About UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020

UPSC IAS 2020 - UPSC has released the application and notification of UPSC IAS exam on February 12, 2020. The last date to fill the application form is March 3. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Civil Services Exam for the recruitment of candidates to All India Services like Indian Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Services (IPS) and Indian Forest Services (IFS) and Central Services such as Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS), Indian Foreign Service etc. Candidates can fill IAS application form February 12, 2020 in online mode at upsconline.nic.in. The last date to fill UPSC IAS application is March 12, 2020. Applicants should fill UPSC IAS 2020 application form carefully as commission does not provide the facility of correction. Candidates who successfully fill the application form will be issued the admit card one month before commencement of exam. UPSC Civil Service 2020 prelims exam is slated to be conducted in offline mode on May 31 across India. Every year approx 10 lakh candidates fill the application form and out of them approx 5 lakh appear for exam. The graduate candidates who are between 21 to 32 years of age are eligible to appear for Civil Services Exam. The selection process of UPSC Civil Services comprises three stages – Preliminary, Mains and Interview. 

Candidates who qualify the prelims exam will be invited to appear for mains exam. Approx 15 times of total vacancies candidates are shortlisted in UPSC IAS prelims exam. Applicants who qualify the mains exam will be called for interview process. Commission will release final result of all successful in pdf format with roll number and name of candidates.

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Highlights

Full Exam Name UPSC Civil Services Exam
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
Frequency of Conduct Once a year
Languages English, Hindi
Mode of Application Offline / Online
Application Fee (General) 100 Rs [Offline]
Mode of Exam Offline
Mode of Counselling Offline
UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary - Duration 4 Hours +1 More
Number of Seats 900 Seats

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UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Important Dates

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UPSC Civil Services Exam (Session 2020)

Upcoming Dates and Events

12 Feb, 2020 - 03 Mar, 2020

Application | Mode: Online Ongoing

Past Dates and Events

12 Feb, 2020

Advertisement | Mode: Online

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Exam (Session 2020)

Upcoming Dates and Events

25 Apr, 2020 (Tentative)

Admit Card | Mode: Online

31 May, 2020

Exam | Mode: Offline

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Exam (Session 2020)

Upcoming Dates and Events

29 Aug, 2020 (Tentative)

Admit Card | Mode: Online

18 Sep, 2020

Exam | Mode: Offline

Candidates can check below Civil Services eligibility criteria in terms of age, educational qualification, nationality and number of attempts.
Nationality
Candidates to be eligible for Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service must be a citizen of India.
While for other services, candidates must be either -
• A citizen of India Or
• Nepal / Bhutan/a Tibetan refugee (who came to India before January 1, 1962 with the intention of settling down permanently) or
• Those migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam to settle in India. These candidates must have eligibility certificate issued by Government of India.
Candidates belonging to Nepal, Bhutan or Tibetan refugee are not eligible for appointment to Indian Foreign Service.
Age limit as on August 1, 2020
Candidates age should be 21 to 32 years
Relaxation in upper age limit will be provided to the following categories.
• SC/ST – 5 years
• OBC – 3 years
• Defence Service Personnel – 3 years
• Ex-Servicemen – 5 years
• ECOs/SSCOs – 5 years
• PwD – 10 years
Academic qualification
Candidates must have graduation in any discipline. Those who have appeared in their final year degree examination and results are awaited are eligible for the examination.
Number of Attempts
• Candidates appearing for Civil Service Examination will be provided only six attempts.
• There is no restriction for SC/ST candidates
    • OBC category candidates are permitted nine attempts

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Application Process

Mode of Application : Online and Offline

Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card | Bank Challan | Other

Application Fees

Category Quota Mode Gender Amount
General Offline Male ₹ 100
OBC Online Male ₹ 100

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Application Details

Civil Services preliminary exam application form is filled in two parts – Part I and II. The detailed procedure to fill both the parts of application form is explained below.

Civil Services Application form - Part I

• In Part I registration, candidates will be required to enter name, Gender, Date of Birth, Father’s Name, Mother’s name, Nationality, Marital Status, category, educational qualification, address, number of attempts, specific details for the main exam, selection of examination centres for main etc.
• After entering all details, candidates are asked to validate the data and click on ‘I agree button’.
• The registration ID is displayed on the screen.
• Applicants can take the printout of Civil Services application form by clicking at the ‘Print’ option.

Civil Services Application Form – Part II


The part II of Civil Services application form involves the following steps.

• Payment of examination fee
• Choosing Civil Services exam centres for prelims
• Uploading photograph and signature.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Application Details

The Detailed Application Form (DAF) will be filled by candidates who will be qualify the preliminary examination. Candidates will have to fill Civil Services mains application form online. The procedure to fill the DAF is explained below.
• Candidates will have to first register themselves for filling the DAF.
• For registration, candidates have to fill their name, roll number and date of birth.
• On successful registration, candidates will receive their password.
• Candidates will have to login with their roll number and password to fill the DAF.
• The DAF comprises six steps – personal, employment information, educational information, parental information, uploading documents and final submission.
    • Candidates will be required to upload documents like proof of Age, Educational Qualification, Community Certificate, PH Certificate etc.

  • After uploading documents, candidates could submit the DAF.

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Syllabus

Paper I-Current events of national and international importance

Paper I-History of India and Indian National Movement

Paper I-Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World

Paper I-Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues,

Paper I-Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives

Paper I-General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation

Paper I-General Science

Paper II-Comprehension

Paper II-Interpersonal skills including communication skills

Paper II-Logical reasoning and Analytical ability

Paper II-Decision making and Problem solving

Paper II-General mental ability

Paper II-Basic numeracy

Paper II-English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Syllabus

Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of constitution of India+

Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of constitution of India: Unit 01
Comprehension of given passages
Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of constitution of India: Unit 02
Precis writing
Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of constitution of India: Unit 03
Usage and vocabulary
Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of constitution of India: Unit 04
Short essays
Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of constitution of India: Unit 05
Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa

English language+

English language: Unit 01
Comprehension of given passages
English language: Unit 02
Precis writing
English language: Unit 03
Usage and Vocabulary.
English language: Unit 04
Short essays

Essay+

Essay: Unit 01
Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics
Essay: Unit 02
They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely

General Studies-I+

General Studies-I: Unit 01
Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present-significant events, personalities, issues
The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as Industrial revolution, World wars
Redrawal of national boundaries, Colonization, Decolonization, Political philosophies like Communism, Capitalism, Socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society.
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
Salient features of world’s physical geography
Distribution of key natural resources across the world
Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features

General Studies-II+

General Studies-II: Unit 01
Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations
Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Comparison of the indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and theirrole in the Polity
Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection andbetterment of these vulnerable sections
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
Issues relating to poverty and hunger
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
Role of civil services in a democracy.
India and its neighborhood-relations
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora
Important International institutions, agencies and fora-their structure, mandate.

