About UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020

Union Public Service Commission conducts Civil Services Exam for the recruitment of candidates to All India Services like Indian Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Services (IPS) and Indian Forest Services (IFS) and Central Services such as Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS), Indian Foreign Service etc. Candidates can fill the application form from February to March, in online mode. The graduate candidates who are between 21 to 32 years of age are eligible to appear for Civil Services Exam. The selection process of UPSC Civil Services comprises three stages – Preliminary, Mains and Interview. 

Frequency: Once a year
Languages English, Hindi
Conducting Body: Union Public Service Commission
UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary - Duration 4 Hours +1 More

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UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Important Dates

UPSC Civil Services Exam (Session 2020)

Upcoming Dates and Events

12 Feb, 2020

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12 Feb, 2020 - 03 Mar, 2020

Application | Mode: Online

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Exam (Session 2020)

Upcoming Dates and Events

25 Apr, 2020 (Tentative)

Admit Card | Mode: Online

31 May, 2020

Exam | Mode: Offline

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Exam (Session 2020)

Upcoming Dates and Events

29 Aug, 2020 (Tentative)

Admit Card | Mode: Online

18 Sep, 2020

Exam | Mode: Offline

Candidates can check below Civil Services eligibility criteria in terms of age, educational qualification, nationality and number of attempts.
Candidates to be eligible for Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service must be a citizen of India.
While for other services, candidates must be either -
• A citizen of India Or
• Nepal / Bhutan/a Tibetan refugee (who came to India before January 1, 1962 with the intention of settling down permanently) or
• Those migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam to settle in India. These candidates must have eligibility certificate issued by Government of India.
Candidates belonging to Nepal, Bhutan or Tibetan refugee are not eligible for appointment to Indian Foreign Service.
Age limit as on August 1, 2019
Candidates age should be 21 to 32 years
Relaxation in upper age limit will be provided to the following categories.
• SC/ST – 5 years
• OBC – 3 years
• Defence Service Personnel – 3 years
• Ex-Servicemen – 5 years
• ECOs/SSCOs – 5 years
• PwD – 10 years
Academic qualification
Candidates must have graduation in any discipline. Those who have appeared in their final year degree examination and results are awaited are eligible for the examination.
Number of Attempts
• Candidates appearing for Civil Service Examination will be provided only six attempts.
• There is no restriction for SC/ST candidates
    • OBC category candidates are permitted nine attempts

Mode of Application : Online and Offline

Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card | Bank Challan | Other

Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) releases the application form for UPSC Civil Services Exam. General and OBC category candidates have to pay Rs 100 while female/SC/ST/PWD candidates are exempted from payment of application fees. UPSC also provides the facility to withdraw the application form. However, the application fee paid by candidates can not refunded. 

Application Fees

Category Quota Mode Gender Amount
General Offline Male ₹ 100
OBC Online Male ₹ 100

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Syllabus

Paper I-Current events of national and international importance
Paper I-History of India and Indian National Movement
Paper I-Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
Paper I-Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues,
Paper I-Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives
Paper I-General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation
Paper I-General Science
Paper II-Comprehension
Paper II-Interpersonal skills including communication skills
Paper II-Logical reasoning and Analytical ability
Paper II-Decision making and Problem solving
Paper II-General mental ability
Paper II-Basic numeracy
Paper II-English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Syllabus

