systems and Digital Signal Processing Representation of continuos-time and discrete-time signals and systems
Fourier transforms
Laplace transforms
Transfer functions
DFT, FFT processing of analog signals through discrete-time systems
Frequency domain design of digitals filters
Quantization effects in digital filters
Paper 1 - English-Section A
William Shakespeare King Lear and The Tempest
Henrik Ibsen : A Dollís House
John Donne. The following poems Canonization
Death be not proud
The good morrow
On his mistress going to bed
The relic
John Milton : Paradise Lost, I, II, IV, IX
Alexander Pope The Rape of the lock
William Wordsworth. The following poems Ode on intimations of immortality
Tintern abbey
Three years she grew
She dwelt among untrodden ways
Resolution and independence
The world is too much with us
Milton, thou shouldst be living at this hour
Upon westminster bridge
Alfred Tennyson : In memoriam
Paper 1 - English-Section B
Jonathan Swift Gulliverís Travels
Henry fielding
Tom jones
George eliot
The mill on the floss
Jane Austen Pride and prejudice
Charles Dickens Hard times
Thomas hardy
Tess of the díUrbervilles
Mark Twain The adventures of huckleberry finn
Paper 2 - English-Section A
William Butler Yeats. The following poems Easter 1916
The second coming
A prayer for my daughter
Sailing to byzantium
The tower
Among school children
Leda and the swan
Lapis lazuli
T.s. eliot
W.H. Auden. The following poems Partition
Musee des beaux arts
In memory of w.b. yeats
Lay your sleeping head, my love
The unknown citizen
Mundus et infans
The shield of achilles
Philip Larkin
A.K. Ramanujan. The following poems Looking for a Causim on a Swing
A river
Of mothers, among other things
Love Poem for a Wife 1
Small-scale reflections on a great house
John Osborne Look Back in Anger
Samuel beckett
Waiting for godot
Paper 2 - English-Section B
Joseph Conrad Lord jim
James joyce
Portrait of the artist as a young man
D.H. Lawrence D.h. lawrence
E.m. forster
A passage to india
Virginia Woolf Mrs Dalloway
Raja Rao Kanthapura
V.S. Naipal
A house for mr. biswas
Paper 1 - Forestry-Section A
Silviculture General silvicultural principles
ecological and physiological factors influencing vegetation
Natural and artificial regeneration of forests
Nursery techniques
Seed technology collection, storage, pretreatment and germination
Establishment and tendings
Silvicultural systems Clear fellin, uniform, shelter wood selection, coppice and conversion systems, Management of silviculture systems of temperate, subtropical, humid tropuical, dry tropical and coastal tropical forests with special reference to plantation silviculture
Choice of species, establishment and management of standards, enrichment methods, technical constraints, intensive mechanized methods, aerial seeding, thinning
Silviculture-Mangrove and Cold desert Mangrove: habitat and characteristics, mangrove, plantation-establishment and rehabilitation of degraded mangrove formations
Silviculture systems for mangrove
Protection of habitats against natural disasters
Cold desert-characteristics, identification and management of psecies
Silviculture of trees Traditional and recent advances in tropical silvicultural research and practices
Silviculture of some of the economically important species in India such as Acacia catechu, Acacia nilotica, Acacia auriculiformis, Albizzia lebbeck, Albizzia procera, Anthocephalus cadamba, Anogeissus latitolia, Azadirachta indica, Bamboo spp
Silviculture of some of the economically important species in India such as Butea monosperma, Cassia siamea, Casuarina equisetifolia, Cedrus deodara, Chukrasia tabularis, Dalbergia sisoo, Dipterocarpus spp, Emblica officinalis, Eucalyptus spp
Silviculture of some of the economically important species in India such as Gmelina arborea, Hardwickia binata, Largerstroemia lanceolata, Pinus roxburghii, Populus spp, Pterocarpus marsupium, Prosopis juliflora, Santalum album, Semecarpus anacrdium
Shorea robusta, Salmalia malabaricum, Tectona grandis, Terminalia tomentosa, Tamarindus indica
Paper 1 - Forestry-Section B
Agroforestry, Social Forestry, Joint Forest Management and Tribology Agroforestry - scope and necessity
Role in the life of people and domestic animals and in integrated land use, planning especially related to (i) solil and water conservation
(ii) Water recharge
(iii) Nutrient availability to crops
(iv) Nature and eco-system preservation including ecological balances through pestpredator relationships and (v) Providing opportunities for enhancing biodiversity, medical and other flora and fauna
Agro forestry systems under different agroecological zones
Selection of species and role of multipurpose trees and NTFPs, techniques, food fodder and fuel security
Research and extension needs, social/urban forestry : objectives, scope and necessity
Peoples participation
JFM - principles of social grouping, stages of tribal NGOs
Tribology: Tribal scene in India
Tribes, concept of races, principles of social grouping, stages of tribal economy education, cultural tradition, customs, ethos and participation in forestry programmes
Forest Soils, Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Forest soils
Soil conservation
Environmental Conservation and Biodiversity Environment
Tree-Improvement and Seed Technology General concept of tree improvement, methods and techniques, variation and its use, provenance, seed source, exotics, quantitative aspects of forest tree improvement
Seed production and seed orchards, progeny tests, use of tree improvement in natural, forest and stand improvement, genetic testing programming, selection and breeding for resistance to diseases, insects, and adverse environment
The genetics base, forest genetic resources and gene conservation in situ and ex-situ
Cost benefit ratio, economic evaluation
Paper 2 - Forestry-Section A
Forest Management and Management System Objective and principles; techniques
Stand structure and dynamics, sustained yield relation, normal forest, growing stock
Regulation of yield
management of forest plantations, commercial forests, forest cover monitoring
Approaches viz
(i) Site-specific planning, (ii) strategic planning, (iii) approval, sanction and expenditure
(iv) Monitoring (v) reporting and governance
Details of steps involved such as formation of Village Forest Committees, Joint Forest Participatory Management.
Forest Working Plan Forest planning, evaluation and monitoring tools and approaches for integrated planning; multipurpose development of forest resources and forest industries development
Working plans and working schemes, their role in nature conservation, bio-diversity and other dimensions
Preparation and control
Divisional working plans, annual plan of operations
Forest Mensuration and Remote Sensing Methods of measuring-diameter, girth, height and volume of trees
Volume estimation of stand, current annual increment
Mean annual increment, sampling methods and sample plots
Yield calculation
Yield and stand tables, forest cover monitoring through remote sensing
Geographic Information Systems for management and modeling
Surveying and Forest Engineering Forest surveying ñ different methods of surveying, maps and map reading
Basic principles of forest engineering
Building materials and construction
Roads and bridges, general principles, objects, types, simple design and construction of timber bridges
Paper 2 - Forestry-Section B
Forest Ecology and Ethnobotany Forest ecology : biotic and abiotic components, forest eco-systems
Forest community concepts
Vegetation concepts, ecological succession and climax, primary productivity, nutrient cycling and water relations
Physiology in stress environments (drought, water logging salinity and alkalinity)
Forest types in India, identification of species, composition and associations
Dendrology, taxonomic classification, principles and establishment of herbaria and arboreta
Conservation of forest ecosystems
Clonal parks
Role of ethnobotany in Indian systems of medicine
Ayurveda and unani ñ introduction, nomenclature, habitat, distribution and botanical features of medicinal and aromatic plants
Factors affecting and toxicity of drug plants and their chemical constituents
Forest Resources and Utilization Environmentally sound forest harvesting practices
Logging and extraction techniques and principles, transportation systems, storage and sales
Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) ñ definition and scope
Gums, resins, oleoresins, fibres, oil seeds nuts, rubber, canes, bamboos, medicinal plants, charcoal, lac and shellac, katha and Bidi leaves, collection
Processing and disposal,need and importance of wood seasoning and preservation
General principles of seasoning, air and kiln seasoning, solar dehumidification, steam heated and electrical kilns
Composite wood
Adhesivesmanufacture, properties, uses plywood manufacture-properties, uses, fibre boards-manufacture properties, uses
Particle boards-manufacture
Properties, uses
Present status of composite wood industry in India and future expansion plants
Pulp-paper and rayon
Present position of supply of raw material to industry, wood substitution, utilization of plantation wood
Problems and possibilities
Anatomical structure of wood, defects and abnormalities of wood, timber identification- general principles.
Forest Protection & Wildlife Biology Injuries to forest ñ abiotic and biotic, destructive agencies, insect ñ pests and disease, effects of air pollution on forests and forest die back
Susceptibility of forests to damage, nature of damage, cause, prevention, protective measures and benefits due to chemical and biological control
General forest protection against fire, equipment and methods, controlled use of fire, economic and environmental cost
Timber salvage operations after natural disasters
Role of afforestation and forest regeneration in absorption of CO2
Rotational and controlled grazing, different methods of control against grazing and browsing animals
Effect of wild animals on forest regeneration, human impacts; encroachment, poaching, grazing, live fencing, theft, shifting cultivation and control
Forest Economics and Legislation Forest economics
Paper 1 - Geography-Section A(Physical Geography
Geomorphology Process of landform development
Endogenetic and exogenetic forces
Origin and evolution of the earthís crust
Fundamentals of geomagnetism
Interior of the earthís
Continental drift; isostasy
Plate tectonics
Recent views on mountain building
Earthquakes and tsunamis
Concepts of geomorphic cycles and landscape development
Denudation chronology
Channel morphology
Erosion surfaces
Slope development
Applied geomorphology : geohydrology, economic geology and environment
Climatology Temperature and pressure belts of the world
Heat budget of the earth
Atmospheric circulation
Atmospheric stability and instability
Planetary and local winds
Monsoons and jet streams
Air masses and frontogenesis, temperate and tropical cyclones
Types and distribution of precipitation
Weather and climate
Koppen's, Thornthwaiteís and Trewarthaís classification of world climates
Hydrological cycle
Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes, applied climatology and urban climate
Oceanography Bottom relief of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans
Temperature and salinity of the oceans
Heat and salt budgets, ocean deposits
Waves, currents and tides
Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources
Coral reefs and tools, coral bleaching
Sea-level changes
Law of the sea and marine pollution
Biogeography Genesis of soils
Classification and distribution of major soils
Soil profile
Soil erosion, degradation and conservation
Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals
Problems of deforestation and conservation measures
Social forestry
Wild life
Major gene pool centres
Principle and concept of ecology
Human ecological adaptations
Influence of man on ecology and environment
Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances
Ecosystem their management and conservation
Environmental degradation, management and conservation
Biodiversity and sustainable development
Environmental policy
Environmental hazards and remedial measures
Environmental education and legislation
Paper 1 - Geography-Section B(Human Geography
Perspectives in human Geography Areal differentiation
Regional synthesis
Dichotomy and dualism
Quantitative revolution and locational analysis
Radical, behavioural, human and welfare approaches
Languages, religions and secularisation
Cultural regions of the world
Human development index
Models, theories and laws in human geography: systems analysis in human geography
Malthusian, marxian and demographic transition models
Central place theories of christaller and losch
Perroux and boudeville
Von Thunenís model of agricultural location
Weberís model of industrial location
Ostovís model of stages of growth
Heartland and rimland theories
Laws of international boundaries and frontiers
Economic geography World economic development: measurement and problems;
World resources and their distribution
Energy crisis
The limits to growth
World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions
Food and nutrition problems
Food security
Famine: causes, effects and remedies
World industries: locational patterns and problems
Patterns of world trade
Population and Settlement Geography Growth and distribution of world population
Demographic attributes
Causes and consequences of migration
Concepts of over-under-and optimum population
Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life
Population as social capital
Types and patterns of rural settlements
Environmental issues in rural settlemen
Hierarchy of urban settlements
Urban morphology: Concepts of primate city and rank-size rule
Functional classification of towns
Sphere of urban influence
Rural - urban fringe
Satellite towns
Problems and remedies of urbanization
Sustainable development of cities
Regional planning Concept of a region
Types of regions and methods of regionalisation
Growth centres and growth poles
Regional imbalances
Regional development strategies
Environmental issues in regional planning
Planning for sustainable development
Paper 2 - Geography
Physical aspect and Resources Space relationship of india with neighbouring countries
Structure and relief
Drainage system and watersheds
Physiographic regions
Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns, tropical cyclones and western disturbances
Floods and droughts
Climatic regions
Natural vegetation
Soil types and their distributions
Land, surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources
Forest and wild life resources and their conservation
Energy crisis
Agriculture: Infrastructure Irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power
Institutional factors: land holdings, land tenure and land reforms
Cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability
Agro and social-forestry
Green revolution and its socioeconomic and ecological implications
Significance of dry farming
Livestock resources and white revolution
Aqua - culture
Sericulture, apiculture and poultry
Agricultural regionalisation
Agroclimatic zones
Agro- ecological regions
Industry Evolution of industries
Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage and agro - based industries
Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings
Industrial regionalisation
New industrial policies
Multinationals and liberalization
Special economic zones
Tourism including ecotourism
Transport, communication and trade Road, Railway, Waterway, Airway and Pipeline networks and their complementary roles in Regional Development
Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade
Trade balance
Trade policy
Export processing zones
Developments in Communication and Information technology and their impacts on the Economy and Society
Indian space programme
Cultural aspect and Settlements Historical perspective of indian society
Racial, Linguistic and Ethnic diversities
Religious minorities
Major tribes, tribal areas and their problems
Cultural regions
Growth, distribution and density of population
Demographic attributes: Sex-ratio, Age structure, Literacy rate, Work-force, Dependency ratio, Longevity
Migration (Inter-regional, Intraregional and international) and Associated problems
Population problems and policies
Health indicators
Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements
Urban developments
Morphology of indian cities
Functional classification of indian cities
Conurbations and metropolitan regions
Urban sprawl
Slums and associated problems
Town planning
Problems of Urbanization and Remedies
Regional development and planning Experience of regional planning in india
Five-year plan
Integrated rural development programmes
Panchayati raj and decentralised planning
Command area development
Watershed management
Planning for the Backward area, Desert, Drought-prone, Hill, Tribal area development
Multi-level planning
Regional planning and development of island territories
Political aspects Geographical basis of indian federalism
State reorganisation
Emergence of new states
Regional consciousness and Interstate issues
International boundary of india and related issues
Cross border terrorism
India's role in World affairs
Geopolitics of south asia and indian ocean realm
Contemporary Issues Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: Landslides, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Floods and Droughts, Epidemics
Issues relating to Environmental pollution
Changes in patterns of land use
Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management
Population explosion and food security
Environmental degradation
Deforestation, desertification and soil erosion
Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest
Regional disparities in economic development
Concept of sustainable growth and development
Environmental awareness
Linkage of rivers