General Studies-III+

General Studies-III: Unit 01
Technology, economic development, bio diversity, environment, security and disaster management
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, ofresources, growth, development and employment
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Government budgeting
Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, -different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning,limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing
Food processing and related industries in India-scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management
Land reforms in india
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc
Investment models
Science and Technology-developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in border areas -linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Various security forces and agencies and their mandate

General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)+

General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 01
Ethics and human Interface
Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics
Ethics in private and public relationships
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 02
Human Values
Lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators
Role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 03
Attitude
Content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour
Moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 04
Aptitude and foundational values for civil service
Integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 05
Emotional intelligence-concepts
Their utilities and application in administration and governance
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 06
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 07
Public/civil service values and ethics in public administration
Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
Laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance
Accountability and ethical governance
Strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance
Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude): Unit 08
Probity in governance
Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government,
Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters
Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption

Agriculture paper-I

Agriculture paper-II

Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I+

Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I: Unit 01
Animal nutrition
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I: Unit 02
Animal physiology
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I: Unit 03
Animal reproduction
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I: Unit 04
Livestock production and management
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I: Unit 05
Genetics and animal breeding
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I: Unit 06
Extension

Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-II+

Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-II: Unit 01
Anatomy, pharmacology and hygiene
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-II: Unit 02
Animal diseases
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-II: Unit 03
Veterinary public health
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-II: Unit 04
Milk and milk products technology
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-II: Unit 05
Meat hygiene and technology

Anthropology paper-I+

Anthropology paper-I: Unit 01
Economic organization
Anthropology paper-I: Unit 02
Political organization and social control
Anthropology paper-I: Unit 03
Religion
Anthropology paper-I: Unit 04
Anthropological theories
Anthropology paper-I: Unit 05
Culture, language and communication
Anthropology paper-I: Unit 06
Research methods in anthropology
Anthropology paper-I: Unit 07
Concept of human growth and development
Anthropology paper-I: Unit 08
Applications of anthropology

Anthropology Paper-II+

Anthropology Paper-II: Unit 01
Demographic profile of India
Anthropology Paper-II: Unit 02
Emergence, growth and development in India—contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th-century scholar-administrators
Anthropology Paper-II: Unit 03
Contributions of Indian Anthropologists to tribal and caste studies

Botany paper-I+

Botany paper-I: Unit 01
Microbiology and plant pathology
Botany paper-I: Unit 02
Cryptogams
Botany paper-I: Unit 03
Phanerogams
Botany paper-I: Unit 04
Plant resource development
Botany paper-I: Unit 05
Morphogenesis

Botany paper-II+

Botany paper-II: Unit 01
Cell biology
Botany paper-II: Unit 02
Genetics, molecular biology and evolution
Botany paper-II: Unit 03
Plant breeding, biotechnology and biostatistics
Botany paper-II: Unit 04
Physiology and biochemistry
Botany paper-II: Unit 05
Ecology and plant geography

Chemistry paper-I+

Chemistry paper-I: Unit 01
Atomic structure
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 02
Chemical bonding
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 03
Solid-state
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 04
The gaseous state and transport phenomenon
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 05
Liquid state
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 06
Thermodynamics
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 07
Phase equilibria and solution
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 08
Electrochemistry
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 09
Chemical kinetics
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 10
Photochemistry
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 11
Surface phenomena and catalysis
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 12
Bio-inorganic chemistry
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 13
Coordination chemistry
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 14
Main group chemistry
Chemistry paper-I: Unit 15
General chemistry of ‘f’ block element

Chemistry paper-II+

Chemistry paper-II: Unit 01
Delocalised covalent bonding
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 02
Reaction mechanisms
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 03
Reactive intermediates
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 04
Substitution reactions
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 05
Elimination reactions
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 06
Addition reactions
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 07
Reactions and rearrangements
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 08
Pericyclic reactions
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 09
Preparation and properties of polymers
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 10
Biopolymers
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 11
Synthetic uses of reagents
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 12
Photochemistry
Chemistry paper-II: Unit 13
Spectroscopy

Civil engineering paper-I+

Civil engineering paper-I: Unit 01
Engineering mechanics, the strength of materials and structural analysis
Civil engineering paper-I: Unit 02
Design of structures: steel, concrete and masonry structures
Civil engineering paper-I: Unit 03
Fluid mechanics, open channel flow and hydraulic machines
Civil engineering paper-I: Unit 04
Geotechnical engineering

Civil engineering paper-II+

Civil engineering paper-II: Unit 01
Construction technology, equipment, planning and management
Civil engineering paper-II: Unit 02
Surveying and transportation engineering
Civil engineering paper-II: Unit 03
Hydrology, water resources and engineering
Civil engineering paper-II: Unit 04
Environmental engineering
Civil engineering paper-II: Unit 05
Environmental pollution

Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I+

Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I: Unit 01
Financing accounting
Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I: Unit 02
Cost accounting
Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I: Unit 03
Taxation
Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I: Unit 04
Auditing
Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I: Unit 05
Financial management
Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I: Unit 06
Financial markets and institutions

Organisation Theory and Behaviours, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations paper-II+

Organisation Theory and Behaviours, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations paper-II: Unit 01
Organisation theory
Organisation Theory and Behaviours, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations paper-II: Unit 02
Organisation behaviour
Organisation Theory and Behaviours, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations paper-II: Unit 03
Human resources management (HRM)
Organisation Theory and Behaviours, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations paper-II: Unit 04
Industrial relations (IR)

Economics paper-I+

Economics paper-I: Unit 01
Advanced micro economics
Economics paper-I: Unit 02
Advance macro economics
Economics paper-I: Unit 03
Money-banking and finance
Economics paper-I: Unit 04
International economics
Economics paper-I: Unit 05
Growth and development

Economics paper-II+

Economics paper-II: Unit 01
Indian Economics in the post-independence era
Economics paper-II: Unit 02
Indian economy after independence

Electrical engineering paper-I+

Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 01
Circuits—theory
Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 02
Signals and systems
Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 03
E.M. theory
Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 04
Analog electronics
Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 05
Digital electronics
Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 06
Energy conversion
Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 07
Power electronics and electric drives
Electrical engineering paper-I: Unit 08
Analog communication

Electrical engineering paper-II+

Electrical engineering paper-II: Unit 01
Control systems
Electrical engineering paper-II: Unit 02
Microprocessors and microcomputers
Electrical engineering paper-II: Unit 03
Measurement and instrumentation
Electrical engineering paper-II: Unit 04
Power systems: analysis and control
Electrical engineering paper-II: Unit 05
Power system protection
Electrical engineering paper-II: Unit 06
Digital communication

Geography paper-I -Physical Geography+

Geography paper-I -Physical Geography: Unit 01
Geomorphology
Geography paper-I -Physical Geography: Unit 02
Climatology
Geography paper-I -Physical Geography: Unit 03
Oceanography
Geography paper-I -Physical Geography: Unit 04
Biogeography
Geography paper-I -Physical Geography: Unit 05
Environmental geography

Human geography+

Human geography: Unit 01
Perspectives in human Geography
Human geography: Unit 02
Economic geography
Human geography: Unit 03
Population and Settlement Geography
Human geography: Unit 04
Regional planning
Human geography: Unit 05
Models, theories and laws in Human Geography

Geography of India paper-II+

Geography of India paper-II: Unit 01
Physical setting
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 02
Resources
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 03
Agriculture
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 04
Industry
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 05
Transport, communication and trade
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 06
Cultural setting
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 07
Settlements
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 08
Regional development and planning
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 09
Political aspects
Geography of India paper-II: Unit 10
Contemporary Issues

Geology paper-I+

Geology paper-I: Unit 01
General geology
Geology paper-I: Unit 02
Geomorphology and remote sensing
Geology paper-I: Unit 03
Structural geology
Geology paper-I: Unit 04
Palaeontology
Geology paper-I: Unit 05
Indian sSratigraphy
Geology paper-I: Unit 06
Hydrogeology and engineering geology

Geology paper-II+

Geology paper-II: Unit 01
Mineralogy
Geology paper-II: Unit 02
Igneous and metamorphic petrology
Geology paper-II: Unit 03
Sedimentary petrology
Geology paper-II: Unit 04
Economic geology
Geology paper-II: Unit 05
Mining geology
Geology paper-II: Unit 06
Geochemistry and environmental geology