Any Indian language included in the 8th schedule of constitution of India
Comprehension of given passages
Precis writing
Usage and vocabulary
Short essays
Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa
English language
Comprehension of given passages
Precis writing
Usage and Vocabulary.
Short essays
Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics
They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely
General Studies-I
Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present-significant events, personalities, issues
The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as Industrial revolution, World wars
Redrawal of national boundaries, Colonization, Decolonization, Political philosophies like Communism, Capitalism, Socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society.
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
Salient features of world’s physical geography
Distribution of key natural resources across the world
Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features
General Studies-II
Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Comparison of the indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and theirrole in the Polity
Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection andbetterment of these vulnerable sections
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
Issues relating to poverty and hunger
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
Role of civil services in a democracy.
India and its neighborhood-relations
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora
Important International institutions, agencies and fora-their structure, mandate.
General Studies-III
Technology, economic development, bio diversity, environment, security and disaster management Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, ofresources, growth, development and employment
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Government budgeting
Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, -different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning,limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing
Food processing and related industries in India-scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management
Land reforms in india
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc
Investment models
Science and Technology-developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in border areas -linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Various security forces and agencies and their mandate
General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Ethics and human Interface Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics
Ethics in private and public relationships
Human Values Lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators
Role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values
Attitude Content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour
Moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for civil service Integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
Emotional intelligence-concepts Their utilities and application in administration and governance
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world
Public/civil service values and ethics in public administration Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
Laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance
Accountability and ethical governance
Strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance
Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
Probity in governance Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government,
Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters
Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
Agriculture paper-I
Agriculture paper-II
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-I
Animal nutrition
Animal physiology
Animal reproduction
Livestock production and management
Genetics and animal breeding
Animal husbandary and veterinary science paper-II
Anatomy, pharmacology and hygiene
Animal diseases
Veterinary public health
Milk and milk products technology
Meat hygiene and technology
Anthropology paper-I
Economic organization
Political organization and social control
Anthropological theories
Culture, language and communication
Research methods in anthropology
Concept of human growth and development
Applications of anthropology
Anthropology Paper-II
Demographic profile of India
Emergence, growth and development in India—contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th-century scholar-administrators
Contributions of Indian Anthropologists to tribal and caste studies
Botany paper-I
Microbiology and plant pathology
Plant resource development
Botany paper-II
Cell biology
Genetics, molecular biology and evolution
Plant breeding, biotechnology and biostatistics
Physiology and biochemistry
Ecology and plant geography
Chemistry paper-I
Atomic structure
Chemical bonding
The gaseous state and transport phenomenon
Liquid state
Phase equilibria and solution
Chemical kinetics
Surface phenomena and catalysis
Bio-inorganic chemistry
Coordination chemistry
Main group chemistry
General chemistry of ‘f’ block element
Chemistry paper-II
Delocalised covalent bonding
Reaction mechanisms
Reactive intermediates
Substitution reactions
Elimination reactions
Addition reactions
Reactions and rearrangements
Pericyclic reactions
Preparation and properties of polymers
Synthetic uses of reagents
Civil engineering paper-I
Engineering mechanics, the strength of materials and structural analysis
Design of structures: steel, concrete and masonry structures