Globalization and the Indian economy
Paper 1 - Geology-Section A
General geology The Solar System, Meteorites, Origin, Interior and Age of the Earth
Volcanoes- Causes and products, Volcanic belts
Earthquakes-Causes, Effects, Seismic zones of India
Island arcs, trenches and mid-ocean ridges
Continental drifts
Seafloor spreading, Plate tectonics
Geomorphology and remote sensing Basic concepts of geomorphology
Weathering and soil formations
Landforms, slopes and drainage
Geomorphic cycles and their interpretation
Morphology and its relation to structures and lithology
Coastal geomorphology
Applications of Geomorphology in Mineral prospecting, Civil engineering
Hydrology and environmental studies
Geomorphology of the Indian subcontinent
Aerial photographs and their Interpretation-merits and Limitations
The electromagnetic spectrum
Orbiting satellites and sensor systems
Indian remote sensing satellites
Satellites data products
Applications of remote sensing in geology
The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) - Its applications
Hydrogeology Hydrologic cycle and genetic classification of water
Movement of subsurface water
Hydrological properties of Rocks - Porosity, Permeability, Hydraulic conductivity, Specific yield, Specific retention, Transmissivity and Storage coefficient, Classification of aquifers;
Water-bearing characteristics of rocks
Groundwater chemistry
Saline water intrusion
Types of Wells
Drainage basin morphometry
Exploration for groundwater
Artificial recharge
Problems and management of groundwater
Rainwater harvesting
Engineering geology Engineering properties of rocks
Geological investigations for dams, tunnels highways, railway and bridges
Rock as a Construction Material
Landslides-causes, Prevention and Rehabilitation
Earthquake resistant structures
Paper 1 - Geology-Section B
Structural geology Principles of Geologic mapping and Map reading, Projection diagrams, Stress and Strain ellipsoid and Stress-strain relationships of elastic, Plastic and Viscous materials
Strain markers in deformed rocks
Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions
Folds and faults classification and mechanics
Structural analysis of folds, foliations, lineations, joints and faults, unconformities
Time-relationship between crystallization and deformation
Paleontology Species- definition and Nomenclature
Megafossils and microfossils
Modes of preservation of fossils
Different kinds of microfossils
Application of Microfossils in Correlation, Petroleum exploration, Paleoclimatic and Paleoceanographic studies
Evolutionary trend in Hominidae, Equidae and Proboscidea
Siwalik fauna
Gondwana flora and fauna and its importance
Index fossils and their significance
Principles of Stratigraphy A fundamental law of Stratigraphy
Classification of Stratigraphy Sequences - Lithostratigraphic, Biostratigraphic, Chronostratigraphic and Magnetostratigraphic and Their interrelationships
Sequences stratigraphic
Geological time scale
Indian stratigraphy Distribution and Classification of Precambrian rocks of India
Study of stratigraphic distribution and lithology of phanerozoic rocks of india with reference to fauna, flora and economic importance
Major boundary problems- Cambrian/Precambrian, Permian/Triassic, Cretaceous/Tertiary and Pliocene/ Pleistocene
Study of climatic conditions, palaeogeography and igneous activity in the Indian subcontinent in the Geological past
Tectonic framework of india
Evolution of the himalayas
Paper 2 - Geology-Section A
Crystallography and mineralogy Classification of crystals into systems and classes of symmetry
Symmetry elements of normal classes of seven crystal systems
An international system of crystallographic notation
Use of projection diagrams to represent crystal symmetry
Elements of x-ray crystallography
Physical and Chemical characters of Rock-forming silicate mineral groups
Structural classification of silicates
Common minerals of Igneous and Metamorphic rocks;
Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, sulphide and halide groups
Clay minerals
Igneous petrology Generation and Crystallization of Magmas
Crystallization of Albite-Anorthite, Diopside-Anorthite and Diopside-Wollastonite-Silica systems
Bowens Reaction Principle
Magmatic differentiation and assimilation
Petrogenetic significance of the textures and structures of igneous rocks
Petrography and petrogenesis of granite, syenite, diorite, basic and ultrabasic groups, charnockite, anorthosite and alkaline rocks
Deccan volcanic province
Metamorphic petrology Types and agents of metamorphism
Metamorphic grades and zones
Phase rule
Facies of regional and contact metamorphism
Acf and akf diagrams
Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks
Metamorphism of arenaceous, argillaceous and basic rocks
Minerals assemblages Retrograde Metamorphism
Metasomatism and Granitisation, Migmatites, Granulite terrains of India
Sedimentary petrology Sediments and Sedimentary rocks: Processes of Formation
Digenesis and lithification
Sedimentary Rocks of mechanical origin and biochemical origin - their classification, petrography and depositional environment
Sedimentary facies and provenance
Sedimentary structures classification and their significance
Heavy minerals and their significance
Sedimentary basins of india
Paper 2 - Geology-Section B
Economic geology Ore, Ore minerals and gangue, The tenor of ore, Classification of Ore deposits
Process of Formation of Minerals deposits
Controls of Ore localization
Ore textures and structures
Metallogenic epochs and provinces
Geology of the important Indian deposits of Aluminium, Chromium, Copper, Gold, Iron, Lead-zinc, Manganese, Titanium, Uranium and Thorium and Industrial minerals
Deposits of coal and petroleum in india
National mineral policy
Conservation and utilization of mineral resources
Marine mineral resources and law of sea
Mining geology Methods of Prospecting-geological, Geophysical, Geochemical and Geobotanical; Techniques of Sampling
Estimation of reserves or Ore
Methods of Exploration and Mining metallic ores, industrial minerals, marine mineral resources and building stones
Mineral beneficiation and ore dressing
Geochemistry Cosmic abundance of elements
Composition of the planets and meteorites
Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements
Trace elements
Elements of Crystal Chemistry-types of chemical bonds, Coordination number
Isomorphism and polymorphism
Elementary thermodynamics
Environmental geology Natural hazards-floods, Mass wasting, Coastal hazards, Earthquakes and Volcanic activity and Mitigation
Environmental impact of Urbanization, Mining, Industrial and Radioactive waste disposal, Use of fertilizers, Dumping of mine waste and Fly ash
Pollution of ground and surface water, marine pollution;
Environment protection - Legislative measures in India
Sea level changes: Causes and Impact
Paper 1 - History-Section A
Sources Archaeological sources
Literary sources
Pre-history and proto-history
Indus valley civilization
Megalithic cultures Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry
Aryans and Vedic Period
Period of mahajanapadas
Mauryan empire Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra
Concept of dharma
Polity, Administration
Art, architecture and sculpture
External contacts
Spread of religion
Disintegration of the empire
Sungas and Kanvasa
Post - Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas)
Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India
Guptas, Vakatakas And Vardhanas Polity and administration, Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Land grants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions
Nalanda, Vikram Shila and valuable, literature, scientific literature, art and architecture
Regional states during the Gupta era
Themes in early Indian cultural history
Paper 1 - History-Section B
Early medieval India, 750-1200 Polity: major political developments in northern India and the peninsula, origin and the rise of Rajputs
The Cholas: administration, village economy and society
Indian feudalism
Agrarian economy and urban settlements
Trade and commerce
Society: the status of the Brahman and The new social order
Condition of women
Indian science and technology
Cultural traditions in India, 750-1200
The thirteenth-century
The fourteenth century The khalji revolution
Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures
Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, the bureaucracy of Muhammad tughluq
Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the sultanate, foreign contacts and ibn battutaís account
Society, culture and economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth centuries
The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century and Political Developments and Economy
The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century - Society and Culture Regional cultural specificities
Literary traditions
Provincial architecture
Society, Culture, Literature and The arts in the Vijayanagara Empire
Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century
Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries Population, agricultural production, craft production
Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies: A trade revolution
Indian mercantile Classes, Banking, Insurance and Credit systems
Condition of Peasants, Condition of Women
Evolution of the sikh community and the khalsa panth
Culture in the Mughal Empire
The Eighteenth Century
Paper 2 - History-Section A
European penetration into India The early european settlements
The portuguese and the dutch
The english and the french east india companies
Their struggle for supremacy
Carnatic wars
Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal
Siraj and the english
The battle of plassey
Significance of plassey
British Expansion in India
Early Structure of the British Raj
Economic impact of British colonial rule Land revenue settlements in british india
The permanent settlement
Ryotwari settlement
Mahalwari settlement
Economic impact of the revenue arrangements
Commercialization of agriculture
Rise of landless agrarian labourers
Impoverishment of the rural society
Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce
Decline of traditional crafts
Drain of wealth
Economic transformation of india
Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services
Famine and poverty in the rural interior
European business enterprise and its limitations
Social and Cultural Developments
Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas
Indian response to British rule Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832)
The Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899-1900)
The Great Revolt of 1857 - Origin, Character, Causes of Failure, The Consequences
The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period
The peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s
Factors leading to the birth of indian nationalism
Politics of association
The foundation of the indian national congress
The safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the congress
Programme and objectives of early congress
The social composition of early congress leadership
The moderates and extremists
The partition of bengal (1905)
The swadeshi movement in bengal
the economic and political aspects of the Swadeshi Movement
The beginning of revolutionary extremism in india
Rise of gandhi
Character of gandhian nationalism
Gandhi's popular appeal
Rowlatt satyagraha
The khilafat movement
The non-cooperation movement
National politics from the end of the non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the civil disobedience movement
The two phases of the civil disobedience movement
Simon commission
The nehru report
The round table conferences
Nationalism and the peasant movements
Nationalism and working class movements
Women and indian youth and students in indian politics (1885-1947)
The election of 1937 and the formation of ministries;
Cripps mission
The quit india movement
The wavell plan
The cabinet mission
Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935 and Other strands in the National Movement
Politics of separatism The muslim league
The hindu mahasabha
Communalism and the politics of partition
Transfer of power
Consolidation as a nation
Nehruís Foreign Policy
India and her neighbours (1947-1964)
The linguistic reorganisation of states (1935-1947)
Regionalism and regional inequality
Integration of princely states
Princes in electoral politics
The question of national language
Caste and ethnicity after 1947
Backward castes and tribes in post-colonial electoral politics
Dalit movements
Economic development and political change
Land Reforms
The politics of planning and rural reconstruction
Ecology and environmental policy in post-colonial india
Progress of science
Paper 2 - History-Section B
Enlightenment and modern ideas Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau
Spread of enlightenment in the colonies
Rise of Socialist ideas (up to Marx)
Spread of marxian socialism
Origins of Modern Politics
Nation-state system Rise of Nationalism in the 19th century
Nationalism: State-building in Germany and Italy
Disintegration of empires in the face of the emergence of nationalities across the world
Imperialism and Colonialism
Revolution and Counter-Revolution
World wars 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications
World War I: Causes and Consequences
World War II: Causes and Consequence
The World after World War II
Liberation from Colonial Rule
Factors constraining development Latin America, Africa
Unification of Europe
Disintegration of the Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World
Paper 1 - Home Science-Section A(Family Resource Management, Extension Education and Family & Child Welfare)
Introduction to Home Management Meaning and Importance, Basic concepts of management
Factors motivating management – Goals, Values, Standards, Decision Making
Management process – Meaning and elements of process-planning controlling the plan and evaluation
Planning – Importance and Types of plan
Management of resources in the family – Types and Characteristics
Time Management;
Energy Management
Money Management
Consumer education – Needs and Objectives
Rights & Responsibilities of Consumers
Consumer Protection Laws
Family as economic unit Family types, Functions of family, Types of family income, Sources of income in the family, Method of handling income in families
Financial management – Budgeting, Recordkeeping
Savings and Investment
Household Equipment and Electrical appliances – Base materials, Insulating materials, Selection, Classification of Household equipment
Housing – House and its surroundings, physical features, locality, sanitation conditions, principles of house planning
Interior decoration. Kitchen – Principles of Kitchen planning, Orientation, Location, Size, Shape, Colour, Ventilation, Light, Work Centres, The work triangle
Introduction to Extension Education Definition, Meaning, Importance and scope, Principles of extension education, Qualities of extension education, The role of Home Science in Extension Education
Extension Techniques – Selection and Uses, Individual approach, Group approach, Mass approach
Audiovisual aids
Rural Sociology – Rural society in NE India, The structure of rural society, The role of rural youth programmes and Mahila Mandal.
Kitchen Gardening. Community Development – Meaning, Principles, Philosophy and Objectives
Role of a Community Development Worker
Role of Extension work in Community Development
Concepts and Functions of Communication in Home Science – Meaning of communication in Extension Education, the importance of communication in Extension work, new communication technologies
Leadership in Extension Education – Meaning, Characteristics of good leadership, Role and functions of local leaders in Extension work.
Introduction to Family and Child Welfare Meaning, Needs and Importance
Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB) and State Social Welfare Board – meaning and scope
Different schemes of CSWB – (1) Condensed Courses of Education (2) Vocational Training Programme (3) Awareness Generation Programme (4) Family Counselling Centres (5) Creches.
Progammes for Family Welfare at the National level – (1) Rural Health Services (2) Family Counselling Centres (3) National Policy for the Aging. Programmes for Women’s
Welfare at the National level – (1) National Family Welfare Programmes since 1951 (2) Child and Mother Health Care Programmes (3) Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Programmes (4) National Commission on Women
Children’s Welfare Programme at the National level – Child Line services ; The Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 ;Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA); National Plan for Children, 1992
Children’s Welfare Programme at the National level – Agencies – Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), National Institute for Public Cooperation and Child Development, Government of India-UNICEF Grant-in-Aid
Family and Child Welfare Services at the State leve
Programmes implemented in Mizoram : (1) Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) (2) Anganwadis (3) Destitute Home (4) Protective Home (5) Adoption Programme (6) Self Help Group for women
Paper 1 - Home Science-Section B(Textile and Clothing, Physiology and Child Psychology)
Introduction to Textile Fibre and their general properties Classification of Textile Fibres and their properties – (a) Natural fibres – Cellulose fibres, Protein fibres, Mineral fibres (b) Man Made fibres – Thermoplastic fibres, Non-thermoplastic fibres, Mineral fibres
Fabric Construction – (a) Types of yarns, processing of making yarns (b) Weaving – description and working of loom, different types of weave, count of cloth (c) Knitting (d) Braiding (e) Felting
Textile Finishes – (a) Introduction to finishes (b) Objectives of the application of finishes (c) Types of finishes (d) Dry cleaning