History paper-I+

History paper-I: Unit 01
Sources
History paper-I: Unit 02
Pre-history and proto-history
History paper-I: Unit 03
Indus valley civilization
History paper-I: Unit 04
Megalithic cultures
History paper-I: Unit 05
Aryans and Vedic period
History paper-I: Unit 06
Period of Mahajanapadas
History paper-I: Unit 07
Mauryan empire
History paper-I: Unit 08
Post-Mauryan period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushans, Western Kshatriyas)
History paper-I: Unit 09
Early state and society in eastern India, Deccan and south India
History paper-I: Unit 10
Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhan as Regional states during the Gupta era
History paper-I: Unit 11
Themes in early Indian cultural history
History paper-I: Unit 12
Early medieval India, 750-1200
History paper-I: Unit 13
Cultural traditions in India, 750-1200
History paper-I: Unit 14
The thirteenth-century
History paper-I: Unit 15
The fourteenth century
History paper-I: Unit 16
Society, culture and economy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
History paper-I: Unit 17
The fifteenth and early sixteenth century-political developments and economy
History paper-I: Unit 18
The fifteenth and early sixteenth century- society and culture
History paper-I: Unit 19
Akbar
History paper-I: Unit 20
Mughal empire in the seventeenth century
History paper-I: Unit 21
Economy and society, in the 16th and 17th centuries
History paper-I: Unit 22
Culture during the Mughal empire
History paper-I: Unit 23
The eighteenth-century

History paper-II+

History paper-II: Unit 01
European penetration into India
History paper-II: Unit 02
British expansion in India
History paper-II: Unit 03
Early structure of the British raj
History paper-II: Unit 04
The economic impact of British Colonial rule
History paper-II: Unit 05
Social and cultural developments
History paper-II: Unit 06
Indian response to British rule
History paper-II: Unit 07
Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism
History paper-II: Unit 08
Rise of Gandhi
History paper-II: Unit 09
Constitutional developments in Colonial India between 1858 and 1935
History paper-II: Unit 10
Other strands in the National movement
History paper-II: Unit 11
Politics of separatism
History paper-II: Unit 12
Consolidation as a nation
History paper-II: Unit 13
Caste and ethnicity after 1947
History paper-II: Unit 14
Economic development and political change
History paper-II: Unit 15
Enlightenment and modern ideas
History paper-II: Unit 16
Origins of modern politics
History paper-II: Unit 17
Industrialization
History paper-II: Unit 18
Nation-state system
History paper-II: Unit 19
Imperialism and colonialism
History paper-II: Unit 20
Revolution and counter-revolution
History paper-II: Unit 21
World wars
History paper-II: Unit 22
The world after World war 2
History paper-II: Unit 23
Liberation from Colonial Rule
History paper-II: Unit 24
Decolonization and underdevelopment
History paper-II: Unit 25
Unification of Europe
History paper-II: Unit 26
The disintegration of the Soviet Union and the rise of the Unipolar world

Law paper-I+

Law paper-I: Unit 01
Constitutional and administrative law
Law paper-I: Unit 02
International law

Law paper-II+

Law paper-II: Unit 01
Law of crimes
Law paper-II: Unit 02
Law of torts
Law paper-II: Unit 03
Law of contracts and mercantile law
Law paper-II: Unit 04
Contemporary legal developments

Assamese paper-I+

Assamese paper-I: Unit 01
Language
Assamese paper-I: Unit 02
Literary criticism and literary history

Assamese paper-II+

Assamese paper-II: Unit 01
This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability in the Assamese language

Bengali paper-I+

Bengali paper-I: Unit 01
Topics from the history of Bangla language
Bengali paper-I: Unit 02
Topics from the History of Bangla Literature

Bengali paper-II+

Bengali paper-II: Unit 01
Vaishnava Padavali (Calcutta University) poems of Vidyapati, Chandidas, Jnana Das, Govinda Das and Balaram Das
Bengali paper-II: Unit 02
Chandimangal kalketu episode by Mukunda (sahitya akademi)
Bengali paper-II: Unit 03
Chaitanya charitamrita, Madhya lila by Krishnadas Kaviraj (Sahitya Akademi)
Bengali paper-II: Unit 04
Meghnadbadh kavya by Madhusudan Dutta
Bengali paper-II: Unit 05
Kapalkundala by Bankimchandra Chatterjee
Bengali paper-II: Unit 06
Samya and Bangadesher Krishak by Bankimchandra Chatterjee
Bengali paper-II: Unit 07
Sonar Tari by Rabindranath Tagore
Bengali paper-II: Unit 08
Chhinnapatravali by Rabindranath Tagore
Bengali paper-II: Unit 09
Raktakarabi by Rabindranath Tagore
Bengali paper-II: Unit 10
Nabajatak by Rabindranath Tagore
Bengali paper-II: Unit 11
Grihadaha by Saratchandra Chatterjee
Bengali paper-II: Unit 12
Prabandha Samgraha, vol. 1, by Pramatha Chaudhuri
Bengali paper-II: Unit 13
Aranyak by Bibhutibhusan Banerjee
Bengali paper-II: Unit 14
Short stories by Manik Bandyopadhyay: Atashi Mami, Pragaitihasik, Holud-pora, Sarisrip, Haraner Natjamai, Chhoto-Bokulpurer Jatri, Kustharogir Bou, Jakey Ghush Ditey hoy
Bengali paper-II: Unit 15
Shrestha Kavita by Jibanananda Das
Bengali paper-II: Unit 16
Jagori by Satinath Bhaduri
Bengali paper-II: Unit 17
Ebam Indrajit by Badal Sircar

History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-I+

History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-I: Unit 01
History of Bodo language
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-I: Unit 02
History of Bodo literature

History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II+

History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 01
Khonthai-methai (edited by Madaram Brahma & Rupnath Brahma)
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 02
Hathorkhi-hala (edited by Pramod Chandra Brahma)
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 03
Boroni gudi sibsa arw aroz : Madaram Brahma
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 04
Raja nilambar : Dwarendra Nath Basumatary
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 05
Bibar (prose section) (edited by Satish Chandra Basumatary)
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 06
Bibi bithai (aida nwi) : Bihuram Boro
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 07
Radab : Samar Brahma Chaudhury
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 08
Okhrang gongse nangou : Brajendra Kumar Brahma
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 09
Baisagu arw harimu : Laksheswar Brahma
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 10
Gwdan Boro: Manoranjan Lahary
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 11
Jujaini : Chittaranjan Muchahary
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 12
Mwihoor : Dharanidhar Wary
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 13
Hor badi khwmsi : Kamal Kumar Brahma
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 14
Jaolia dewan : Mangal Singh Hozowary
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II: Unit 15
Hagra guduni mwi: Nilkamal Brahma

Dogri paper-I+

Dogri paper-I: Unit 01
History of Dogri language; origin and development, linguistic boundaries, characteristic features and structure of Dogri language.
Dogri paper-I: Unit 02
History of Dogri literature

Dogri paper-II+

Dogri paper-II: Unit 01
Poetry
Dogri paper-II: Unit 02
Prose

English paper-I+

English paper-I: Unit 01
William Shakespeare: King Lear and The Tempest
English paper-I: Unit 02
Canonization
English paper-I: Unit 03
Death be not proud
English paper-I: Unit 04
The good morrow
English paper-I: Unit 05
On his mistress going to bed
English paper-I: Unit 06
The relic
English paper-I: Unit 07
John Milton: Paradise Lost, I, ii, iv, ix
English paper-I: Unit 08
Alexander Pope. The rape of the lock
English paper-I: Unit 09
Ode on intimations of immortality
English paper-I: Unit 10
Tintern Abbey
English paper-I: Unit 11
Three years she grew
English paper-I: Unit 12
She dwelt among untrodden ways
English paper-I: Unit 13
Michael
English paper-I: Unit 14
Resolution and independence
English paper-I: Unit 15
The world is too much with us
English paper-I: Unit 16
Milton; thou shouldst be living at this hour
English paper-I: Unit 17
Upon Westminster bridge
English paper-I: Unit 18
Alfred Tennyson: in memoriam
English paper-I: Unit 19
Henrik Ibsen: a doll’s house
English paper-I: Unit 20
Jonathan Swift; gulliver’s travels
English paper-I: Unit 21
Jane Austen. Pride and prejudice
English paper-I: Unit 22
Henry Fielding. Tom jones
English paper-I: Unit 23
Charles Dickens. Hard times
English paper-I: Unit 24
George Eliot. The mill on the floss
English paper-I: Unit 25
Thomas Hardy. Tess of the d’urbervilles
English paper-I: Unit 26
Mark Twain. The adventures of huckleberry finn