Fluid mechanics, open channel flow and hydraulic machines
Geotechnical engineering
Civil engineering paper-II
Construction technology, equipment, planning and management
Surveying and transportation engineering
Hydrology, water resources and engineering
Environmental engineering
Environmental pollution
Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing paper-I
Financing accounting
Cost accounting
Financial management
Financial markets and institutions
Organisation Theory and Behaviours, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations paper-II
Organisation theory
Organisation behaviour
Human resources management (HRM)
Industrial relations (IR)
Economics paper-I
Advanced micro economics
Advance macro economics
Money-banking and finance
International economics
Growth and development
Economics paper-II
Indian Economics in the post-independence era
Indian economy after independence
Electrical engineering paper-I
Signals and systems
E.M. theory
Analog electronics
Digital electronics
Energy conversion
Power electronics and electric drives
Analog communication
Electrical engineering paper-II
Control systems
Microprocessors and microcomputers
Measurement and instrumentation
Power systems: analysis and control
Power system protection
Digital communication
Geography paper-I -Physical Geography
Environmental geography
Human geography
Perspectives in human Geography
Economic geography
Population and Settlement Geography
Regional planning
Models, theories and laws in Human Geography
Geography of India paper-II
Physical setting
Transport, communication and trade
Cultural setting
Regional development and planning
Political aspects
Contemporary Issues
Geology paper-I
General geology
Geomorphology and remote sensing
Structural geology
Indian sSratigraphy
Hydrogeology and engineering geology
Geology paper-II
Igneous and metamorphic petrology
Sedimentary petrology
Economic geology
Mining geology
Geochemistry and environmental geology
History paper-I
Pre-history and proto-history
Indus valley civilization
Megalithic cultures
Aryans and Vedic period
Period of Mahajanapadas
Mauryan empire
Post-Mauryan period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushans, Western Kshatriyas)
Early state and society in eastern India, Deccan and south India
Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhan as Regional states during the Gupta era
Themes in early Indian cultural history
Early medieval India, 750-1200
Cultural traditions in India, 750-1200
The thirteenth-century
The fourteenth century
Society, culture and economy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
The fifteenth and early sixteenth century-political developments and economy
The fifteenth and early sixteenth century- society and culture
Mughal empire in the seventeenth century
Economy and society, in the 16th and 17th centuries
Culture during the Mughal empire
The eighteenth-century
History paper-II
European penetration into India
British expansion in India
Early structure of the British raj
The economic impact of British Colonial rule
Social and cultural developments
Indian response to British rule
Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism
Rise of Gandhi
Constitutional developments in Colonial India between 1858 and 1935
Other strands in the National movement
Politics of separatism
Consolidation as a nation
Caste and ethnicity after 1947
Economic development and political change
Enlightenment and modern ideas
Origins of modern politics
Nation-state system
Imperialism and colonialism
Revolution and counter-revolution
World wars
The world after World war 2
Liberation from Colonial Rule
Decolonization and underdevelopment
Unification of Europe
The disintegration of the Soviet Union and the rise of the Unipolar world
Law paper-I
Constitutional and administrative law
International law
Law paper-II
Law of crimes
Law of torts
Law of contracts and mercantile law
Contemporary legal developments
Assamese paper-I
Literary criticism and literary history
Assamese paper-II
This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability in the Assamese language
Bengali paper-I
Topics from the history of Bangla language
Topics from the History of Bangla Literature
Bengali paper-II
Vaishnava Padavali (Calcutta University) poems of Vidyapati, Chandidas, Jnana Das, Govinda Das and Balaram Das
Chandimangal kalketu episode by Mukunda (sahitya akademi)
Chaitanya charitamrita, Madhya lila by Krishnadas Kaviraj (Sahitya Akademi)
Meghnadbadh kavya by Madhusudan Dutta
Kapalkundala by Bankimchandra Chatterjee
Samya and Bangadesher Krishak by Bankimchandra Chatterjee
Sonar Tari by Rabindranath Tagore
Chhinnapatravali by Rabindranath Tagore
Raktakarabi by Rabindranath Tagore
Nabajatak by Rabindranath Tagore
Grihadaha by Saratchandra Chatterjee
Prabandha Samgraha, vol. 1, by Pramatha Chaudhuri
Aranyak by Bibhutibhusan Banerjee
Short stories by Manik Bandyopadhyay: Atashi Mami, Pragaitihasik, Holud-pora, Sarisrip, Haraner Natjamai, Chhoto-Bokulpurer Jatri, Kustharogir Bou, Jakey Ghush Ditey hoy
Shrestha Kavita by Jibanananda Das
Jagori by Satinath Bhaduri
Ebam Indrajit by Badal Sircar
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-I
History of Bodo language
History of Bodo literature
History of Bodo Language and Literature paper-II
Khonthai-methai (edited by Madaram Brahma & Rupnath Brahma)
Hathorkhi-hala (edited by Pramod Chandra Brahma)
Boroni gudi sibsa arw aroz : Madaram Brahma
Raja nilambar : Dwarendra Nath Basumatary
Bibar (prose section) (edited by Satish Chandra Basumatary)
Bibi bithai (aida nwi) : Bihuram Boro
Radab : Samar Brahma Chaudhury