Laundry work – (a) Laundry equipment (b) Water – hard and soft water, importance of soft water in laundry work, softening of water (c) Cleansing materials and other reagents
Laundry work – (d) Blueing agents (e) Bleaching agents – oxidizing agents and reducing agent (f) Stiffening agents (g) Stain removal
Fashion Design Elements of fashion design, principles of design
Dyeing of textiles – (a) Study of different indigenous and chemical dyes (b) Different stages of applying dyes – raw stock dyeing, skein dyeing, piece dyeing (c) Methods of dyeing.
Printing of textiles (a) Hand printing – Block, Stencil, Screen, Batik, Flock (b) Machine printing – Discharge, Resist, Roller
Storage of clothes
Methods of taking Body Measurements for Bodice, Arm and Skirt
Fitting of Garments
Fashion and Fashion Cycle (a) Terminology of fashion (b) Components of fashion (c) Principles of fashion (d) Factors affecting fashion (e) Fashion movement (f) Fashion cycle and its stages (g) Theories of fashion adaptation
Fashion Business and Merchandising
Cardio-vascular system Blood and its composition, Coagulation of blood, Structure and functions of heart, Heart rate, Cardiac cycle, Blood pressure and its Regulation, Circulation of blood
Gastro-intestinal System – Anatomy of the Gastrointestinal tract, Digestion and absorption of food, The role of saliva, Gastric and pancreatic juice indigestion
Reproductive system – Structure and functions of male and female reproductive organs, Menstrual cycle, Parturition, Lactation, Menopause.
Excretory system – Structure and Functions of the Kidney, Formation of Urine.
Respiratory system – Structure of Lungs, Mechanism of respiration and its Regulation, Oxygen and Carbon dioxide transport in blood, Respiratory quotient
Nervous system – Structure of nerve cells, Conduction and transmission of nerve impulse, Synaptic transmission, Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System.
Muscular System – Structure of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscles, Mechanism of muscle contraction, chemical change during muscle contraction
Endocrine system – Various endocrine glands and their secretions in man, Biological role of hormones of different endocrine glands, Pheromone
Child Psychology Introduction to Child Psychology – Definition and Scope
Theories of Child Psychology: Freud-Psychosexual theory, Piaget- Cognitive theory, Erickson-Psychosocial theory
Cognitive Behaviour – Stages of Cognitive Development, the Role of Cognition in Language and Language Formation
Attitudes – Attitude formation, Attitudes change and Cognitive dissonance
Self Identity – Component of one’s identity, Self-concept, Self-esteem, Self-monitoring and Self-efficacy
Person Perception – Techniques of Communications, attributions, impression formation and management
Interpersonal Attraction – Proximity and emotion, Need to affiliation and Observable characteristics, Similarity and Reciprocal positive evaluation
Paper 2 - Home Science- Section A(Food and Nutrition, Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry)
Foods definition, Functions and food groups
Major Nutrients – Functions, Food sources, Deficiency diseases, Dietary measures for solving these problems
Digestion, Absorption and Metabolism of food
Water and Electrolyte Balance
Balanced diet – (a) Factors to be considered while planning a balanced diet (b) Meal planning – objectives and factors affecting meal planning (c) Food exchange lists in meal planning (d) Steps in menu planning (e) Food preparation
Physiological condition and nutritional requirement of normal adult, adolescents and elderly
Food fads and Fallacies, Food selection, Purchase and Storage
Malnutrition and optimum nutrition (a) Factors contributing to malnutrition (b) Indication of malnutrition (c) Malnutrition and infection
Diet therapy – Meaning, a general rule for dietary treatments. Definition of Obesity, Aetiology, Assessment, Metabolic change.
Types, Complications, Treatments and Principles of dietetic management
Underweight – Aetiology, Dietary modifications, Ideal weight
Diet in diseases of the Gastrointestinal system and Cardiovascular system – Diarrhoea, Constipation and Peptic ulcer
Diet in diseases of Liver and Kidneys – Jaundice, Cirrhosis of the liver, Glomerulonephritis and Renal failure
Nutritional anaemia, Iron deficiency and Vitamin B12 deficiency
Nutrition for Diabetes Mellitus and Cancer patients
Food Standards, Health hazards and Detection of Food Adulteration
Food Preservation – Principles, Methods of food preservation.
Foodborne intoxication, Foodborne infection and Micro-organisms responsible for Food spoilage
Introduction to Organic Chemistry Detection of Carbon and Hydrocarbons – Detection of Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur and Phosphorus in Organic Substance
Hydrocarbons - Structural Formula, Preparation, Properties and Uses of Methane and Ethane
Alkyl Halides – Definition, Structural Formula, Preparation, Properties and Uses of Methyl Iodide and Ethyl Iodide
Alcohols - Definition, Structural Formula, Preparation, Properties and Uses of Methyl Alcohol, Ethyl Alcohol and Glycerol
Ketones and Aldehydes - Definition, Structural Formula, Preparation, Properties and Uses of Acetone and Formaldehyde
Carboxylic Acid - Definition, Structural Formula, Preparation, Properties and Uses of Acetic Acid, Formic Acid, Oxalic Acid
Hydroxy acid - Definition, Structural formula, Preparation, Properties and Uses of tartaric acid and Citric acid
Definition and scope of Biochemistry Carbohydrates – Definition, Classification, Structure and Properties, Biological importance
Lipids - Definition, Classification, Properties and Functions, Classification of Amino acids, Essential and Non-essential amino acids
Enzymes – Definition and Classification of enzymes, Definition and types of coenzyme, A specificity of enzyme, Isozyme, Factors affecting enzyme action, Enzyme inhibition
Intermediary metabolism – Gluconeogenesis, Glycogenesis, Glycolysis, Glycogenolysis, Elementary knowledge of protein biosynthesis
Nucleic acids – Composition, Structure, Replication of DNA, DNA as genetic material, Different types of RNA and their significance
Biological Oxidation – Oxidative phosphorylation, High energy compounds, Structure and role of ATP
Paper 2 - Home Science- Section B( Human Development, Mother & Child Health And Early Childhood Education)
Concept of Human Development, general principles of developmen Factors affecting growth and development – (a) Genetic inheritance (b) Environmental pre-requisites
Beginnings of a new life – Prenatal influences on the child, Biological risks, Age of mother, Illness, Diet and nutrition, Stress and emotional strains, Environmental hazards
Physical Development
Social development
Emotional Development
Personality development
Prenatal period (a) Course of pre-natal development, an overview of birth process and complications (b) Conditions affecting prenatal development
Infancy (0-2 years) – Definition and Highlights of Development
Early Childhood – Definition and Characteristics of early childhood, Developmental task of early childhood
Middle Childhood (6-12 years) – Definition, Importance of Peer group
Adolescence (13-18 years) – Definition, Heightened emotionality, Problems of Drugs and Alcohol abuse
Young Adulthood (19-40 years) – Definition, Responsibilities and Adjustment-Parenthood marriage, Family
Middle Adulthood (40-65 years) – Physical changes, Coping with Stress in Family
Late Adulthood (65 years and above) – Physiological changes, Health problems and Memory changes, Retirement
Introduction to Mother and Child Health Care (a) Mortality rate of Neonatal and Infant (b) Child survival rate at Neonatal and Infant
Prenatal Care of Mother
Infant Nutrition
Pre-school Nutrition and Immunization Schedule for Infants and Children
Common nutritional problems in public health – Low birth weight, Protein-energy malnutrition, Xerophthalmia, Iodine deficiency disorders, Endemic fluorosis
Introduction to Early Childhood Education Objectives, The importance of early childhood years in individual development
Motor development
Language development
Child-rearing practices
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore in Early Childhood Education
Views of Froebel, Maria Montessori and Rousseau on Early Childhood Education
Play – Importance, Types and Factors affecting play
Organizing a Pre-School
Paper 1 - Law-Section A
Constitutional and Constitutionalism The distinctive features of the constitution
Fundamental Rights and Public Interest Litigation
Legal aid
Legal Service Authority
Relationship between Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental rights
Constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers Governor and his powers
Centre, states and local bodies
Legislative powers, privileges and immunities
Supreme Court and High Courts Appointments and transfer
Powers, functions and jurisdiction
Services under the union and the states
Emergency provisions
Amendment of the constitution
Principles of natural justice Emerging trends and judicial approach
Delegated legislation and its constitutionality
Separation of powers and constitutional governance
Judicial review of administrative action
Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal, etc
Paper 1 - Law-Section B
Nature and definition of international law Relationship between international law and municipal law
State recognition and state succession
Nationality, Statelessness
Human rights and procedures available for their enforcement
Territorial jurisdiction of States, Extradition and Asylum Treaties: Formation, Application, Termination and Reservation
United Nations: Its principal Organs, Powers, Functions and Reform
Law of the sea Inland waters, Territorial sea, Contiguous zone, Continental shelf, Exclusive economic zone, High seas
New International economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank
Protection and Improvement of the Human environment: International efforts
Peaceful settlement of disputes Different modes
Lawful recourse to force: aggression, Self-defence, Intervention
Fundamental principles of International Humanitarian Law and International Conventional and Contemporary Developments
Legality of the use of nuclear weapons
Ban on the testing of Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear-non-proliferation treaty, CTBT
International terrorism, State-sponsored terrorism, Hijacking, International criminal court
Paper 2 - Law-Section A
Law of crimes General principles of Criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus, men's rea in statutory offences
Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment
Preparation and Criminal attempt
General exceptions
Joint and constructive liability
Criminal conspiracy
Offences against the state
Offences against Public Tranquillity
Offence against Women
Offence against the Human body
Offence against Property
Prevention of corruption act, 1988
Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and Subsequent Legislative Development
Plea bargaining
Law of torts Nature and definition of tort
General defences
Joint Tortfeasors
False imprisonment
Malicious prosecution
Liability based upon fault and strict liability
Absolute liability
Vicarious liability including state liability
Consumers Protection Act, 1986
Paper 2 - Law-Section B
Law of Contract and Mercantile Law Nature and formation of contract/e-contract
Factors vitiating free consent
Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements
Performance and discharge of contracts
Consequences of breach of contract
Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance
Contract of agency
Standard form contracts
Sale of Goods and Hire-Purchase
Formation and dissolution of partnership
Negotiable instruments act, 1881
Arbitration and conciliation act, 1996
Contemporary legal developments Public interest litigation
Major statues concerning Environmental Law
Right to information act
Trial by media
Intellectual property right-Concept, Types/Prospects.
Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws-Concepts, Purpose/Prospects
Competition Law-Concepts, Purpose/Prospects
Alternate Dispute Resolution-Concept, types/prospects
Paper 1 - Management-Section A
Managerial function and process Concept and Foundations of Management, Evolution of Management Thoughts
Managerial Functions and Planning, Organizing, Controlling
Decision making
Role of Manager, Managerial skills
Management of Innovation;
Managing in a Global Environment, Flexible Systems Management
Social responsibility and managerial ethics
Managerial processes on direct and indirect value chain
Organisational Behaviour Conceptual model of organization behaviour
The individual processes and personality, Values and attitude, Perception, Motivation, Learning and Reinforcement, Work stress and Stress management
The dynamics of organization behaviour and power and politics, Conflict and Negotiation, Leadership process and styles, Communication
Organisational Process & Design The Organizational Processes - Decision making, Job design; Classical, Neoclassical and Contingency approaches to Organizational design
Organizational theory and design - Organizational culture, Managing cultural diversity, Learning organization
Organizational change and development
Knowledge-Based Enterprise and Systems and Processes
Networked and virtual organizations
Entrepreneurship Concept of Entrepreneurship
Theories of Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship and Economic Development, Factors contributing to Entrepreneurship
Characteristics of an Entrepreneur, Entrepreneur vs Manager, Types of Entrepreneur, Creativity and Business opportunity
Opportunity and Competitive advantages, Business model and planning. Financing an entrepreneurial venture, Financing a small business, Legal and technical issues in starting a small business, Growth strategies and start-up
Business failure and turn-around
Harvest and exit
Innovations and Women Entrepreneurship
Paper 1 - Management-Section B
Human resource management HR challenges; HRM functions
The future challenges of hrm
Strategic Management of Human Resources;
Human Resource Planning
Job analysis
Job evaluation
Recruitment and selection
Training and Development
Promotion and transfer
Performance management
Compensation Management and Benefits
Employee morale and productivity
Management of organizational climate and industrial relations
Human resources accounting and audit
Human resource information system
International human resource management
Marketing management Concept, Evolution and Scope
Marketing Strategy Formulation and Components of a marketing plan
Segmenting and targeting the market
Positioning and differentiating the market offering
Analyzing competition
Analyzing consumer markets
Industrial buyer behaviour
Market research
Product strategy
Pricing strategies
Designing and managing marketing channels
Integrated marketing communications
Building customer satisfaction, Value and retention
Services and non-profit marketing
Ethics in marketing
Consumer protection
Internet marketing
Retail management
Accounting for managers Financial accounting and concept, Importance and scope, Generally accepted accounting principles, Preparation of financial statements with special reference to the analysis of a balance sheet and measurement of business income
Inventory valuation and depreciation, Financial statement analysis, Fund flow analysis, The statement of cash flows
Management Accounting and concept, Need, Importance and scope; Cost accounting and records and processes, Cost ledger and control accounts, Reconciliation and integration between financial and cost accounts
Overhead cost and control, Job and process costing, Budget and budgetary control, Performance budgeting, Zero-base budgeting, relevant costing and costing for decision-making, Standard costing and variance analysis, Marginal costing and absorption costing
Financial management Goals of the Finance function
Concepts of value and return
Valuation of bonds and shares
Management of working capital: Estimation and Financing
Management of Cash, Receivables, Inventory and Current liabilities
Cost of capital
Capital budgeting
Financial and operating leverage
Design of capital structure: Theories and Practices
Shareholder value creation: Dividend policy, Corporate financial policy and strategy, Management of corporate distress and Restructuring strategy
Capital and money markets: Institutions and Instruments
Leasing, Hire purchase and Venture capital
Regulation of capital market
Risk and return: Portfolio theory; CAPM; apt
Financial derivatives: Option, Futures, swap
Recent reforms in the financial sector
Paper 2 - Management-Section A
Business Statistics Descriptive statistics - Tabular, Graphical and Numerical methods, Introduction to probability, Discrete and Continuous probability distributions,Inferential statistics-sampling distributions
Inferential statistics-Central limit theorem, Hypothesis testing for differences between means and proportions, Inference about population variances, Chi-square and ANOVA, Simple correlation and regression, Time series and forecasting, Index numbers
Operations research Overview of Operations Research, Modelling in operations research, Applications and scope of operations research, Linear programming-graphical, and Simplex method, Duality, sensitivity analysis, Transportation, and Mathematical Models
Methods of finding initial and optimal solutions,Assignment Problems - Mathematical models, Statement of the problems and Finding optional solutions
Project Management - PERT, CPM, steps in PERT and CPM, Crashing, Simulation, Markov analysis, Decision theory, Game theory, Queuing theory, Simulation
Production and operations management Fundamentals of operations management
Organizing for production
Aggregate production planning, Capacity planning