English paper-II+

English paper-II: Unit 01
William Butler Yeats
English paper-II: Unit 02
T.S. Eliot
English paper-II: Unit 03
W.H. Auden
English paper-II: Unit 04
John Osborne: Look back in anger
English paper-II: Unit 05
Samuel Beckett. Waiting for Godot
English paper-II: Unit 06
Philip Larkin
English paper-II: Unit 07
A.K. Ramanujan
English paper-II: Unit 08
Joseph Conrad. Lord Jim
English paper-II: Unit 09
James Joyce. Portrait of the artist as a young man
English paper-II: Unit 10
D.H. Lawrence. Sons and lovers
English paper-II: Unit 11
E.M. Forster. A passage to India
English paper-II: Unit 12
Virginia Woolf. Mrs Dalloway
English paper-II: Unit 13
Raja Rao. Kanthapura
English paper-II: Unit 14
V.S. Naipaul. A house for Mr. Biswas

Gujarati paper-I+

Gujarati paper-I: Unit 01
Gujarati language: form and history
Gujarati paper-I: Unit 02
History of Gujarati literature
Gujarati paper-I: Unit 03
Literary forms
Gujarati paper-I: Unit 04
Medieval
Gujarati paper-I: Unit 05
Folk
Gujarati paper-I: Unit 06
Modern
Gujarati paper-I: Unit 07
Criticism

Gujarati paper-II+

Gujarati paper-II: Unit 01
Medieval
Gujarati paper-II: Unit 02
Sudharakyug & Pandityug
Gujarati paper-II: Unit 03
Gandhiyug & Anu Gandhiyug
Gujarati paper-II: Unit 04
Adhunik yug

Hindi paper-I+

Hindi paper-I: Unit 01
History of Hindi language and Nagari lipi
Hindi paper-I: Unit 02
History of Hindi literature
Hindi paper-I: Unit 03
Katha sahitya
Hindi paper-I: Unit 04
Drama & theatre
Hindi paper-I: Unit 05
Criticism
Hindi paper-I: Unit 06
The other form of Hindi prose—Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant

Hindi paper-II+

Hindi paper-II: Unit 01
Kabir: Kabir Granthawali, Shyam Sundar Das (first hundred sakhis)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 02
Soordas: Miramar Geetsar. Ramchandra Shukla (first hundred padas)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 03
Tulsidas: Ramcharit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttarkand)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 04
Jayasi: Padmawat ed. Shyam Sundar das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 05
Bihari: Bihari Ratnakar, Jagannath Prasad Ratnakar (first 100 Dohas)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 06
Maithili Sharan: Bharat Bharati Gupta
Hindi paper-II: Unit 07
Prasad: Kamayani (Chinta and shraddha Sarg)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 08
Dinkar: Kurukshetra
Hindi paper-II: Unit 09
Agyeya: Angan ke par dwar (asadhya veena)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 10
Muktiboth: Brahm rakshas
Hindi paper-II: Unit 11
Nagarjun: Badal ko ghirte dekha hai, Akal ke bad, Harijan gatha
Hindi paper-II: Unit 12
Bharatendu: Bharat durdasha
Hindi paper-II: Unit 13
Mohan Rakesh: Ashadh ka ek din
Hindi paper-II: Unit 14
Ramchandra: Chintamani (part I) (kavitakya shukla hai, Shraddhaaurbhakti)
Hindi paper-II: Unit 15
Dr Satyendra: nibandh nilaya—Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab rai, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai
Hindi paper-II: Unit 16
Premchand; godan, Premchand ki sarvashreshtha kahaniyan, ed. Amrit Rai/manjusha
Hindi paper-II: Unit 17
Prasad: Skanda Gupta
Hindi paper-II: Unit 18
Yashpal: Divya
Hindi paper-II: Unit 19
Phaniswar Nath Renu: Maila anchal
Hindi paper-II: Unit 20
Mannu Bhandari: Mahabhoj
Hindi paper-II: Unit 21
Rajendra Yadav: Ek Dunia Samanantar (all stories)

Kannada paper-I+

Kannada paper-I: Unit 01
History of Kannada language
Kannada paper-I: Unit 02
History of Kannada literature
Kannada paper-I: Unit 03
Poetics and literary criticism
Kannada paper-I: Unit 04
The cultural History of Karnataka

Kannada paper-II+

Kannada paper-II: Unit 01
Old Kannada literature
Kannada paper-II: Unit 02
Medieval Kannada literature
Kannada paper-II: Unit 03
Modern Kannada literature
Kannada paper-II: Unit 04
Folk literature

Kashmiri paper-I+

Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 01
Genealogical relationship of the Kashmiri language: various theories
Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 02
Areas of occurence and dialects (Geographical/Social)
Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 03
Phonology and Grammar
Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 04
Syntactic structure
Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 05
Kashmiri literature in the 14th century (socio-cultural and intellectual background with Special reference to Lal Dyad and sheikh ul Alam)
Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 06
Nineteenth-century Kashmiri literature (development of various genres: vatsun, ghazal and mathnavi
Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 07
Kashmiri literature in the first half of the twentieth century (with special reference to Mahjoor and Azad, various literary influences)
Kashmiri paper-I: Unit 08
Modern kashmiri literature (with special reference to the development of the short story, drama, novel and nazm)

Kashmiri paper-II+

Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 01
Intensive study of kashmiri poetry up to the nineteenth century
Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 02
Kashmiri poetry: 19th century
Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 03
Twentieth-century Kashmiri poetry (text in azich kashir shairi, published by the Dept. Of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir)
Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 04
Literary criticism and research work: development and various trends
Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 05
An analytical study of the short story in Kashmiri
Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 06
Novel in Kashmiri
Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 07
Drama in Kashmiri
Kashmiri paper-II: Unit 08
Kashmiri folk literature

Konkani paper-I+

Konkani paper-I: Unit 01
History of the Konkani language
Konkani paper-I: Unit 02
History of Konkani literature

Konkani paper-II+

Konkani paper-II: Unit 01
Prose
Konkani paper-II: Unit 02
Poetry

Maithili paper-I+

Maithili paper-I: Unit 01
History of Maithili language
Maithili paper-I: Unit 02
History of Maithili literature

Maithili paper-II+

Maithili paper-II: Unit 01
Vidyapati Geet-Shati—Publisher: Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (lyrics— 1 to 50)
Maithili paper-II: Unit 02
Govind Das Bhajanavali—Publisher: Maithili acadamy, Patna (lyrics— 1 to 25)
Maithili paper-II: Unit 03
Krishnajanm—Manbodh
Maithili paper-II: Unit 04
Mithilabhasha ramayana—Chanda Jha (only sunder-kand)
Maithili paper-II: Unit 05
Rameshwar charit mithila ramayan—Lal Das (only Bal-kand)
Maithili paper-II: Unit 06
Keechak-vadh—Tantra Nath Jha
Maithili paper-II: Unit 07
Datta-Vati—Surendra Jah ‘Suman’ (only 1st and 2nd cantos)
Maithili paper-II: Unit 08
Chitra-yatri
Maithili paper-II: Unit 09
Samakaleen Maithili Kavita—publisher: Sahitaya Akademi, New Delhi
Maithili paper-II: Unit 10
Varna Ratnakar—Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol)
Maithili paper-II: Unit 11
Khattar kakak tarang—Hari Mohan Jha
Maithili paper-II: Unit 12
Lorik—Vijaya Manipadma
Maithili paper-II: Unit 13
Prithvi putra—Lalit
Maithili paper-II: Unit 14
Bhaphait chahak jinagi—Sudhanshu ‘Shekhar’ Choudhary
Maithili paper-II: Unit 15
Kriti Rajkamlak—publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (first ten stories only)
Maithili paper-II: Unit 16
Katha–Sangrah–publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna

Malayalam paper-I+

Malayalam paper-I: Unit 01
Early phase of Malayalam language
Malayalam paper-I: Unit 02
Linguistic features
Malayalam paper-I: Unit 03
Standardization of Malayalam

Literary history+

Literary history: Unit 01
Ancient and medieval literature
Literary history: Unit 02
Modern literature—poetry
Literary history: Unit 03
Modern literature—prose

Malayalam paper-II

Manipuri paper-I

Manipuri paper-II+

Manipuri paper-II: Unit 01
Old Manipuri literature
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 02
Medieval Manipuri literature
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 03
Modern Manipuri literature
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 04
Poetry and epic: poetry
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 05
Epic
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 06
Drama
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 07
Novel
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 08
Short-story
Manipuri paper-II: Unit 09
Prose

Marathi paper-I+

Marathi paper-I: Unit 01
Language and folk-lore
Marathi paper-I: Unit 02
History of Marathi literature
Marathi paper-I: Unit 03
Literary criticism

Marathi paper-II+

Marathi paper-II: Unit 01
Prose
Marathi paper-II: Unit 02
Poetry

Nepali paper-I+

Nepali paper-I: Unit 01
History of the origin and development of Nepali as one of the new Indo Aryan languages
Nepali paper-I: Unit 02
Fundamentals of Nepali Grammar and phonology
Nepali paper-I: Unit 03
Major dialects of Nepali
Nepali paper-I: Unit 04
Standardisation and Modernisation of Nepali with special reference to language movements (viz. Halanta Bahiskar, Jharrovad etc.)
Nepali paper-I: Unit 05
The teaching of Nepali language in India—its History and development with special reference to its socio-cultural aspects
Nepali paper-I: Unit 06
History of Nepali literature with special reference to its development in India
Nepali paper-I: Unit 07
Fundamental concepts and theories of literature: Kavya/Sahitya, Kavya Prayojan, Literary genres, Shabda Shakti, Rasa, Alankara, Tragedy, Comedy, Aesthetics, Stylistics
Nepali paper-I: Unit 08
Major literary trends and movements— Swachchhandatavad, Yatharthavad, Astitwavad, Ayamik movement, Contemporary Nepali writings, Postmodernism
Nepali paper-I: Unit 09
Nepali folklores (the following folk-form only)—Sawai, Jhyaurey, Selo, Sangini, Lahari

Nepali paper-II+

Nepali paper-II: Unit 01
Santa Jnandil Das
Nepali paper-II: Unit 02
Lekhnath Poudyal
Nepali paper-II: Unit 03
Agam Sing Giri
Nepali paper-II: Unit 04
Haribhakta Katuwal
Nepali paper-II: Unit 05
Balkrishna Sama
Nepali paper-II: Unit 06
Manbahadur Mukhia
Nepali paper-II: Unit 07
Indra Sundas
Nepali paper-II: Unit 08
Lilbahadur Chhetri
Nepali paper-II: Unit 09
Rupnarayan Sinha
Nepali paper-II: Unit 10
Indrabahadur Rai
Nepali paper-II: Unit 11
Sanu Lama
Nepali paper-II: Unit 12
Laxmi Prasad
Nepali paper-II: Unit 13
Ramkrishna Sharma

Odia paper-I+

Odia paper-I: Unit 01
History of Odia language
Odia paper-I: Unit 02
History Of Odia literature

Odia paper-II+

Odia paper-II: Unit 01
Ancient (poetry)
Odia paper-II: Unit 02
Medieval(poetry)
Odia paper-II: Unit 03
Modern(poetry)
Odia paper-II: Unit 04
Drama
Odia paper-II: Unit 05
Novel
Odia paper-II: Unit 06
Short story
Odia paper-II: Unit 07
Essay

Punjabi paper-I

Punjabi paper-II

Sanskit paper-I+

Sanskit paper-I: Unit 01
General knowledge
Sanskit paper-I: Unit 02
Essential of Indian Culture
Purusharth, Samskaras, Varnasramavyavastha, Arts and fine arts, Technical Sciences.
Sanskit paper-I: Unit 03
Trends of Indian Philosophy
Mimansa, Vedanta, Nyaya, vaishesika, Yoga, Bauddha, jaina, Carvaka
Sanskit paper-I: Unit 04
Short Essay (in Sanskrit)

Sanskit paper-II

Shanthal paper-I+

Shanthal paper-I: Unit 01
History of Santhali language
Shanthal paper-I: Unit 02
History of Santhali literature
Shanthal paper-I: Unit 03
Folk literature in Santhali—folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms puzzles, and kudum
Shanthal paper-I: Unit 04
Modern literature in Santhali

Shanthal paper-II+

Shanthal paper-II: Unit 01
Ancient literature
Shanthal paper-II: Unit 02
Modern literature
Shanthal paper-II: Unit 03
Poetry
Shanthal paper-II: Unit 04
Novels
Shanthal paper-II: Unit 05
Stories
Shanthal paper-II: Unit 06
Drama
Shanthal paper-II: Unit 07
Biography

Sindhi paper-I

Sindhi paper-II+

Sindhi paper-II: Unit 01
Poetry
Sindhi paper-II: Unit 02
Drama

Tamil paper-I+

Tamil paper-I: Unit 01
History of Tamil language
Tamil paper-I: Unit 02
History of Tamil literature
Tamil paper-I: Unit 03
Devotional literature (Alwars and Nayanamars)
Tamil paper-I: Unit 04
Recent trends in Tamil studies
Tamil paper-I: Unit 05
Folk literature in Tamil
Tamil paper-I: Unit 06
Cultural heritage of the Tamils

Tamil paper-II+

Tamil paper-II: Unit 01
Ancient literature
Tamil paper-II: Unit 02
Epic literature
Tamil paper-II: Unit 03
Devotional literature
Tamil paper-II: Unit 04
Modern literature
Tamil paper-II: Unit 05
Poetry
Tamil paper-II: Unit 06
Prose
Tamil paper-II: Unit 07
Novel, short story and drama
Tamil paper-II: Unit 08
Folk literature

Telugu paper-I+

Telugu paper-I: Unit 01
Language
Telugu paper-I: Unit 02
Literature

Telugu paper-II

Urdu paper-I

Urdu paper-II

Management paper-I+

Management paper-I: Unit 01
Managerial function and process
Management paper-I: Unit 02
Organisational behaviour and design
Management paper-I: Unit 03
Human resource management
Management paper-I: Unit 04
Accounting for managers
Management paper-I: Unit 05
Financial management
Management paper-I: Unit 06
Marketing management

Management paper-II+

Management paper-II: Unit 01
Quantitative techniques in decision-making
Management paper-II: Unit 02
Production and operations management
Management paper-II: Unit 03
Management information system
Management paper-II: Unit 04
Government business interface
Management paper-II: Unit 05
Strategic cost management
Management paper-II: Unit 06
International business