Okhrang gongse nangou : Brajendra Kumar Brahma
Baisagu arw harimu : Laksheswar Brahma
Gwdan Boro: Manoranjan Lahary
Jujaini : Chittaranjan Muchahary
Mwihoor : Dharanidhar Wary
Hor badi khwmsi : Kamal Kumar Brahma
Jaolia dewan : Mangal Singh Hozowary
Hagra guduni mwi: Nilkamal Brahma
Dogri paper-I
History of Dogri language; origin and development, linguistic boundaries, characteristic features and structure of Dogri language.
History of Dogri literature
Dogri paper-II
English paper-I
William Shakespeare: King Lear and The Tempest
Death be not proud
The good morrow
On his mistress going to bed
The relic
John Milton: Paradise Lost, I, ii, iv, ix
Alexander Pope. The rape of the lock
Ode on intimations of immortality
Tintern Abbey
Three years she grew
She dwelt among untrodden ways
Resolution and independence
The world is too much with us
Milton; thou shouldst be living at this hour
Upon Westminster bridge
Alfred Tennyson: in memoriam
Henrik Ibsen: a doll’s house
Jonathan Swift; gulliver’s travels
Jane Austen. Pride and prejudice
Henry Fielding. Tom jones
Charles Dickens. Hard times
George Eliot. The mill on the floss
Thomas Hardy. Tess of the d’urbervilles
Mark Twain. The adventures of huckleberry finn
English paper-II
William Butler Yeats
T.S. Eliot
W.H. Auden
John Osborne: Look back in anger
Samuel Beckett. Waiting for Godot
Philip Larkin
A.K. Ramanujan
Joseph Conrad. Lord Jim
James Joyce. Portrait of the artist as a young man
D.H. Lawrence. Sons and lovers
E.M. Forster. A passage to India
Virginia Woolf. Mrs Dalloway
Raja Rao. Kanthapura
V.S. Naipaul. A house for Mr. Biswas
Gujarati paper-I
Gujarati language: form and history
History of Gujarati literature
Literary forms
Gujarati paper-II
Sudharakyug & Pandityug
Gandhiyug & Anu Gandhiyug
Adhunik yug
Hindi paper-I
History of Hindi language and Nagari lipi
History of Hindi literature
Katha sahitya
Drama & theatre
The other form of Hindi prose—Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant
Hindi paper-II
Kabir: Kabir Granthawali, Shyam Sundar Das (first hundred sakhis)
Soordas: Miramar Geetsar. Ramchandra Shukla (first hundred padas)
Tulsidas: Ramcharit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttarkand)
Jayasi: Padmawat ed. Shyam Sundar das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
Bihari: Bihari Ratnakar, Jagannath Prasad Ratnakar (first 100 Dohas)
Maithili Sharan: Bharat Bharati Gupta
Prasad: Kamayani (Chinta and shraddha Sarg)
Dinkar: Kurukshetra
Agyeya: Angan ke par dwar (asadhya veena)
Muktiboth: Brahm rakshas
Nagarjun: Badal ko ghirte dekha hai, Akal ke bad, Harijan gatha
Bharatendu: Bharat durdasha
Mohan Rakesh: Ashadh ka ek din
Ramchandra: Chintamani (part I) (kavitakya shukla hai, Shraddhaaurbhakti)
Dr Satyendra: nibandh nilaya—Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab rai, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai
Premchand; godan, Premchand ki sarvashreshtha kahaniyan, ed. Amrit Rai/manjusha
Prasad: Skanda Gupta
Yashpal: Divya
Phaniswar Nath Renu: Maila anchal
Mannu Bhandari: Mahabhoj
Rajendra Yadav: Ek Dunia Samanantar (all stories)
Kannada paper-I
History of Kannada language
History of Kannada literature
Poetics and literary criticism
The cultural History of Karnataka
Kannada paper-II
Old Kannada literature
Medieval Kannada literature
Modern Kannada literature
Folk literature
Kashmiri paper-I
Genealogical relationship of the Kashmiri language: various theories
Areas of occurence and dialects (Geographical/Social)
Phonology and Grammar
Syntactic structure
Kashmiri literature in the 14th century (socio-cultural and intellectual background with Special reference to Lal Dyad and sheikh ul Alam)
Nineteenth-century Kashmiri literature (development of various genres: vatsun, ghazal and mathnavi
Kashmiri literature in the first half of the twentieth century (with special reference to Mahjoor and Azad, various literary influences)
Modern kashmiri literature (with special reference to the development of the short story, drama, novel and nazm)
Kashmiri paper-II
Intensive study of kashmiri poetry up to the nineteenth century
Kashmiri poetry: 19th century
Twentieth-century Kashmiri poetry (text in azich kashir shairi, published by the Dept. Of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir)
Literary criticism and research work: development and various trends
An analytical study of the short story in Kashmiri
Novel in Kashmiri
Drama in Kashmiri
Kashmiri folk literature
Konkani paper-I
History of the Konkani language
History of Konkani literature
Konkani paper-II
Maithili paper-I
History of Maithili language
History of Maithili literature
Maithili paper-II
Vidyapati Geet-Shati—Publisher: Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (lyrics— 1 to 50)
Govind Das Bhajanavali—Publisher: Maithili acadamy, Patna (lyrics— 1 to 25)
Mithilabhasha ramayana—Chanda Jha (only sunder-kand)
Rameshwar charit mithila ramayan—Lal Das (only Bal-kand)
Keechak-vadh—Tantra Nath Jha
Datta-Vati—Surendra Jah ‘Suman’ (only 1st and 2nd cantos)
Samakaleen Maithili Kavita—publisher: Sahitaya Akademi, New Delhi
Varna Ratnakar—Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol)
Khattar kakak tarang—Hari Mohan Jha
Lorik—Vijaya Manipadma
Prithvi putra—Lalit
Bhaphait chahak jinagi—Sudhanshu ‘Shekhar’ Choudhary
Kriti Rajkamlak—publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (first ten stories only)
Katha–Sangrah–publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna
Malayalam paper-I
Early phase of Malayalam language
Linguistic features
Standardization of Malayalam
Literary history
Ancient and medieval literature
Modern literature—poetry