Plant design: Process planning, Plant size, and Scale of operations, Management of Facilities
Line balancing
Equipment replacement and maintenance
Production control
Supply chain management - Vendor evaluation and Audit
Statistical process control, Flexibility, and Agility in manufacturing systems
World-class manufacturing
Project management concepts, R&D management, Management of service operations
Make or buy decision
Waste management
Material and Quality Management Material management and Concept, Role, and Importance of Material management, Purchase management, Store management, Introduction into Quality management and Conceptual framework, Strategic quality management, Contemporary views
TQM -Evolutions and issues related to Quality control, Responsibilities for quality, Quality cost concept, Quality & Productivity, Contribution of quality gurus and Dencing, Juram, Cosby, Ishikawa, and its comparison
Paper 2 - Management-Section B
Management information system Conceptual foundations of information systems
Information theory
Information resource management
Types of information systems
Systems development - Overview of systems and design
System development management life-cycle, Designing for online and distributed environments
Implementation and control of the project
Trends in information technology
Managing data resources - Organising data
Dss and rdbms
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Expert systems, e-Business architecture, e-Governance
Information systems planning, Flexibility in information systems
User involvement
Evaluation of information systems
Government business interface State participation in business, Interaction between Government, Business and different Chambers of Commerce and Industry in India; Government's policy with regard to Small Scale Industries
Government clearances for establishing a new enterprise
Public distribution system
Government control over price and distribution
Consumer Protection Act (CPA) and The Role of Voluntary organizations in protecting Consumer's rights
New Industrial Policy of the Government: Liberalization, Deregulation, and Privatization: Indian planning system
Government policy concerning the development of backward areas/regions
The responsibilities of the business as well as the government to protect the environment
Corporate governance
Cyber laws
Strategic management Business policy as a field of study
Nature and scope of strategic management, Strategic intent, Vision, Objectives, and Policies
Process of strategic planning and implementation
Environmental analysis and internal analysis
Swot analysis
Tools and techniques for Strategic analysis - Impact matrix: The experience curve, BCG matrix, GEC mode, Industry analysis, Concept of the value chain
Strategic profile of a firm
Framework for analyzing the competition
Competitive advantage of a firm
Generic competitive strategies
Growth strategies and expansion. Integration, and diversification
Concept of core competence, Strategic flexibility
Reinventing strategy
Strategy and structure
Chief executive and board
Turnaround management
Management of strategic change
Strategic alliances, Mergers, and Acquisitions
Strategy and corporate evolution in the indian context
International business International Business Environment: Changing composition of trade in goods and services
India's Foreign Trade: Policy and trends
Financing of international trade
Regional Economic Cooperation: FTAs
Internationalization of service firms
International production
Operation management in international companies
International taxation
Global competitiveness and technological developments
Global eBusiness
Designing global organizational structure and control
Multicultural management
Global business strategy
Global marketing strategies
Export management
Export-import procedures
Joint ventures
Foreign Investment: Foreign direct investment and foreign portfolio investment
Cross-border mergers and acquisitions
Foreign exchange risk exposure management
World financial markets and international banking
External debt management
Country risk analysis
Paper 1 - Mathamatics-Section A
Linear algebra Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces, bases, dimension
Linear transformations, Rank, and Nullity. A matrix of a Linear transformation
Algebra of matrices
Row and Column Reduction, Echelon form, Congruence's, and similarity
Rank of a matrix; Inverse of a Matrix
Solution of a system of linear equations
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, characteristic polynomial, Cayley-hamilton theorem, symmetric, skew-symmetric, hermitian, skewHermitian, orthogonal and unitary matrices and their eigenvalues
Calculus Real numbers, functions of a real variable, limits, continuity, differentiability, Mean-value theorem, Taylor's theorem with remainders, Indeterminate forms, Maxima, and Minima, asymptotes
Curve tracing
Functions of two or three variables: Limits, Continuity, Partial derivatives, Maxima, and Minima, Lagrange's method of multipliers, Jacobian
Riemannís definition of definite integrals Indefinite integrals
Infinite and improper integrals
Double and triple integrals (evaluation techniques only)
Areas, Surface, and Volumes
Analytic geometry Cartesian and Polar coordinates in three dimensions, Second-degree equations in three variables, reduction to canonical forms, Straight lines, The shortest distance between two skew lines
Plane, Sphere, Cone, Cylinder, Paraboloid, Ellipsoid, Hyperboloid of one and Two sheets and Their properties
Paper 1 - Mathamatics-Section B
Ordinary differential equations Formulation of differential equations
Equations of the first order and first degree, integrating factor
Orthogonal trajectory
Equations of first order but not of the first degree, Clairaut's equation, Singular solution
Second and higher-order linear equations with constant coefficients, Complementary function, Particular integral and General solution
Second-order linear equations with variable coefficients, Euler-Cauchy equation
Determination of complete solution when one solution is known using the method of variation of parameters
Laplace and inverse laplace transforms and their properties
Laplace transforms of elementary functions
Application to initial value problems for 2nd order linear equations with constant coefficients
Dynamics & Statics Rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion, motion in a plane, projectiles; constrained motion
Work and energy, conservation of energy
Kepler's laws, orbits under central forces
Equilibrium of a system of particles Work and potential energy, friction
Common catenary
Principle of virtual work
Stability of equilibrium, the equilibrium of forces in three dimensions
Vector analysis Scalar and Vector fields, Differentiation of vector field of a scalar variable
Gradient, Divergence and Curl in cartesian and cylindrical coordinates
Higher-order derivatives
Vector identities and vector equations
Application to Geometry: Curves in space, Curvature and torsion
Serret-Frenet's formulae
Gauss and Stokes' theorems, Green's identities
Paper 2 - Mathamatics-Section A
Algebra Groups, subgroups, cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange's Theorem, normal subgroups, quotient groups, homomorphism of groups, basic isomorphism theorems, permutation groups, Cayley's theorem
Rings, Subrings and ideals, Homomorphisms of rings
Integral domains, Principal ideal domains, Euclidean domains and Unique factorization domains
Fields, quotient fields.
Real analysis Real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property
Sequences, the Limit of a sequence, Cauchy sequence, Completeness of Real line
Series and Its Convergence, absolute and Conditional convergence of Series of real and complex terms, Rearrangement of Series
Continuity and uniform continuity of functions, properties of continuous functions on compact sets
Riemann Integral, Improper Integrals
Fundamental theorems of integral calculus
Uniform convergence, Continuity, Differentiability and Integrability for Sequences and Series of functions
Partial derivatives of functions of several (two or three) variables, Maxima and Minima
Complex analysis Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formula, Power series representation of an analytic function, Taylor's series
Laurentís series
Cauchyís residue theorem
Contour integration
Linear programming Linear programming problems, Basic solution, Basic feasible solution and optimal solution
Graphical method and the Simplex method of solutions
Transportation and assignment problems
Paper 2 - Mathamatics-Section B
Partial differential equations Family of surfaces in three dimensions and formulation of partial differential equations
Solution of Quasilinear partial differential equations of the first order, Cauchy's method of characteristics
Linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients, the canonical form
Equation of a vibrating string, heat equation, Laplace equation and their solutions
Numerical analysis Numerical methods: Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of one variable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods
Solution of a system of linear equations by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan (direct), Gauss-Seidel(iterative) methods
Newton's (forward and backwards) interpolation, Lagrange's interpolation
Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rules, Gaussian quadrature formula
Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runga Kutta-methods
Computer programming Computer Programming: Binary system
Arithmetic and logical operations on numbers
Octal and hexadecimal systems
Conversion to and from decimal systems
Algebra of binary numbers
Elements of computer systems and the concept of memory
Basic logic gates and Truth tables, Boolean algebra, Normal forms
Representation of unsigned integers, signed integers and reals, double precision reals and long integer
Algorithms and flow charts for solving numerical analysis problems
Mechanics and fluid dynamics Generalized coordinates
D Alembert's principle and Lagrange's equations
Hamilton equations
Moment of inertia
Motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions
Equation of continuity
Euler's equation of motion for inviscid flow
Stream-lines, Path of a particle
Potential flow
Two-dimensional and axisymmetric motion
Sources and Sinks, Vortex motion
Navier-stokes equation for a viscous fluid
Paper 1 - Mechanical Engineering-Section A
Mechanics Mechanics of rigid bodies
Mechanics of Deformable bodies
Design of Machined Elements Material behaviour and design factors for dynamic load
Design of circular shafts for bending and torsional load only
Design of belts and gears for transmission of power
Engineering materials Basic concepts on the structure of solids
Common ferrous and non-ferrous materials and their applications
Heat-treatment of steels
Non-metals- plastics, Composite materials and Nano-materials
Theory of machines Kinematic and dynamic analysis of plane mechanisms
Cams, Gears and epicyclic gear trains, flywheels, governors, balancing of rigid rotors, balancing of single and multicylinder engines, linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems (single degree of freedom), Critical speeds and whirling of shafts
Paper 1 - Mechanical Engineering-Section B
Conventional Machining Machine tool engineering and Merchant's force analysis
Taylor's tool life equation
Forming and welding processes
NC and CNC machining processes
Jigs and fixtures
Non-conventional machining EDM, ECM, Ultrasonic, Water jet machining
Application of lasers and plasmas
Energy rate calculations
Production management System design: Factory location- simple or models
Plant layout - methods based
Applications of engineering economic analysis and break-even analysis for product selection, process selection and capacity planning
Predetermined time standards
System planning
Forecasting methods based on regression and decomposition, design and balancing of multi-model and stochastic assembly lines
Inventory management and probabilistic inventory models for order time and order quantity determination
Jit systems
Strategic sourcing
Managing interplant logistics
Quality control System operations and control: Scheduling algorithms for job shops
Applications of statistical methods for product and process quality control - Applications of control charts for Mean, Range, Per cent defective, Number of defectives and Defects per unit
Quality cost systems
Management of resources, Organizations and Risks in projects
System improvement: Implementation of systems, such as total quality management, Developing and Managing flexible, Lean and Agile organizations
Metrology - Concept of fits and Tolerances
Tools and Gauges; comparators
Inspection of length
Profile and surface finish
Paper 2 - Mechanical Engineering-Section A
Thermodynamics Basic concept of First law and the second law of Thermodynamics
Concept of entropy and reversibility
Availability and unavailability and irreversibility
Fluid mechanics Classification and properties of fluids
Incompressible and compressible Fluids flow
Effect of mach number and compressibility
Continuity momentum and energy equations
Normal and oblique shocks
One dimensional isentropic flow
Flow of fluids in the duct with frictions that transfer energy
Gas Dynamics and Turbine Flow-through fans, blowers and compressors
Axial and centrifugal flow configuration
Design of fans and compressors
Single problems compress and Turbine cascade
Open and closed cycle gas turbines
Work done in the gas turbine
Reheat and regenerators
Heat transfer Conduction heat transfer - General conduction equation - Laplace, Poisson and Fourier equations
Fourier law of conduction
One dimensional steady state heat conduction applied to a simple wall, solid and hollow cylinder of spheres
Convection heat transfer- Newtonís law of convection
Free and forced convection
Heat transfer during the laminar and turbulent flow of an incompressible fluid over a flat plate.
Concepts of Nusselt number, Hydrodynamic and Thermal boundary layer, and their thickness
Prandtl number
Analogy between heat and momentum transfer- Reynolds, Colbum, Prandtl analogies
Heat transfer during laminar and turbulent flow through horizontal tubes
Free convection from horizontal and vertical plates
Black body radiation - Basic radiation laws such as Stefan-Boltzman, Planck distribution, Wein's displacement etc
Basic heat exchanger analysis
Classification of heat exchangers
Paper 2 - Mechanical Engineering-Section B
I .C. Engines Classification, thermodynamic cycles of operation
Determination of brake power, indicated power, mechanical efficiency, heat balance sheet, interpretation of performance characteristics, petrol, gas and diesel engines
Combustion in SI and CI engines, normal and abnormal combustion
Effect of working parameters on knocking, reduction of knocking
Forms of combustion chamber for si and ci engines
Rating of fuels; additives; emission
Different systems of ic engines- fuels; lubricating; cooling and transmission systems
Alternate fuels in ic engines
Steam engineering Steam generation - Modified Rankine cycle analysis
Modern steam boilers
Steam at critical and supercritical pressures
Draught equipment
Natural and artificial draught
Boiler fuels solid, liquid and gaseous fuels
Steam turbines - Principle, Types, Compounding, Impulse and Reaction turbines, Axial thrust
Steam nozzles- Flow of steam in the convergent and divergent nozzle
Pressure at throat for maximum discharge with different initial steam conditions such as wet, saturated and superheated, effect of variation of back pressure
Supersaturated flow of steam in nozzles, Wilson line
Rankine cycle with internal and external irreversibility
Reheat factor
Reheating and regeneration, methods of governing
Backpressure and pass out turbines
Steam power plants - Combined cycle power generation;
Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSG) fired and unfired, co-generation plants
Water pumps and turbines Various types of pumps: Reciprocating pump
Centrifugal pump
Axial flow pump and Jet pump
Classification of water turbines
Impulse turbine (Pelton wheel)
Inward flow reaction turbine (Francis turbine) and Axial flow reaction turbine (Kaplan turbine)
Refrigeration and air-conditioning Vapour compression refrigeration cycle - cycle on P-H & T-S diagrams
Eco-friendly refrigerants - R134a,123
Systems like Evaporators, Condensers, Compressor, Expansion devices
Simple vapour absorption systems
Psychrometry - Properties, Processes, Charts, Sensible heating and Cooling
Humidification and dehumidification effective temperature
Air-conditioning load calculation
Simple duct design
Paper 1 - Medical Science-Section A
General medicine Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management (including prevention) of Tetanus, Rabies, AIDS, Dengue, Kala-azar, Japanese Encephalitis
Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management of Ischaemic heart disease, pulmonary embolism
Bronchial asthma
Pleural effusion, tuberculosis, Malabsorption syndromes, acid peptic diseases, Viral hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver.
Glomerulonerphritis and pyelonephritis, renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, renovascular hypertension, complications of diabetes mellitus, coagulation disorders, leukemia, Hypo and hyper thyroidism, meningitis and encephalitis
Pharmacology Mechanism of action and side effects of the following drugs
Antifungal, Immunosuppressa
Dermatology Psoriasis, Allergic dermatitis, scabies, eczema, vitiligo, Stevan Johnsonís syndrome, Lichen Planus.
Psychiatry and Radio Diagrnosis Imaging in medical problems, ultrasound, echocardiogram, CT scan, MRI
Anxiety and depressive psychosis and schizophrenia and ect
Paper 1 - Medical Science-Section B