Mathematics paper-I+

Mathematics paper-I: Unit 01
Linear algebra
Mathematics paper-I: Unit 02
Calculus
Mathematics paper-I: Unit 03
Analytic geometry
Mathematics paper-I: Unit 04
Ordinary differential equations
Mathematics paper-I: Unit 05
Dynamics and statics
Mathematics paper-I: Unit 06
Vector analysis

Mathematics paper-II+

Mathematics paper-II: Unit 01
Algebra
Mathematics paper-II: Unit 02
Real analysis
Mathematics paper-II: Unit 03
Complex analysis
Mathematics paper-II: Unit 04
Linear programming
Mathematics paper-II: Unit 05
Partial differential equations
Mathematics paper-II: Unit 06
Numerical analysis and computer programming
Mathematics paper-II: Unit 07
Mechanics and fluid dynamics

Mechanical engineering paper-I+

Mechanical engineering paper-I: Unit 01
Mechanics of rigid bodies
Mechanical engineering paper-I: Unit 02
Mechanics of deformable bodies
Mechanical engineering paper-I: Unit 03
Engineering materials
Mechanical engineering paper-I: Unit 04
Theory of machines
Mechanical engineering paper-I: Unit 05
Manufacturing science
Mechanical engineering paper-I: Unit 06
Manufacturing process
Mechanical engineering paper-I: Unit 07
Manufacturing management

Mechanical engineering paper-II+

Mechanical engineering paper-II: Unit 01
Thermodynamics, gas dynamics turbine
Mechanical engineering paper-II: Unit 02
Heat transfer
Mechanical engineering paper-II: Unit 03
Engines
Mechanical engineering paper-II: Unit 04
Steam engineering
Mechanical engineering paper-II: Unit 05
Refrigeration and air-conditioning

Medical science paper-I+

Medical science paper-I: Unit 01
Human anatomy
Medical science paper-I: Unit 02
Human physiology
Medical science paper-I: Unit 03
Biochemistry
Medical science paper-I: Unit 04
Pathology
Medical science paper-I: Unit 05
Microbiology
Medical science paper-I: Unit 06
Pharmacology
Medical science paper-I: Unit 07
Forensic medicine and toxicology

Medical science paper-II+

Medical science paper-II: Unit 01
General medicine
Medical science paper-II: Unit 02
Paediatrics
Medical science paper-II: Unit 03
Dermatology
Medical science paper-II: Unit 04
General surgery
Medical science paper-II: Unit 05
Obstetrics and gynaecology including family planning
Medical science paper-II: Unit 06
Community medicine (Preventive and social medicine)

Philosophy paper-I+

Philosophy paper-I: Unit 01
History and problems of philosophy

Philosophy paper-II+

Philosophy paper-II: Unit 01
Socio-political philosophy
Philosophy paper-II: Unit 02
Philosophy of religion

Physics paper-I+

Physics paper-I: Unit 01
Mechanics of particles
Physics paper-I: Unit 02
Mechanics of rigid bodies
Physics paper-I: Unit 03
Mechanics of continuous media
Physics paper-I: Unit 04
Special relativity
Physics paper-I: Unit 05
Waves
Physics paper-I: Unit 06
Geometrical optics
Physics paper-I: Unit 07
Interference
Physics paper-I: Unit 08
Diffraction
Physics paper-I: Unit 09
Polarisation and Modern optics
Physics paper-I: Unit 10
Electricity and magnetism
Physics paper-I: Unit 11
Electromagnetic waves and blackbody radiation
Physics paper-I: Unit 12
Thermal and statistical physics

Physics paper-II+

Physics paper-II: Unit 01
Quantum mechanics
Physics paper-II: Unit 02
Atomic and molecular physics
Physics paper-II: Unit 03
Nuclear and particle physics
Physics paper-II: Unit 04
Solid-state physics, devices and electronics

Political science and international relations paper-I+

Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 01
Political theory and Indian politics
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 02
Political Theory: meaning and approaches
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 03
Theories of the State
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 04
Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 05
Equality: Social, political and economic
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 06
Affirmative action
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 07
Rights: Meaning and theories
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 08
Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories;
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 09
Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 10
Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 11
Indian Political Though
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 12
Western political thought
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 13
Indian nationalism
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 14
Making of the Indian constitution
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 15
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 16
Principal Organs of the Union Government
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 17
Principal Organs of the State Government:
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 18
Grassroots Democracy
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 19
Statutory Institutions/Commissions
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 20
Federalism
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 21
Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 22
Party system
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 23
Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 24
Changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
Political science and international relations paper-I: Unit 25
Social movement

Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II+

Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 01
Comparative political analysis and international politics
Comparative politics
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 02
Evolution of the International Economic System
From brettonwoods to wto
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 03
United nations
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 04
Regionalisation of World Politics
EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 05
Contemporary Global Concerns
Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 06
India and the world
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 07
Indian foreign policy
Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 08
India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement
Different phases; current role
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 09
India and South Asia
Regional Co-operation: SAARC
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 10
India and the Global South
Relations with Africa and Latin America,
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 11
India and the Global Centres of Power
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 12
India and the UN System
Role in un peace-keeping
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 13
India and the Nuclear Question
Changing perceptions and policy
Comparative Politics and International Relations paper-II: Unit 14
Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy
India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia

Psychology paper-I+

Psychology paper-I: Unit 01
Foundations of psychology
Psychology paper-I: Unit 02
Introduction
Psychology paper-I: Unit 03
Methods of psychology
Psychology paper-I: Unit 04
Research methods
Psychology paper-I: Unit 05
Development of human behaviour
Psychology paper-I: Unit 06
Sensation, attention and perception
Psychology paper-I: Unit 07
Learning
Psychology paper-I: Unit 08
Memory
Psychology paper-I: Unit 09
Thinking and problem solving
Psychology paper-I: Unit 10
Motivation and emotion
Psychology paper-I: Unit 11
Intelligence and aptitude
Psychology paper-I: Unit 12
Personality
Psychology paper-I: Unit 13
Attitudes, values and interests
Psychology paper-I: Unit 14
Language and communication
Psychology paper-I: Unit 15
Issues and perspectives in modern contemporary psychology

Psychology paper-II+

Psychology paper-II: Unit 01
Psychological measurement of individual differences
Psychology paper-II: Unit 02
Psychological well being and mental disorders
Psychology paper-II: Unit 03
Therapeutic approaches
Psychology paper-II: Unit 04
Work psychology and organisational behaviour
Psychology paper-II: Unit 05
Application of psychology to educational field
Psychology paper-II: Unit 06
Community psychology
Psychology paper-II: Unit 07
Rehabilitation psychology
Psychology paper-II: Unit 08
Application of psychology to disadvantaged groups
Psychology paper-II: Unit 09
Psychological problem of social integration
Psychology paper-II: Unit 10
Application of psychology in information technology and mass media
Psychology paper-II: Unit 11
Psychology and economic development
Psychology paper-II: Unit 12
Application of psychology to environment and related fields
Psychology paper-II: Unit 13
Application of psychology in other fields
Psychology paper-II: Unit 14
Psychology of gender

Public Administration paper-I+

Public Administration paper-I: Unit 01
Introduction
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 02
Administrative thought
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 03
Administrative behaviour
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 04
Organisations
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 05
Accountability and control
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 06
Administrative law
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 07
Comparative public administration
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 08
Development dynamics
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 09
Personnel administration
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 10
Public policy
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 11
Techniques of administrative improvement
Public Administration paper-I: Unit 12
Financial administration

Public Administration paper-II+

Public Administration paper-II: Unit 01
Evolution of Indian administration
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 02
Philosophical and constitutional framework of government
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 03
Public sector undertakings
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 04
Union government and administration
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 05
Plans and priorities
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 06
State government and administration
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 07
District administration since independence
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 08
Civil services
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 09
Financial management
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 10
Administrative reforms since independence
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 11
Rural development
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 12
Urban local government
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 13
Law and order administration
Public Administration paper-II: Unit 14
Significant issues in Indian administration

