UPSC IAS Syllabus 2020 will be released by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) along with the official notification of Civil Services Exam on February 12 at upsc.gov.in. UPSC IAS 2020 syllabus will be released for both prelims and mains exam for all aspiring candidates. The syllabus of UPSC IAS 2020 will contain all the topics and chapters from where the questions will be asked in the exam. Candidates must go through UPSC IAS syllabus 2020 before they start their preparation. By going through UPSC IAS 2020 syllabus, candidates will be able to find all important topics to study and maintain a study plan. Candidates need not go here and there to look for the topics to study for UPSC IAS as they will get all topics in the syllabus itself.
Latest: UPSC Admit Card 2020 is to be released tentatively by March 28 in online modeUPSC IAS 2020 prelims exam is scheduled to be held on May 31, 2020. As per the exam pattern of UPSC IAS 2020, the test will be held in three phases - prelims, mains, and interview. The prelims exam will be held for two compulsory papers - paper I and II of 200 marks each while the mains exam will be held for paper A (optional paper 1), B (optional paper 2), I, II, III, IV, V, VI, and VII. To know more about UPSC IAS syllabus 2020, go through the article below.Latest: The application form of UPSC IAS 2020 is available now!
The examination authorities determine the syllabus of UPSC IAS for each stage of the following stages:
The first stage of UPSC IAS exam is the prelims. Candidates who pass the prelims phase will become eligible to appear for the mains exam. The prelims exam of UPSC IAS is conducted for two papers - General Studies paper I and General Studies paper II, both of which contain objective type multiple choice questions. UPSC IAS prelims exam is intended to test the general awareness of a candidate in subjects like Indian Polity, Geography, History, Indian Economy, Science and Technology, Environment and Ecology, International Relations and associated current affairs. The detailed IAS syllabus for prelims stage is mentioned below.
The topics below need to be prepared for the IAS paper I syllabus.
Current events of national and international importance.
General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization
Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
In order to study in an organised way, candidates must pick the best books for IAS. The list of books for General Studies.
Newspapers: Hindu or Indian Express
NCERT Biology Class 12th
Indian Economy- Ramesh Singh
Economic Survey of India, by the Ministry of Finance
The Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Niraj Kumar
NCERT Class 9th to 12th
NCERT Class 12th
Indian Polity, by Laxmikanth
Introduction to the Constitution of India, by Durga Das Basu
Certificate Physical & Human Geography, by Goh Cheng Leong
Geography of India, by Majid Hussain
Oxford School Atlas
NCERT Class 6th to 12th
In the General Studies paper II (CSAT) of IAS prelims exam, questions will be asked from the following topics.
Interpersonal skills including communication skills
Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision making and problem-solving
General mental ability
Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level
Yojana, Kurukshetra, Frontline and the newspapers like Indian Express, The Hindu
Analytical Reasoning – MK Pandey
Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning– RS.Aggarwal
According to UPSC IAS selection process, the next stage is the mains stage wherein there will be seven papers - paper I, II, II, IV, V, VI, and VII. The table below contains the topics for each of the seven papers from the questions are expected to be asked.
In paper I of the mains exam of UPSC IAS exam 2020, candidates will be given multiple topics out of which candidates will have to write an essay.
General Studies - I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society.
The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the Society.
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Salient features of the world's physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian
sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector
Industries in various parts of the world (including India).
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
General Studies - II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations
Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Salient features of the Representation of the People's Act.
Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and the States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
Role of IAS in a democracy.
India and its neighborhood-relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,
Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
General Studies - III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment,
Security and Disaster Management
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public
Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
Land reforms in India.
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social
networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security, money-laundering and its prevention.
Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and
Probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery,
Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
Case Studies on the above issues.
Paper VI and VII will contain topics from the optional subject selected by the candidates. There are various subjects that the candidates can select for paper VI and VII, the list of which is mentioned below:
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Commerce and Accountancy
Political Science and International Relations
Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili,
Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu
According to the exam pattern of UPSC IAS exam, the prelims exam comprises two papers – General Studies paper I and General Studies paper 2. Both the papers will contain only objective type questions. Prelims exam is conducted to select candidates for mains. The exam pattern of UPSC IAS prelims exam has been provided below.
Name of paper
Number of Questions
General Studies 1
General Studies 2
All those candidates who will pass in the prelims exam of UPSC IAS 2020 will further have to appear for the mains exam, the exam pattern of which has been mentioned in the table below.
Name of Paper
General Studies 3
General Studies 4
Optional subject 1
Optional subject 2
45 minutes to 1 hours
In order to prepare for the test, candidates must go through the previous years question papers of UPSC IAS. It will help the candidates understand the types of questions asked in the exam. Candidates can also check and download the question papers of the UPSC Civil Services Prelims exam for Paper I and II held. Check set-wise Civil Services question papers below.
Download Link Paper I
Download Link Paper II
The examination authorities will release the admit card of UPSC IAS in online mode on April 28, 2020 for prelims exam. Candidates will be able to download admit card by using application number and password/ date of birth. IAS admit card will contain the details related to the candidates and the exam like name, date of birth, registration and roll number, date and time of the examination and exam centre details etc. Candidates must carry the admit card to the UPSC IAS exam centre along with one of the prescribed photo ID proof.
In order to prepare for the UPSC IAS exam, candidates must strategise their preparation techniques so that they can prepare well for the exam. There are a few tips and tricks mentioned below to help the aspirant prepare well for the exam.
Know all the topics from where the questions can be asked in the exam.
Pick the best books for preparation
Make a study schedule and follow it
Solve previous year’s question papers
Take as many mock tests as possible
Union Public Service Commission
Shahjahan Road, New Delhi - 110069
Facilitation Counter Phone No: 011-23098543 /23385271 /23381125 /23098591
There are many subjects that are listed for appearing in UPSC IAS exam. You can choose any of the subjects of your choice. The top 10 optional subjects for UPSC IAS exam is listed below:
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
Since the detailed notification will be released by the authority in February 2020, you will be able to know any changes if done. However, for now, you can totally rely on the syllabus of the previous year.
The highest marks ever scored in the UPSC exam were by Anudeep Durishetty, the topper for UPSC 2017. He scored 1126 (55.60%) out of 2025 marks. He scored 950 out of 1750 marks in Mains and 176 out of 275 in the personality test (UPSCInterview).
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Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
Economic Survey by the Ministry of Finance
Indian Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
Oxford School Atlas by Oxford Publishers
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Yes, you can study even after becoming IAS officer. Also, IAS officers are allowed from six months to two years of paid leave to pursue higher studies. You can go for any course of your choice after becoming an IAS. Few of which are as follows:
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