Paediatrics Immunization, Baby friendly hospital, congenital cyanotic heart disease, respiratory distress syndrome, broncho - pneumonias, kernicterus
IMNCI Classification and Management, Pem grading and Management
Ari and Diarrhoea of under five and their Management
Pathology Inflammation and Repair, Disturbances of Growth and Cancer, Pathogenesis and Histopathology of Rheumatic and Ischemic Heart Disease and Diabetes Mellitus
Differentiation between Benign, Malignant, Primary and Metastatic Malignancies, Pathogenesis and Histopathology of Bronchogenic Carcinoma, Carcinoma Breast, Oral Cancer, Cancer Cervix, Leukaemia, Etiology
Pathogenesis and histopathology of - Cirrhosis Liver, Glomerulonephritis, Tuberculosis, Acute Osteomyelitis
Community medicine (Preventive and social medicine) Principles, Methods, Approach and Measurements of Epidemiology nutrition, Nutritional diseases/disorders & Nutrition programmes
Health information Collection, Analysis and Presentation
Objectives, components and critical analysis of National programmes for control/eradication of Malaria, Kala-azar, Filaria and Tuberculosis,
HIV/AIDS, STDs and Dengue
Critical appraisal of health care delivery system
Health management and administration: Techniques, Tools, Programme Implementation and Evaluation.
Objective, Component, Goals and Status of Reproductive and Child Health, National Rural Health Mission and Millennium Development Goals
Management of hospital and industrial waste
Human physiology Conduction and transmission of impulse, mechanism of contraction, neuromuscular transmission, reflexes, control of equilibrium, posture and muscle tone, descending pathways, functions of cerebellum, basal ganglia, Physiology of sleep and consciousness
Endocrine system: Mechanism of action of hormones, formation, secretion, transport, metabolism function and regulation of secretion of pancreas and pituitary gland
Physiology of reproductive system: menstrual cycle, lactation, pregnancy
Blood: Development, regulation and fate of blood cells
Cardio-vascular, cardiac output, blood pressure, regulation of cardiovascular functions
Paper 2 - Medical Science-Section A
General surgery Clinical Features, Causes, Diagnosis and Principles of Management of Cleft Palate, Harelip
Laryngeal Tumour, Oral and Oesophageal Tumours
Peripheral Arterial Diseases, Varicose Veins, Coarctation of Aorta Tumours of Thyroid, Adrenal Glands Abscess, Cancer, Fibroadenoma and Adenosis of the Breast
Bleeding Peptic Ulcer, Tuberculosis of Bowel, Ulcerative Colitis, Cancer Stomach
Renal Mass, Cancer Prostate
Haemothorax, Stones of Gall Bladder, Kidney, Ureter and Urinary Bladder
Forensic medicine and toxicology Forensic examination of injuries and wounds
Examination of blood and seminal stains
Poisoning, sedative overdose, hanging, drowning, burns, DNA and fingerprint study
Human anatomy Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower limbs and joints of the shoulder, hip and knee
Gross anatomy, Blood supply and Lymphatic drainage of Tongue, Thyroid, Mammary gland, Stomach, Liver, Prostate, Gonads and Uterus
Applied anatomy of diaphragm, perineum and inguinal region
Clinical anatomy of Kidney, Urinary bladder, Uterine tubes, Vas deferens
Embryology: Placenta and placental barrier. Development of heart, gut, kidney, uterus, ovary, testis and their common congenital abnormalities
Central and peripheral autonomic nervous system: Gross and clinical anatomy of ventricles of the brain, circulation of cerebrospinal fluid
Neural pathways and lesions of cutaneous sensations, hearing and vision
Cranial nerves, distribution and clinical significance
Components of the autonomic nervous system
Orthopaedics, Endoscopy and Laparoscopic Surgery Fractures of spine, Colles' fracture and bone tumours
Laparoscopic surgery
Paper 2 - Medical Science-Section B
Obstetrics and Diagnosis of pregnancy Labour management, complications of 3rd stage, antepartum and postpartum haemorrhage resuscitation of the newborn, management of abnormal lie and difficult labour, management of small for a date or premature newborn
Diagnosis and management of anaemia
Preeclampsia and toxaemias of pregnancy
Gynaecology including Family Planning Management of Postmenopausal Syndrome
Intra-uterine devices, pills, tubectomy and vasectomy
Medical termination of pregnancy including legal aspects
Cancer cervix
Leucorrhoea, pelvic pain, infertility, dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB), amenorrhoea, Fibroid and prolapse of the uterus
Biochemistry Organ function tests-liver, kidney, thyroid Protein synthesis
Vitamins and minerals
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP)
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Radioimmunoassays (RIA)
Microbiology Humoral and cell-mediated immunity
Diseases caused by and laboratory diagnosis
Paper 1 - Mizo Elective-Section A
Literary Trends
Poetry/Hla Mizo Hla Hlui (Mizo Traditional Song/Poem)
Kum 1900-1940 chhung hlate
Kum 1940-1965 chhung hla te
Kum 1966 hnu lam hlate
Paper 1 - Mizo Elective-Section B
History of Mizo Literature
Drama/Lemchan Liandova te unau - Lalthangfala Sailo
Macbeth (William Shakespeare) - Lettu: R. Lalrawna
Prose/Thu Thlirtu - Kaphleia
Thilnawi kan hmaihthelh - Zikpuii-pa
Harsatna - J. Malsawma
Rihdil leh Mizoram - Siamkima Khawlhring
Huaisen - Darchhawna
Mizo tlawmngaihna a sir lehlam - Sangzuala pa
Lehkhabu hlutna - L.T. Khiangte
Khawínge Chawlhna - R.L.Thanmawia
Fiction/Thawnthu Hawilopari - L. Biakliana
Thlahrang - Lalzuithanga
Paper 2 - Mizo Elective-Section A
Epic Hlado - Chang 10
Bawhhla - Chang 5
Taitesena - Lalkhawliana
Ballad Chhinlung chhuak kan ni - Liandala
Rairahtea - Hrawva
Tukluh Bawih (Chang 11) - L.Z.Sailo
Elegy Fam an chang ta - Ngurchhawna
Val leh hrang an ral - R.L.Kamlala
Damlai Pialral - R.L.Thanmawia
Ode Virthlileng - Lalmama
Thal - Kaphleia
Lalruanga dawi bur thar - L.T.Khiangte
Lyric Tlaizawng Par - Vankhama
Sikni Eng - Zikpuii-pa
Virthli leng vel - V. Hawlla
Satire Leng Uchuaki - P.S. Chawngthu
Tleitir Lungmawl F. Laltuaia
Ka thai ve chu - Jimmy L.Chhangte
Narrative Kan ram leh hnam - J. Liankhuma
A tak chu khawínge - James Dokhuma
Sibuta Lung - Lalsangzuali Sailo
Paper 2 - Mizo Elective-Section B
Fiction/Thawnthu-Rambuai Hma Chhingpuii - Kaphleia
Phira leh Ngurthanpari - Lalzuithanga
Sialton Oficial - C. Thuamluaia
Thla hlei-nga zan - James Dokuma
Fiction/Thawnthu-Rambuai Hnu Nunna kawng thuampuiah - Zikpuii-pa
Duhtak Sangpuii - Khawlkungi
Dram/Lemchan-Mizo Lemchan Lawm A Kim - Liansailova
Darlalpuii - Lalchungnunga
Drama/lemchan-Lehlin Twelfth Night - Lettu: R. Thangvunga
As you like it - Lettu: P.L.Liandinga
Oepidus, the King - Lettu: C. Lalsiamthanga
Paper 1 - Philosophy-Section A
Plato and Aristotle Idiqs; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality
Rationalism (Descates, Spinoza, Leibniz) Cartesian method and certain knowledge
Mind-body dualism
Determinism and freedom
Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume) Theory of knowledge
Substance and qualities
Self of God
Kant Possibility of Synthetic a prior Judgements
Space and time
Ideas of reason
Critique of proofs for the existence of god
Hegel Dialectical method
Absolute idealism
Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein Defence of commonsense
Refutation of idealism
Logical atomism
Logical construction
Incomplete symbols
Picture theory of meaning
Saying and showing
Logical positivism Verification theory of meaning
Rejection of metaphysics
Linguistic theory of necessary propositions
Later Wittgenstein Meaning and use
Critique of private language
Phenomenology (Husserl) Method
Theory of essences
Avoidance of psychologism
Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger) Existence and essence
Choice, Responsibility and Authentic existence
Being-in-the-world and temporality
Quine and Strawson Critique of empiricism
Theory of basic particulars and persons
Paper 1 - Philosophy-Section B
Ca-rva-ka Theory of knowledge
Rejection of transcendent entities
Jainsim Theory of reality
Saptabhan ginaya
Bondage and liberation
Schools of Buddhism Prati-tyasamutpa-da
Ksanikavada, Naira-tmyava-da
Naya-ya-Vaisíesika Theory of categories
Theory of appearance
Theory of Prama-na
Self, Liberation
Proofs for the existence of god
Theory of causation
Atomistic theory of creation
Sa-mkhya Prakrti
Yaga Citta
Mima-msa Theory of knowledge
Schools of Veda-nta Brahman
Aurobindo Evolution, Involution
Integral yoga
Paper 2 - Philosophy-Section A
Socio-political philosophy Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty
Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya
Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy
Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism
Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment
Development and social progress
Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights: Empowernment
Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar
Philosophy of religion Notions of God: Attributes
Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western)
Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western)
Problem of evil
Soul: Immortality
Rebirth and liberation
Reason, Revelation and Faith
Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western)
Religion without god
Religion and morality
Religious pluralism and the problem of absolute truth
Nature of religious language: Analogical and Symbolic
Cognitivist and Non - cognitive
Paper 1 - Physics
Mechanics of particles Laws of motion
Conservation of energy and momentum, applications to rotating frames, centripetal and Coriolis accelerations
Motion under a central force
Conservation of angular momentum, Kepler's laws
Fields and potentials
Gravitational field and potential due to Spherical bodies, Gauss and Poisson equations, gravitational self-energy
Two-body problem
Reduced mass
Rutherford scattering
Centre of mass and laboratory reference frames
Mechanics of Rigid Bodies: System of particles
Centre of mass, angular momentum, equations of motion
Conservation theorems for energy, momentum and angular momentum
Elastic and inelastic collisions
Rigid body
Degrees of freedom, Euler's theorem, angular velocity, angular momentum, moments of inertia, assumptions of parallel and perpendicular axes, equation of motion for rotation
Molecular rotations (as rigid bodies); Di and triatomic molecules
Precessional motion
Top, gyroscope
Mechanics of Continuous Media
Elasticity, Hooke's law and elastic constants of isotropic solids and their inter-relation
Streamline (Laminar) flow, viscosity, Poiseuille's equation, Bernoulli's equation, Stokes' law, and applications
Special Relativity: Michelson-Morley experiment and its implications
Lorentz transformations-length contraction, time dilation, the addition of relativistic velocities, aberration and Doppler effect, mass-energy relation, simple applications to a decay process
Four-dimensional momentum vector
Covariance of equations of physics
Waves and optics Waves: Simple harmonic motion, Damped oscillation, Forced oscillation and Resonance
Stationary waves in a string
Pulses and wave packets
Phase and group velocities
Reflection and refraction from Huygens' principle
Geometrical optics: Laws of reflection and refraction from Fermat's principle
Matrix method in paraxial optics-thin lens formula, Nodal planes, System of two thin lenses, chromatic and spherical aberrations
Interference: Interference of light: Young's experiment, Newton's rings, interference by thin films, Michelson interferometer
Multiple beam interference and Fabry-Perot interferometer
Diffraction: Fraunhofer diffraction-single slit, double slit, diffraction grating, resolving power
Diffraction by a circular aperture and the airy pattern
Fresnel diffraction: halfperiod zones and zone plates, circular aperture
Polarization and modern optics: production and detection of linearly and circularly polarized light
Double refraction, Quarter-wave plate
Optical activity
Principles of fiber optics, attenuation
Pulse dispersion in step-index and parabolic index fibers
Material dispersion, single-mode fibers
Lasers-einstein a and b coefficients
Ruby and he-ne lasers
Characteristics of laser light-spatial and temporal coherence
Focusing on laser beams
Three-level scheme for laser operation
Holography and simple applications
Electricity and magnetism Electrostatics and magnetostatics: Laplace and Poisson equations in electrostatics and their applications;
Energy of a system of charges, the multipole expansion of scalar potential;
Method of images and its applications
Potential and field due to a dipole, force, and torque on a dipole in an external field
Dielectrics, polarization
Solutions to boundary-value problems-conducting and dielectric spheres in a uniform electric field
Magnetic shell, uniformly magnetized sphere
Ferromagnetic materials, hysteresis, energy loss
Current electricity: Kirchhoff's laws and their applications
Biot-Savart law, Ampere's law, Faraday's law, Lenz' law
Self-and mutual-inductances
Mean and R M S values in AC Circuits
Dc and ac circuits with r, l and c components
Series and parallel resonances
Quality factor
Principle of transformer
Electromagnetic waves and Blackbody radiation: displacement current and maxwellís equations; wave equations in vacuum, Poynting theorem
Vector and scalar potentials
Electromagnetic field tensor, covariance of maxwell's equations
Wave equations in isotropic dielectrics, reflection, and refraction at the boundary of two dielectrics
Fresnelís relations
Total internal reflection
Normal and anomalous dispersion
Rayleigh scattering
Blackbody radiation and Planck's radiation law, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wien's displacement law, and Rayleigh-Jean's law
Thermal and statistical physics Thermodynamics: Laws of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes, entropy
Isothermal, Adiabatic, Isobaric, Isochoric processes and entropy changes
Otto and Diesel engines, Gibb's phase rule and chemical potential
Van der Waals equation of state of a real gas, critical constants
Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of molecular velocities, transport phenomena, equipartition and virial theorems
Dulong-petit, einstein, and debyeís theories of specific heat of solids
Maxwell relations and applications
Clausius-Clapeyron equation
Adiabatic demagnetization, Joule-Kelvin effect, and liquefaction of gases
Statistical Physics: Macro and microstates, Statistical distributions, Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions, applications to the specific heat of gases and blackbody radiation
Concept of negative temperatures
Paper 2 - Physics
Quantum mechanics Wave-particle duality
Schroedinger equation and expectation values
Uncertainty principle
Solutions of the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation for a free particle (Gaussian wave-packet), particle in a box, particle in a finite well, linear harmonic oscillator
Reflection and transmission by a step potential and by a rectangular barrier
Particle in a three-dimensional box, the density of states, free electron theory of metals
Angular momentum; hydrogen atom
Spin half particles, properties of Pauli spin matrices
Atomic and molecular physics Stern-Gerlach experiment, electron spin, the fine structure of Hydrogen atom
L-S coupling, J-J coupling
Spectroscopic notation of atomic states
Zeeman effect
FrankCondon principle and applications; Elementary theory of rotational, vibrational and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules
Raman effect and molecular structure
Laser raman spectroscopy
Importance of neutral hydrogen atom, molecular hydrogen and molecular hydrogen ion in astronomy
Fluorescence and phosphorescence
Elementary theory and applications of nmr and epr
Elementary ideas about lamb shift and its significance
Nuclear and particle physics Basic nuclear properties-size, Binding energy, Angular momentum, Parity, Magnetic moment
Semi-empirical mass formula and applications, mass parabolas
Ground state of Deuteron, Magnetic moment and Non-central forces
Meson theory of nuclear forces
Salient features of nuclear forces
Shell model of the nucleus - Successes, and Limitations
Violation of parity in beta decay
Gamma decay and internal conversion
Elementary ideas about mossbauer spectroscopy
Q-value of nuclear reactions
Nuclear fission and fusion, energy production in stars
Nuclear reactors
Classification of elementary particles and their interactions
Conservation laws
Quark structure of hadrons
Field quanta of electroweak and strong interactions
Elementary ideas about unification of forces
Physics of neutrinos
Solid state physics, devices and electronics Crystalline and amorphous structure of matter
Different crystal systems, Space groups
Methods of determination of crystal structure
X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopies
Band theory of solids - conductors, Insulators, and Semiconductors
Thermal properties of solids, specific heat, debye theory
Magnetism: dia, para, and ferromagnetism
Elements of superconductivity, Meissner effect, Josephson junctions, and applications
Elementary ideas about high-temperature superconductivity
Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
P-n-p and n-p-n transistors
Amplifiers and oscillators
Fet, jfet and mosfet
Digital electronics-boolean identities, De Morgan's Laws, Logic gates and Truth tables
Simple logic circuits
Thermistors, solar cells
Fundamentals of microprocessors and digital computers
Paper 1 - Political Science and International Relations-Section A
Political theory Meaning and approaches
Theories of the state: Liberal, Neo-Liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-Colonial
Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl's theory of justice and its communitarian critiques
Equality : Social, Political and Economic
Relationship between equality and freedom
Affirmative action
Rights : Meaning and theories
Different kinds of rights
Concept of human rights