Sociology paper-I+

Sociology paper-I: Unit 01
Sociology - the discipline
Sociology paper-I: Unit 02
Sociology as science
Sociology paper-I: Unit 03
Research methods and analysis
Sociology paper-I: Unit 04
Sociological thinkers
Sociology paper-I: Unit 05
Stratification and mobility
Sociology paper-I: Unit 06
Works and economic life
Sociology paper-I: Unit 07
Politics and society
Sociology paper-I: Unit 08
Religion and society
Sociology paper-I: Unit 09
Systems of kinship
Sociology paper-I: Unit 10
Social change in modern society

Sociology paper-II+

Sociology paper-II: Unit 01
Introducing Indian society
Sociology paper-II: Unit 02
Social structure
Sociology paper-II: Unit 03
Social changes in India

Statistics paper-I+

Statistics paper-I: Unit 01
Probability
Statistics paper-I: Unit 02
Statistical inference
Statistics paper-I: Unit 03
Linear inference and multivariate analysis
Statistics paper-I: Unit 04
Sampling theory and design of experiments

Statistics paper-II+

Statistics paper-II: Unit 01
Industrial statistics
Statistics paper-II: Unit 02
Optimization techniques
Statistics paper-II: Unit 03
Quantitative economics and official statistics
Statistics paper-II: Unit 04
Demography and psychometry

Zoology paper-I+

Zoology paper-I: Unit 01
Non-chordata and chordata
Zoology paper-I: Unit 02
Ecology
Zoology paper-I: Unit 03
Ethology
Zoology paper-I: Unit 04
Economic zoology
Zoology paper-I: Unit 05
Biostatistics
Zoology paper-I: Unit 06
Instrumentation methods

Zoology paper-II+

Zoology paper-II: Unit 01
Cell biology
Zoology paper-II: Unit 02
Genetics
Zoology paper-II: Unit 03
Evolution
Zoology paper-II: Unit 04
Systematics
Zoology paper-II: Unit 05
Biochemistry
Zoology paper-II: Unit 06
Physiology (with special reference to Mammals)
Zoology paper-II: Unit 07
Developmental biology

Candidates who qualify UPSC Civil Services with good marks should include the below mentioned tips to qualify the exam.

1. Understand exam pattern thoroughly

2. Check UPSC IAS syllabus and accordingly choose your optional subject

3. Make short notes and revise time to time

4. Solve previous year question papers

5. Take mock test and check your performance

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Exam Pattern

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Exam Pattern


• The Preliminary examination of Civil Services consists of two papers – General Studies Paper I and II.
• The test booklet carries objective type multiple choice questions.
• The General Studies Paper I carries total 100 questions while there are 80 questions in Paper II.
• Total marks of preliminary exam was 400. Each paper will carry 200 marks.
• Negative marks for wrong answer will be 0.33.
• The language of question paper of Civil Services preliminary exam will be Hindi and English.
• Each paper will be held for two hours.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Exam Pattern

• The main exam of Civil Services consists of 9 conventional Essay type papers.
• Two papers – A (Indian Language) and B (English) will be qualifying in nature.
• Paper I to VII are compulsory papers.
• The test carries total 1750 marks.
• There will be 26 optional subjects in main examination as per Civil Services
• Each paper of UPSC Civil Services mains will be of 3 hours
• The main examination assesses the overall intellectual traits of candidates.
• The questions of General Studies (Paper II to V) tests candidate’s general awareness about relevant issues.
• Questions of optional papers (Paper VI to VII) will be degree level.
• The standard of papers A and B will be of matriculation level.

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Admit Card

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Admit Card

UPSC releases Civil Services admit card online separately for  Preliminary, Main and Personality Test. Commission will release the admit card for UPSC IAS prelims tentatively by March 28 in online mode. The hard copy of the admit card is not sent to candidates by post, therefore, they are required to download the same online. 

Steps to download UPSC IAS prelims admit card

Step 1: Visit official website

Step 2: Click on UPSC Civil services admit card link

Step 3: Enter login credentials i.e roll number  or registration number & password and click on submit button

Step 4: Save UPSC IAS admit card for future use

The admit card carries details like name, roll number, photograph, signature, details of exam centre, date and time of the exam. After downloading UPSC Civil Services admit card, candidates should check the details carefully. Along with the admit card, candidates are required to carry photo-identity proof and two passport size photographs to the examination centre. No candidates are allowed to appear for the exam without the admit card.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Admit Card

Civil Services admit card for mains exam will be issued to only those candidates who will qualify the prelims exam and fil the Detailed Application Form of UPSC IAS. To download the admit card candidates have to use their pre assigned login credentials and enter captcha. Candidates are advised to carry copy of Civil services admit card along with valid id proof.

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Exam Centers

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Exam Centers

State City
Uttar Pradesh Agra
Aligarh
Allahabad
Bareilly
Ghaziabad
Gorakhpur
Gautam Budh Nagar
Lucknow
Varanasi
Rajasthan Ajmer
Jaipur
Jodhpur
Udaipur
Gujarat Ahmedabad
Rajkot
Mizoram Aizawl
Andhra Pradesh Anantapur
Tirupati
Vijayawada
Visakhapatnam
Maharashtra Aurangabad
Pune
Thane
Karnataka Bengaluru
Dharwad
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Gwalior
Indore
Jabalpur
Chhattisgarh Bilaspur
Raipur
Punjab Chandigarh
Ludhiana
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Coimbatore
Tiruchirapalli
Madurai
Vellore
Odisha Cuttack
Sambalpur
Haryana Gurgaon
Faridabad
Telangana Hyderabad
Warangal
Manipur Imphal
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu
Srinagar
Assam Jorhat
Kerala Kochi
Kozhikode
Thiruvananthapuram
Nagaland Kohima
West Bengal Kolkata
Siliguri
Goa Panaji
Bihar Patna
Gaya
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Puducherry Puducherry
Jharkhand Ranchi
Meghalaya Shillong
Himachal Pradesh Shimla
Uttarakhand Dehradun
Delhi New Delhi
Sikkim Gangtok

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Exam Centers

State City
Gujarat Ahmedabad
Mizoram Aizawl
Uttar Pradesh Allahabad
Lucknow
Karnataka Bengaluru
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Chandigarh Chandigarh
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Odisha Cuttack
Uttarakhand Dehradun
Delhi New Delhi
Telangana Hyderabad
Rajasthan Jaipur
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu
West Bengal Kolkata
Maharashtra Mumbai
Bihar Patna
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Jharkhand Ranchi
Meghalaya Shillong
Himachal Pradesh Shimla
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada

Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit card
  • Aadhaar card
  • Driving license
  • Passport
  • Voter ID
  • Two passport size photographs

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases the answer key of Civil Services after completion of recruitment process. The answer key will be available online in PDF format all sets of test booklets provided to candidates during exam. Comparing the answers from Civil Services answer key, candidates can calculate their probable score based on the number of answers marked correctly and incorrectly.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Answer Key

Civil Services answer key for preliminary exam will be released for both General Studies Paper I and II. UPSC Civil Services answer key will be available for all sets - A, B, C, D of both the papers. The answer key of Civil Services Prelims will also be released by coaching institutes after the conclusion of exam on May 31. The exam conducting authority, UPSC, will release Civil Services answer key for preliminary exam after declaration of final result. 

Civil Services result is announced in three phases – Preliminary, Main and Final. The result of all the stages is declared online. UPSC first declares Civil Services result of Preliminary examination followed by the announcement of result for mains exam. The final result is declared after completion of Personality Test. The result PDF file carries the roll numbers of qualified candidates. UPSC also releases the scores of candidates of written examinations and Interview/Personality Test after completion of selection process.


UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Result

Civil Services result of Preliminary exam is declared online. Based on Civil Services result of preliminary examination, candidates are selected for mains exam. The marks obtained by candidates in the preliminary examination are not counted for determining the final merit list. Candidates selected for the mains exam will be 12 to 13 times the number of vacancies. Only those candidates who will be declared qualified in the preliminary examination will be only eligible to appear for the main exam. The aggregate score of preliminary examination will be calculated based on the number of correct answers in General Studies Paper I and II after deducting the marks for wrong answers.

Civil Services Cutoff refers to the minimum qualifying marks secured by the last recommended candidates as per categories at different stages of exam. The cutoff will be released by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) after the announcement of final result. The commission will decide separate cutoff scores for Preliminary, Mains and Final allotment. Civil Services cutoff will be fixed by UPSC to select deserving candidates for the recruitment exam.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Cutoff

Civil Services cutoff of preliminary exam will be decided based on the General Studies Paper I. The Paper II will be qualifying in nature and applicants have to secure 33% passing marks in exam.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Cutoff

The cutoff of Civil Services mains is calculated based on the seven compulsory papers as two papers are qualifying in nature. Candidates will be required to secure 25% each in two qualifying papers to pass the exam. However, there will be sectional cut off of 10% in the compulsory papers too. Based on the Civil Services cutoff of mains exam, candidates will be selected for the Personality Test. The final cutoff of Civil Service will be determined based on mains exam and Personality Test. On the basis of final Civil Services cutoff, allotment of candidates will be done for various services.

The selection procedure of Civil Services comprises the following stages -

Preliminary Exam – Civil Services preliminary examination will be held for all candidates registering successfully for the exam. This stage will be conducted to screen candidates for the mains exam. The marks obtained in the preliminary stage will not be counted for the final merit list.

Mains Exam – The mains exam will be conducted for candidates selected based on the marks of preliminary exam. Candidates 12 to 13 times the number of vacancies will be selected for the mains exam. The papers on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and B) of Civil Services mains examination will be qualifying in nature. The marks of these papers will not counted for final ranking. Marks of candidates for Paper I to VII will be taken into consideration for final merit list.

Personality Test – In  this stage, candidates twice the number of vacancies will be selected based on their performance in the mains exam. Marks obtained by candidates in the Main exam and Personality Test will be considered for preparation of All India Merit List. Allocation of services will be done as per the candidate’s rank in the merit list and preferences of services and posts.


Documents Required at Counselling

  • Date of birth certificate or high school mark sheet with date of birth
  • Printout of e-summon letter
  • Mark sheet/certificate of class 10 and 12 examination
  • Certificate regarding degree/post-graduate/other examinations passed
  • Passport size photographs and one should attached to interview call letter
  • Character certificate
  • SC/ST/OBC categories must bring the caste/community certificate issued by the competent authority
  • Medical certificate for physically challenged candidates
  • Discharge certificate in applied under ex-servicemen
  • Aadhaar card/Passport/Pan card/Voter ID /Driving license /any other photo id card issued by the statutory authorities with affixed photograph

General Information

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question: How can I apply for IAS 2020?

Answer:

To apply for UPSC IAS 2020 applicants have to visit official website- upsc.gov.in and click on link to apply

Question: What is IAS salary ?

Answer:

Basic pay of trainee IAS officers is Rs. 56,100

Question: How many vacancies are there in UPSC IAS 2020?

Answer:

Official vacancies will be notified in UPSC Civil service notification but tentatively there will 900 vacancies.

Question: When can I apply for IAS 2020 ?

Answer:

Applicants can fill UPSC Civil services application form from February 12, 2020 in online mode.

Questions related to UPSC Civil Services Exam

Showing 1094 out of 1094 Questions
17 Views

i want to know the syllabus of upsc for ias

manoj kashyap 23rd Feb, 2020

Hello,

I am happy to share you upsc syallubus for Ias .

AS Exam is conducted in 3 successive stages- Prelims, Main and Interview test. The prelims stage is an objective test of 400 marks whereas Main is subjective paper of 1750 marks followed by personality test of 275 marks.

Just click the link below and follow the instruction given in Upsc official page

https://www.upsc.gov.in/examinations/revised-syllabus-scheme

18 Views

ias ki tyari kaise kare to success honge

manoj kashyap 23rd Feb, 2020

Hello Aspirants,

You can make your own success story if you just keep in mind the below points:

Know the UPSC exam pattern and syllabus.

Learn the UPSC syllabus thoroughly.

Get the right books and material.

Get the current affairs notes up-to-date.

Practice mock tests.

Practice answer writing for the mains.

Work hard without losing energy and hope!

5 Views

which college is best for IAS preperation after 12th

Papeya Dubey Student Expert 23rd Feb, 2020
Hello,

The eligibility for UPSC Civil Service is to have attained 21 years age and graduation in any discipline from a recognized university, even final students are eligible to apply.
You can enroll in any college with your choice of course, there's no discrimination done amidst the choices,hence UPSC allows people from all discipline to appear for it.
And,most importantly to be able to succeed in UPSC requires a lot more than good college and degree, it's solely your preparation and strategy that helps you achieve the goals. It requires one year of preparation and one year to appear for exam and interview, this is the schedule, if you plan right,you'll succeed in the very first attempt.
4 Views

can you tell me the best ias academy in Chennai?

Rohan Goyal 22nd Feb, 2020

Hi Vivekanandan,

IAS is an National Exam which is conducted by UPSC ( Union Public Service Commission ). IAS is an Indian Administrative Service  which is a civil service which has many functions for government bodies. There are many best IAS academies in Chennai they are as follows :-

1) Kamaraj IAS Academy

2) Topper's IAS Academy

3) Shankar IAS Academy

4) Success IAS academy

5) Ganesh IAS Academy

6) Smart leader IAS Academy

I hope you got your answer.

All the best for your future!

9 Views

tell me all about upcs exam (IAS)

Papeya Dubey Student Expert 23rd Feb, 2020
Hello,

UPSC Civil Service Exam consists of three level-

Preliminary
Mains
Interview


Preliminary numbers are not added in the final list, you just need to score the required cut offs against your category.It mainly consists of GS Paper-I and CSAT. Both consists of 200 marks, MCQs based.


Mains is more of a subjective type, one needs to write answer for Four General Studies Paper,Two Optionals, One Essay, two language paper, there are total nine papers here. 250 marks for each paper, total is 1750


You can go through the gradual steps as mentioned below in order to start your preparation for UPSC:


Be well acquainted with UPSC Syllabus, learn it by heart, that's the most crucial step to crack this exam, to know what to read and what to skip. In addition to this, never ever make a differentiation between prelims and mains, what I mean is do not prepare separately for each, because nowadays what's happening is even in prelims, UPSC frame questions based on Mains syllabus, So, the first towards preparation shall be a combined preparation for both.

Read any newspaper like The Hindu, or Indian Express on a regular basis to be updated as well as gaining knowledge which shall be highly useful to you in future exam preparation part.

Start with basics, for each subject, you can do with NCERTs for this.

As you progress, move on to other relevant books, keep your resources minimum like Polity by Laxmikanth, History of Modern India by Bipin Chandra etc.

Start practicing answer writing in advance, even in a little way, writing mains is a huge task for nine paper, it requires immense practice along with knowledge.

Practice previous year question paper which you can get from the site of UPSC,in addition mock papers, and test series which you can get it from any of the sites extensively dedicated to UPSC, , it's highly important to evaluate your performance while doing so.

Prelims is mcq based, but still it requires knowledge coupled with speed, and for mains, as I already mentioned the importance of answer writing.

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