Modern literature—prose
Malayalam paper-II
Manipuri paper-I
Manipuri paper-II
Old Manipuri literature
Medieval Manipuri literature
Modern Manipuri literature
Poetry and epic: poetry
Marathi paper-I
Language and folk-lore
History of Marathi literature
Literary criticism
Marathi paper-II
Nepali paper-I
History of the origin and development of Nepali as one of the new Indo Aryan languages
Fundamentals of Nepali Grammar and phonology
Major dialects of Nepali
Standardisation and Modernisation of Nepali with special reference to language movements (viz. Halanta Bahiskar, Jharrovad etc.)
The teaching of Nepali language in India—its History and development with special reference to its socio-cultural aspects
History of Nepali literature with special reference to its development in India
Fundamental concepts and theories of literature: Kavya/Sahitya, Kavya Prayojan, Literary genres, Shabda Shakti, Rasa, Alankara, Tragedy, Comedy, Aesthetics, Stylistics
Major literary trends and movements— Swachchhandatavad, Yatharthavad, Astitwavad, Ayamik movement, Contemporary Nepali writings, Postmodernism
Nepali folklores (the following folk-form only)—Sawai, Jhyaurey, Selo, Sangini, Lahari
Nepali paper-II
Santa Jnandil Das
Lekhnath Poudyal
Agam Sing Giri
Haribhakta Katuwal
Balkrishna Sama
Manbahadur Mukhia
Indra Sundas
Lilbahadur Chhetri
Rupnarayan Sinha
Indrabahadur Rai
Sanu Lama
Laxmi Prasad
Ramkrishna Sharma
Odia paper-I
History of Odia language
History Of Odia literature
Odia paper-II
Ancient (poetry)
Short story
Punjabi paper-I
Punjabi paper-II
Sanskit paper-I
General knowledge
Essential of Indian Culture Purusharth, Samskaras, Varnasramavyavastha, Arts and fine arts, Technical Sciences.
Trends of Indian Philosophy Mimansa, Vedanta, Nyaya, vaishesika, Yoga, Bauddha, jaina, Carvaka
Short Essay (in Sanskrit)
Sanskit paper-II
Shanthal paper-I
History of Santhali language
History of Santhali literature
Folk literature in Santhali—folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms puzzles, and kudum
Modern literature in Santhali
Shanthal paper-II
Ancient literature
Modern literature
Sindhi paper-I
Sindhi paper-II
Tamil paper-I
History of Tamil language
History of Tamil literature
Devotional literature (Alwars and Nayanamars)
Recent trends in Tamil studies
Folk literature in Tamil
Cultural heritage of the Tamils
Tamil paper-II
Ancient literature
Epic literature
Devotional literature
Modern literature
Novel, short story and drama
Folk literature
Telugu paper-I
Telugu paper-II
Urdu paper-I
Urdu paper-II
Management paper-I
Managerial function and process
Organisational behaviour and design
Human resource management
Accounting for managers
Financial management
Marketing management
Management paper-II
Quantitative techniques in decision-making
Production and operations management
Management information system
Government business interface
Strategic cost management
International business
Mathematics paper-I
Linear algebra
Analytic geometry
Ordinary differential equations
Dynamics and statics
Vector analysis
Mathematics paper-II
Real analysis
Complex analysis
Linear programming
Partial differential equations
Numerical analysis and computer programming
Mechanics and fluid dynamics
Mechanical engineering paper-I
Mechanics of rigid bodies
Mechanics of deformable bodies
Engineering materials
Theory of machines
Manufacturing science
Manufacturing process
Manufacturing management
Mechanical engineering paper-II
Thermodynamics, gas dynamics turbine
Heat transfer
Steam engineering
Refrigeration and air-conditioning
Medical science paper-I
Human anatomy
Human physiology
Forensic medicine and toxicology
Medical science paper-II
General medicine
General surgery
Obstetrics and gynaecology including family planning
Community medicine (Preventive and social medicine)
Philosophy paper-I
History and problems of philosophy
Philosophy paper-II
Socio-political philosophy
Philosophy of religion
Physics paper-I
Mechanics of particles
Mechanics of rigid bodies
Mechanics of continuous media
Special relativity
Geometrical optics
Polarisation and Modern optics
Electricity and magnetism
Electromagnetic waves and blackbody radiation
Thermal and statistical physics
Physics paper-II
Quantum mechanics
Atomic and molecular physics
Nuclear and particle physics
Solid-state physics, devices and electronics
Political science and international relations paper-I
Political theory and Indian politics
Political Theory: meaning and approaches
Theories of the State
Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice
Equality: Social, political and economic
Affirmative action
Rights: Meaning and theories
Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories;
Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy
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Indian Political Though
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Making of the Indian constitution
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
Principal Organs of the Union Government
Principal Organs of the State Government:
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Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
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Changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
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Contemporary Global Concerns Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
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India and the Nuclear Question Changing perceptions and policy
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UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Exam Pattern