Democracy Classical and contemporary theories
Different models of democracy - Representative, Participatory and Deliberative
Concept of Welfare State - various dimensions
Political Ideologies; Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Democratic Socialism
Indian political thought Kautilya's Arthashastra: The Theory of Government, Power & functions of the Rulers
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh, M.K. Gandhi, B.R.Ambedkar, M.N.Roy, Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Western political thought Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Karl Marx
Paper 1 - Political Science and International Relations-Section B(Indian Nationalism)
Western political thought Political strategies of India's freedom struggle: Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience, Militant and revolutionary movements
Making of the Indian Constitution: Ideology & Philosophy, Legacies of the British rule
Sources of the Indian constitution
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution The preamble, fundamental rights and duties, directive principles, parliamentary system, amendment procedures, judicial review
Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the executive, Legislature and Supreme court
Principal organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the executive, Legislature and High courts
Grassroots Democracy Panchayati raj and municipal government
Significance of the 73rd and 74th amendments
Grass-root movements
Statutory institutions/commission: Election commission, Comptroller and Auditor general, Finance commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Women, National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities
Federalism : Constitutional provisions; changing nature of center-state relations, inter-state disputes
Planning and economic development: liberalization and privatization
Role of planning and public sector, poverty alleviation, and development
Casteism, communalism, and ethnicity in Indian politics
Party system: National and Regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties, patterns of coalition politics
Pressure groups; trends in electoral behavior
Social movements: women's movements
Students movements, Peasants, and Workers movements
Paper 2 - Political Science and International Relations-Section A(Comperative Politics)
State in comprative perspective Characteristics and changing nature of the state in capitalist and socialist economies and advance industrial and developing societies
The British political system : Rule of law, Conventions, Monarchy, and Parliamentary Government
Federal system, separation of powers, the congress, executive and judicial system in the U.S.A
The Swiss government: Federal assembly, Federal council and Federal tribunal, Direct democracy
People Republic of China: political development, NPC, president of PRC, the state council
Globalisation, New International World Order, Terrorism Approaches to the study of international relations: idealist, realist, Marxist, functionalist and systems theories
Key concepts in International Relations National interest, collective security, national power, the balance of power and diplomacy
Changing international political order: the rise of superpowers
Arms control and the cold war, disarmament
United nations Envisaged role and actual record
Specialized UN agencies - aims and functioning
Working and future prospects of the U.N
Paper 2 - Political Science and International Relations-Section B(Comperative Politics)
Regionalisation of World Politics ASEAN, APEC, NAFTA
Contemporary Global concerns : Democracy, human rights, environment, nuclear proliferation
India and the world Indian Foreign Policy : Determinants of foreign policy
Determinants of foreign policy
Institutions of policymaking
Continuity and change
India and the Nuclear Question : Changing perceptions and policy
India and the South Asia India and SAARC countries, Role of SAARC in South Asian Politics, Indiaís ìLook Eastî Policy
Impediments to regional co-operation : river water disputes
Illegal cross-border migration, ethnic conflicts, and insurgencies, border disputes
India and the U.N. Role in un peace-keeping, demand for permanent seat in the security council
Recent developments in Indian foreign policy: indiaís position on the recent crises in Afghanistan and West Asia
Vision of a new world order
Paper 1 - Psychology-Section A
Introduction : Psychology as a Science Definitions and perspective
Psychology in relation to other social and natural sciences
Use of Interdisciplinary approach.
Methods of psychology Characteristics and Components of methods in psychology (induction, deduction, and introspection)
Observation, Survey, Laboratory and Field experiments
Clinical and case study
Experimental and quasi-experimental methods
Research methods and quantitative analysis
Development of human behaviour Nature, origin, and development
Role of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behavior
Influence of cultural factors and socialization
Life span development-the critical periods and their handling, mastery of the developmental tasks
Influence of child-rearing practices and its impact on the growth and development of the individual
Attention, Sensation and Perception Attention - factors, influencing attention including set and characteristics of a stimulus
Sensationconcepts of a threshold, absolute and difference thresholds, signal detection and vigilance
Definition and concept of perception, biological factors in perception
Perceptual organization-influence of past experiences, perceptual defense-factors influencing
Space and depth perception, size estimation and perceptual readiness
Paper 1 - Psychology-Section B
Personality Concept and definition of personality
Theories of personality (psychoanalytical, socio-cognitive, interpersonal and developmental, humanistic, behaviouristic, trait and type approaches)
Measurement of personality (projective tests, pencil-paper test)
The indian approach to personality
Training for personality development
Attitudes, Values, and Interests
Motivation and Emotion
Thinking and problem solving Concept formation processes
Reasoning and problem solving
Creative thinking and fostering creativity
Information processing
Decision making and judgment
Intelligence and aptitude
Language and communication Human language-properties, structure and linguistic hierarchy, language acquisition-predisposition, critical period hypothesis
Theories of language development (Skinner, Chomsky), process and types of communication
Effective communication and training
Recent trends Computer application in the psychological laboratory and psychological testing
Artificial intelligence
Study of consciousness-sleep-wake schedules
Dreams, stimulus deprivation, meditation, hypnotic/drug-induced states
Extrasensory perception
Inter sensory perception simulation studies
Paper 2 - Psychology-Section A
Psychological measurement of individual difference The nature of individual differences
Characteristics and construction of standardized psychological tests
Types of psychological tests
Use, misuse and limitation of psychological tests
Ethical issues in the use of psychological tests
Well being and mental disorders Concept of health, positive health, well being, and ill-health. Mental disorders (anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, and delusional disorders
Personality disorders, substance abuse disorders)
Causal factors in Mental disorders
Assessment and Diagnosis: DSM IV and other tools
Factors influencing positive health, well being, lifestyle, and quality of life
Therapeutic Approaches
Work psychology and organisational behaviour Personnel selection and training
Use of psychological tests in the industry
Training and human resource development
Theories of work motivation
Leadership and participatory management
Advertising and Marketing, Stress and its Management
Community Psychology
Rehabilitation Psychology
Application of psychology to educational field Psychological principles underlying the active teaching-learning process
Learning styles gifted, retarded, learning disabled and their training
Training for improving memory and better academic achievement
Personality development and value of Education. Educational, vocational guidance and career counseling
Use of Psychological tests in Educational institutions.
Paper 2 - Psychology-Section B
Application of psychology to disadvantaged groups The concepts of disadvantaged, deprivation and socially deprived
Social, physical, cultural and economic consequences of disadvantaged and deprived groups
Educating and motivating the disadvantaged towards development
Application of Psychology in the field of Defense
Application of Psychology in Information Technology and Mass Media
Psychological and the problem of social integration The concept of social integration
The problem of caste, class, religion and language conflicts and prejudice
Nature and manifestation of discrimination between the in-group and out-group
Casual factors of such conflicts and prejudices.
Psychological strategies for handling the conflicts and prejudices
Measures to achieve social integration
Psychology and economic development Achievement motivation and economic development
Characteristics of entrepreneurial behavior
Motivating and training people for entrepreneurship and economic development
Women entrepreneurs
Consumer rights and consumer courts
Application of psychology to environment and related fields Environmental psychology-effects of noise, pollution and crowding. Population psychological consequences of population explosion and high population density
Motivating for small family norms
Impact of rapid scientific and technological growth on degradation of the environment
Other applications of Psychology
Paper 1 - Public Administration
Introduction Meaning, scope and significance of Public administration
Wilson's vision of Public administration
Evolution of the discipline and its present status
New public administration
Public choice approach
Challenges of Liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation
Good governance: concept and application
New public management
Administrative thought Scientific management and scientific management movement
Classical theory
Weberís bureaucratic model and its critique and Post-Weberian Developments
Dynamic administration (Mary Parker Follett)
Human relations school (Elton Mayo and others)
Functions of the executive (C.I. Barnard)
Simon's decision-making theory
Participative management (R. Likert, C.Argyris, D.Mcgregor)
Administrative behaviour Process and techniques of decision-making
Motivation theories ñ content, process and contemporary
Theories of leadership: traditional and modern
Organisations Theories and systems, Contingency
Structure and forms: ministries and departments, corporations, companies, boards and commissions
Ad hoc and advisory bodies
Headquarters and field relationships
Regulatory authorities
Public-private partnerships
Accountability and control Concepts of accountability and control
Legislative, executive and judicial control over Administration
Citizen and administration
Role of Media, Interest groups, Voluntary Organizations
Civil society
Citizen's Charters
Right to information
Social audit
Administrative law Meaning, Scope and Significance
Dicey on administrative law
Delegated legislation
Administrative Tribunals
Comparative public administration Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems
Administration and politics in different countries
Current status of comparative public administration
Ecology and administration
Riggsian models and their critique
Development dynamics Concept of development
Changing profile of development administration
Anti-development thesis
Bureaucracy and development
Strong state versus the market debate
Impact of liberalisation on administration in developing countries
Women and development - the self - help group movement
Personnel administration Importance of human resource development
Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions
Employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism
Code of conduct
Administrative ethics
Public policy Models of policy-making and their critique
Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations
State theories and public policy formulation
Techniques of administrative improvement Organisation and methods, Work-study and work management
E-governance and information technology
Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM
Financial administration Monetary and fiscal policies
Public borrowings and public debt budgets - Types and Forms
Budgetary process
Financial accountability
Accounts and audit
Paper 2 - Public Administration
Evolution of Indian administration Kautilya's Arthashastra
Mughal administration
Legacy of British rule in Politics and Administration - Indianization of Public services, Revenue administration, District administration, Local self-government
Philosophical and constitutional framework of government Salient features and value premises
Political culture
Bureaucracy and democracy
Bureaucracy and development
Public sector undertakings Public sector in modern india
Forms of public sector undertakings
Problems of Autonomy, Accountability and Control
Impact of liberalization and privatization
Union government and administration Executive, Parliament, Judiciary - structure, Functions, Work processes
Recent trends
Intragovernmental relations
Cabinet secretariat
Prime Minister's Office
Central secretariat
Ministries and departments
Attached offices
Field organizations
Plans and priorities Machinery of planning
Role, composition and functions of the planning commission and the national development council
Individual Planning
Process of plan formulation at union and state levels
Constitutional amendments (1992) and Decentralized planning for Economic Development and Social Justice
State government and administration Union-state administrative, Legislative and Financial relations
Role of the finance commission
Chief minister
Council of ministers
Chief secretary
State secretariat
District administration since independence Changing role of the collector
Union-state-local relations
Imperatives of development management and law and order administration
District administration and democratic decentralization
Civil services Constitutional position
Structure, Recruitment, Training and Capacity-building
Good governance initiatives
Code of conduct and discipline
Staff associations
Political rights
Grievance redressal mechanism
Civil service neutrality
Civil service activism
Financial management Budget as a political instrument
Parliamentary control of public expenditure
Role of Finance Ministry in the monetary and fiscal area
Accounting techniques
Role of controller general of accounts and comptroller and auditor general of india
Administrative reforms since independence Major concerns
Important committees and commissions
Reforms in financial management and human resource development
Problems of implementation
Rural development Institutions and agencies since independence
Rural development programs
Foci and strategies
Decentralization and panchayati raj
73rd constitutional amendment
Urban local government Municipal Governance: Main features, Structures, Finance and Problem areas
74th constitutional amendment
Global-local debate
New localism
Development Dynamics, Politics and Administration with special reference to City management
Law and order administration British legacy
National police commission
Investigative agencies
Role of Central and State agencies including Paramilitary forces in maintenance of Law and Order and countering insurgency and Terrorism
Criminalisation of politics and administration
Police-public relations
Reforms in police
Significant issues in Indian administration Values in public service
Regulatory commissions
National human rights commission
Problems of administration in coalition regimes
Citizen-administration interface
Corruption and administration
Disaster management
Paper 1 - Sociology-Section A
Sociology - the discipline Social conditions in Europe for the emergence of sociology
Nature and Subject matter of sociology
Scope and Theoretical perspectives of Sociology
Relations with other Social science
Sociological concepts Culture: Elements, Transmission, Diffusion, Cultural lag
Socialization: Stages, Agencies
Social Control: Functions, Types, Agencies
Social Groups: Primary, Secondary, Reference Groups
Marriage, family and kinship Marriage, Types of marriage, Functions of Marriage
Family, Types of Family, Functions Of Family, Changing Family Structure
Kinship, Types of kinship, Rules of descent, Lineage
Social stratification and mobility Social stratification, features, determinants
Concepts - Equality, Inequality, Hierarchy, Exclusion, Poverty and Deprivation
Theories of Social stratification, Functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory
Social mobility, Open and closed systems, Types of mobility,
Factors and barriers to social mobility
Paper 1 - Sociology-Section B
Sociological Thoughts Emile Durkheim - Division of labour, social fact, religion and society
Karl Marx - Historical materialism, alienation, class struggle
Max Weber - Ideal types, social action, the protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism
Talcott Parsons - Social system, pattern variables
Robert k. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, reference groups
Research methods Research design
Types of research
Variables, Hypothesis, Sampling
Elements and steps of Scientific Research
Techniques of data collection
Problem of objectivity and value neutrality
Economic, Political and Religious Institutions Politics: nation, state, democracy, civil society sociological theories of power
Power elite, Bureaucracy, Pressure groups, and Political parties