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Exam Pattern

• The Preliminary examination of Civil Services consists of two papers – General Studies Paper I and II.
• The test booklet carries objective type multiple choice questions.
• The General Studies Paper I carries total 100 questions while there are 80 questions in Paper II.
• Total marks of preliminary exam was 400. Each paper will carry 200 marks.
• Negative marks for wrong answer will be 0.33.
• The language of question paper of Civil Services preliminary exam will be Hindi and English.
• Each paper will be held for two hours.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Exam Pattern

• The main exam of Civil Services consists of 9 conventional Essay type papers.
• Two papers – A (Indian Language) and B (English) will be qualifying in nature.
• Paper I to VII are compulsory papers.
• The test carries total 1750 marks.
• There will be 26 optional subjects in main examination as per Civil Services
• Each paper of UPSC Civil Services mains will be of 3 hours
• The main examination assesses the overall intellectual traits of candidates.
• The questions of General Studies (Paper II to V) tests candidate’s general awareness about relevant issues.
• Questions of optional papers (Paper VI to VII) will be degree level.
• The standard of papers A and B will be of matriculation level.

UPSC releases Civil Services admit card online separately for  Preliminary, Main and Personality Test. The hard copy of the admit card is not sent to candidates by post, therefore, they are required to download the same online. Candidates have to download Civil Services admit card either by roll number or registration number. The admit card carries details like name, roll number, photograph, signature, details of exam centre, date and time of the exam. After downloading UPSC Civil Services admit card, candidates should check the details carefully. Along with the admit card, candidates are required to carry photo-identity proof and two passport size photographs to the examination centre. No candidates are allowed to appear for the exam without the admit card.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Admit Card

Civil Services admit card for prelims will be issued for candidates who had successfully registered for the exam. Candidates can download their UPSC Civil Services admit card 2020 before a month of exam. 

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Admit Card

Civil Services admit card for mains exam will be issued to only those candidates who will qualify the prelims exam and fil the Detailed Application Form of UPSC IAS. To download the admit card candidates have to use their pre assigned login credentials and enter captcha.

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Exam Centers

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Exam Centers

State City
Uttar Pradesh Agra
Gautam Budh Nagar
Rajasthan Ajmer
Gujarat Ahmedabad
Mizoram Aizawl
Andhra Pradesh Anantapur
Maharashtra Aurangabad
Karnataka Bengaluru
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Chhattisgarh Bilaspur
Punjab Chandigarh
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Odisha Cuttack
Haryana Gurgaon
Telangana Hyderabad
Manipur Imphal
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu
Assam Jorhat
Kerala Kochi
Nagaland Kohima
West Bengal Kolkata
Goa Panaji
Bihar Patna
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Puducherry Puducherry
Jharkhand Ranchi
Meghalaya Shillong
Himachal Pradesh Shimla
Uttarakhand Dehradun
Delhi New Delhi
Sikkim Gangtok

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Exam Centers

State City
Gujarat Ahmedabad
Mizoram Aizawl
Uttar Pradesh Allahabad
Karnataka Bengaluru
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Chandigarh Chandigarh
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Odisha Cuttack
Uttarakhand Dehradun
Delhi New Delhi
Telangana Hyderabad
Rajasthan Jaipur
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu
West Bengal Kolkata
Maharashtra Mumbai
Bihar Patna
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Jharkhand Ranchi
Meghalaya Shillong
Himachal Pradesh Shimla
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada

Documents Required at Exam

  • Admit card
  • Aadhaar card
  • Driving license
  • Passport
  • Voter ID
  • Two passport size photographs

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases the answer key of Civil Services after completion of recruitment process. The answer key will be available online in PDF format all sets of test booklets provided to candidates during exam. Comparing the answers from Civil Services answer key, candidates can calculate their probable score based on the number of answers marked correctly and incorrectly.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Answer Key

Civil Services answer key for preliminary exam will be released for both General Studies Paper I and II. UPSC Civil Services answer key will be available for all sets - A, B, C, D of both the papers. The answer key of Civil Services Prelims will also be released by coaching institutes. The exam conducting authority, UPSC, will release Civil Services answer key for preliminary exam after declaration of final result. 

Civil Services result is announced in three phases – Preliminary, Main and Final. The result of all the stages is declared online. UPSC first declares Civil Services result of Preliminary examination followed by the announcement of result for mains exam. The final result is declared after completion of Personality Test. The result PDF file carries the roll numbers of qualified candidates. UPSC also releases the scores of candidates of written examinations and Interview/Personality Test after completion of selection process.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Result

Civil Services result of Preliminary exam is declared online. Based on Civil Services result of preliminary examination, candidates are selected for mains exam. The marks obtained by candidates in the preliminary examination are not counted for determining the final merit list. Candidates selected for the mains exam will be 12 to 13 times the number of vacancies. Only those candidates who will be declared qualified in the preliminary examination will be only eligible to appear for the main exam. The aggregate score of preliminary examination will be calculated based on the number of correct answers in General Studies Paper I and II after deducting the marks for wrong answers.

Civil Services Cutoff refers to the minimum qualifying marks secured by the last recommended candidates as per categories at different stages of exam. The cutoff will be released by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) after the announcement of final result. The commission will decide separate cutoff scores for Preliminary, Mains and Final allotment. Civil Services cutoff will be fixed by UPSC to select deserving candidates for the recruitment exam.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Preliminary Cutoff

Civil Services cutoff of preliminary exam will be decided based on the General Studies Paper I. The Paper II will be qualifying in nature.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Mains Cutoff

The cutoff of Civil Services mains is calculated based on the seven compulsory papers as two papers are qualifying in nature. Candidates will be required to secure 25% each in two qualifying papers to pass the exam. However, there will be sectional cut off of 10% in the compulsory papers too. Based on the Civil Services cutoff of mains exam, candidates will be selected for the Personality Test. The final cutoff of Civil Service will be determined based on mains exam and Personality Test. On the basis of final Civil Services cutoff, allotment of candidates will be done for various services.

UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020 Selection Process

The selection procedure of Civil Services comprises the following stages -

Preliminary Exam – Civil Services preliminary examination will be held for all candidates registering successfully for the exam. This stage will be conducted to screen candidates for the mains exam. The marks obtained in the preliminary stage will not be counted for the final merit list.

Mains Exam – The mains exam will be conducted for candidates selected based on the marks of preliminary exam. Candidates 12 to 13 times the number of vacancies will be selected for the mains exam. The papers on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and B) of Civil Services mains examination will be qualifying in nature. The marks of these papers will not counted for final ranking. Marks of candidates for Paper I to VII will be taken into consideration for final merit list.