Economies: Features of Primitive economy, Work and Occupation in society
Organization of work in industrial/capitalist society
Religion: Types of religious practices - animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults
Religion and Science, Contemporary trends in religion
Social change Social change, nature and characteristics, development, progress
Theories of social change, evolutionary, functional, conflict, cyclical
Factors of social change: Education, Science and Technology, Social legislation
Resistance to Social change
Paper 2 - Sociology-Section A
Perspectives on Indian society Indology : gs. Ghuryeís perspectives on the study of Indian society
Marxist sociology: A R Desaiís view on the relevance of Marxist sociology in India
Social background of indian nationalism
Modernization of indian tradition
Social reforms
Rural and Agrarian Sectors The idea of indian village and village studies
Land tenure system before independence
Land reforms after independence
Development planning and mixed economy
Green revolution
Programmes for Rural development
Community development programme
Recent schemes for poverty alleviation
Tribal Communities in India Definitional problems
Geographical distribution
Colonial politics and tribes
Issues of integration and autonomy
Tribal welfare programmes and constitutional safeguards
Caste and Classes in India Features of the caste system
Untouchability - forms and perspectives
Chases in the Caste System
Agrarian class structure
Industrial class structure
Middle classes in india
Paper 2 - Sociology-Section B
Population Dynamics and Urbanization Population size, growth, composition and distribution, literacy, density, longevity
Components of population growth: Birth, Death, Migration
Population policy and family planning
Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health
Urbanization, factors of urbanization, rural-urban continuum and contrast
Social Movements in Modern India Characteristics and types of social movements
Peasant movements
Women movements
Backward classes movements
Ethnic movements
Religion and society Religious communities in india
Problems of religious minorities
Challenges to Indian Society Caste conflicts
Violence against women
Bonded labour
Child labour
Paper 1 - Statistics-Section A
Sample space and events Probability measure and probability space, random variable as a measurable function, distribution function of a random variable, discrete and continuous-type random variable
Probability mass function, probability density function, vector-valued random variable,marginal and conditional distributions, stochastic independence of events and of random variables, expectation and moments of a random variable, conditional expectation
Probability generating function, moment generation function, standard discrete and continuous probability distributions
Statistical, unbiasedness Consistency, efficiency, sufficiency, completeness, ancillary statistics, factorization theorem, exponential family of distribution and its properties, uniformly minimum variance unbiased (UMVU) estimation
Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffer theorems, Cramer-Rao inequality for a single parameter
Estimation Estimation by methods of moments, maximum likelihood, least squares, minimum chi-square and modified minimum chi-square, properties of maximum likelihood and other estimators
Asymptotic efficiency, prior and posterior distributions, loss function, risk function, and minimax estimator
Bayes estimators
Non-randomised and randomised tests Critical function, MP tests, Neyman-Pearson Lemma, UMP tests, monotone likelihood ratio, similar and unbiased tests, UMPU tests for single parameter likelihood ratio test and its asymptotic distribution
Confidence bounds and its relation with tests
Paper 1 - Statistics-Section B
Order Statistics Joint and marginal distribution of order statistics - distribution of range and midrange
Kolmogoroffís test for goodness of fit and its consistency, sign test and its optimality
Wilcoxon signed-ranks test and its consistency, Kolmogorov-Smirnov two-sample test, run test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and median test
Bivariate data Correlation coefficient and its properties, correlation, correlation ratio, the principle of least square, fitting of different curious and fitting of linear regression
Partial and multiple correlations in three variables, their measures and related results
Theory of attributes independence and association of attributes
Measure of association for two way classified data
An outline of fixed-population and super-population approaches Distinctive features of finite population sampling, probability sampling designs, simple random sampling with and without replacement, stratified random sampling, systematic sampling and its efficacy, cluster sampling
Two-stage and multi-stage sampling, ratio and regression methods of estimation involving one or more auxiliary variables, two-phase sampling
Fixed effects model (two-way classification) Random and mixed-effects models (two-way classification with equal observation per cell), CRD, RBD, LSD and their analyses, incomplete block designs, concepts of orthogonality and balance, BIBD, missing plot technique, factorial experiments and 22 and 32
Paper 2 - Statistics-Section A
Process and product control General theory of control charts, different types of control charts for variables and attributes, X, R, s, p, np and c charts, cumulative sum chart
Single, double, multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes, OC, ASN, AOQ and ATI curves, concepts of producerís and consumerís risks, AQL, LTPD and AOQL, sampling plans for variables, use of dodge-roaming tables
Concept of reliability Failure rate and reliability functions, reliability of series and parallel systems and other simple configurations, renewal density and renewal function
Failure models: exponential, Weibull, normal, lognormal
Problems in life testing, censored and truncated experiments for exponential models
Different types of models in Operations Research Construction and general methods of solution,simulation and Monte-Carlo methods formulation of linear programming (lp) problem,simple lp model and its graphical solution,simplex procedure,two-phase method and the m-technique with artificial variables
Duality theory of LP and its economic interpretation, sensitivity analysis, transportation and assignment problems, rectangular games, two-person zero-sum games, methods of solution (graphical and algebraic)
Replacement of failing or deteriorating items Group and individual replacement policies, concept of scientific inventory management and analytical structure of inventory problems, simple models with deterministic and stochastic demand with and without lead time
Storage models with particular reference to dam type.
Homogeneous discrete-time Markov chains, transition probability matrix, classification of states and ergodic theorems, homogeneous continuous-time Markov chains, Poisson process, elements of queuing theory, M/M/1, M/M/K, G/M/1 and M/G/1 queues
Paper 2 - Statistics-Section B
Determination of trend Seasonal and cyclical components, Box-Jenkins method, tests for stationary series, ARIMA models and determination of orders of autoregressive and moving average components, forecasting
Commonly used index numbers-Laspeyreís, Paascheís and Fisherís ideal index numbers, chainbase index number, uses and limitations of index numbers, index number of wholesale prices, consumer prices, agricultural production and industrial production
Test for index numbers - proportionality, time-reversal, factor-reversal and circular
Present official statistical system in India relating to population Agriculture, industrial production, trade and prices, methods of collection of official statistics, their reliability and limitations, principal publications containing such statistics
Various official agencies responsible for data collection and their main functions
Demographic data from census Registration, NSS other surveys, their limitations and uses, definition, construction and uses of vital rates and ratios, measures of fertility, reproduction rates, morbidity rate, standardized death rate
Complete and abridged life tables, construction of life tables from vital statistics and census returns, uses of life tables
Methods of standardisation of scales and tests Z-scores, standard scores, T-scores, percentile scores, intelligence quotient and its measurement and uses, validity and reliability of test scores and its determination, use of factor analysis and path analysis in psychometry
Paper 1 - Zoology-Section A
Principles of classification Binomial nomenclature
Species concepts
Taxonomic hierarchy
Five kingdom classification
Six kingdom classification
Three domains system
Classification of non-chordates up to classes with their salient features
Locomotion (amoeboid, cell crawling, ciliary and flagellar) and reproduction in Protozoans
Origin of Metazoa; metamerism and symmetry in animals
Porifera and Coelenterata: corals and coral reefs
Canal system in poriferans
Polymorphism in hydrozoa
Characters and affinities of Ctenophora and Onychophora Platyhelminthes and Nemathelminthes: excretion and reproduction
Annelida: circulation, reproduction and excretion
Type study - Pheretima Posthuma
Mollusca: torsion and detorsion in Gastropoda
Type study - Pila Globosa
Arthropoda: respiratory and reproductive systems, insect metamorphosis and social organisation
Type study - Palaemon Malcolmson
Echinodermata: type study - Asterias
Biosystematics of chordates Protochordate: salient features and affinities
Post-embryonic development of amphioxus
Agnatha: classification up to orders
Pisces: general characters, types of scales, locomotion and migration
Amphibians: general characters and classification up to order
Neoteny and Paedogenesis
Reptiles: general characters and classification up to order
Status of sphenodon and crocodiles
Birds: general characters and classification up to order
Principle and modes of flight
Mammals: general characters and classification up to order
Oviparous and Ovoviviparous mammals
Integument in vertebrates and their derivatives Comparative digestive, urinogenital and respiratory systems
Receptor organs
Modification of heart
Structure and composition of Cartilage, Bone and Ligaments; Vertebrae, Limb-bones and Girdles
Comparative skulls of Vertebrates, dentition in mammals
Paper 1 - Zoology-Section B
Concept of ecology Concept and types of Ecosystem
Trophic structure: Food chain and Food webs
Energy flow
Trophic relationships
Ecological pyramids
Intraspecific and interspecific interactions
Biogeochemical cycles
Abiotic environment
Laws of tolerance and limiting factors
Biotic community concept
Community developments: Ecological succession
Greenhouse effect
Global warming
Population: characteristics (mortality, natality, density), growth curves
Community: species richness and species diversity
Sorensenís and Shannon-Weaver indices
Factors affecting species diversity
Concepts of biodiversity, conservation values and ethics
Conservation of biodiversity: patterns and processes
Loss of biodiversity: causes and factors
Mass extinctions
Biodiversity hot spots
Conservation of diversity within Species
Genetics in conservation: heterozygosity, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, variation within the population, variation among populations, loss of genetic variation, demographic bottleneck and inbreeding depression
Ecozones and faunal diversity of India
Sanctuaries, National parks, Protected areas and Reserves
Wildlife legislations
Important International and National organizations/Programmes/Societies and their roles
National wildlife conservation projects
Concepts of evolution Historical development
Darwinism and the theory of natural selection
Evolution in action (Malaria and drug resistance, high altitude adaptation, pepper moth)
Concept of speciation
Origin of life: prebiotic soup theory and RNA world hypothesis
Origin of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells (endosymbiotic theory)
Geological time scale
Cambrian explosion
Phylogeny of Horse
Human evolution: Hominid fossils and out of Africa theory
Zoogeographical realms
Continental drift theory and plate tectonic
Adaptation: volant, aquatic and desert
Mimicry: types, colouration and camouflage
Concept of ethology; types of behaviour ñ innate, imprinting, learned and instinct
Altruism and reciprocal altruism
Communication: sonar, infrasound, echolocation and dancing in bees
Social organisation in animals (parental care, competition and territoriality)
Evolutionary arms race
Genetic and hormonal control of behaviour
Apiculture Classifications, structure and composition of hive, culture method and economic importance
Lac culture: cultivation, processing and economic importance
Sericulture: classification, rearing and economic importance
Important pharmaceuticals from the animal industry
Types of pesticides
Pest control (natural, chemical and biological controls)
Integrated pest management
Fish culture
Prawn fishery: types, species
Method and economic importance
Oyster culture (edible and pearl)
Poultry farming
Cattle farming
Leather and wool industry
Dairy industry and milk products
Experimental Designs, sampling design &methods Correlation, regression and analysis of variance
Parametric test-t-test, x 2 ñtest, f-test ( one- way & two- way)
Historical concept of Bioinformatics
Basic operating systems
Internet for biologists
Data bases and information retrieval
Genome and proteome databases: NCBI, blast and EMBL
Internet tools
Paper 2 - Zoology-Section A
Cell theory Tenets and limitations
Structure of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells
Cell membrane and membrane transport (simple, facilitated and active transports)
Structure, composition and functions of ribosome’s, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosome and peroxisome
Structure and functions of Mitochondria
Cytoskeletons: Microfilaments, Intermediate filaments and Microtubules
Extracellular matrix
Cell-Cell interactions, adhesion and junctions
Nuclear envelope: structure and transport of molecules
Chromosome structure and karyotyping
Stages of cell cycle
Regulation of cell cycle through cyclin-CDK complexes
Types and characteristics of Cancer
Mendelian genetics Incomplete dominance
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Cytoplasmic inheritance
Pleiotropism and Allelism
Multiple alleles
Linkage, crossing over and recombination of genes
Chromosomal sex determination
Sex-linked inheritance and non-disjunction
Mutation: causes and types
Genetic disorders: down, Klinefelter and Turner syndromes, and haemophilia
Structure and types of DNA and RNA Chromosomes: chromatin (euchromatin and heterochromatin)
Higher-order of chromosome organization nucleosomes
Special types of chromosomes (Polytene and Lampbrush chromosomes)
DNA replication: Semi-conservative and mechanism in prokaryotic cells
DNA repair: Nucleotide excision
Base excision
Double stand breakage
Gene expression: The central dogma of molecular biology
Genetic code
Concept of operon: lac operon
Carbohydrates and lipids Classification and significance
Classification, structure and properties of amino acids and peptides
Types, properties and kinetics of enzymes
Michaelis-Menten equation
Types and properties of Vitamins
Glycolysis: reactions and significance
Oxidative phosphorylation: tricarboxylic cycle
Electron transport chain, ATP synthesis
HMP shunt
A-oxidation of fatty acids
Urea cycle
Paper 2 - Zoology-Section B
Digestion and absorption of food Extracellular and ntracellular digestions
Digestion of Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats
Mechanism of respiration (gills and lungs)
Types of Respiration - External, Internal, and Cutaneous
Open and closed circulation
Structure of heart: myogenic and neurogenic
Cardiac cycle
Blood coagulation
Blood groups
Structure and function of Haemoglobin
Structure and function of the Kidney: Physiology of urine formation
Nervous control of micturition
Osmoregulation in marine and terrestrial vertebrates
Types of nitrogenous wastes (ammonotelic, uricotelic and ureotelic)
Types of muscles and ultrastructures
Muscle proteins
Mechanism of muscle contraction
Fatigue, isotonic, anisotonic, isometric and tetanic contractions
Types and structures of neuron Resting and action potentials
Propagation of nerve impulse
Major neurotransmitters
Synaptic transmission
Endocrine glands and the functions of their hormones (hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, adrenal, testis, ovary)
Classification of hormones
Transport of hormones
Hormone receptors: G-protein-coupled, Steroid, Insulin
Mechanism of action of steroid hormones and peptide hormones
Endocrine disorders: diabetes mellitus, gigantism, dwarfism and cretinism
Biological rhythms: circadian and circannual, hormonal regulations
Insect hormones
Pheromones and their effects
Hormonal regulation of calcium homeostasis
Gametogenesis Spermatogenesis and oogenesis
Hormonal regulation of gametogenesis
Structure of spermatozoon and ovum
Estrous and menstrual cycles: phases and hormonal regulation
Chemical basis of contraception
Fertilization in Vivo and in Vitro
Types of Eggs
Patterns of Cleavage
Blastulation and gastrulation in amphioxus and frog
Fate maps
Placenta in mammals
Extra-embryonic membranes in chick
Concept of organizer and induction
Morphogenetic fields and gradients
Invagination, ingression, involution and delamination
Metamorphosis in insects and Amphibians and their hormonal regulation
Regeneration in Invertebrates and Vertebrates
Concepts and models of ageing Developmental defects
Concept of transgenesis, stem cells and IVF
Immunity: innate and acquired
Components of the Immune system
Antigens: factors, Epitopes, Haptens
Structure and types of Antibodies
Antigen-antibody interactions
Major histocompatibility complex