Personality Test – In  this stage, candidates twice the number of vacancies will be selected based on their performance in the mains exam. Marks obtained by candidates in the Main exam and Personality Test will be considered for preparation of All India Merit List. Allocation of services will be done as per the candidate’s rank in the merit list and preferences of services and posts.

Documents Required at Counselling

  • Date of birth certificate or high school mark sheet with date of birth
  • Printout of e-summon letter
  • Mark sheet/certificate of class 10 and 12 examination
  • Certificate regarding degree/post-graduate/other examinations passed
  • Passport size photographs and one should attached to interview call letter
  • Character certificate
  • SC/ST/OBC categories must bring the caste/community certificate issued by the competent authority
  • Medical certificate for physically challenged candidates
  • Discharge certificate in applied under ex-servicemen
  • Aadhaar card/Passport/Pan card/Voter ID /Driving license /any other photo id card issued by the statutory authorities with affixed photograph

General Information

Questions related to UPSC Civil Services Exam

Showing 1044 out of 1044 Questions

which are some best youtube channel for ias preparation

anima chaudhary 19th Jan, 2020


There are a few channels who provide the best content for the IAS preparation. The content is actually based on the relevance to the exam, quality of the content.

1.Rajya Shaba tv

2. Lokshaba tv


4. Vision IAS

5.Egyankosh IGNOU


To becoming an IAS bsc law is good or ba llb?

Kanupriya Gupta 18th Jan, 2020

Dear Aspirant,

First let's see the basic difference between BSc. LLB and B.A. LLB. Both of them are integrated courses and the general duration for these courses across the universities and colleges on India is of 5 years as they are an integration of Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts respectively and with that the subject matter of law is also imparted to the candidates. The subjects for the law remain the same but in BA LLB, arts, humanities and social sciences subjects were also integrated. In BSc LLB, Physics, Chemistry etc. such subjects are integrated. One major problematic aspect of this is that only B.Sc. LLB can only be pursued by those students who have studied science in 10+2 as their main subject. Owing to this, if you are a science student and you wish to apply for this, the option is available but otherwise it is not so that naturally pitches BSc LLB out of the picture.

Subjects like History, Geography, Polity, Public Administration, Economics, Ecology, Environment, Science & Tech, Philosophy and Psychology are a part of General Studies paper which are all humanities subjects. So it will give you a upper hand in the paper and you would not have to utilise your time in understanding the subject later. So BA LLB works for people from any academic background and also aids the subjects that are to be studies in IAS.

Though this doesn't mean the BSc. LLB is not a good option as it can also aid you in your optional subject. Nevertheless, Take something which interests you more and fits your understanding of the same.

Hope this helps. All the best!


which is the best college giving IAS coaching along with bsc in tamilnadu?

Indrajit Gupta 14th Jan, 2020
Hello varshini,
Hope you doing well!
There are some best IAS coaching Institute in Tamilnadu:-
1.Shankar IAS Academy.
2.Officers IAS Academy.
3.Sucess IAS Academy.
4.Impact IAS Academy.
5.Manidha Naeyam IAS Academy.
6.Brilliant Tutorials Private. Limited
I hope this helpful for you.
Best wishes!!

I want to become IAS officer,what course I can do for it ? Im currently in 12 commerce.

Khusji 14th Jan, 2020


First of all, you need to obtain adequate qualification for IAS. Basically any graduate can apply for this test. Candidates must have completed 21 years to apply. After graduation, you can apply for the selection test through the portal of UPSC. UPSC portal contain adequate information on selection test (CSAT and mains).

For this exam Number of Attempts:
four attempts for General
seven attempts for OBC
No limit for SC/ST


What is difference blw BA in humanities and BA in business studies. Whoch will help me to prepare IAS and which stream.

Shubhangi sinha 14th Jan, 2020

Hello Manikanta,

BA in humanities emphasis on soft skills and business studies generally focus on technical skills.

It doesn't matter whether B.A humanities or business studies . But, personally I would recommend to opt for B.A in humanities because it's easier and therefore you can devote more time for UPSC preparations.

you can take any subject according to your interest because in UPSC it is the interest that matters the most.

Good luck,

Hope it helps :)

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