Mizoram MCS 2019 Exam Pattern

Mizoram MCS Preliminary Exam Exam Pattern

The Mizoram Civil Services (Combined Competitive) Preliminary Examinations is an offline(paper-based) test and consists of five General Studies Papers (Two General English and three General Studies). The English Papers consist of 100 marks each (100X2= 200 marks) and the General Studies papers consist of 200 marks each (200X3=600 marks). Therefore the total marks allocated to the exam is 800 marks. The mode of the exam is Objective; composed of multiple choice questions. There is a scheme of negative marking in the preliminary MCS exam.

The Combined Services General Competitive Examination is generally conducted when recruitment for a particular post does not have any specific guidelines or when it does not require specific subject knowledge but can be written by any graduate from a recognised university on five Papers as stated above. 

Mizoram MCS Main Exam Exam Pattern

The Mizoram Civil Services Main Examinations will be an offline(paper-based) exam. The candidates will be called individually and will be required to confirm their optional subject and preference of post and to submit attested photocopies of the following documents to Direct Recruitment Section of Mizoram Public Service Commission

  • Marksheets and certificates (HSLC onwards).
  • SC/ST Certificate.
  • Documentary proof like enrolment in Electoral Roll and Birth Certificate to prove that the candidate or any of his/her ancestors in his/her direct lineage are permanent residents of Mizoram.
  • Experience Certificate (if any).

Mizoram MCS 2019 Admit Card

Mizoram MCS Preliminary Exam Admit Card

Mizoram Civil Services Examination admit card will be issued by the Mizoram Public Service Commission (MPSC) admit card will be issued only to the candidates who successfully register for the MCS preliminary examination. It is a mandate for all prospective test takers to carry the MCS admit card for preliminary examination on the day of the test.

Mizoram MCS 2019 Exam Centers

State City
Mizoram Aizawl

Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit card
  • Photo id proof

Mizoram MCS 2019 Answer Key

Mizoram MCS Preliminary Exam Answer Key

Mizoram Public Service Commission will release the MCS answer key of preliminary and mains exam separately after completion of the respective examinations. MCS answer key will be available for all the test sections (Papers). Test takers will be able to check their answers as marked in the exam with the officially MCS answer key released by the conducting authority.

Mizoram MCS Main Exam Answer Key

Mizoram Public Service Commission will release the MCS answer key of the main exam after the completion of the test. MCS answer key will be available for all the test sections (Papers). Test takers will be able to check their answers as marked in the exam with the officially MCS answer key released by the conducting authority.

Mizoram MCS 2019 Result

Mizoram MCS Preliminary Exam Result

The result of MPSC Combined Exam will be declared after the successful conduction of the exam.  The result of MCS will be available in the online mode on the official website of MPSC. Candidates whose name get displayed on the list will qualify for the next rounds of selection. The final shortlisting of candidates will be determined by the candidates' performance in the main exam and the personal interview rounds.

Mizoram MCS Main Exam Result

The MPSC Main Exam result will be declared after the exam is successfully conducted. The result of MCS will be available in the online mode on the official website of MPSC. The final shortlisting of candidates will be determined by the candidates' performance in the main exam and the personal interview rounds.

Mizoram MCS 2019 Selection Process

Mizoram MCS Main Exam Selection Process

After the result declaration of MCS Main examination, the qualified candidates need to appear for the Personality Test or Interview. This test is to evaluate candidates' intellectual capabilities, mental alertness, social traits and his/her interest in current affairs. The questions asked will be from General interest. For the final selection, the cumulative scores obtained by candidates in all the tests would be considered.

Documents Required at Counselling

  • Academic certificates
  • Category certificates
  • Admit card
  • Photo id proof

General Information

Questions related to Mizoram MCS

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where can i find the old question papers of the mizoram civil service examinations?

Papeya Dubey Student Expert 4th Oct, 2019


You can get old question papers of MCSE from official website of itself, go through the link provided below-


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